Skip to main content

Full text of "waq89325"

See other formats



1 4_l=43ii4 4j[liLy„4 ^4$ ~^-4 "^!. 4 . A'^ 

LfylA i^Li ^jl jt&UlP &JJM _^Lii ^^iiiJ 1^4 

. ^ — L^iiiilJ « ^J A ill i=j|^i jM ^Lii^Jl» 



^> 



£ii£foji&2 



-.?-& 



A^^a^*! 




rt -.-j" *^ s» 



<£Sfr.cU*K?yCzJ!. 



Title: A book about marriage in Islam 
Author: As-Sayh Al-Jahtawi 
Publisher: Dar Al-kotob Al-llmiyah 
Pages: 320 
Year: 2005 
Printed in: Lebanon 
Edition: 1 st 



^jUafloJI JUJI JLjC JL^I ,>: j,u5JI :uil^ll 

320 :Cil-»irtirtTt juc 
^ 2005 :i^UkJI Aim 



ISBN 2-7H51-1607-6 




9 "7827<l5'll|6076 




Jiokltaiialljl: 



Copyright 

All rights reserved sp\ 

Tous droits reserves^' 



a*ju 



iSJIjtJ 



J 'j ; ;- f " L '- J " -•!/'■'" -■"'-j ^i Lr l^ Jl.» ,,,-i .ir— ^. 



Exclusive rights by © 
Dar Al-Kotob Al-llmiyah Bcimt - wanon 

No part of this publication ma/ be translated, 
reproduced, distributed in any form or by any means, 
or stored in a data base or retrieval system, without the 
prior written permission of the publisher. 

Tout droits exdustvement reserves a© 
Dar Al-Kotob Al-llmiyah Beyrouth - utan 

Toute representation, edition, traduction ou reproduction 
meme paroelle.par tous precedes, en tous pays, fake 
sans autorisation preabble signee par I'editeur est illkite 
et exposerait te contrevenant a des poursuites 
judiciaires. 



^jVi 



j\m.fT"« 



Jiokl^Jljl: 



Mohamad At Baydoun Publications Dar Al-Kotob AMImiyah 

Ramel Al-Zarif, Bohtory Str., Melkart Bldg., 1st Floor 
(«\ t)rmr»»-ntr^A : L ^t_kj'^U 



i fill 'UJ--J^ Jj— i 

Aramoun Branch - Dar Al-Kotob Al-ilmiyah Bldg. 



j.l.llyJSJjIjt^- 






,VU«A.tAt< /*! / ITuJS 



http://www.al-ilmiyah.com 
e-mail: sales@al-ilmiyah.com 
info@al-ilmiyah.com 
baydoun-ilmiyah.com 



suJuUJ 

. [\ « T: jl^ Ji] ^ *aifj *ij jJ^ii V} 4JliJ j?- aAJI tjiSl 1_^>T jjOJI Ljifj J& 
U^JU CJj l^-j) Ljl» j£-j aOj-lj ^piJ ^» *££&■ ^JUl l&j i_^Jl ^«ul l^jli $? 
:*LJ|] fej °£& ^ aJjt 01 f U-j'Slj At bjlLJ <jti\ alii tj&j frllJj l^ '^Ur j 

^J 'y&tj £k*\ fi \S4 ( v . ) ti*& '^ tjJjfe aiii 1^1 tjST jijji t#; ^ 

. [y \ 1 Y . :^ij^Vi] ^ilJaP tftJ }ii 'oii tf£3j allf ^kJ jij J&j& 

tl^Jbt jj-«Vl ys-j 1 3H A*j£ (^JU (^Jbkl j^j nil <_jL£ tijjU-l (JJL^f oLi 

.jUl J» iJl^ J£j ^%^> 4PJb JSj cAPJb i\x# J£j 
^^ ^Jl Jb'iyJl ^ jJ&i\j j&\ az^ Si <->\£ tjC^Jl tSjHi\ Ljjf dL.Jb ox 

• U^JjJl L$j*~j ^^-y) %r})^ lj -^ir^ /JjVl J-^iJt 

.^liLJL> ji*i UJ ^J ^1 ^*)L-^I «^Ji. c5jl^» /^yLiit J-^iJl 

.^ji^JU ^liLJl >_jL-f ^ ^LijJl /cJUll JwaiJl 



4* J a_ 



Of f jj J>b~j» jljjj* J» eOar-f jfj ce-A-LP ^j-i« J-jJl t-i-* Oj£j 0? Jf-"f <USlj 

<( j\jL*Jl t_Jj <U1 JuJ-l jf UtjPi j^^J tsLaJf 

L^jUa^JaJl Ju5l X* J*?-f Jlp 



U#l,J-il 



*i A f*± 



J& 



'■2&&H> 





■ do^-jjJl <Jj*>-j ^\-&f} 2^'jjJ' J* • A *e* 1 /(JjS/l JvsiJl 



' " s s '**yyy 

. [rv : vij-Vi] 4 ^j& aLi >f bi*3 t>j ^ 

s s # s ^ 

.[o«:^jj-iJl] 

T . :*LJl \ Lf-» Wjj U\^j aJjJ^W Ug& 
^ ^i ^ilt OVi i> \Jrj3 e^ ,£- a* > 4J J^j Su t^& Oli ^ - 1 

.[Yr.:SyL)l] 

^3 u£* 1^- 1^3 ^ '^j i&i» ^333 cj! j&» j&T u; dij )» - v 

s ** s s s to s s + ■ , *■ f , <■ W, 

jj <U OjijJb U U^Lo Oj^JbuJ yi>J >9 <Us5 ^sx» U*} ^fji ^?- -L?-i ^» OUiiw 

. .' ' . M . -- . * * OS ^ ■ ^ ^**> 

' ' * * ^.f' «>''*'' "^ 4 "^ • I"** '''''*' I 1 1 • * t ^.ti ' f c ' i' * 1' ' ass e ^ (. 

*7*&i jj pAj+tu \* OyJucij AJUI Oiu ^[i J^-l j^ <U jjjuiu frA Uj Asrjjj *.j^Jl 

^)3 \^. ji^j 5^13 ^ ^ J^ tf oil 1^:3 1> ^Oil ^ ^ -^ 

^icip 01^ ais« 01 f^o aj OjUcj ^Jv alii 1^3 ^3 ^ ^j u^i« I143 



l^xk? jj» t^j^ti Oust ji-JJ Ot O&JWaJl IjJUpj tj£»T ^jJUl ysJjJ? - *l T 

^jCiji «u 1 jit} JI5 <y uljj ^JUi '^ iji\5 ijj VJ*$ qa y^lo ijjjj UJ£ jljAi 

• [1 v>] < a&tf JS > ^ a!} Si iiUi ti $3 

**{*•"*%& »»f **" * **''''*' i^ i"" • f **» '^I'* y ° ^ "•*• I"" '** *' 111*' IW *y 

ajj ^i 0^ oa 3J3 ^i afc ^1 0; ^jf 3^ u u^ ^J) ► - u 
^!3 «# ) f ^ ^Py v^3 W^ J?) v^ o^n'^ 3J3 *S 0^ 0^ alj lid 

ijAS O^i ^.ulji C^i a^Ij JiOi tJj.f )f M 4J3 Sfyit jf W ^3ji Ji-3 0^ 

*** ^ * . -*■ -* ■ -^ ■** '*''.-•'•' *' e < 

<^!3 ^r'jJ^ ^ f j^J ^J^' ^^ f Mb* °& ^M Jl & ( ^J ^ - ^ v 

. [yr Vr 1 - 5 ^] 4 ^* (N^- ^ f l r^>3 °rfJ^ *&'J* V J4* ^ c£k 
°<rr^k ^°h s s jfVj 'rfifi &'j$i pr^ °cf '&?°&\ jV ^ l r - ^ a 



^ Oy*-jJ\ ^j^-j ^"W^yj z}ij^ <j J ^n-^> /JjVl J-^!! 

^ -- ** • ,- 

.[Y*.:SyL!l]<f L#» 

'*! Jt^JJ* ^fi ^ J*jli»» ^i j#-f ^iO ;CJ| ^E l'i]j ) - Y Y 
^ ^ fjfo <^ >S ^ OlS ji a, ipjfSJUi JjyJb Jii: i>iy 

»»» 



^ °g& ij>i J* ^ li bl b jJJ J\ y> bi> btyi civ3 \)fy-\ 

iiU tifc \ij y^f c^jT y^ii b^f bi duW \Jj ^ » \$ } - r 

^i £JW£- oGj ^£ oUT> bnip o£) bl* oUij bO* il5i *iif \1» 

bi a^J^ \^f£-: of lj$\\\'f 01 ^u i^Jtf bj>j 0! &# sfyO bii b>& 
b& Sc& ^5 b2i '\i 3 ^r jQ ^ ^ tf &^ ti beP° ( jS ^ 

. [o . M^V»] 4 ^ <jfi ^ <^3 £> '^ 

j££ cJ^ tftf ^ji bfyO %J bfyi «jy& oiJOJ fe & b> ) -r 

£ 3\SSi teal jl$} lb, Jj» ^ U^p C£ ;# Oitf&i j£JC* \bCp > 

\\\ :kj>J\] i obJ\W! f j2l ^ J^j *te' 3 ty'J & J*S) J&J » ^ t£ 

y^ji ^if'yii ^o*> b» ^'f c \^i iij bit^i ^ r^f ^b bii 

". [at^I^SM] 4 JO^'l b* bJ\^ 4ifyl ^1 ii&fj SuSoti J» -1 
oJb^ jf \3ii4 Of ^ it>i ^P tfjrt >i ^ ol^5.l tf J& JVij ) - V 

. [n . :^Li] ^ bi^^ ( J*J ^1 ^ *W ^ > " A 



.[0V.J-J1] 4 bi^ 1 b^ ^^ ^ ^i ^ ^^ F -* 



\ \ o?rjJ\ <Jy>^) ^^y) z})^ J -^-^ /JjVi J-s^i 

: oL jiJJi] ^ J-& )j** ci^ij V^Jrj ciwai a^> ^s iify l ciJli f - \\ 

■[" 
. [i :jl^Ji] ^ v-^ 1 2J^" ^y'j P - ^ Y 

aius j J yip J>ij £& rju; o53 f^i-J *& J '*> 6*}-\r 

r -i A ' ' • / 

art' &jl4 i> J>i cji^j ^ & -j\-yi\ tiJo^-u 

r i ^ . s 

?^3 J^> ofe ^: ^ 8 o\j. $£j ^ oJi^ ij vl2-ij > - u 

ft ' * s * * s i " " s ' \* 

jt^jji j^ *«rjj Jyuo ^uli ^ 4«oi <LLp o^-j jjXo s.U ijj uij p -\y 

. * ,£ ■* * . s s * * I * s s A s 

jS gi, \jjj)'j f&J>\ "jjC^u J*- ^JLS *i \sJ\3 U£ja£- U J\3 06jJtf JpJ»\ 

.[Yr: u ^=iJl] 



4^3 JJ&ji jft J4 Of Ua.w ? jf \L& jf V^£. jfcfr 4p ^ jl b£ Ojfo - \ 

. [r ax :ij&] ic&ft *&} &'•> t& 1! ova ;&£■;, ja jj^ ij V^-0 jaavi 

!►** u% (^ °i ^y ^* £&' Or^J 0& jf ^ b>*ji 4*j **** b* b^J* ^* ©J 1 
!• ^ .. ' * ' ' ?',',**,,**** 

0\5> Otj J£ jf Cfj O^ji 4^»j •*** b^ c*o* *** b*^ 1 u-t^ ^J (^ ^ ^ ^J 
j&f iyi ov* b-ii-Ji &e jb-13 j&s fcj*f jf M tfj if>i jf &£ ^3j4 Jirb 

«UJI j* <u^> j jUm ^ ^o jl Itf ^y„ i^fij Aa« j* coal ^J «.lSyit j^J dJJi ,y 

.[\r:.LJj]<^^iUj 
\j2Bj j^jj~5 ^w J^-j ^ j*Nj <>« ^ j^*br Of |iils?tp jf p -r 

i| ijiSiij &JL$ ^ JJr3 > #} ji SSi J&fc Of ^p jf ) - 1 

^la aLi &t ij^i\i ak^ jkii ^ j&oj pf f jl a* b? *^ ^^ 

.[n^ic-iljpVi] <|bjiJ^ 

t*i JA » J3 U J\3 0\i«Jl O^USo IjjIS JII jjsj «Ql ^^Jfi ^j^ °*^"j r ~ ° 

jij jjjl J>; 4JJIJ ^Al jil. jJdjS ^Ji j&l3f ^*UpM Jir \ij ^^ bt^ 
l^jj ^i* ji^-j 00^-lj ^^flj jj» (t^iJb 1 - <^JOI (»>Jj lyJl jj-UI Ifjb ^ -Y 

LSJip is6 iJS\ 01 ^ jVij «u O^JfrCi <<JLJi ilji lysij frCJj \jj£ VVsr j W^» dJj 

b\Sj cr3i ii\^j 4jji j^j ^'j is3v^-j ji Jb-f ui :uki bvs \i ^ - a 

. [t . :^lj>-Sn] 4 \^ ^ J^ ^ 



^r 



.co*\>> ^y^i <-V/j ^ijjJi j ^ /JjVi J-^Ji 



b*4 bis aJj uL m a ^ *cji ^ ^]ur £& a i^ Sfj > -\ 

. [y Y :*LJi] ^ *A~1* *&j &&} 
^^Us of p j* ^jX&b *<J oU/^Jt <^& iii i^T ^jji i^L; } - y 

< b^; ^ ^ 4L1 ^ ^3 4ii» h'ji- ui of & oi us-Vi; of u4* 

.[Yr.:S_>LJl] 

jfj jSpJ ^ > L)i ify ^>; J^ ois^Jji ^ S?3 ') -i 
&£*f # ^ ^ > y£ a^3 ,^ ^ te^j&j r 3 ^f 
^iiJ ^Ou 4juj jij} AJi^ o^atJij asyi Ji ^ iisij jdn jj b>i; cuiy 

. [Y Y > :'»jlS\] id/^JZ 

> f ri> Ji fi bi j of fy ^i o^; »>m Si i £t ^ii cfu fe - 

of ^ 4i)i j^3 (j i>' of ^j b\£ lij'^jii} j&ya #f i& ^ l\y 3 ^ 
. [or.-^i^vi] i C£* <Iji i* b\i is3i oi ill oo^ ^ i^-ij^f ijk&J 

'ja 'frj%aZ.£\j 'jky&z of b^y} ^i l^s £ ^jjjjj Si ^i *cji ^& 

:*L^Jl] % Up <u 0\S aiSl O^i p- ^. l^liij ^ Jaliu _id] Ijiji oh Otil Jl 

.[>YY 

*ci& li jj p^p'i o\i^ii ^So of Si> ^ y^ - ^ 0^3 ^ - v 

H f^ ^^ r -i ^^^ > ^^^ u3j>Ju ^ji-l ^jiTj ^Ja! 



' '[y o :,l-j»] < ^ j> afoj ^3 > b>* <* ^ '^ 

J%\ C*JW£- cjUTj £U£- otfy 'dl5\U cjUTj 'dU* o&3 &Qp iili »iit &* 

ii iai \^b£J of ^ 1 iijf 01 ^au \^Ja cJb} oj aV£ sly 13 Ctiii b>& 
b£; is ^u;f ci& \ij ^13 jf ^ j^i* £>> \i £0* m cc^ip't ?j> 0* 

. [o . Mj^li] i <*r> tjji ^ '^j £> ^JOp 

^ ^3 'tfj>; ^' (i f> of ^ ti-'iij^ Si >'} #j#£. £' ! ^ if 

.[rro:s>ji] 4 ^ jji ah of »jiip»3 



\*'j~& % <Sj*tt L>$ I ^ <^fj £&J» 3aiP oJ£ tf JUt }iii jf bjiul Of H\ °^p) 

Ctf b\£ ^3 LM«L4ii it b\£ ^3 ij^L: of \ jO« 3 \I131-1 \ijl& Si j ^iijif 

.[■\: f L-Jl] 
y^ of ^\^ J>j4ip ^4* v^^J i> A!^ ^ «^1' f VlJ» j^ ^Pl^'t j J> - \ Y 



^° ■ OyrjJ\ 6y^ 3 ^Vyj £_ljjj| J ^> /JjVl J-oiJl 

jf^ii jt clSj jtL^>- :Jii u£ uy jf <rjj :Jli .^yJl <_>}U- .VjjJl :r-jj 

'.(^Jjt^j\ ay- j jjf Jli SJj 

^©* £JJ J* <*• W Mj^ : Jl~" Jtfj .(/j "ill oy^. ^ U^Jl ^ oV 
La : Jli U£ c^jj u*j o^^J 'J^jj L»* : jLij '^jj ,^—i Uyf U^ ~^l_j J^j 
Ju; U-jj aJ^Pj .OliVl :<r jy!j .jjy 4J c^JJl ayiJi ^jjJl rao^ ^1 .^ly, Laj oL* 
£j;Jl oV r u^ £_,j : Jli ^j .^tj iyo ^ : Jj, couit jt ^./i ^ i r u^ u-jjj 

.^•LdJl 4j c-jJj! oij ciyJl y* La 
M c^yJl »_jkl.L. ^ ^Ui ^-Jj tOlil ^j^Jl of ^Jia Qa±L i.U)l :y^, jjf Jli 
t£J^p :dyy-i 4Jyi p-f-^Jj cfL> £jj : ^y Ji. <y lJb-y £jjk Oj-«J^o V l_^l£ 
t JU-dJlj tj>«Jl OjJju i_JliLl ja JU-jJ lS-Lpj t^fj lyo oy*j c^L^L-l ^y <JL*-jj 

0?rj^ ^ djP : .$£ -il Jy lOLfl ^^Ji r ^ J oaa-jjJl of J^ J-b, :»o^ 
:JUJ ill Jlij >LS 5f _,t olS iyo i^_,j ^U i^i. jb-l_, J5o i^^S'j j£JU» 
V s * J^ cr*J? : <3§> <^y J* Jyi j-J- 1 <J^j •Xcj^ 1 <#rjj J^ <>• V-i tiUL.liJ> 
J^'j <£JJ t - i ^ 1 j <<r jj *LiJij c^jj u^jVlj '<r jj *LwJi :: Jls Ht^"jj L ^ 1 
^ Ju»j r^JJi c^j^jl Jij Sgijljtj cU-ljjt : CJ jJl ^wjvj c CJ j jLJlj t £_,j 
^ a^ljU J^i Vj : JU iJiJi J^ J^ ii»y! 3LJL6 iljf i^tjjt iJUi^ : JUJ 4Jy_, 
Jli iS^y •t/Wj iv ijS-iU o_^)ji Jj col^jj : 05^U J^i L^ c^jj : J^\ 

: c L>)l 



."jjiU" :cuJjJlj ^JUl g? U^ ^\j^i\j jj»\i> tk^ "ojjU>" :Jy (\) 



: Jji i 38 -il <Jj-j cr* ^ : ^ <^ ! ^-^ ^-> '^-5^ W*"* cU-lyjl JA\ CJ 3jl 
: Jli WL. ^ Obr j j L. j : cJii i«5Jrl ***»■ <* J-*^ ^' J«-» ^ <Ju O* ^5 J ^ J*» 
u^j ji^j dc*»j*j 0^ : Jj^i u~^ "^j '^ ^ Di ^ $ DU ^ J f ^"^ 

J*»$ : JUj talyt JLJU Jb.^ 4^3* *s^ : J 1 *' ^ ^ u .^U- j> . :5tjJ«j J*-^ 
c ljjVl SjjiSU L^l :5t^iJ JUL .^r^Jt y ^j <J U 4^ #rjj J^ t>* V=* 
j^j, l0 yjb> o^ JS_, . ^a JS y ^lj u^ll : C j> y> J^lj t^jjJlj 
0>i^ jZl y :^.jJ~\ j Mj. -£)j L-+* ^3 £) -^JJ ^ c ^^ -5 ! ^ 

' % ^ f^ a* J-»J : ^ J* J ^-^ a* $j**-$ ^J -^ JW ^ a* 

.<up ijij* j>\ &* <S}J3 

^s '*M cjj Wj :aJ ^ <^ -^ : iW £ jJj "^ :S!yJ £ jJj 

/UJ 4^. jl>J~l Jj^U c CJ jJl L.I :u-j^Jl o^v Jli • (iW^ Jy 4^ Ha 4^' 
:■$& &S Jli .^s-jj oJUk :J^^I Jjiij c^ss-jj ti* I'ot^Jl Jji" clAs-tj L^-j oJ>Jlj 

Jijl^i ^jt Olj^ :Jl5j 4^-JJJ ^> ^^ ? j) ^» ^rjjj ^ 0^-^ 

V : & Jli j+i cju; i»i Jli viUJ^ ^ :<J J-Si 4^ ^"JJJ ^ O^-'F : ^ 
^,^^5; iJy M 4il (-(-so*. ^jj .j-pj 5JLS. iIa J (^u-^Sli jy ^Jl5j S^rjj : Jli. 
Jlij tf ly V» >ij ijJlJ-» j«-i" ^ U^j yUi'j c^JJ jl^L. 4i«. S-up L.t oV jTyJl 

: <i3 jyJi 

l,Jl^. <Sj^\ jj*\ Ji iyS ^jj ^yv ty-4 ^^ ( <^b 



> V - — _ co*j> oy^j *Vj*j z})^ J •**** /JjVl J^iJl 

C^-J '^ L)l £jJ ^ : J 1 ^ C^L-M ,1- J JJt-l gL ^J> : Jl* Aiji ja J^i 
c -^-JJ J "j ^y 1 A ^ij '^^ J>*j Is-^.-M 1 J»J ^LJl LfJu-bJ j^-sfl*i i^tj tl^j LftL] 

:Ji~ in Jls_, :Ji5 .;f r ! -u, o^jj Nj c5f r L ^r 3 j :^y£ ^ ^ t ;f r i 
LS i<w (j» Lf_^J i^-jiji j c^*=> iUi* (i-t-^i*. ^-jj; :l_^-jijlj fjiJl ^jijij 

jl» J^aiJl l£J^ OLS jl cjj^l jl £^Jl (j» Ul*j <ubju vil rjljj'j f*^l 
j_pV ^AU^-jjjF : J^l ^j .4y :«Ji ^jjj c^L ^1 CJ j_, .^^Vb 

J^ Ji J^ c-5j cjj* r 1 ,i! 'Ar**- ° ! ^^ £~k ^J 

J5 ^f uiLiJ-i ^ jl^jj dUiSj ijiut: ^1 ^ijjl jju» ^ ^jlp : J^i; .^L^j 

L^J r^^L U^l op\ o&A J^j .^^ <^f iC^ij U'j^i m^Jji J^ : J^~ 

j->v^ (^jit^aVl olSj .Ulw ^Vlj .U^> j^-JJ'j .cJtwi)! :^ j^Jlj iju^ll ^.j^ 1 ; 
JU-jj :45 dili J Jlij c^jj o^iJ ^j t£jj :«^j fUJ-l ^ o^>J J Li ot 



•s-^o-JU jjiii i^-^ iil j_p J! jU^i j_jj*- Ji v .; (^) 



j^jjl! Jji^j 6^j*J £}jj\ J -W^ /<Jj^ ( J-^ 1 ^ A 

?^-T r-jj ^jj tlJLft ^ t-^ou"! (^ ^ cJlii tl_/>«J :U> C-ifli 

^ C^jtj^ :Ji>di £, . ^i JS Uu^J! :^\j .*LUl 4i ^ c c tjjU ,l£Jl C U 
Jli sa^Jl C jj]lj is-i-M 1 - oL ^ j* ,>-»■ v> jW JS ^ : J^ ^g^ £jj J£ 

t^lJuJi ^ ^Ijitj otjJt »U*^ :<Jl3 s^ljjf <L ^- 5( tr° r^J^ ^^ ^J 

.(^^i ^-J lift j cSf^l Jlp J^-Jl JUj^.1 <u>i L. Jlp 4JL.JL5.V 



^ <JyrjJ\ ^J^J ^VVJ £)3j>\ tJ • X H^> /(JjVl Jwaiil 

L^l iLpJ^. Lp^jj .L^-jj; lij Ll£j l^J^ i\ r \ 0) d'iJ ^j :^£j 

^1 l^j «X JLiljJlj a£jJu> jf 4JI3 ^ ^ y j\j\)f : ^ ^ :cS^jVl 

a5j icsij VI L^jp. V V> ^JJ^j '^lj Vi til> ^jja V : -dijt fajijt jt Oij 

V iJljJlj caJIj VI Uaj. V ^IjJ! r^a^p ^^li ct J»j3l : L^ c l£Jl ^ : f y Jli 

iV ib, V £t 3 y l-v 4(^» ^' l^f j^ : Jl* il Jli c^j^i ^ j^ vi 
^^.^o gij^Ji aip of (Jpii ^oLwjJi j»^>x^J bi ij-oT jjaJt ^t uf$ : Jl>j Jiij 

L>Li> L(r Ol^j t3jjaJL s-\j& Cjy^^ f j$ (j» cJji Vyi «^-* <^ j^-illl ji£tj Cr-liLJl 

Jli .di)i (Cj>i i)S <&! J>ti t^^j j^ ^.j^ 1 h^ "j*-Vl O-Utj oyjj 
^jU v^ 4iV C L& : CJ jdJ J^j i^ji\ :^yJi r ^ <j» c i£Ji J^t :y;^jV! 
l£| ^ c-^xij Lpx^J :JjiJ tJ_iJl 0_^j -V3j s-bjJl •r'-^' '-^j*^' •rW^' 
dJJij c^saJI ^L^Jl :«*U- ^1 Jli .^sj> £jj o!i (^t 0*>U ^ j ^U ^j ic-^-jjJ 
^^Jj tL>-Lx!j L>t>J Lj^tX^j Lp^J {i_jLjJ| ^ <„JjJ aL^c^\j <X*>\st- oL«JVt f- ji /y> 

£?~j-3 C^-J C^^J Cr^-J C^-J C^ 1 ^* ^^ iL> J*^ f^ ^* J^ lW f*^^' ^ 

•C^-5 CJ^-J C j ^ J --' 
J j '■■gij^ (Sj£ ^^J ( c^>?v -&j :Jli -^^-J 1 ^ : C^-5 ^^ J^J-5 
^^ : J Li of i_ijy«Jlj tc3">U2Jlj gijj^l ^^ L$f c4ili> «io c^J :4jjI->w c-j_b- 
.^j^iJl 'U* ySLi ^ 4jJuJl 4^1 j^ 4i*ij 'c^jj LA5L& j^Jj 
oL^j i^Jlj ^Jl : (t-^Vlj cLp-jj :Lp*iofj .LaLJ 4=t-jj :StjJl 4^5j!j 






Cx?r}js\ ^y^i ^'W^-yj z}3J>\ j •***■* /Jj^ 1 J-^ 1 r * 

jit ^ j cUa^- jjljJ La U& ot ^1 ^ : Jlij suy *Jl>»&l a5 <^t c £& :*1 
J^i i^jL olS i^-ji^ ft ^ J^ £& : JiM c^-J 2 ^ : r^y i^j^" j*'j J « p 

:<^AjA-» Jl5 ,^jU ^f ^l^J ^ £_^t tljJli jp- i£& t^ Jjia t^Jaf : J>M 

(jkj ilpJo (^JJl :L^&j .Lp ^jji* vy^ 1 , ^~ ;, ^ ~*^> i^*J "^ C^'J C^ 1 

.^■l^Jl jjjla otS bi oUJL; f y ^ 4i^5LJ ajI : Jli :ojj y \ Jli 
t^jVi jkJl iiUj i«up ^-bdl £&j tl^ip JUa>! !3>1 ^jSfl jkJl £& : JLSjj 

: Jli ^jj oli :*L» jJu t^SU St^lj tl^ip <~Jp lil 4if o - ^ 1 -^J 
L>*£li OtS ^ (j^» Op slop c-Sitj (^kVl ^Ua^v ci»b-t 

Ij^^l Jj5 4>jij 

( jm r[& oli <^t oL-i ,«i> (^ ^$U (J c-j^-f ,Ji oiliail :aL5 d~>^- <^j 
:^j*Vl jjI J 15 iJ'jUaj ijW^J <y*i>- o(i <^ (jill»j ^Llsj Ja&>- '• Jti US i4*-jji« 
(ijJb- 4^.j ^Sli ^j co^J : JLLi J*iJl ^ ^^1 f bj Ijjljt lij "b/i jtSU : Jli ^ j 
LS $o-j i«-(-J rJJ^ : ^*^-* ^ J 1 r^-^'j .oJjJl (g^a-a ' * * Ji>- J^^i "^-J* L* ■^*i-- - 

:JLdJtj iL^>J^ Lp^ii-t ^-"jLall 

jjU- ^ Ij^J^lj c^U- Lt c5yp yJ-L. c^UaJi IjB ^ftj 



Etai — »< 

. [t «l loLJoJl] %d 3j ZJ3 p&jl cprjj LIJL* ^ J£ ja^ 
jj> y6 Opt Of Jjo iSLJ-J jI^^j^Ij jJl&lij oJlyiJ ill ojla^l ^JJi ^^La^l ^j 

^J Vrj J ^ J^-j 5o»-lj ^ qa (*iu^ yjJUi ^j »jj&t ^Ull VJ $ 

. [^ : ft L-Jl] VLJj l^j£ ^j u,j* 

^J <-^J ^ S^ fl ^ l > £/**» I* 51 -^ 1 CS °Ji*^ jL - 'V 1 J*** ^ ^' ^ (^J 

.a] J4,U> ^ ^y ^sVW /III JUaJI 

.LaU>j J^, l^ il^^ ^UaJl Sf^Jb j^Jl JUaJl J*^ 
£~^l 05 U^ ^ of Js- al^l J^j cUjJl l-U t y. J ifeo< t J^Jj vWvi ,^pj 

.^ 
of ^ SfjJl oUrf>j c^LsaJl ^. J^Jl ^y.s-j t4JyLJl LjJL— SjiyJd x-sij Ulj-j 

. e -lj J& £-L, ^£ o_^' 
LLi c-ua co^Vl 2jj1s>Lp L&Lp^Jj ^j^Vl ojj^p Ljjs^pi ^1 a^^l ol^J £*>jj 
L. f-L&j f}L^I 4-ip ^fj ill aUaJjl (^JJl y> ^LkJl ll&j t^LJI L&jUi ^*5j clL-o- 

.oUp 



JyrjJ\ Jji^J 6\-&Sl £}lj>\ j ±it* /<Jj^ ( J-^ ( ; ^ * 

. V**^ 53JL*i. jj-^J ^IjjJl j C^Vl S-^J "^J 

^.Ui jf Lip <^>v jjAJl oilaJl ^f_j c^^L-jJl ^-^J ^ O" ^ ^"^ '-^ 

.[rA:op>] fejij \Srlj.>t ^ UJ^j dULi ^ *-, H->t JiSj^ i^l-v 

dr- - o* ©A : J 15 311 ^ <-^j ^ : ^ ^-^ </ o* ^-^ • ij -- Va " </> 

. ((^V^Jlj c£ll>Jlj c>«5lj i*tJ-» IJjL-jJl 
jt^J Jjwrj \sr»jjt (»X«^it jj> p& Jjkt J»»jP :i>La."ill Joy j *£k «>"j 

<fi)jj&% ^ jiJ &\£l dUi ^ 01 JU^j isy jt^-i Jjwrj L^l lj^-^ £»j jt 

.[TM fJj )l] 

. [rr :jjJi] 4^ f'j ^'J 4Liai o* ^ n* 1 

&\ Js- j?- 23^)) : Jli 3|| ill J_^j of iS^y* ^f ,jp ^X»ji\ cjJ> g?j 

. [r i lijsll] 4^ V ,J ^ (^j-M ^ ( jsr- ^ Vi^ *^J ^^'j 



.juJi :iL«Jl (T) 



rr 



-l^-jjJ! f^j^-j ^"W^vj t[}}j>\ <J -^a^ AJjVt J-^ 1 



cj^Li ^Jij ij£\'s OLJ)) : Jli* <ieJb^i ^ JUl c$t LuIp jls c^iJlj ^jidJl J 

£jf» : JU ^ ls^ 1 of : L -c^ ^l ^j u»^ ^I^V^h c5^Jl c5jjj 
OUl ^ iLbj l^ii U f LJj l^Sis. 03 :3y-^lj Lull ^ ^fept ai3 jpU?! ^ 

£b* UjJl)) : Jli 3§| ill J^-j of i^UJl ^ j^ ^ iiiJup js> pis c^jjj 

. (( Ai-Uail afjjl \^pb» j^j 

4J*-^ *-»W*^' Oi}° <j y~ij ^L^-Jl J^iJ C J^' f J-^J c J*^ fj^** cLJJlJl OjiA ^ 

3|| ^LJ^I -V*. of j c<u>Ji! y.L^j ctfjkiJ :Ui« dili Of f*)L^I «uLci toLJ^I ^JaJ 

Oij t^L-Jl ^j^j cf Lo j (»jijj 'j^-^J f j-^*i <Jl£ — <d j»J!ilijfj Ail ^UJl LS -ic>-f y>j- 

.<J| <_>L«a^l J»j£ 4] u ^Jj *$& 4jJ_A j& £j^-l JjU- j^ 

IS y^ 1 c'-JJ^ °^ J* -^J ^ *U- : Jli 4§& ^f ^ (Jl-^j c£j^I c5jj 

ls^ ( u^ lT"* 3 u&3 '• ^^ — La^Jli; pj5&— Ijj^-f >-*i> t ^ y~Jl ojLp ^p O^t-o 

.lit JiJi JU*t ^Li Uf L.t r^J^f Jli 

. Jajfi ^j y»jJ! ^j^f Uf \j>-~\ Jli j 

.llf ^jjjf ^i *L-dl Jj»t Uf :^T Jlij 

^U^Sf ^i iij Ut ^iJL^j ij£ ^ jjJLii j^sjt)) : Jui % ill J^j f b^i 

^i-» ^P 4*Pj j^i t j.L«Jl ^J^J t^3jfj icW'fj '^^J (»j-^^ ^<^ "d (*^^J "^ 

.lil^ijj ^>»frj ^Jiy °y^J ^~i?\ y^i 0}Vx^~j\ -yt ^y^s* 4J-Lvi)l ^3r- jjJlj 

' 3& & lSjX •**>. (>•>!» a^l W : Jli 3g yfJl ^p t 4& ^^.f Ls|f o*i 



.iLU L»_jjLp (\) 



nU^jt ^JLp j^Jt OJj c4jj-» l,Jj j^sj OJj c«upU?t \Aja\ 0} :&-W> Air j j j>» ^ '^ 



Ijj ( (^j-Jl c-^jjlj c^j-Jl ^«^Jlj i^j-Jl ofjjl :^oT ^1 oj\lii jaj .j^WaJ 






^1* <uu-f Jlis &-W> ofyl .041 A3jj j»» : Jii ifH ill Jj^j Of : 4|l> ^-it j*i 

:a^Lp J'L-J^I J- jJi ^^Lpj clL**- 4^1 ^^Lpj c«u-ji; a^iJl f Js- Zyo 4jJLi 
t-l^J .L^pLAij »Ji>)l *ljj^ iS*?- JU <- — Jtj CyjyJs ^>j t ^ r ~ a-t y> £})j>\} 

OV# viUi ^ 01 l»»-j j Siy j^y J*r j l^Jl \j£~J \jt\jj\ p£~*Ji^ j» p£> jl* 

jjAJj cOUa-A 5jj*? ^ JJj ofjjl 01)) : JlS 3^ ^Jl Of : 4|& v.y ^ j^j 
^Uijj dUi O^J 4 4JL»t oUi <Ljvy U ofyl j-» ji^Jb-t L$fj li^ cOUa-JSi 5jj^» ^ 



Y ° O^j^l J^j ^V^J C^ 1 ^ "W* /Jj^l J-Aill 

£• SLJ-I jl^^lj tJ^Ji j&j i^jVl v.l^V ^J Cr*^^ J* c'j^'j ~ r 

.J[£S] oj*Ji u,i :Jj iljoij 

-a, l^i 4J1 >i. y>_, i4ub ^ ^j- iji^ ^U ^ ^ .j^ty J*o 
cU J>e fe iUp ^a c^jjl _^t L : jLii jIj! L.'jjjii W^Jl Js Jji; L. ^ bl L. : Jlsj 

£Mj ^jca V c^^pti 0) *j^c| jlj Cjv-^JapU *)jJL, <JJ clUl* f Uj tUJS 

C-jJvsj U^ *-A c_y>v Li L 4)Ij : (Jl_5i 

.If jOj oLJi 4JL«Ji J*5J ^ Jj'Uii y-ftj cOLi-lj J^Jlj <J>Ja*Jl 

>Li c^Ijj fUjlj C 4fUti ^_hJ! J^f ^ J^il Ji jikJ .^^Al^j iyiJl ol£L 

C 1 ^^ 1 Jl ^-J '^^V 1 °j£j hA V-J ii Ji> 1— jUi^Vl vW-'j j!5Ui-^l 
S-*-^. ^ ^fvj V ZHr~l J^-^iJ ^UaJt J>Ji ^aJj o-Jl 4j>j J^. r> L- Sf^JU 



.i5*UaP :^Jij (T) 



jyrjjJl 6y^i ^"Mvj jHj^ 1 £ -**<■* /JjS/l J-^ 1 ■ ^ 

JU ^ o^Jl 4Ji c L>v l>j ^—^ ^^.j Jss-jll ^y^-i L*^ c^LtJ i-b^j t 4fL«j 

.oliLiSj 

ill oU^ <^JJI 4*-^! JLp VS^ 1 ^'^J W^ J^ tf 3 J* J^ 1 fiJi^ ^ 

.A^jLjl jUill j-*ij t^-Uli sJ^>vj 

to%'Ull (jj; i^l jv»ljT iji'j <.jJi\ Ji*ljJ <y ^.IjjJi «/•■% l> t>t ^ — "\ 
.kjl^Jl £^l jLi csJuL-ij oJUmj.j f*>L^1 ^jWi ^ V^ 1 *^ 1 <^%*J' -^"j 

^ ji SjjUaJt ^juiJl U^so 4iytJ (^JJl ^J^iJl ^Sll AijA jtjZ j *U- — V 

.JwiM j* tijP ft 0>ilja* jt J>tjt Oyrj^pJl _^P 
^p Jij C( jL«Jl *l»jt ^^ y> >v*f j.- <y Oj^-j^. IjUj t/Ul 01 Ijijill JV5j 

jf J^jJl ^ 4ii ^^fcll Jl5 oWUa^^l oJUk JLp t\* 3 caJL^I ^ ^ o A f lp J*>U ,»Jl*Jl 
l^w, jul. ^ ^IjjJi jl J^ii j^U; ^L> dJJi Js> *L»j :SW5 j^i >>^»j 



rV Cff»\>jll liji" 1 <***j>j z)]^ j Jsc* /JjVl J^ill 

*W> oV S (Y) ou*Jl l/ ^ J 4J1 4^ii cJL'j <Jp jJlS ^ ^lp ^1^1 ^^ 
<up pSj, V ijjJi ^ ^ 4^ j^. j^aJl Jd^, ^JUl (1 >7,.,.Jl I^ySJl J 13 

. [rrijyll] ^Ai^i ^ ill (tnrr j« d ^ £v& OjU^y H jjJLJl ciaR-..„Jj^ 
: J 15 % ill J^ j| : 4i£> ^jj*^ ^1 ^p apUJ^i >\ 3j U c r L^Ji ^ ^SJj 

• 0) «*±J 4J 4J13 ^j^aJb <U*3 ^Jax-j ,»J ^j ^yilj J40A3 
jU Up ill ^ L. ^1^31 ^ <u~i; Jp ^L *£)_, Up l>lij 4J lift; jlS ^ U 
L^f ill Ob, :Jii gg ill J^ jt ^lij ^t ^ ^ ^ ^I>)| ^ 

. (( A*m-J| £jLJ-I (V) 4JU»jib 

(^ ^ ^ «>rjjJ)) : Jl5 gg ^Jl ol : i.L.t ^t o,^ ^ ^1 c ^ JjJ 

. (A) ((tSjUaJl iJLa^ ljjj& ^j ((I ^SM 



■t< •• u > 1 j' ^j^ 1 ^ ufjA ^>i :**■&»- 0) 

.IJ^*j tjr i~ *l_Ji_, tjr i^ ^gJr, tjpijL< j-_^Jij L^ ? ljS!U cjL^j p+L-ti lisWl :yt*Jl (r> 

.fU-^il -Ujai U$ A;w. ^ ,«j2ijj ^">f-- ,^-J f>s^L> aJ*> 
.A^Jsj jia U VI ^yU ill jlS Uj col — J*^! 4*_JiJ iiJlii Ifl ij (Y) 






• dAJi (^ lj» L« <d ^ Ot Lf-Lpj i«j*j 

r jjJl Uij StjJb <_~jJI 0t£ 0L» cs^t *li ll-p <-*-L<a< Oi*-j^ -^ -Wj J^J 
Ju^-y i^L, m ^ Sty! ^jjT <|5| ,<Jl i}t c^jj Jtfj 1 JlJUaJl ja ULlapt OlS L. .L*tj 

. «iJ^ *i-Ji)) : Jlij \jteji U#jj Ljj>^5o 

. ^ d^ji H Jj^jJL jt ^JLJL. "?(3!JU»Jl J*^-" (C 

jt olpliaJl j» ^^ jjp dill) ^ki\ 0y» iti»^J! t/ ^y 5-Pj ^ ^J M 1 ^-»^ 

.ifcl^Jl oOiil (JUL Jliii^< 






y ^ — uyrjj\ ijy^i *V^J £}jj\ J X^ /jjVl J*ai)l 

: C LJ| £ ljjj» 

? (sr ^t VI : Jui *jjjJi jg ^11 J^ Jj lSLa SWj of r^-Lp ^1 ^ - \ 

.^IjsWl sljj i ( (tf *»n jt ^^oss- ^ Li tr ^J >> : Jui 
^j tj~)> o^ ^ OUiP J* |g &\ J^j ij ^tf, yjf j, Jbc Jlij -Y 

.(^jLaJ! oljj . L^i^V ^J oil 
. f Ua^/1 Ji yVl L. Lr ii i J^ JsJl ^ LJJU j^lb *J oil ^J :gjf 
Sib L. JSj .--JaJlj tl—Ji (Cj^i :0j*lap ^ oL-iP oiljt gJ-Ul JiJl I^^JaJi J 13 

IjOskj V j ,^Ul J*-T u out i^y* ^ i^pT aiJUi lJ uj> :*i» ^ Jjjf ij^ii k, 
,J ol tv^l^Jl ^J-i Jp <uoi &J, ou*Jl ^a^ j jrljjJl Ji oL-i^l ^la-J ol; 

• <Ulp £«M fJi v— **V 

.ouJl ^jiy (J 01 £ljjJl JLp f JUS -iL^lj pl»}\£- 5Ai£Ji ^jj jJJJ^j 

jjs^l jf js^jJl VI «U* ^j V 4if j iL^P ^ N »jj^> 2,'jjJ' Of f JiJ L* 05-^ 
JA^H Of j u^A <J> f^-^t ^ c~J 4-iLaJl dtjit^j** Oo*jJl js*l Jl3 U£ 

«lfl-. j jj^jj «bU*f iLf JLp J^jJi J) aJL-Jl IpUJpI ^b ^ &\£ !Ju> ol£j 

JU-Jl 1+---.J c/'v* l*jf O-idl iJJJj Ijil^j i4iji» ^ oLLJl Ij*-*jj r'j^' 1 J JlS ** 



.«u!l J «U» ^ 4*^ Uj 2-lj^l j* ^lUV« :J~J! (^) 



CryrjJ\ Jji^j *^j*j z)jJ\ <J -**<■* /^J^ 1 J^ 1 r ' 

^LJl ^^a* oi Jj 4j"L>- aS^A jL^-I j \jJs~ J^t-Jl Jjw-j iL,-£JL^ ;> dJ-^Jlj vj ( 

ALsiiJl ^U LfJ&AjJ j ot^Jl A^ J-A*> L^J f^L^I |»JUj" (Ji 9ij*ll j^ Aj^/j 

Cf^J C9i^ jf ffj CAIj Ajj j CAj"L>- A^J^A ^j caJ O^p-J '£J j^ a*-" ^Jj" 

. 9i_y?*jj 9j-j x^Sj-«J C9ilj3 

^ i^S j/y. I^spj tJ^jbU a^JI ^* ii iS^-Sfl JlSjf ^ ^j p-M ^j 

c<U*i (fikij a7L£L« aJ ^^'j cJ-iW U^I^p Oj5o" LjlUap-t J>_j coU*aJlj UljJl 

.^-PU^-^I ^JjJLJl ijJiij C4iO <-*yCL> cAjblPj oOJUj ^ fjJ& t_,,i..7Vjj 
^JJaJl jyufj ^LU ^ l+JUw-j cU-UJl A=;-jjJl jL^b f^-^l ^ U* cM a* 

.SjLs* ^UU; j^JUJj .OjA ^IjjJl 3^ 

iSj&r} jt^bl)) :JjiJ cj^Jl lift J* £j>dl ^ ^ Jj-Jl j^i ^ 



n : OyrjJ\ Jji^j *Vyj ^IjjJl (j» a^ /JjVl J*oi)l 

Oli (Y) ^ ^j cjiOil ^ jftj^-jJJ j&j c t>( -*kj Ot ^f ^ .^yV 

4jU>jj o^Vt ^.^j" ^ A^ -Uai; L. jJz- 4j l^Cw. £_ljjJl Jb^j ^JUl of ^>j 
dyB *i\ jkl aiji-jj lAUl atyl £jjj ^ : J^ii l8ij-A i. ^^ J^i* <gU clfjii 

a^vj fl r^ V j&*sJ 5t y' CJi 1 u*J c5frUi **! "Ji ^ W^ ^ ZJ? CSS 

.jbU^aJl (j> oU- j>\ oljj c (( aJ ijjbj l^J <d ill iijb c <U?-j J-oj jt ^y 
oi* _pO obj^l li-A j* ^tj^Jl jj, JjSfl JUaSJt Oj^. Vt Ja±-\ IJL* ^ JUaUlj 
jjOJI Oj£j of c^l^Jl J, t 4i j^J ^j L^>-Lv3 oti ^ gj ^ IfLi cUoJl oL.UJl 

. ^ ■>.sklij Jldl 2uUa jjjJl dLi cVjf ly>> 

Oil* y&li clp.Oij cUUJbj c^-J-j .liU :gj^ St^Jl £&?„ : g| J^Jl 

>( JL~._j c£jUJl o!jj t (i) ((iJlJj CjjJ jjOJI' 

j-^)) :JjiJ c4v^l SjUl 4jukJi aLU-I ri^fj U-LsJl St^JJ llo^j ^j 
Oji^j" of jO^f i^U c V-aJI olil^Vl ^ -bJlj d-jUapVl *jvUj c^l>Jl JloiPb. 






j^j^Jl 6yc~!) ^"l>yj £}j^\ J -^-a /Jj^M J-^Jl VY 

0,i ^ £J J L5^ (t) «^jb '•>*» ^ ^J ^ 0) »^ , JtijS frLJ £U> J#» j^j 

. jL^^-L Lp-^v Lp-^v 0}j toJjytoj L&j-iLp La^iLp OLi tc-w 

(j^yj _} 4^.3 ljIp Lji^r- Jlib j-«J>- '- r - , J^ J' LpJ-f^ J' LiLoli Jl LdU» 41jl r- J J Lo-f-^J 

jA l^rjj : Jli W Lprjjt of ^ ^ i li, J o\ :Jj> ji ir ~*U J^j Jii 

.l^-JJaj (J Lj-iuut 01 j tLp^ ^t^ <^ t ^ 1 l?^ 
.4Z*iJi *-siaj jjt jt^Jb-f jjaijii l{Jj r^liLJl :iiJLp cJlij 

.<aja>-j 4-la^- ^J&j atjJl i_Jai*j (^-Ul :i_JaiUj ^Jp\J~\j 
ol«JJU j^ 4-JajLlj .dJJi y*JJ °j^ r^ J^ '• Aj - ^**i ^"^ J^* Iiwjai-v i^Ja^j 

.S^^j tfj* ^Ip ^Jjjll ,> f !JJ^l 



.^Jb-V 0„ .,.., J . < C-*-j_Jj" liyi c,,.,- ■..:,! Jb- (j» * i -lp c^" ^1 ^ :LfcjJj ^jIp AJLl-lj tiiii ^1 :»U>-1 (^) 

. ciLi^l ^ jjJLJl iljjj a) iUvsJlj 4J AJU'jLj «0 U <i_^lj Ajai^l :»Ujl (X) 

.JUl JJj (^1 tJLJl oli J-15 0!)U : jLi tJUl :aJl oli (T) 



YT uyz-jj\ 3j*^j £^y>i z)jj\ j • x m-£ /Jj^ ( J-aa!I 

: jiis^i L(_i yiy lij ^J Sf^i i^ ^-L: V 

.<JU-I J» Lj_u <brl jj £Ui ^Jl ^p^iJl «JljJl j^ aJL>- Oj5j jt : JjVl 

.4^^ 4-iiJxj LjJj tjJt- aju^i ^f : J'Liil 
o^jjJl r.f*£\ t_->L^f ^ s--^ '^ ^v 1 tJj^j <J^ ' Vo-^ £*}y **> c->l^ 0^» 

.LjJiia^- <J r-Li *>li t l^.tja.^1 4JLv* o^ jl£ jt c42»J^>Jl jf 

: jjt)l aJjyw aJs^- 

.&L, ^ lie*. j li}Us> 

V ^jjJl Js- ij c^s^odl Ji^iaj L<^Ja^ o-»j>- ^\j J*^ ^ o-U** cJl£ Olj 

if 

.oj!_^- ^>«_^aJl« cLf-iJfii»v l yajj}Cj\ (j jL»Lul (_ili>-lj 
0^ i^^-rfilii Oji o-bJl jLjI Lj-lJaiL Jajjjd! jj^TV 4jU olij ^y» odStut C-JLS jjj 

.[rr<s :s^Ji] 4fs^ j>^ & ^ i>Up»j 



uyrj^\ Jji^j ^W^yj {[}}jh j -^t-* /JjVl JsdiJl VI 

.?JUp J» ^Uai»i tdJbP Jb^jj J*-j dlii iji*=!- M L, ctJU ^1 y»P iciJ 

Jg ill J^j J^i o5j c^ ^j |f| in J^j ^ ^lyL dL'^t 14 : Jli 

• (r) t/ J^jl^l si j j A^- dJL" cJlSj t ((tf »j3 ^ ^P}*3 

/yLlJ r-1-;^ (j^ydlj lOl-licdt A-*Jr flj>- iJail-L; «ij-tfJl (jl '.f-\j jl i^*^-j 

(JlLs-1 JJii LjIJLp t- Uail -bo ^} Lj^ip JLlUi J j^Jj «>A*Jl J* -UajLL; r jV lilj 

.dJJi J» * UuJl 
. j^Jb (J jt l^ J^a cL^ijLi :dUL. Jli 

•V^-i tJ"^-^ jj^Ul £[^1 ,-fJi s-^j'j 1 <^j jl5 ^ 1 £■*" : ( «* il - i Ji Jt»j 
.Jbu L^ljj aJ j>v ^ :^ljjVlj dJJlj dlJL. Jli 

.*Li li} Ijjs-jjSi jt aJUJl c..^Sil lil 4) J>y J< ^ ULJl j_^-«^- Jlij 
(^JJl ^iJllpVlj c^V* Ojj (iLLJl tJ^v<aJl IJL* ^ |^>»jj 05j c<Jl flfL-lj JjVl <— i»l^-t 



.(«•.! 1ft <^I :JU(U* (Y) 



fo : u?rjj>\ dye-) *\-*S} ^IjjJl <j a-t-a /JjVl JviiJl 

t)t-4J J*y «J| c^jjl y-t ^jjl)) : Jli jg ill J ^ jf ^.Ip ^ aJIp 0*± 

<i->- <d cJit (^iJl L,Jj £jvj 4jU-^L. ^jja^Jl o^^v lil I* fC/*^ 1 J^j 

.(i^ilJ JjVl s-i»^ Oit jf ^^'j J^i" ,J jf cJjSfl U^ ^lil ^ jf tdb 
c~£jj <o c_^y SfjJl ^i^ lij :<iojJ-| jju, J ^JLiJl ^ ^X.^1 LS £»-j 

^p ^1 oV i^^w JLLJlj fl I^Lp jiIp, JjVl SuU-1 ^* (i^l L<-^ IM} 

.oJjuj Jj^-oJi Jj JLixJl ^J JjUJI i_JsU-I L(-^-jjj" lii ::>jb Jlij 

,Jl J^jJ' ^i ijf t? UAL. 4i?j^ oibuJli AijjLst LjJju^jj V*"Jj^ »W^-' S-^jd ^ 

•r*j r* °j^ li J^ j£ J* c% '©uj 7 J^ 
:<ti v^jj £, j*-*^ ^1 ^-^ j^' '^-*j 
0V3 cStjJl ^Ap-f tJa^ lij,, : Jli JH in J^j of JjIjlp j, ^l^ ^ - *\ 



.aJ jit (J Jlj L^jJip JLp l+Jl ^ *Jl JLp JJi <u* (f) 



(jv^-jjJl Jjis-J &^-j*} f[}})\ J *W*> /(Jj^ 1 J-^ ( i ^ 

.jjb _^t «ijj tLjJl J>Uo 

fjju of jJbrf :^f t «u£ij (Ojj Of <^p-f 4iVd cl^J ^S) :Jl5 tV : J 15 t «^! 
: 3§| aSi» Jj^j 4l JU5 cjUaJSfl j-» i\y\ s-Ja^ ">U-j of : 4p> Sjjy ^ d^J _r 

Jus-j ajV ^ V oy^Jlj 4*-J\ Jl jJa-s J«-j" of Jl f l -^* J( cr* j-H-^ 1 s-** 

.l^JlP jf jjJl Ajjptf^ J^> ayi&l Jlj cl^LijJl jf JUJrl J^ 4^jJl Jl ^Jb 

.OjJl £-*>- Jl _^ai :jj!j JL5j 

. (x) 4J1 

JLp Jl t_Ja^ jaS- of :j_^a^ jj JL*-j Jlj^l -^ »ljj L* :dJJi J^ JJ-^J 
J*-jti .iii»f^«l ,^-» <^f>j 0^5 cdJUj Lp il-)uf rjlai cLftyws J j^-ii cf^il£ ff <uj( 
.v±L~p- o~£iUaJ ^^u^jJl j^A liiif ^_p :cJUi cLjJUa. jt> i_i-i^i cL(Jl 
tLjjp _^Jb Uj <^ili* ^ jl>- clLi (Jji ^j c-iLvJLi <Us^ju Jj LjJl ^JaJ li}j 

• 0^-P i_ ZyJU -A5 Lj_w» *u^ J< i ^ l£^ J^J 

Jl ^lJ Of Ljii cCisjf ofjJJ c-j^' j* Jj 'J^^l J^ Gj^ 2 ^* j*-^-' '^* tr^J 



. u s^p J !>^: ( J s i(\) 
.(A^/Ty^Ji^CT) 



rv ' Oy^j^ <Jy^i *^si ^'jjJ» j -jw* /J j^l J^iJl 

Oyci ajUU oLL^I iji Ulj t^Jll ^ jLJr! <. d>j*i i£J}\ Ja^i wJl, iJUs, 
^Jl u^". ^»-^ jf cji^r! jf SjJ-UJb LA^laJl^ ^ ^j^l j iJUs^^lj <Jw>jJb 

i^cl^U* ^j Vjij* Jl ^>l»: JUi l\ y \ J r±, r f 3g yJl d^ A5j 

■«^*sA> J ,, ^ | j r^H> -^ » ( jj ' (t) «V*>'j* </*"» : %'jj <A> 

:4j_jksxJb 0j)&-\ Jo?- 

. L(JLp jjbu jl>- i_Js-UA-1 JLp i.yt L^V i^^tJlj _^ljLj ^ ^ 

: ^ ^U- ±fi (.Djj^as- £* l i ^a*J\ £_jij £j-£-"^ cSjJi-l ojU- ^yt Jist-j (it* 
^ ji V^w ^J ofyb 0>y *j jft\ f jJlj 4>b ^je 0£ j*,, : Jl3 |g ^J» Of 

. (( 0Ua~2J1 U^iilJ 013 t l^ 
c*J J^VofybJ^-jOy^V)) : £g ill J^ JU c 4^> *~j j>. yte c/>j 

.ju>f LaIjj . (( f j* *tfl 0\k-SJi WpSitf 019 

-kJli^> Of 4ijy jf 424 V £_bU cOLiil IJL& (/ OjLfJl JLp ^Ul ^ ^ ^ 

.(— 9lj*S>J _^jp ^ Jjjj d>> 4a* i_~ftjjj C4>lSj 0)i 4** jJLs^Ii • Lj-jjsk^- 
• V^S jl-Ulj l<Jlip iLJj ^j-i ^W*^ ^j^ 1 C^jsyu Of dUi ^ rti JSj 

.L(_-. ^Ij^l olji dUi ^1 cJUsf JL» 0_^j» ^_lj^l p-a ^ ^ij 






0?rjj\ 6ye~) ^^yj z}i^ J >W* /Jj^ 1 J-^l : f A 

.tJlijJl 4JL) ^1 o\y jl Lftly. jt OjJ l+ip Jliyj lip ^y. Ol "ill yjtj 

J^if.^, Js- Jo; V ^5l_pi ^ ^j tV-*Jl Sjj-^Jl ^yo (^is^j ^Ull (J ^*;j 

.\JJi ^J.y^ "*jl3^~\ jy&> Vj <-u u ^ tJ - ^ 
<_£ ^.jj i> 0^3^ ^ 6^~ %\*J\ v Oli cf^U^I 4jf.U-b.yk jySfl ^j 

.^9^*11 ajL^j (.t^jj^S] 4jU»- ceyjLl i_-j^> £• c^-'yi L-j-i* 

x;JJj"j i<Uoiu jt <d£ ^_Jl xcJliJ Lj^axj L» I^^j '^'jJ^ "^ <J^*°* " A ^-^ Lt 4Ja>-l 

.SOijJrl AJ'jUJJ ll^t'j 0*>La)J iiji" ( ° OLAJ U.U 
^dili j_pv J^J cJlLJI f Lj} iL. La jt cAjjJa^Jl jt iiJU^-l Jjby Ot 6^ Jlij 

JLp Olj i<J»JU«-Jl LftLsoXA4j c5jL>v 4jiL« 4jjJip JLp_^I l_3}1^ £jldJl J*>v jJj 

i(-jJ£ dU^- 131 :dJ^ J3UJI 4jJ)) : Jl5 a>\ |j| ill Jj^j jp £->wi)l ^ii 

. (( t>y- £*Sjl »ijj icibM UP j tijj 
cJi J»li -J^tji j* J^jJ - lN-» 'j^ 1 : Jl* j** <J. ^ -*-;*• »L»_jJl Oj-iaa- Ljj 



.-UP 



il <u>- Us (Jl eij i_^>vj c4J> f.^ (J^*~i V _ / j-<Jl 0y» cA^jj (J ^IjjJt fii ^j 

. J»IAL| S/i; (Y) 



T<\ 0?rjj\ <5yo- J tils- j* j £\jj\ j -U<-* /J jVl J-^iJl 

cJl£ bj tl^j ^_p-^l jj^j V i-Al of ^ywiJlj iaJ>I *_£^ L^«i^J LlJUk! l*f j 
ca^L (j> cJ^o 4jy&jJl (^yJl ^yjj j^ 4J <_jj^jJ| 0^ ^j*)! J^-^ V &a£ &j? 
^J^ J^li '-^*J ' fl Ui»j jJu <U» «t£±J £j_pl Lf-i s-*tjJl P J^y cl -t-^ ' *j-/t'1| 4J jU-j 

. °> *U>j 

^ (J Ui c^jjUJI ipr ^jlp «u*ft 0^ ^s-ftj UJ f _^-Jt Jp- Lift i_-ft!jUj c«cuft 

: JL> ^K 4&I t]_yjij of L-(_ip 4&I ( ^>j ^Lp ^i ^p Cj^Jl <_->L>w»f eijj l» - ^ 
.((•Ojjj Jut UJ oJljJl ^ cl^J grjJ J-ft v-fd J f <^ J** ^ cW >* %) 
^-(^ u V tjH Jr* V* S~*J u*» : J^ Jg in J^j of tl^f <up i^j -r 

t(j>j*)l J*-V V d^ I^j-j" i_~Aj ^ j> £__j*-J\ 4J J>y V c^JJi '-r-*^ 1 ^J^-3 : cH* 

<_->_^ft_^JJ Jjti Ai cL(_l* <_->Lij c«u*ft ^ ^ysjjcJ 1— ~ftj ^ y* f j*-J\ ^ (JJ^\ S~*J^'j 

.(j^a*-j Lj-*i*j (-jj-iti Vj cLjJS j|jg§ 4il! Jj—j jj-^ J-ojC^Jj c4j 

:t,\^Jui\ ^fj 

^ of ^ c£-Ul ^iii-i <_JfcJJl J-JaJ I^l^L, frUaiJl aJp c$^- (^JJl J^*Jl of VI 

.jJci jj 4^U- iJs- LlfLS oL$ 61 ojIj^I J» J^-l 4) OjiastJ <_J9lil-l sUftf 
cJL$ lij ^JsliLl Jl zj dUi j>Oj cApLJI jf JLa*Jl jf (<rli-l jf iSj^-Vli 

jf cJSU liUt 6L$ jf csjIjjJIj ^JJ jf x^ jf Jiii ot c<dl>- J^ CLfLS ^^j J oL» 

.<cl« JOj ib^l jf aU-ftf U jby^/l (j> j^-l i_J»l?UJ ^-JLi cIjjj Ja-?t» L*tUJ 



.(o./Y)Oj-ipr^l(^) 



OyrjJ\ Oy&-i ^Leyj zr}ij>\ 1/ -^r^ /Jj^l J-^l 

.\Xf> j^ju (.aJs- JU*J! ijjji "^ Oj>j ^ L*" 4ijJa^J t-J^li-l ^ f Jul L« - *| 

.<j**} CSo- C<J>\£ 3j-aA1 -Y 
.^fr.iiHj |^ liLLi JLSp <LAl —V 

Ai^flji Jj>Jj te^Pj f.\j£j\j ^JLj 4jjJ&j^J| jjyJl (^> <~jj*&i Ol <J <_JjJ&j»»JJ_} 

^1 aJju £*-^J tdJift Ji OlS _jt cdb- JLp LjL jl£f *l_^- co»JL»T L. J^j ^yr)\ 

.41 J-kjJl l-~5*-» tJsj-i jt <-»^p OlS lij 

.j* oij <«JLS oJl£ 0^3 t^JLft ft <«Jli oJl£f *lj-* 4joAt ij :3-*iLiJl .ucj 



1 ^ Cx^i^ 6y^i 4JLp^j j-lj^Jl £ X^ /JjVi j-AiJl 

.^Jlj JiJl : f( Ji5Ulj fliDlj fU^lj caL'UJIj cSIjL-JI ^ :S f li£Ji 

<j» U b*jL~. :^f «U*-jjJ ll& £jjj| j^ Of g-ljjJl ^ J» Ifr ^J-tfiJlj 

^f dUi 0l£ cSf^Jl aJjiJ 4jjL_ J^Jl 4^ ^j£ UK Ait J» ctJLs. ^ L.j 

.?LftjL»l (^jl. Uj ?kli£j| olft ( *iU~ U ji3j 
'^Li ^ (J ^ '(J—* c?f : jLii 0fU5^Jl olft jLxpI ^jip Jl l __aii t^j*. ^1 Uf 

iS <Jyj c[^ . :ol^U] ^3^1 <3pjJl Ui\J :Ju; <&l Jy ^J-l_, :Jii 
^ dl j&j .[r: ft UJl] <(frLjl ^ ^ v & U l_pJoii^ :t >JL_j! ^ lW 
. [y t :*UJl] f^i tljj u ,ȣ) J*-fjf :<Gl>c~- Jii f c *UJl ^ Lip f ^ 
CUb i*L^ aUiJl ^Sotj <oVy llj o^jJl f f ^.j £g ill J^j £&f jtfj 

VI £&j Of J-UU j^ Vf LiJU- ^ f jLi -U^liJlj j^LiJl <j>- Uy L-tj : Jl3 

.X>-\ 4Jji. V lift j cj-li VI U^io jf 4i^UlJ j^ V Ofj tU«.li 

:aji>c^ Jii, i[^ . :ol^i] ^3^1 0_p_fjl u,i^ : ju; in Ju a5j 

.[v^i :^yli] f^iwo frUjf (^^^wu otwpj 0>w>Jij^ 



.y Jy iw ^ :ijj (*i) 



0^j> ijji^j 4JLp^ j ^IjjJl <y A-** /JjSfl J-*^l ■ ir 

^ N gjill £uJl J^JlS js*4 Lj^S ,.^!i N j c^ N j capUJ Vj cl_^J jL^I 
4J oU- N ^j CjAiJl 2L*J> ^jp. d\ SLtJJdl ai^U L^UJj c^-Jl ot,J. £Jj3 <jt <J 

<ot_, -ilip lUL-. fb u- V^ 1 kjb nisi d jt^) t^^Jlj oU-l a^U> CJ-^ ^ 

J^Jl Ju^ 2L.L2i^Nl A^A >ji <J bL> cL^. ^j ^p JLS £.j > f b U AiJt Jy g;ill 
Lft^l Lft^-lj 1^ oJLS liS ~L2*Jl £~i sik j j±-\ LAj c^-UJ\ St^JJ lii£ o^. *Ai 

^ <_-All Lprjj lil j£-Jl <tf -2L&U1- ^Ul «_il&v (J j :- i -<- :: ^ ^ g^J 
cdJUi (j» ^Li-I jjaaj c^L^Jt ja L(^ii ^juj ot LA ot t j*,li ^ aLJrL t-/ J-l ^jLi 
Jjll-.j cJ*>UJL UH~\ j£ y> j~> jt if 1^ 4JU j*. Lprjj bj dUiSj '*-*-* J>-» 

.(JtL L*< i__*Ji-Jl IJ-» <_->b»w»t 

ot ^ i&\ oJi* ^ t |> r :oi^i] ^uri i>i a* ,^/f Dj ijijUd JiuSj 

i^. ja NS Jb-t ^ f /t Jb-t V 4itj c2LJL-JNl 3U-2JI L5»j 1 jlM J 1 djjL-i* ^Ul 

.^-LJl j>-j ill J^ fbl t 30& ill c5j-i* 

^1)) : Jl» ^ ill J^-j ot i^jJi (fb- ^ ^ Lr-*- iLu -^ ^■ u > :l, ^J->J " r 

i ((J ~£ il-ij ^jSi ^ a^i j£ IjLUj •slj co^li aaL^j «uji Oj^y ^ ^ut 

Ail>j Anj djj>j> ja {Zte ii!» :JL* ?v oL$ OJj c % il J^-j L. :ijJL5 

^ ^^^Ja^ ^ ^U^ l^jji ot *UjS[i Ji ^U^l «y*y 0,^1 il* ^ 
Ij^jt 4-i>Lj ^ b), : JlS ^ ill Jj-^j jt ij,jA j\ j* >jb jjt c^jjj -r 



lr £&*-J^ ^y^) ^Vyj £'j^1 j ±n-* /JjVl J-^aiJl 

tfJJU i*». vi^O^I lift jj» : Cj ^J\ jjLw <j> Jli .lil^>. j£_> t (( 0) 4jj IjmSCsIj tXJS bf 

{/• cr* **°^. ^ (Jj-* -*■** jjfj co^ jjj o-Ls-j ^jj-^Ij o^LiSCJl <y <uftl. ( ai j^.j 

.p-e-^f 

U-P C_o 'A^A Ipf l H ^1 i»P c-o CJt£ If f j LJUiJ j L<-^J tJilJLp. Lftj^f 

^ lil i*j, Vj j*jJ 0£ loj^ : $1 ill Jy J^J tfx* j£ llj jfj tv IkJi 
V}U> J^> Aid 4j-»jj &\ jom. jaj ^yt j* S^J-I ^ OjiC Of lyf AJ^-jj *ul 

p-e^ (j-UJl :<Jlii c^L&^l ^Ijj jvi^ ^ ^pr-j <ui! {£ Js- fU^I Jju-j -V 
^AJw lift j .lji«Tj Ij^Lxl lit t jMr JU_ftj p-<^iy tjt-j-^^pj p-<-*y 'l/ 1 *^ t-^ 

^-"f Ji-^ 1 </ ^L^ 1 jW^ ( 3fl <ui^ V^ <^UL» : <JLa> ^1 jjI 4^-jj tjjj*JlJLp 
l^f o^U&l <j» AiJlj jT^SJl _ /J io ^j c^-LL ^Lap ^j cyliy *<JL~. £• jjj *>U tS/U^j 
'<_f^ ^J '^Uo V j tll~J ^^ ,J_) cc~^-l J"l^)l £l£j aJL^JI JLp ^ 4iL» tdili ^Ijj 

. ol^jJl ^LS^J ^IjiiUj toLi-Ul ^l£j j^UI ^jjj .coLijill ^liJ ah^^Dl 

:$.lpLul jjt-*^ ( T ,J>i ^ a 

o^fji*^ o^UiDl of djji fl^iill ^ ^^J^ ^ OLJ t^p V ^^UiJlj ^Liu-VL) i^S** 



.(YY/i) jUJi jIj (Y) 



0b*-jj1i &y*-3 ^V/j c'jj 31 ^ "**** ^J^ 1 J^*^ 1 -- * * 

ciiUi J^ S*li&l jj^L V pit »\ cai-i*iJ li& ^-J J-UH Of j c c ^Mij ^lis-"^ 

; ^>l UJ jytj\ oift J) j-iJ j^j 

...j^J sli^t (^-iw JhJj <-J**^ *^ r*-^ vyJ^ :«-— ^' ~^J' 

. V^jilJ lis ^ N ^yJtj c^yJJ U«S Oj£j V (ari ^S/li 

^m( >U&t o^Ji)) :Jl5 jg ill J_^j of y>* j,l jp j^U-l oi jj l. ^ 

ja*J fr** o^Jl)) :JU % ^Jl of :> ^ ^ ^ J 1 ^ ^ JjJ " r 

. ((J aw, *U&f ^1** yhjJij ^USf 

.^JrfjUJl «!jj c*U$Vl {j* ^1 uL^^I olji £jjJ j**V : Jli j** cf) " r 
.4] J^f ^ ^JS lift : Jui obf ,rU ^f ji\ «up JL. j*p jjl ^s-^j 

.^ ^ : JLJl <j> ^drfjUJl JU, 

.?- j^s_^ ^So« l-Lft :^Jl jlp jjI Jii 

ja y> (C cciyu M :0UaDl jjl JU cO^t <^f ji OU-L. vi ciU* d+b- L«fj 

. i^jJl>- t». «'tj 

CjJ £iJl _p<Jl lift Jlp ^-Jb S* Li£Jl jL*l <j» 2uu=U "il j i^iUJl Utlis-v (Jj 

. 0) LU^ii ft o^ ^yil Of Jjd »JUp-Vli tca**^ to J-^ 1 ^ l^ 1 rt^J 

.AJJaJlj vVJ lliS ^-J ^yil Of \^*^ j* c^*)\ 01* :V*LiJl L,f 

SjUS ^/a^l i»l 0J» : JlS ^6 ^1 J^j Of i^L-Vl j. ^'Ij oljj U viUiJ I^Joa-tj 



^^^^ ^^Jtj c^iU^ .lp^ ^U ^Jj ^ 01^^ r^JUij ^l^^ >Jl ^Jj ^ olS ^ :tf Ay!» (\) 



1 ° ^J> Jji^j *V.yj <r »jjJ» J» o-^ /JjVl J-^iJl 

t JL*i!lj ^ajjt Oib^ OiUo ^Ui,,: jg ill J^, J^J t j^ ^ ^j ^ 
^oisrji ^1 jjjjf ^JJij ^ )>W T ^.Jji in gjt -ju; iii J^, 

rr*^ °A* <£-" ifj* &jj ^ sa^Ij o^jj; bi jjjxi ^Vj c^yJi ^u 

.aLJl &^i ^jA\ ^ 
Ifj^ jUJl L^L. S^L| oV tLf ibT ^ li^t Vj c Jj L^ ,J jj ll& 4/LT Jb-t Jjl 

. OjL~J> 4j1jI ^ jl£ ^ J^, ^ C-jO jf c-LP O^lt 

.pA^f j»*>Ub Oj^Lb Vj t^L-jL ^LdL !_^! ^V 5,^-i ^-ao 

.JbLlj ^.Vb 



Os«-jjJl 6y^i *Vyj <rb > J ■**-* / JjVl J^oiJl * t 

.L. 0L.J jt cL. d\£j> J *~o ^ ^ 'L* OL.J 
4JLLM ^'LwJl c^U^t O^j coiyJl J*V lli^ ^Jj 4it ^ :,/**" ^ J 13 •'•*■» 
g? ^^iJl v^ti tdiU, ^dl, ^Ul (_ay> c5_^- Ojj tjv-t-S^L Caii - Jb^Jlj t^L^Jlj 

i^\ j3 ^Lp JUl aSf ^_ M : Jii j* f^j <.s*y& 0j2 jJ^\ K* oS/j :ljJl5 ' 

yhJlli L^-^Kj eULL-.^j jid\j liliiwasJlj ( } Ij'Uj L~p 

^J ^ oi ji»- AiiJlj ^J( liCjL* 0^. jt v y^Jlj i JUJl jL»1 ^iL^^I jjpj 

.Li^p Jjr_^« e*ijj L« O^ i«lL>«ju (jijbo L. j^5 j^-JL) iljJlj 

cCai _ / ii3l Oj^^Im (j-LJt O^j ilaoMjt &}*j \-^^J^> aJ"^^ 'W^-jJ j 1 —**! J* ( jj^ 






1 V U^J^ 1 4j^J *Vj*J £lj jJl J ±** /J jVl J-^iJl 

ca^ULl 4i_^-j c^kiJij c^lS 1^. o£j s .Up £~il) 111. ^ ,J jLJ t AiA.3u±Ji 
L,J^ cLp O o&- * Jr i> oH *UjVl Oji i\jJS j\J~\ o-J7 L(_^Jj c^Jbo c l£j| JJ^ ^ 
jf V J*^. (jS]\ y, ^J\ tf t ifc^jJl 0_^ CJ> il ^ ;^~ c ljjJ| J kU&lj 

. (0 J^>l lltf St^Jl o^j of J*>^. V; iU'^u. cSf^JJ lis o^. 
O-^fj l^^Ltf ^-^fj S^Ui 4j \sr «JLp CJ\£ j*» : Jii jg ^Ji of : Vjt 

^ Cf ^3* ^1 ^ LAJLJj^J «^ jlo ^Jl ^A aJjiJl 4*JJ\ A*r 5 }\ of :il)H 



:jdU- ^ 5^i« 4*-j^ll e-JU- ^ 5#USJ| jl (Jsb^'jl ^ (\) 

f * 



OspcjjII 6y^i t^si 2-ljjll J» ±*e* /Jj^' tH 1 — iA 

oV L^rvjj: jU- UjUjt ^jj o^j liU .£-=r ^L^j ,^> ^ s* ^ l rf J 
^ Ssli&l -UJL-l iss-jjUj *Ujty ^j jli till j»- 1^1 :x^t jp 4,1 jj J»j .£-*)» <i* 






I ^ O^-j^ 1 dy&-) 'b'li-^j z})j>\ J • x m-* 1 /Jj^ ( J-^l 

.eJ^vaJt ^ Ly^L^ ^j tdiLoJl 4-^y Li 
-ail Jli tjL^^lj U,Ji JU y> ^} L^ lU -J^-tj. of Uf_Jl jj-LJl ^yV ^_> cL^V ^-Jj 

.[i':*L~Ji] 

liL» c<u» jcj Vj <ci A^ai- V tl*jL- ojJbts 3*jJb^ Vj f L>- Vj ol^J ^ ^ ^£1* l» Jbu 
^Lrj" <U)I Jli . JL>-f J^-o *>li t5*jJb^- j! ili^p- jf t f L>- LiU ^ Lu£ 4sr_j jJl cJa^l 
LA AiA ljJi>-U ^i IjlkJ jAtJb-l ^Tj £jj Ol£» £jj JtJLa-tl f*j\ d\jf 

olj^Jl c _ r ~^ij t_-Jaj j^i c ( _ji*>Jl IJLA ji^-v <bf U^ tofj^JJ ^jyLjl ^ r (-Ji iJLAj 

.L(_JLp Ur- Jl <L«tjJ!j Lj_osi>jjj 

Ujj j£*j (^Lp n^a« i»l JjaJ Uj tUjl ^ Oj-9lj3 Jlr^ll^ : Jl*" ill J 15 
^b»vlj co^UaJl J^y ^ dJJi Jl <JUaj. L. *^ c[ri : f L-Jl] H^ 1 ^ a* '^ 

jyjliij t jiiJlj l jj&\ tj Oyik&tj ^-UJl ij t4jji£J ^j c^iaJ iJb- i*jj-iJ! J*?^> J 

jA5 l? Lp Jb-lj JS jJajJ -bJb>Jl C-Sji* cLftjjLi'j L^blp ^pr J^Jj cj-^lj 4*^Ji ,j 

^» Uibi Oj5y jl jj>«^i to^iS^Jlj 4JL4JI ^ ^jlaJl *Jaij c^*J 4 Uj*l Oj£j jf ^i V 
. jlJibcJl <l!p (^ly lij ciiJJi 4jUj Uj caSjI i_jL^J l1Jl*7 jf yb ^y> U-Ji jf tJUJb- 



Oyrj^ iij-4=-j 411&JAJ ^Ijjil J» ^-a-ij /JjVl J-sAiJl. 



4*-l« jjlj JU»-t flljj .ejU-ti t|»ju :oJUi (( ^ l £Jl»ty diiUj dL*ui3 jfr C- ^ ji)) : Jg§ 

o- j*j J 1 ! nil Jj^j Ij :cJUi afyl 4jj.U- <||| ^Ji of jl>u*i jj J^ ^y>j -V 

Lj. tiJL) ^>j J oj Lj-jAptjJ All! <Jj~»j Ij : Jlii tj^j ^L«i <."%„^b L^L5 c^Ui cdl) ,_j«-»ij 

Vi c^JUp L. : Jlti t (( ?a\jl ^JJUflJ *,-A ^ iJjLP JA)) : <§§ ill Jj~>j J IS* ck>-b- 

: Jui i (( \Li> ^^Jli tl »i5 jlji *tf c....lr iijtj! ^r-lapt Ofo : |j| Jlii ilJL* ^jljl 
iJi d\ 4J Jlli cUJi. Jb>o Ai ^-^Jli c «JjA?- ^» U&b- y*j ^^asJI)) : Jlli cliJ. Jb~f L« 
tLj-^^-j jj^J tlJL^ a jj~» j tli^ «jj^ t*ju : Jli ((^^ t)'j^' <>* cilx^o J*)) : *j§£ 

<d :i>jiy> Jji 4j(jj ^j t ((OTjiJi l(-J*)) :*>« t ^w2Ji oWjJi ^^0 J> *.U- a5j 

Ufj ylf> di^Jj ijj dJii* l> ^Jlj :cJlii c*Jl^ ^ f c-Jr^ 4>Ji» if of :^ j£-j -V 
.La^v. dJJi Ol£i ca^ dl)L«f ^ j t(^r<-« dJJ-ii JL-j" ol» idb-jj^f of ,J J>y V j ti«JLw. 
\*JcJ>\ Jj«>- ji_^ jJLpj c^Lii ljui j^-Jl Jj«>- jIjj- jJLp iJujjl^Vi «-i-» cJ^i 

.Lj. J^jo i^>- *^J C4jlp JjJU JJi ^!l JLlc-j 

.^,-A L^ c-i N cJlJU^I Jit J» c-Jib-f o^jj Jij :JiibLl JlJ 

(^JJl jLJl ^ L,JJ i_^>-t !jl»j . JL-I ol 4J L^>Ji JJjj i>Ji? ^t ^*>L-Ij Lj-pLii! ja 
jjjJlj jJjJlj C.-j.s^j liLJ t 4j 2^ fltjJJ Ua- J-^Vi (^ p j-i JlJUaJl JLJ t^jjJI 4J1j 
JLiJl %^ UJ tLj-U-tj l^jtitj tjj^-Jl J-siiif jj-* i-i-» Jl^ — tJ^j^' ^"s-ty cr jji* f">^ij 
j*-^-' Ji t/^'j t/^ 1 cy flr 1 ^' J^ p-* 1 -^ ^*^ j^' ji"*-*^ (^^- , Se* J^i '•J** U^ 



^ Cxrri^ <jji^j ^V-yj £}3J>\ lj -Vc^ AJj^ J-A<^ 

^lU ^ ol£ j}j cJUvsj J^. ^iS^J 4jU t4J j>«j U <_>*>l^i cJlJUoj ^Jj ja izj£ kJ* 
^* £J_/W Ij-^iJ iw-jZ Jj c4*jL» j* LjJ) £*-jj LJ cjLJl jp &>j& ^uLtsr st^xJl jLi 

c^u ^i JU-a)! o^>j ^ : Jli j* <ua>u J» i_ilL>- ojj <.c_pb^l sift L$ :g.-j» li-ft 

(j <&\ U^>j x^-tj 4jL^- (_j4 Jji^ lilJU* 'uJju ^j «u!p ^j c^-f *iL* O^j ^j 

^j c^Li ^j ^UrJ ^j c3^. ^ j <_j\£ j* L^Ip JJ.5 ^ HL5, (^^t Jlyf <uij 

"**" C-5J *^-5 clj0 J J-^'j -J^ ^^ f J-*i ^ (-Sj^-* \-t*y&- (J^ ^J-UJl Jj*f J^P jf 
JS- Jj c-lj-f <ulp j>Jc J j ijyAjZ ^Js- 4Zj\ -<_,.j. Jl jj J^**-— Jyjbb\ j/« AiJlJl Laf 

<_W*" ^J <■ 1ft y^ fl ^J (^b- 5 ~**~*> J'-Wa (J^- <-iy> jj j-^J** -^ ^y -^j 

.^Jl ^V -^ ^ 4jU <.lj&±\ <1^>--ja Uf 

^ c^j^ ^'Ujvjt J^ jjiwill J> ^ijj of ^^Ji Ju- jj*j ^ Ai[ : 4I& j^p j*i 

S ^G 1 ^ u A,JL ^! (^br : Jj^. ^' ^*^ L 4 ^ :^^ <- { _h? cy 5^1 4^>^li cjjj 

[Y . : fr L-J»] 

o5 c~^ (_yi : Jlii tj^uJl s-^y 2?" J f '■s**' a* ^^ u"^ J^ ''>**■ |^+^' ijLai 

iy V_jf jy>ij! (J^- pt-^J^ jj^. <j ijwbjj" ^ : Jii j^p of <w...»^a« jj ^)l u-p jpj 

^,Jj :JL» .di) illi L« iSf^l oJLii cjUl c^ji j oaljjll cJ*^- 4Jj^ ^*j u^-* '^^ 

Jjt-jj tOoUsf sf^.1 \y^ Jlii. .^IjUaJ jAlA?-l *~jTj^ : Jji ^Lw" ill oSf :cJLai 

.U^f 



jyrjj\ <Jy°-3 ^^yj z}}^ <j ^st-* 1 /<Jj^' J-*^ 1 °^ 

iHDJL. dL-j CJIS lii VS dB ^ ^j coJaJl J*>U-L. J£ ^^J c*L~Jlj Jbr^l ^ 

^IjjJI OlS SUS dl£ UiS _^J| of j*t\ 3 tjj^Jl J» JUdl f^L^I */j A.j£ty 

. (( hJA ij~J 2£ji ^\£&\ jjapt 01)) : Jli |f| ^1 of L^ il ^j Utfl* jAi 
S.^P Lj-aJ-5»j djJLbJ- J~*?"J \^?-lxi j~«ij ^Jf-* ***" :3lj^Jl jaJ)) :<Jlij 

~o\yS\ b\£ CAjLUajj ^aA^j JUl ja fpS IjJL* rjjJt £*■* b| ^1 gij^' u***Jj 'JX-^' 
JU- Jt> o^f ^Jl ^IjjJl k»jf ^ ^Ull J>\*j i( jj^S\ lj6 J\ jJJi cpf JLJj 

jL-Jl otalp i_. .->- tj^-'yi (Uftj i/ 1 *^! /k^* _}f 'Ap 1 "") j-<-*^ Ji^" Jj^V 

J^jj of Qp £> 3H ^ of ^W* ^ lSjj lJ '^ *j*- J^*" s-^^-ij 'reV^ 

.Ubl olkpfi ((^ijjai-l dipji jAd» : Jlii . f( -i c^Ji^p L« : Jlii .li-i Lj-Ja*; j^>- <J?Li 
^^r 4 ' J^^^ ^' 3H ^' J>^J li'.r 4 ^ :cJli iJtulp ^ 4srL« ^lj t^jb _^f cSjjj 

.LLji Ljjaju of JJ L^jj t^ 
.__ H _J| j^ LiJi U> ^JLL of JJ of^l J_p=-i j_^V 4»f (J 1 ^ J- 1 ^ ^-i- 1 ^-' IJ-j-» 
.t_jjJl J,^^ ^jJLp oL^ ^jJI Of (Jlp Jjb ^Up jjjI iJl-i^j 
.lLa U fJLii jb- L(JLp J^^j ^f cJjiw^s-u I^L^ i^ljjSft Jli 



°T 05*-jjlt oy^i ^Vyj zr)jJ [ (j -W* AJj^ 1 J-^ 1 

(^ J^J 4-1p ^^ ^J ' 4^1 L<— ^ p-Lw? of Lf-Apj t<Us! ".}J tj^ J^ 1 -^ <^f r Ji^J 

'^/ ff C-^-f Lj- Jj^-jJl <di p, jj jf UlJUo ^y^-J ^jj7 ^j \{y>. j>\ JU 

Li«J. Li ^i jj oL£ oLi cJlJuflJl ^ 4jp Jl^-jj L. i_-^>- mJlp Li g-s^ij Jj^-oJLj %>-Lp 

.^f j\ Jit L^ljS of Vi tL(jLt4 ^^ -Up ^^^ 
^ LjiV i*)U-> La^ oLS oi OJfc^ ^ c-»-t Lp J^-Jb of aJ ol :liji>- jjf Jlij 
Lj- J^Jj of a! j>v jJ a-^ju jt <d£ *>W~ 0L£ olj i<u>- -kL-j ^ lJuij J-wtdLi c^j ^Jl 
.<tL*jJ ^^Ip IjiiTl L* IfJji ( js~ <&> If^jj £~£i ot Lij (.ALfyju Li Js^iAl L. L^Jl cpjj j^- 
dj^ o* C^ 1 ^ °l/*^ <^f p-^' J*f <>* 4^ iajixj j^ J£ «-«^-f :jJuJl ^! <Jli 
OX ci*5U ^ : Jlii ^J\ lift JlsM t_^-U. ^LJ Oij <.\*jr> L<-Ja*j j^- L*Jp £jj)l 
j^jAj cLi J^U- j^J <d 3^-jj LpL> £jjJl L+ip JLiu J\>- y ti\ £ OyJ-wj! ^ Jl>4 

(jA) ^ 4jfy»l (^\jj «Uj JU- Jii '«^ jt (jlJuflJl Lf-^kju ( JL>- 4i« LyjCU ( j^j t«d J^>1>- 

Jj^-Oj! «d t ^J cl^JlJUo y L^b- jji ^Uj ^j L,_L« 4i>- ^ Vf :bi5 1» ji-l ^J 

.9^ ft l_->-t LjilJLva «d JL*-jJ U« J^jij CC^j^ ft c~j>-f tL^ip 

•«**- & & £ ±*\» ■ J^ 1 Jy ViJ-*" ^ ^ c^ t^J 

Jl£j \Lj> WIj iftsfy 4JjJbs-Vyt LtA"4io Iji^U ^i IjLkJ ,yhlJb-l ^Tj ^jj 
. [X >— Y • :*LJl] H^s^ ^^* (*^» OJLs^-fj (jiuo J] (^a»u ^jast jJj 4ijJ^tr 

.aJlp 2-*^r y«ij . J^>-jJ! JJ o>=<-j^l -^^f ^^ 'M ~^ 
c^yk-wuJl (ilJ^aJl oJb»u**l Sj^s^tf Sji^- Lp (Jbjs-I lil 4jf :3jLi>- ^f (Jjij—T 



OyrjJ\ ilji^j ^^f) z})^ £ -^r^ /<Jj^ ( J-**"^ ° * 

dj£j jt lj*^ *Jl« _jf t^JLJLU J_p-oJl 4** (^JaXwj V £s>f> L*-Vs-f ^y Ji* '^j^ 

^.LaJii-l ^^aS :<Jli tj»jt ^f jj oJb'IJ jf- oJL^P _^.f oljj L»j 4jLi>- _^f J-U^>!j 

. JlJUaJl t_-*-j Jlii t^uJl ^jfj t^LJ' i>^f ( M ^f Ojj-4-JI OjXilJl 

^jt lij : O^ji j|| ill <Jj-^j uW>i olS : Jli ^rt^- ji ^ <y- £-£j cSjjj 

.(3!_UaJ! <— =*-_} -^ 'V^' J-^fj .r*- 1 ^ 

c M *i>J\> Vi aK jfj\ ya^i V :I^Jlii jjbj i*JUL.j ^LiJl dUi ^ oJUj 

Of JJ jjo ja_^saU? OJjP : Jl*; ill JjiJ t^-Ji ,ju^ ^i ^^vJl o_^-b i_-?v y j 

. [y rv :s^i] 4^y u <-**«* ^^ cfi r^J *^J <>»>~*> 
y^'^JJi i _ ri ^\ JJ (i'jUaJi ^jj til t_^»o j^-Jt ^ ^y L. tju-aj" of :^f 

.<d£ ^_j! i^jfv **i a ...,. Jl ^JL ,J S^Ll aJb- y>_> .Jh*^\ J^-dl 

Uwi L(JL» Lj-^^j J 4if ^j lij tl^u- Vj VjL» 4>b£ J» ^i *S)I £**f ^ ^.j^ J*-* 

.JlJUaJl 

Xj+A Li ^yii jf JJj L^j-^JS JJ 4i>-_jj jit ^ ij* f\ V 4it :^» (^i^J 

Jl tc? >w9 ^ ^Ij^l Oi : J-ii iUp ^^ V of Js^l ^,-Jl _^i ^. ^j>* liLi 

JjiJ kr-y~ju> j^j t(3t-W> "^ of V Js^lAl jJ L«f_j : (Jl3 C^J»- ji\j Aj^JUl c--*i lAA 






ill J 13 c4JUsjI ^ ill <_jb£ J ,Ji 'JH j^i dS ill <_jb£ J ^-J J*^ Ilftj 

.[i :*LJi] ^lbx» jf&w *L~Ji lyTjf :Ju; 

j^3 c?w2j *y L« «^^2j Jp Vi 4^^v» JLLcj" J jj^JuJl y-L^Jli cJisLi y*> jiLi 

.4J w V r-liJ 
.£ljj)l aip J» iLy. Vj iKj ^-J ^Jl M cjl^rL JjiJl Jl lJL^Vi c~aSj 

:4JL5 Oj^Jb jt Jj>-aJb JiJi j^ vj^rj 

JiJl ^ WjjLli tJU-l elft J> Lj- <J_p^_Jl JJ oL. jl ^y)\ Lj- J^o bij 
L^_i Jj3f :4JL^Jl 0J1A li« J* Jl3 4jl i_^~« jj <U)IJLp ^p 3jb jj! eljj LJ col^^Jlj 
^ cLjj'LJ ^ ely»i (JlJu£> Li <_£jf : ( ^uJ tja^- jLf> d\j till j-»i L.'lj-^ jLf> d)Li c^f^j 

.ol^l Lij cSJbJl LjJpj cWK^ Vj C0 ^j 
cuj f- j^j J* *gj* 4)) Jj-xj »I. /?S; Lf_J c.. _w 2.a, l JLj_^I : JLai cjL_u ^> J-**- 4 ?La3 

>t y<iLiJl .Jj3 rw»fj ci J^J Jup-Ij 4jLi>- _^j! l_~aS iJLft Jlj 

cJLUaJl <dL>-V t_ALi>v L* J^J <.J±JSj ^_^i)lj SjLSJlj jjjJij Ji*Jlj JUlj Jui-lj 

.oLUoJl oJla> s 9*>\j^^Lj ibLp tjib?i of^Jl k*J> jj ij co_prj /»-Xp jf jJ_dl i_p-j£ 

.Lj-«L»pI oLjj L(ju_pj L^i>-o L^ :..^?p ipr /j^ 4JjL«_J| (J* ^ .jatJlj 

.L(_o! Oj^A (JjLiJ Oj~-i /j^« 4^>-i a\y>\ j^j> -^tJl jLS cli ^1^*11 j-(-« iJ-^-Sj 



.Sibj Vj -U*-i ^j M 1 - 5 ^ d^ ^ ^ '• cAi ^ 0) 



.LiL, ^ U^V (H^*- ^j iU j>- _^Jl 01 il cJbVj 

* uaft)l j iH II' I 

jOj Li ^y Ji jL^j Lj- J^-jJl JJ <u*- jj jlW lij ^^-Jl tJwaJ ^jjJl L? Lp' <-_^V 
<Uaj^3 ^ fr^j* *^J fjAj***! 01 J-J jj» jAj^iflii ? Ojjf? ^LiJ 4JjiJ cJIXaJI 
i-jyt IjiaJ Of j £\&dl (Y) 3Jip a^j <£JUl jam jt 0) Oji» Of ^j f&J \* u^tui 

.[rrv: ijl\\\ \j~(u bjUju u>&\ oi p£~j J-^i ij-^J*5fj cs>£d5 

.LjZli L*p U> 
iJL^»Lj|$ ijLuJ <&l Jli tjL-^L. gij^Sj tJ-*Jrl ^jLr—^ u^ £,_^ '^*J 

2L*zJl ^p Li f( _J» ^ Lf- JstJb jjj tLi ^yL; ^ ,^1 Of ,_jLp fULJl £*>-t aSj 



. J_^i _^a :JJj ijr jjJi ^* : c iiu!i 5-ii*- eA-, (X) 

. ( _ s J«!t_) ik-Jl ,_j»_) a*~!i ji :^»_jJl (V) 

.AiLb :»jJL5 (£) 

. JUl JJB j-iiJl :>£Jt (O) 



°v _ Os*-jjJi ^y^i ^V/j ^IjjJi </ •**-* /^J^ 1 J-^ 1 

JJ oJl£ tf J £ ^ fc^ ^^ip^^j ,^1 ^ aK ^.Jl JaJL-^ 

.-uJLo" JJ ^Ji tjiJb *jiJi£ a\£ JjJ) 

.Li (j^aJLv- jp- jAj caJ LjJsLL*pL 

oL> jl t^-jjJL. J>o J} 4iU JijJl a* JlJUaJl JLp bLjJl J] :4jL>- ^f J is 

ols^J ^ LjJ^ai L,Ji Jj^-aJ! JJ LjJiW jli tip J>o jl 45.L.* 5jL.jJ| :dUL> Jlij 

.XoJl ^— Jl U jl^j cdj* i yzJi\ JJj J^jJl JJ ob. jJj c^.Jt 
.cJJaj l^aJj" jJ j]j C->jU- L^aJ jJ t 4ijU^» 4^A ^ r^LiJ! JlSj 

Ji Uh>M { tAiA jSl 1J%JJ y> Ijtfu; ^ c ^ ^ ^1 j oijGUJl JjL"! lij 

.J-Ai. _^Aj 4-ifiJ-l e^lj^l Ji^ <iVj tl^- 4-U LLL'I L^ (t JU v :<Ju-jj y\ J 15 

.^JLjUJI 
till JJ <uJjJ 1^, dl£ b. j cJLajJl J j^JLJl y* 4JV SJLJ^Ul Ji ^ i ,»iUv : JJj 

tl^'j ^ ! 5^ ,, -^ , <Jyj 'f^ 1 tyjj <j -L>3-t J_J yiLbj JUsij 4jIu>- ^f i^jkJLi jAj 



.J*«il *JLP (^^a- L. ll* (\) 



JyrjJ\ ily^j &^S) %}))\ j -**+■* /J j^ J-^ 1 ° A 

j^ <UoJ 4J jl5o tUL. ^Jj 4iV tLfilJuo l JaJ ^ t jdi ta^Jcvo 4*-jj^ cJL£ lii 

.UL. 

j*3>. V <_jVI jt :^JL3L*H ajJUl ^L)l (j»j 1+*^ j^ l^JUu* ,yaJ y> IfM JV S^jjll 

.^-sltf 4 (0 iJuij cJLS IS} LjliL VI l<iU-^ 



.4i~. djjis-j iJ-k>-\ Sjj-.aJl Oyl>*!l ( j ., Viti.| Xi^il ^ 0) 



° ^ OyrjJ\ djl^J *Vyj ^IjjJl ci •*#* /J jSfl J^aiJl 



f 



y>j cc-Jl vi^tj jLjJrl ^UpL Iflafj ^jjJi ^ of Jl* eJ^Ji ^^ aij 

.LjJlij VLuj 4^jjJ| Jl* jj^Jl Jl^l <-JL-t -j* ij^JL.t 
*^J Js^ 3*ki jg & Jj-j >^r )) : Jli 4$> > ^ </~Jl ^ aij 

.(j-Ul «dp (^^pr- iJ^P iyi l-Uj •((^■ij USj-1?- SiUjj 

c^lftl ^ <d c L>v L. J£ j^j t l>^ iSlopJ oJl ilapl jp J^_J! L.tj 
^U^-VI JjLI. J» ^jjJl <u>^- 1*1 ^1 oV ioL'Vl jset j> j+Jl obj cJl£ ^j 

4^ ji; of li, j_^ "i/ iJLJ, t^jjij i^Ji^ lL ^j ^i | : ^JUl ^\j Jij 
fg^l. ^-^dJj c<ti« JjLj" of ^-Ls^JL) 0l£ 01 j tL,JLp lip <ll» ^ai; ^j t L(_^iJ _1p 
.l%£ ^.Jl o\£ lil jLuJlS JJUJt ^.jJl AiA ^JS Ofj tcJjy^JL JiiJl 
ctJjycjL L^jjJ j^ of L^Ip OV coU/i c^JJi dUi ^ t(/ A U ^ Ulj 

if 

c"i/L>- 0l£ 01 c J_^aJ| JJ ^_J| ^ 4^oJ U< <dij l^JLi. jL^t- J> «Ul <u o^ L< ^t 
<y V* .A 5 j^- <^ 'V J^-^l J-* Jss-Vl <>j Su> 01^ lij 4i. 4^j; Uj jt 
0L£ lij "i/1 a* ^ a^I U. f(/ ^ Jt ^ ot L^Ip.j^. ,J 1^ L^jj J^^ ^ ^J| 

«-l» J» iUU j.L.^1 ^j»l4 4-^^Jl Jljs-Vl Ojili ^j^A* j*^lj ^^-j^l -^j 

Uj t.^Li Uj L^^ij j^»^) fji" ^-jjJi ol" :^ nn j^ij oUi j» f u- jiii <.^ui 

. 0) " t J y J! jt JLiTi/l ^.^75., "ill jLpLL fJ i; 



.^y Ct^y. jy£^S A-^^Jl Jl^Vl (l£*-l r\i t/ >(\) 



Cv*-}j>\ dy^} **W*yj z})j>\ j •^k-* /Jj^ 1 J-^ 1 - 



j>. Vj tLi ^L* dJi* _?+i Lftjjt U oljiil j? cUUj 4^-j^Jl **_/£! !ij jL^Mj 
.cJyJl 4j c$^ (^JJl p- Lii^l '^-jj j^ J fv 2^ $ ^ij^ jj** '-^^" ti^j 



1 ^ — o^)^ ^>y^i *Vj*j z)s^ <j ^r* /JjVi i y^\ 

^Ij^ll Jlip 

.JpLTjVI ^ U^ilji ji\yj co^>il L>j y> ^Ij^IJ (/ LiL| ^J| 

• s-*-jl ^i :jLij tur^vi : ur »_ i a^^li aUJi *lsj1 <j> ^g ^ j^ ^jjusJi 
:^_e UiljJlj Ujl ^ aJudi oljUl ^ j^\ oiUxJl ^ lie jju* l.j 

•^ 
: 0) Jj^Jlj o^Vl b 3j Z 

'.Xf^S S>y^\\ V >ly lit VI V^l jlftl ^ ^SJSy XhA\ Ji^i Vj 

.^LUJ-lj oU>-Sfl <_-&:> lift Jij 
•up ^pL^j ^ ^i ^ Ub Li <^ vW^I a^ J^ 1 i^V 1J>1 :^l (/> 

.oL>_jl*Jl i^ip <y jLiLl 
•^ ^ JL^-^^ Ctfjt -Ls*)l ^p ^y^. 4JV :-ujai L^ -up ^pUSJ 01 dJJJ^j 



.»li»yi J»_„ft : ir «j J (A) 



Os*-jJ\ 6j^j ^\-j>j*j c 1 ^ 1 ^ "^"^ ^ ->^ J^ 1 ■ — "^ 

JU^ <u^_,j jtf : Jl3 clT^i jrjj :*J IjJlii c^y <*Ji ^ J^-j y> x*-t ^ <^jj 

.^ :<Jl3 <?l£-l& lift o_^o J* ccJ-5 jl5 :<JlIi coj^k £_>j)i J\ \y*rj <-<-J& 

Lp jj^l. *M-\ oV i^vaj 4it -.-^lyL-^l JL.l>- y{f j^iJi <Jy y_j- UO^f 
U^_* J^ jJ US c^vai ,JLi cJ^iJlj s-^V 1 ttt J-^» ^ *£"** ^ : (/ i5, J 

. J^iJlj vjIW^I 0^ j~-Jlj ^^ J^i 
cJj y> ^JtfUiJl ^ J^iJlj ^UvV 1 ^^^ ^ a* J* '^^ V^-J 

.^1 jt ^yj jj^ <-^ljj)l S^tjJ JU^ S/b L^p yUJl ^^1 



J^jilij^iW^O) 



"IV OX*-}^ <5y*-J *^j*) £}jj\ £ • X H X > /(JjVl J-stfill 

. (0 JL2p JS <di.j c j£ 

.oiiJ cc~~^t«f tc-iilj ccJLJ :Jio t L>Jl jt AiiljJt ^Js- Jju JiiJ ^L ji^o 
.ijb jjtj x~& y\j jy jj\j iSjj^h (T) •-'^Vl ojU-ti 

4J j^xJl Jj ^j^as^Jl JiiJLl! jL^I 42>w J» J^^ido ^ j c^Jl <U* j^jo JLdP 4J^ 

.(^jbUl oljj C((0T^5l j* dbw Wj Iji^JLo A3)) :<JU» St^tJ SU-j £jj JH 

ill <Jli C4i*t £ljj * JLLcj dJUJiJ t j|| ^Jl £-1 jj 4, Ji*j| AJ.I JiiJ jVj 

U» dl~«j c*£Lo Uj ^j^rt c-jT ^i dbrljjt dli Llb-f Ul ^Jl \+\ \jf : Ju; 
0^\a ^1 dWl^ OLjj dlJl^ OUtj db'UP OLjj dUp oluj dLlp ill *lif 

. [o . :fcj!j>.Vl] ^^jii V-^iJ C--»j 01 3-o ja ofylj dLw 

.obLxJl J^UaJl £_li^ c^tx^xwaj" S-^ 5 "^ i«jU«-<H 4»*-»w*flJ j^^f 4jVj 
V 2rJ^' -^i ^1 CT^ ^ ^ <Jl * ^J <_-*-Jl ^ JL*~- j JUs-tj jjJLtJl v_-^i j 
^ jj U.I JiiL j^p liU t^ljjJl (/ J?^. ^ftJiiP SjL^I oV cU^i. jsAI L.j ^li^V 1 

:4,jyt!l 4Ai)l ^Ju »&)t 

^ Uo^t jt JI05UJI 0l£ lii 5-i^Jl ^JLJl _^Jo ^IjjJl Jip jl_^- J^ «.L,JiJl jiJI 

:Lj- JliJl L)U u Ja.*u,.uj ijyJl jU_(Jj Ul^ lil U-J l^iiis-lj 



JaiL Aim !>U ti^'b ii^ JU-I (j» o«ll dLLJ l_yi>y iiJ JSL Aio ^Ij^l Sis- 0l it-iU^-Sl SJ>U (Y) 
.OjJl 0*j viJUJ) Sili^ U_^j^. IfV ^_>)l JaiL Vj (Cc*ll i*ii« lii-Li 



iJLftj clfcjJu ^ jj ^yOLi j^l^Jl -IsLiJ JLp jJii ^j :^J«Jl cj» i»U3 jjI JL3 

JaiL JujjCj US c4j JJUJli ^liU ^jaiL ^f 4J^ JuuCj 4jL>- (j4 JJ&j i^-aJLiJl ^Jji -X*-t 

"^ 4&I oJlfj j* ctJUpt Olij-rf j^j cL«JJit jjj^i j^ 4&\j i^aij tOjifc-Jj cAi^s-Jj 
JLjJtttj c4j db^. "Jl oA*-j ill *tfl AJl *Sl Ot JL^tj c4j tPl» *A* JJLfcj j^j ^A J-Jm 

a)Jl *iu j^j cAPLJl <^JU £ru t^jJLij l^*-£*» Jj^"^ *^»J'» • S^Lj "^iJ *j) 

JT] ^OjJLw* j^jtj "Jl I J3yb Vj Aytas j?- ill lybl IjiiT ^1 t^jf Uf - 

.[A .T :o^ 

Vrjj V* 6^3 5A *" , J lt^ cr* i*^ 9 *" ^ (*^0 'i^ 1 o - ^ 1 W u -r - 
(»iLip Ol£ 4iil 01 f^-j^lj «M OjJ*l~J (^JLil ill I^SjIj j-LJj \*jJ& *i\*rj U,-w £jj 

.|>:*LJ(] 4&J 

jAmj j^Jupt j^3 ^Uaj * i!!ux-) *ij5 ijijij i>i i^ji ij-»T jiti\ \^jj Uf - 

. [v ^ - v • : v»j»-Vi] ^£*k* ijji j\i oii ^jj iii gju. ^j ^yi ^ 

iJjlft, : Jtf CJJ ; ij»i jL^l <% lij j£ % yJl of : 4fe> v.y> <j}u*-\ 

.^Ju>ji\ ai~3- mjjf- ^ uXu ^»srj uXiP iijUj tdii ail 

(^-^■^ SJj^ ^i)) : J u 5B ^ d^ 9 -^ j^ ^ d^ v^ o< Jj** u*}-^ 

<±k, i^pfj caJLp \^L*r ^ j-ss-j Ub^ diiLt ^1 ^1 tJiJi Ui^ c5^i»l jt 8fyl 



.fbJlj JS^Jlj (iU^lj fldMl :*lijJl (Y) 



'\° 



-0?rjj\ 3y^3 *Vyj £}3j> S £ -^ /JjVl JvaiJl 



^ijl ^p JjOp, ^j^UL J^J "^^ l, ^LSUl JLip" r^L^L 4i^J! L.!j 

Ijl+felj me l j t iJ\ y^J\ c 15j ^ dJJ-L ^^ t^lj^J! «j^pj ipys, tlr ^w~ J _ 
cfUlj ^Ui-l <uLJ ljrtiii jt jJb- J^p dJJi Olj coLjJaJl ^ *A)I J^t Uj C >JU 

^ £j> ^j^' ^ ^u^ 1 ^jyj* o^ 1 £?^" ^ °j^j '^j s-o^j 

.dJJi j>Jj ^L~Jl JWjl J*^! jf i^| ^jiS <up ^jLJUl! ^ j^st 

^ o^Urij c \^Ji iaa i > dP» )) : Ju 3g ^Ji jt :L^p j>i ^ iajip ^ - ^ 

JL» :.Uj£ jLii -Lii ^^ju— o^ U^. SJb-l_j J» jl£ L. o>^ ^-'s-.Jj'" :s-kb- ^1 

.« Joju oj-^i ? i>ij J^y-i ^ u J^ : jg & j^ 

j+Ul* LA LkjAifj ^yiJ &jjj C£_ljjJl JL* *L*ll :<J ^>. } (OL^I 4»-Lt U.j 

• 9 ^r^*J J J^l ^r^J tejt^h *p!>U-Ij j_^l ^ _^j jf i _^ J 
C^jUaiVt i_^cw ^fj ^^ ^ Aiiy JLe cJL^i : Jli ^ Jb^ jj ^.Lp ^yj - ^ 
^ J*«i ij-a* J*^ j>«j c^Jl J_^.j L^Utf Uif :cJi» cob^ jlj* lilj t^y^ ^ 
.(j-^Jl ^* _^-Ul J* U ^^aptj 05 ti_^Aili CJLi jtj tLjw ^.li cjla ol :VLii !^*5jup 



.(r«r) ou-iijij ^Ji ( \ ) 



JyrjJ\ ijj^j 6\-J>y>l J^ljjJl j •±# c * /(JjVl J-^iJt "^ 

Ijjlij ^ L^jt« OjL-j cJb^xt c-Jo ipjUll LjJiP dill [j^j iiflp o^^Jl *— -*jj — ^ 

.U^j ju*Jj c^jbUi oljj iKj^Ul ftr&H jUfliV* 013 <^i 
tJJJU ujj-i^ 5jj^r ^jw *£** J^3» :<Jli 4jf c~>JbU I.L& oLjIjj ^/m; <jj 

: JjJ?)) : J 15 ?<&! J_^.j b liU J^i" :<x\* cJl5 ^-^j 

<£i . ^ Uja «3 ,^U Jt ^L_ Jt 

^y l> ir 1 ** ^ 0) (/ ^ S ^ ***■ :cJl5 ^ °^ &J cfi 

^U^i cJU i} (Y) j^ ^ ^'Ij ^ J» ^ ^Oi j ^olL j,^ U olijjjss- o~U>J 
.^Jl.^)!j ajb jjfj c^jbUl eljj caJrJjiS C~£ ^AJU Jjij 1JA ^i» : JU> 

;\^£&- 

^Lp pJjf l. t 4ft*j ^ *^ J* JH *&' Jj-j r 1 -^ l* :J U tr*' t^J ~ ^ 






lSj^ M*i *!» : M & ^j ^ <*-^ J* U*^ U : Jli SjUj, ^j -r 

.JaiU-l Jli U^ * ^L V O^o JU>f oljj . ( (i«Jj j* 

's-a.j J* (Jy ^ «^ ^ °t* ( J* % in J^j (Jji l. i^f Jli -r 

.lj*-ui j^- cUJ-j f^- (% _ ( ^>j<Js>ti i^-Ul 4J ^oti ( _ f d)t s > J*st-j 
■vf-* <y tji-^ *1~j o^ J* (Jjt |j§ 4j1 r^jbUl ^j - i 

(Uia^I jl^J ^ L^J U cL,Jl ^jaJs- 4-^Ij ^yJl 4^Jj J| ^laJl i^ 
.«lf Ui i*Jj Ji ^f ^m ii] )): Jii |f| in J^ J of :^p ^1 ^ - \ 

t'> </. tf-^ J^J '<=•** £1/ J| c^i jj,, :Jii jg <;f 4*j -r 

■"°-^ J a* t^ 1 " : ^ '^~' ^ "WJl Ji l*-*-f o-Ul L^f" i^laJl J^L jf Ji4 
^L, f f ^f o^ ,M >ai £ yJl ^j ;^\ Jli c JB yJl JJ L^ 
: Jlii 14, o^AJi c J| ill J ^ J| 4, ^jkil ^f b :cJm c (Y) jy J» *Wj 0) lV 
.p-L- oljj co^J ^j^^ o_^ai t"c^! ^j \£Aij U f !Ai ^ii" : Jii ^ c'W 



.iiLt^ :<^t . Jaitj j^-o _kl>u yi : Lr J-) (^ ) 

.,U1 :^\ (T) 



.4jUS ^y ^pIjJi iU-t j) :JJj 
jj^r Jy 4i! fjs- jjI ^jj .Uik* ^br-^l "Vyj Jl ;L*#LiJl <>**; S-^J 



.lILij fp- lIlSL. ^IjJ! j/j jt - \ 

,<U/» 4J* J jt t<UJ <Li^J ,^25=^ :oyJl JUai ^rt-^i "^'J — ^ 

.£w>Vi J^ CUL-. yjPUll jyy jtj - i 
. J , H -iJ! J* JjVl f^Jb o^^v Otj -o 

.o^jPj y^» ^ »jj-<' 2> v <-pk L* ^^ «^>ys ^'J ~V 

.jAp <d Oy^> ^Hj -A 
jt ^t ^i ai^Jl 4i>Jb' iCuju jjyJl jLS jt ijJlp 4J jl£ ^j :^yJl Jli 

:*tylfljl Oji *Upty SjPi 4Aly> 

.^ IjiiJl jji *Upty iuJy't (Ji ^-Aj jt »j£j 
^•Ajj IpjL ^ ^juoj 4*J jjl flak y5i» :<Jli <|| <fil Jj— j j^ Sjiy 1 J^ j** 

.jttyiJt iy:j ttL^Sli U> ^ju t^JjJl fUk fUkl! yi :Jli S^y L.t jt :c5jbUl 

:^j ix-j^ t5y*- ^ <.<5ji>- *&-jj 



n^ 



-Os*-jjl» iJjl^j <Vj*j ^r^^ 11 (/ -JW* /tl^Vl J-Aiit 



• [v:J:>U»M]^AtjTu^vL«j&dU£.^ 

.[rrr 

: % 4yS ^f ^j 4J eJlS di oU-jj)l ^ La> cx.3 Lrt JjuJt rliflj 

. ( \ ( JJU 4Aij kUJl ?J j ^ u^ J^u ^ ouf^l a^p cj£ j*)) 
UJ ^ijj ^i *M UJ ^ |JL» ^ : J^ J^ ^ jg ^ 

MW '^ 'Sir* u*j£~* 1$ gt-" ^ Jyj c[Y Y1 : S^Jl] ^^k 

.[rr V :»>*Ji] ^|<ujti ^ aij dUi 

.[n :*l~Jl] 4v^-b u^UaJtj^ gu; 4Jyj c[Y . :,l~Jl] i&J* 



. C 'U» 



.£,>**> .Oi*.j ( 4i CJIS _y. :JiiL As-U ^S_, ^'t-Jtj ijb y\ } 0^-f 4 |j__, (\) 



Jyr 3 J\ 6^i ^V/ ) Z)}^ 4 ■**** Uj^ J^" V ' 

Jui : 4$b ^p JU cl+lsJ ^>! dJUi dU clt-pJJi of <i*>uVl fj^> <yj 

j^j L. S^T Cj ^ bj liSL, £j bj £_pw> <j£ :cJL5i Lprjj i-l^ cui^jj 

<u~a kl-'j L<i*>b4 Ju^LJ LjJ^pIJL. y> -WyL ^ of aJlp ^^v f jl£Jl ei» £• j 

.L»JUp 

6j ^j f*)l&l -Uws-lji AJLP ill o1_^ Iss-ljjt cJl^ Mi i Wit JUa>-l :lltU 

: m ill J_^J cJUJ S^ \^» ill ^j liflp o^j caLUIj f j-H ^ ^^ 

4|fe> j»* o^ljj cllU L^ dJUi J*a»lj £g ^ Ul Jj^j itf r*> <^> ^ 

JLjjjTj J>Jl ^Jtfj ijst-jjJl ^b^l Lj-JU; dJUJ^j c^L^Jlj itiSllj iiJij Vs-Jj 1 * 
:i,UJl f jj.ajji. ill *Lp ^UJl y> j* 01)) : ^g ^ i\*s* ^ii ^ :I>Lp 

^j cOUj^l ^*>U j* e>Jlj cL^I^J Uais-j U SjLs- cLjJp e^ 1 : r i>p ^ iU 

^j c (Y) 4J 1^! 0\£ 0\ } i^% ij&-\ J" M £? : ^ ] O*) ^ 0L ^ ^ ^ S > ^ 



^^ Ulj c4i*S ^^ ^^" :JiiL ,/illj ."UU ,^— I U\J Ce^J-Jl J^'" : -^ J-5^ 1 :0li -^ ) 



V ] O^r}^ t3^j *Vy.j £ IjjJl </ 0-^ /J jVl J-*iJl 

0) I ' 

• <_Kj L»U Vj !5U-j tSj V of Sf^JJ ^- :L,_lp ill ^j JUtli cJtij 
Vj c«_ijyw J» AiJlii V jto- l»jo J^. JUL.J L^jji :i-ili^lj Aj^I :f)|jt 

jg ill J^j Ji oty.1 o^U- :<L3 a^sfljw ^ U* s-iiaj UJ £j^5l 4P& :lJti 

lifA Jam 1 Of 4&- ^j c«Ui* ^ j^ ^ ^ (^J V*«i ^ Ubijly lAiljf lit 
f J* 7 ** ^ **- u*J "*J ^rSflj cl^ jjjjl 0l£ dlii Ci*3 013 cAJib «tfl 4ij ^ 

^^1 ^ W </ c^ry- Oij c^ JJsj ^ c-iiipj c**br Olj cdjiu •jli ipjkr 

/"Wjrf jf ^ Ji ^y ^ j£$}Ul l^aJ 
l^"^" ^J O&Jri ^ ^jF ^J 1 ^" Ayb '^JJ* jz~3j \ r -ui5 Oj-^tf Of :VslU 
dL-Uj dLrlj jSl Ji^JllnJ lj» guj-dyj c[rr M^iMJjSMUaUH^ 

^ 1+jp JjI ^ fr L^t cJ^aj c[r^jjJl] ^jtaaij ^ <£&« U ,»i*J j^l^jb 
,,J jJaai« C^L lij Sfjjl 01 t frU U), : JUj I^jp ^fj J15j ^LT j jg ill J^j 

4--iy of U ^ Jj jj^ ^ l. <iK; ^J ca>\J-i s-tjj u cJki ^ Of :\Jwij 

*■</* cr^ (^ t>k 0^ iUAj Lj_^iJ vJaJj t4ijj 4ip jJLJ jf 4jjU At cJjJ Ol UL^ 

. [l -.f. L-Jl] ^Ujj-» Lja ajA& \Lii Ai« 



.^JUJ jJUSJt^a-lj (Y) 



CefjjJl <3j^J ^V/j c 1 ^ 1 ^ •**-* /Jj^ tH 1 — VT 

^ ^l> ^ji «J| Of ^ ,^5«3 Ub- j^Ip ^JUJ j \&» p&LJ ^p ^ 

. 0) (( Oja/j <>J <♦&> J Oil ^j Oja/j 

LAyt ^ (U ^^ ^ ^-pIjJ S^Sfl ^yy V fL^ 1 f-^J 'JJ^ 1 °-^ tJ^J °i 
L^JB ^1 J^JaJlj iiiJl L.U5 j-J c^^Jt pSliM Ip ^aji* ^ UUwJl ^V 1 ^ 
£*~: "il cS^f liUJ J c^ljjVl l+*-S ^ ^ jSH ^j IpIWI l*Ua5 J toU-jjJl 
a*5j o^lj o>ity ^ 9^3 oj*-j^ cr" -^-^ OjJti£ io-uaJtI O^ 1 ^ l^b***! 
^ LjJLp v-J^.j L^ f_s* L»j U-^ 1 »•*■» <jf <j ^ a* ^J iIpL«7I »j*"SM J^L^ 

^^1 jjk *Jjij iUi^ f_^f» C^^l tJL» £jj!l Jj*-V UaJL. Lprjj <-JUaj" Vo-^ 1 
ks-jjll Ol* tj%i^v o^Jl o.U ^ jjjj of aJ jJj lib cltxjJ^r- l&~< lt-» a-WiJtf ijj** 
ja JlSo^l «L(-i5 Jpj^i ijjljf As-t ^j^L^j Jy<-i^ ^^L-Jl of i^plj »i-Ai* J* j ^ ^* 
<jbc ^i^t Jjr i" 05j i. jjJLftLS- SiLj-iH L»lj*i ^-J^ 1 ^-f 5 -^J c^L^I fU >^-^- 
Ji5-f jJt c->^ Ai-> Lvcsi ^^w^Jl lift Oj^vj -^j tiJ-^* (j**^ ^Ja^-ljj jX-*Jl 
J*l5 Jiil y* UiJl tijpa suaj ^Ip Sf^JJ ^IjJi OjiL. Jlj»-SH cr* s& <Js i&J^y 

. (r) «U> (j^aUJl (^ 2upj jf \-t~*J liJ>i L^JlUJ L<-^-jj 
£. ^iUl J**-,* of -vjmiIJ Sjtil dUi ^ jJ^ti iL^P oU-LiJl olft o jCf j*J i 






vr __ uyr}^ JjJUj *Vyj £»jjJ» J Js<-a /JjVl J*aiJl 

4*^1 fj *ojL. (^jajuj cU^Lp ^ U^jLSJ dJ-L IftS, jljJUJl 1A+ Ji O^j^Jl 

c^Jj^Jb l^b^j If^iL*. j^^j L^.l/1 :4^jjJ £jj)| ^ ^»v L. Jjt 
.<l1p j-^Jlj Lf-i* jAvli U J*>£ ^p %jii cL,J3 «_aJjj U* cL^JJ <UjJj; jSL^ L. /C-JLi'j 
liA IjAj& Of t5 -««i ^Aj^sa^S 0^3 tJjyuJb ^jj^jf :«UU^ il Jji 

. [\\ :*L-Jl] ^f^-sS l^- 4-9 .oil J*?<yj 
J_^Jl Jji nUt £. LSJj frj J( 0_^j jf roL^I j^jj jii-l JUj^I j»\)za jaj 

.jjb j;ij .X*>f eljj c ( (4JL.JI dlbu 

j^U ^ f iT ^i aj ^ ^ JS,, : Jii m 4it ^i ^b^tj ju^f (S 3JJ 

■ ((J^ 1 <>» Jr^ c41a( 4^P*>Uj ,4-i^i 4-iitjj c4--j3 jP <u«j :tf*AS V> 

^4ip b-jj-f 4^-jj j^ L. c j^ iil Jjh-j b :oiS : Ju 4||> Sjl^ ^ ijbv. ^ 

Vj c^^ T? 4; !"^ , ^j-i* 1 Vj tC^-^i lit \aj~Ssj cc-**i? lit 1,-ojiki 0})) ; Jl> 



•W— * *i»l -V' (V) 



0^3^ <->j^j ^W^yj z})^ j •***-* /JjVi J-^Jt. vi 

JjjL t<dp ^ L» ^ LfJLio of jL-i^t ^j tJUi^Jl L,_i jj-^i ^ otjJtj 

J^ ^* £J^ ^ij £J^ t^ 9 lT 9 < ~^ ?; " Stj^J* d^- j-L-Jb Ijws>j£-i*)) : ^ J^*"^ 1 

t( JL*. j tfjbUl fltjj c ( (^pt J j4 ,J «u£y 01 j c4Jj^ «uJJ c~ai Old co*Apt ^UaJl 

4ifj cA^U. ^p 4^*5t^>i 4)jL£ ofj c£tJ? LVy 1 etjj! jJb* (^ of ^i «jLi| I.XA y^j 

.f.yd\ JJj ^ cS-Ul (j-^iuJl C^** 51 ^-^^ 
0_j5^J L» j~*?-t£ L^xLjLwj i<dp ^ L» ^glp l^o-Ua* j* -b!l» dJJi £«-j 

y Oj^j U ^^v »ji^ (^ -Lw. j^i j tL^L'Uaij fcejjJl LI_J* ^P Jat-^l y^**i -^J 
u^Ssj U L^ (^fj !ij 4if cL^Ltw<j L^L^o- j^ 4JJlj^Jl i^jjptjj f%*>^t ^ s.:. t clAUi>- 

.i_^v L. L,_l. c5^ 4JL* 

\aL^ \ r u» ^j &&■ L^ 8jS 0| cii«j-« j-»j-» ( } Sju *5l)) : 3l| Jj- J\ iSyt 

jjlij cLjJj-i ^^v L» J£ j* Lfjai^yj cc>-jj Oj-^j jt ^J^ 1 ^ S-^JVJ 

j^jjl 01 j cjUu ill 01)) : J 15 <§| ii! Jj-^j of 5y.yi ^f jp c^jLaJi c5jj 

. (( «l!p a^s- U JL*!l Jib Of ill 3^-Pj ij\m 

*y iZjS- jfij M ja jjA o^-f U)) :Ji5 ^.4if ^jj«— . ^l jp c^jjj 

^}f dUi Jar! j*j till ^y» ^JUil 4-Jl t-j>-f Jb-f Uj t jisu U j ^-w ^ U J^l^iiJl 

jij-i^o J^^Ji J^jf dUi Jar! ja c4)l j* jJuJl 4-J» c-**f Jb-f L»j c4^jii ^^U- 

U^J 'lS*^ J^^ ^'j '**"* J^^ ^ ' ** JU- *J^ t>* '-'j^ 1 "^')) : 3*e| Jj- 1 "^ ^^" '^-^* 



. o ^ i ^:il>.^(\) 



Y ° : a^jjJl 3y^j ^y>) ^IjjJi J ±h-z /JjVl J^l 

• «j^ Uj l^w ^ lo JL»-I_»jjjl ^ ill 5^ Jjrt 
c4iOJljJ JUJl :UUl 0^ ^ 31*},, : % ill J^ Ju : Ju ^ ^l ^ 

.iLu*.^l £f>^> :JUj pSU-lj jljJlj ^j'UJl eljj c (( sl-Jl iUfjj cdJjjOJlj 

c^oll : lit 14-1 O^Aj V a*},, : J 15 H ill Jj-j of ^-b ^ jUp ^j 

LJ ceLi^p Jij yj~\ ^Xa b>f till J^j L :I^JU . ( (j^l ^.Uj csl-Jl ^ 4Jbr^lj 

: JU %lJa ^a '^r)\ u* : Ldi ^aJLaT ^Ip J^i ^ ^L. *i ^JUl,, : Jii <? ^oJi 

£?**- (^'V ^J elf U5L. j lfl^>>- JS yr^" J» O^o ^_j cLj- ^1 ^Lul j £)L, !^i 
>^§ (Jj^^l Jj-*i •J-^ji of Aj 4&I ^f L» ^Jaijj cijs-jjJl 45*>UJl -L^ujj diii oU clpj-P 
till W lo SjjiJl ^ 01)) :?^p ^ ^u- jp 0L>. j,\j yi'L-Jlj :>jb _^l Mjjji L-i 
l^jsxj ^ 3^1 loli till «Ua*j lo l^iaj till <U*j lo s-^LiM ^j (ill <Uaxj lo l^j 
. 0) ( ( ijj j-P ^ fljjJli :i)l 1,-iuLi ^jl Sj-Allj ti-jjJl ^ 5 j^ :i> ( 
.dJW ^ *j^Jl ^l> t jJUa! J^. S^jJi y& ^ : C) 4^rj ill (•> ^Lp JUj 

s y ^ is^j <^JJ L5* ^ ' *V £*^v of J^l ^ ^>j : rJ ^ jjl Ju 

. JUJ ii ^U ^ Vlj cdUi ^ j^5 0} ^ JS J» 
. [Y Y Y :S^LJl] fill ^f i^- j* ^jjis O^laJ 15$ : ,31 -Jy dUi jl*^ 
.JjiLl yL^ <1p i_^>o *$j c«d j^ oV 54JLP i_^o ^ r^yJUJl JUj 

coOjl olp ^ijJl J^- (^ SjwU Jill oV i^-^f ^Vjf-i j-^ 4t ^!Ip JU?-t (yiij 
4sJy ^1 t__ai o^>f jU <-^j=>r)\ j* £Jl» jJLp «d ^^j J jli (4j"I^) j^p jiLu lijj 

Of ^f jU clJ] <_j5y <.j^\ Ai^ : JU ?^C>-jJ jP J^-^l S-^*i rt-^ : J JL- J '^H-^^ ^ Mj . 



.f\ Jlalyjuu 01 cJaJl ^ j^ 4j^ liiJy dlJi Ol£ Uilj c^tj ilJLiJl :0> 0) 



o^rj^ dye-} ^"W^yj z)j^ £ x *r" /Jj^ 1 J-* 3 -*^ v ^ 

; Jj-57 ( J*j LjJjj J» eij^L; j^>J t3iXj( (j^J^ s-'Uai*-! ^ _,aP 
-UP^t JsjU V jt ^—Ip Jt-Jsj 4JU- 3j-.»j JJJl li—ft Jjl— JaJ 

4j\yr jLjJh \1» j . *3^_J- sJ p-j &\ \ ^ Vj 1 &\j 

i£\y Vhj—t Ot y— U f J— ^J t/i «£> f L sMj yJj j &j 

jj5^J LjJJ J~"jti i4»l J-** (^*_JIp Lprjj t^j'^i eJLft :«d J-aJ t^-** L^ JL-* 
^.otjjl ^aJ *S t4-j L : JUi t4-^ut>- ls Lp U^i ^ t ^JLiiti LprjJ jjl £~*ij t<** 

>Js Jbjt </ ^ :Jui t ?iJu» jp ^i. JU, dJUii ^l oU^ :cJui ^Lprjj 

jV ijjlpt j^i te^. JU £jf J£ (j» Lj-jL jt ,Ji-ij :vJLiJl ^ ^l>Jl JV3j 

_ / ~oJ dJJJi fis_plj ^JliaJi CU*5 'b! jL$ jjj 44-Ip i_-*"'j \^^~&>Z> j^» l,^vi>dl jj* 

^f \j : cJui 4§ib sjliai-i ^ j*s> J>\ ot^.1 ijurt : Jli t^jlijJi ^ jj x^- j*j 

<0J| Aplja; J-»j«j jJ^j iojS^5>\ d\ e_^i Utj tJJLJl Pj*lJ ^j^-i^^ f >^i (V^jJ ^1 10^3*^' 

. U t •»; (_/a5li L(-**^ c~«-(-» U5 r^^^P <JUi 
t^Ui? Jjf : JG tJtijiLiJ «JLft dJ^t^l jj :^J Jlii c4j J>U i.L^-jy, fjs- '.<~-jS JUi 

0^5^^* if^'y p LS ^ ls ^^ ojLi J (^ ^-' <5 ^ L ^ 1 ' iJ ' i 

oijJ *if j i_ *$> f. I — saSJI ,_/a5l — > o^ >u ,«jc>« -ia^ (j» eJ ftj 



«-j 



! :aJU5? (\) 



VY 



Orrjjb oy^i *Vj*j ^i^i ^ j^s, /J_,Vl J-aiJl 



*S\ y *.u>f *L~Jj ^1 ^ c jj 9jJ , t ^ j 



'J 1 ' -* *"* >J OjV 



J >— J ' * </ UiI h «> ^ J— ^J <£, ,1 ~Jl j ^U_j>j 

J — Sp ^^-J £ — jjt <j> l^ — ^ J—^j 1 . 1 L jX Lp oi 

lSjj ;W-U ^ ^ ^J| oULwdl ^ ^jj J^Jt ^ of iUl ^ oJ ai^ 

^ *J* °^ f fir <J W>J jJ (rtW> : JU .?^f l^J 4j O^j 4?^ UjU ^U 

. «^-f *J 0l£ J!jU ^ ^j lit dl3JL& tyj 
•^^ ^ tf^J 3 - j^b J*&lij aik*Ji_, ^%Jij v^i v^-ij 

.((dl^^Jj V^ 1# **» : f JL27 05j 

dis^ Ja^j,, : Ju ^ u, i^ ^t u uri^ ^| ^j L :cJ5 : Ja fl j^ ^p ^t ^p 
J» (M-^v r^l d\S lil cil J^j l :oJU . (( dU-*j cXJL» U jf idbrjj ^ ^l 
: JlS ?dU Ua^f 015 13*1 :cuU : Jl5 . (( Uly„ *j jb-f UJy. ^f c^da^l 01 w : Ju ^^y^ 



ayr-jjJl tiji^j ^Vyj z})j> s J • x tr s> /Jj^ 1 J-*" 1 '— VA 

.%»& &j& JbrjjJl 

4i»t ^Jb-t j\ til)) : |g 4)il Syj <J^ :Jl3 (^JUl xp j> <*> ^ 

•tfl ^j^i "Jl j* £** 019 'cSj^J (^y» = J* 5 % ^ & j~* O* 1 a* J 
:JL5j ^l.jdl oljj ((f »j*/lj (►Aj**^ t*l»t Jl J^jJl ^Ja^i CXTJ '^^ •** 

^1 ^P UA^J fJL-'J C^J^t iSjJ l£_L*i-l -UP lj«i-Jj jl~J^I ,^*-~ J jt j*mJ 

L*bt ^l ci»l (^o : J\5 4i»t ^t lij ^Jb-t Ot jj), :Ji3 3g ill J^ at ^Lp 

ib-b- ^j tv SJb'li V iS^\ jiDl ^j to^j^JJ ijJUst * oa^dlj ^UJrt ^i 

.((4-au *i l» 4^y tjjl f*>L-i j-*?- j^»)) :£f^\ 

.[r :JyjJl] 

jt Sty! c-«l JlSj c^L yj <U| fcs-U-lc-PJj c* oJbJl yS/l ^-^ 1^ 

Jy ^ U^jlj iSj^i L. ,^it_j Oj-iLJt J±sol«J ^ J* ^JJ^' J^ CJ^ 1 f-* 1 b ^* 

.lij»JL dUi JLS J** jt 

.[rrr :s>lJi] ^^ J ^^ ijjU ^ ^^ ,^j^ 



•uO^'^^'O) 



V\ — O^j^l 6y^ 3 *Vj*j £})j>\ J V AJjVl tHl 

:i_JjJ Ji5 

oU) ill ^Apj l^J ^jll Li*5 oL> LJ Oj->jf f l^jSfl 1*1 

. [v V V rSjlJlj^fid p£y\ C^p- ja jftjjlif : Ju: ill J_^.iJUj 

.,^A <J<-S g;f : 4^ Jȴ -.dy&j 

:+L~*j ^jbxJl oljj l« <L$I aJLa Jjy* k— «—*»j 

15* L*^ (y ^y 1 <_/ 'M J*-Ji of ^-pji 3|| ill Jj^-j j^p ^Ap cJlS ij^Ji of 

^JLJf : ^ ill JjjU cIJla J» 3>( J| jjj^ jL^Sfl OlSj cj_^f oJ^Jl *U- LiJ 
fb L. c<yL^ ^t *luJl jLJi <j» ^-y ^ 4jf :^f .^sii Jit (i^Jjfl- iyvi ^ d»y 

.La^j J» Sf^l jLTj ^p L5 ^Jl ^ 4xj^v3 c-ob-Vl Of.U- aij 
^» < «^^ ^ *l~J» >j& V» : Jl5 |f| ^1 of a^L. ^ij ^Jl-^JIj Ju^f ^jj 

.c£yL*i)l 4-bjDl 

^f ja Oj*U)) : J 15 JH ill J y*j of : S^y* j\ j* j^J\ <->\*^>\j jl*4 jupj 

. (( lAyi ^ flfytl 
tjjjj U£ U^_lj Jy Vij ilL»s- Ijjp «up_jIIjj ^jjJi j Lulsj j^j :<L»-J ^1 J 15 

^.Ji»v L^yL iLyjJ ^Ap Sty I Ijij bj m ill Jj— j t-jUwsf ol£ I^t J 15 

. 4JL>- 4;Lpj_) fjy 

:^IjjJ| Jcs- «tol i-»Sl 3~^j 

ILJftUaJl ^Ui4 L^U cS^jJlj iJbi : Jlii 42J| tJli» ^f ^ jAjot j> ill JLP L? v=>jfj 

.*. Ul *_-;JaJl (-J»tj t4i_jJl Jij 4JU Jxi^iL diip t^UaiJl iJjjjj 4JL5 t^JjJl Sy^j illjjj 



Cjtct)^ Jjis-j ^JLp^j £rjj^ tj •*~*e* i /iJjVl J-^iJt A « 

i_~. kJ\ Co- < jjjJ " ^ dJ it* 5j » <->J It i)j — 2i ^ — to" Vj 

4-£l^ i^JLZj" t_JjiaJ(j ^yJU ill iLj l£j-aJI> t_JfcJL» <_^j^L±Jl ifj&J ^j 

t-JkJb <_J-I iL- L jj L*^x_^l lij tiiSftj i-Jilt (> «_J-1 ^L) </^—* 

4-^-jjJl oLJ-i (jM^I L(-i* ij>-j **-**) L(Jw9jli cOjU-1 o-j <UL4 Lj-«i Lp cJb>- 4JJ L^iLJJ 

^Ul j^^l C~£ cLj_Ji L(J>-b- oJLij 'L(-i_^f 15^ £\J./^ d/ 1 ( ^--* ;i - k '' «',/•' <J' jJj 

. JU-jJl jl^ ^j c<>2JU JU-^U frL-Jl j& <<up 

ilii jj^sJ 4*f 4J J'j^i cL^JUj ll5j diip 4&UJ £t^t» t-UiJt; J jji^Jj <-*^j*i ^ T'i 

.4pUi!lj <d ^o-^Jl j—^-j t^pUiJL; 4J p^iJ-li lAJUllj jjj^i L»t 

^j tr^J jJLp iiJL« 4^P «ij *>lJ t4jjjfj 41P *->lj-J JLiidli .*4jv1^J|j 4ilU)t L«tj 



A \ . u?rjj\ 6y^} ^Vy j £.1 jjJl u» -**-* / J jVl Jwail! 

.l^y 0l£ 01 4jJb (ju 4jl£j|j 

J^i>* cr*^ ^ <^ l)^L*j"j jJLAljaJ 3f^.| ^Ap c£Jb~J c~JU- :cJl5 iiJU ^p 



a J** ^ °jS'^ 0\ c (o) 0jif ^ Of lJL4 y# co^ oJ ^ ^jj :2LJliJj cJUj 



(1) 



. jlpf cJL.T jij t jlW jjajt ol c (v) jj^oJi ^jj :fc)iih cJis 
.*>L- ^ fcl* Vj cy ^ ^ V c (A) 'aa\+ JJ£ ^jj r^gi cJli 

Vj c^jdl j «Ja^l Olj dJuJM ^^J, 01 j c <jJ J£f 0} ^t-jj :4~oLj! cJli 



.i\~s- : £%> (T) 
tf vJ^-l J>i Jt V^ *J>*« Jl SjLi^b ^1 47y£, AJjjaii <lLi a^ ^ iSyl V 0t <_JUf </J (o) 

.4i*l£Jt tj\^\j SyilJiJl Ajj-p o>blji 
. . jii-i j^j—Jf y> : JJj i^ %, (Ji^a a) jt oiljl 1 J_,JaJi f j^JUl (Y) 
<^it tf <J t^il^ Ul i~Jb Ifl&V JJLil ^-JsJ tSjjb ^-bj l+J ^-Jj tOU^Jl jji*. ^ Sjb- j!>\j iulf (A) 
V_j 4-Up t?it V :cJl5 IfKi t^Ul 3^5U_j cJU-t J\Oip\_j S^Ji J,^ Lj^-jj o^^y t^j^ 



0?rjj\ tjjj^j -t^SJ Z))^ J • X tt^ i /Jj^ 1 J^ 1 ^V 

j\ £lii jt dl^-i tfb <d f b J£ c (x) fliLla IjbLp jt CfbLp j^rjj :4*;LJl cJli 

. (r) Si ^ £*■ 

/""bUil ja c-Jl i_j.y tJU^I ,,-ja.P oL>d! Jjjk t^UjJl ^ij ,-a-jj :4«-lJl cJli 
^j c (v) ^if ^U .^ J& f.^jj y\ Ui i^jj ^1 ^jj :S^Ap ^U-l oJli 

t)? d*>*i l (<0 J-iy 4^-UP Jftl j JU*- j t (A) ^^ J} C_>*5^J (_s^>V_) 1^-UoP p^i <y 

.t^oJjU (.j^Jilj t^yfljU -*ijt_j t7^3t *Ai J^5t sJLljJ 'J-^j lT°'^J -W^J Jst-*" J-*' ti* 
.^■UJ U~<_) c^bj l^^p ?£jj (^t ft Ui t£jj ^t ft 

. SybM f- Iji 4jyJLij tiJaJi L~*£ <U?wK *?f- jj ^t ^1 U-9 Cf- jj (jjl ,j>\ 
.L^jU- Jaupj cUiL-S fj^j clf-at ^jlsj :£jj ^t c~j Ui £jj ^t 



JuJ oJj -U; V (^i tjjJ-lyi :oJlj diliij ^j_>=- (_y<-j C^l^-I ^L&i ^p ^ji-Wj <oJj»j 45L~£j <^t : l _ix!lj 
.jAiil js-U)l j«_jJ fbj -lit oolji 0_j^J ot J-«^vj '^jc* ^j*- dr* "^ <_?* ^ 

.cUJi J$ £*jrv j! (yt^l ^-^i j' |»-k*^ r-*^ s^r^ '^i* 
1^^ oU (iJsl^iSM o_j-j ^ axj tiJJJSj t-p-t^f- £~u V (ybi! -ij^jj (C^j ^^>i ajL \^- jj o^" (o) 

.4pI_^L JJ-I tf Ifil St. -ui ^ (Y) 



* * 

tjjjO^jjjL^ Li iDUlj L,jw afy>i L? ili c^yistw i_jLL>jV1_) £jJ _jjf rj>- :oJli 
tL^i u5j cbj^ !a*-j a-bu 0-?005 tLj->t>Jj ifllUi c^joL* j Lft j*&>- C~>Z> ry> 0L*jaL 
DJ r f J^ : ^3 ^3J " A ^ S J <P U* <J^3 cli^ ll*J ^ c \j\ } cl^ A^tj 

.^jj ^t kf\ ju*>\ £\i L. -u;Uapt j.^i J£ c-Jt4=r jJi :cJL» cdJLUf l£^«j 



(ill Jj^j b liiiu- oJL»" :aj1jj J> l jb-J\ iijj .'\ililW N j>lj L^ -u! Nl" :»yM ^ »*bj, *i\jj <J0) 



J 1 «j_^-i^ j^x>- Lij s-V*^ c^ ^L-Jl oUu<*J j^ iJUdl OjU-l cj< ^»L«t cJl5 

IajLs?v of Ij-^jfj (J/ c-^j (j-bj ft LjJUil oJL5 iiiL« Jja*' jt l±->j\^~\ £J > ^ 

:l + J cJU 3^J ^jj L^jj <Jl <J>\i^\ UJ ^ L^t LjUvsjt '^jj (Jl 
dJU^ dJUi c^jjJ t_~~ o- ^.xiJ jt ^if J-i«J i)>s cJl5 j3 ^jJl 01 cV* W 

.JiUi3 <<-^j J* 1 -*^ 3^-Aj ^-^-b ^* ^"-^Vj 
UsJj iiiji ^p ^-Ull j^jpt ouSv) L(_of JU J-^iij £jj <jP ilyl o-Jti^l jJ c Vi ^ 

,U IjiU U5 LIU JbrJD 
pJ _^>J (Jl C^rji V C^ 1 cT^'j C^-_/^ <U. (^JJl (j^l C-ijli AJ ktlij : V> (^f 

tL^ij Cup dX! jj^j 3^t a) (_^£i l5JU dlJ^ aSvL* ft*^ i<uaKj J (jeyj ^y" 

4Pl_u3l ^ DLs c^pUaJlj £*-Jl (j^-^V 8j^-U-Jlj ApLSJLi S^^aJli :4J^'j (Jj^' ^ 

cr-J"- 1 ^j*-^-! J^5Jl ^ ^ Ij (c*^'j tj^j s-J^ ^i ^^ ^ p-^ ^j C?^ ^ 
?y^r\ oj\j*~ OLs t4^U« ^^J- -Uidlj 4^U]s» oijJ JLfcbdl :4~oUJtj 4*~»UUj 

, 4j -X* 4^L* f jO^KJ j 3^JL« 
JlJi Jaub- 0L» C^JLpj <U-lJ~ ijUjlj t<db>j «CUj Ji>Lo-Vli '.AJuUlij 4juUJ1 b«fj 

.^JUll jj*-^- tf JW«Jtj (t-^i^JJ ajUJIj c^jAiJl J-^f 

.9jU-<s> O^Pjt a^«l C-**aP Olj t8j«XP (c^u 



A° o^-j^l 6y^ 3 ^Uy>j ^IjjJI y> .u^ /JjVl J-^iJi 

^Ui'j dUj ^1p aUj c^JJ j>. iUi ^ ^jjLL" V dtl Vi Lj .^JpIj 

.it dipj^fj i^l dJ ^j 4i!_j toj*/ jt cu-9-T U-i 4ly> Js- o!y> 

. 4^-_p! ^uiuij 4s>- « . *~wj»- 

V^j a^bdij «.mJi Jy_j ^Ij ^1 ^JL^ ;u^<J| of JLp jbJl ^aJb>v V 
•^ ^ Ji »/ Jl v^-'j * Ui Ji « 1 *- J| <J^"j 's-^ 1 (^ »>~»j ^i </ fcij- 

LioJl y> jxJlj ^JiJb S^^Jl t^AJl fc^l jb^l ^ ^l*JJj r^l ^1 J 13 

.ill V} <uLu ^ L. S^Vij 
.jjJl dAJi ^ikr Va*^J ctjLaJr^ & uXa* jy jJUJl oU CjJUJl oU^>- :L|_ui 
u%A SiJ IjljLi" Vj Lfjiy V ill jjuj 4ij 4i3 (j» ls-^LJI La-^>o i-io-j rL^j 

c5^^^Jl dl; ^y_, ^ |^ VI s^^iJl ^' ,J jii c f %.i c^ c > L.j cSL^ US 

-^V ^!r* j»-«-^ ^-1 J^? U-*- V_j c^-LJl C^J <^i J--a>^ t/!l iio-^l :L^j 
^_UiVl ^ (V~j j%-f^Jl^ ^j j^i* Jju 4^-_pi tiU" c-jj5 UKj c,^-^ j 4io iio-j 

.4**^ ^ Lto-jlv^ a\j3 A^Jb J^jj 41jj c4jjlilj ojJjj 4?^! ^j 4JLj xili l.»^>w«u" 
;<Up I^o04 jt 4jj^ ULU o-b»o VI ^»V 4?:-_^ 1» c<Up Oj_^»f ^~ju" : ^J 



fl ^t j, 4J Jj^ tf^fcll JJaP jaj \'j~i *y\ ja A Jj«. afcl ^ ^ Ot US cU&kj 
S^jk. Ljijsj cup sijJLw^ ^Ua-Jlj ^1 <-»b^ -V^ 1 -^ <J^ t!v_-^l <"&L.j tl^—P 

UiS_j ^Jis i^ojtJlj jji 4PlUl 0l» s_ r vflJ ^J-t JuiiaJlS <uUJ iW2*Jl iJk ^^a 

cytij N yj *£Jl<_Ji j^Sflj o^^lj ^jJi Jcftj^ i*V" cobjl lUiaJl c-iy 

(^jiJ f ^jyJl J» ^^JaJ J^>- JulJaJl sift (^ji'j to^>- j ( _ ? ^*j JiJl ^ils> g> £ j' 1 ur*^ 

,JL»-t IS sljJ <U» tStj*- _^-r«JJ 4s-_jJ< _jl*J J^»- 

^.jJl g> Jbjj US jJl OLJ tJb^j <uS^ Jx-^j j^*)l j>0JZ ^UJl 0t :L^j 

:0L»j)l lift j OjAil gill j-vLx-Ji j* j 

.U^fc jt 5*>UiJl iljJ - 

.UOjUJlj SlS))l ^Jji"- 

.}L~- 4J1 ^k^. ^ ^U ily - 

. Olj-lA^Jt JUjtl^lj Ol^-JJlj ^>w^Jl "-^j-^ — 

• ^f^* ^)^ J .) 'fji-^ <_r^*^ Jtj^SM fj\ z^3j>-\ ~ 

.4jj.j& \?.j Jl-ilsSfl \*>j — 

.j\sH\ JUjcl^Ij ^JiLl f^iSl SJLftUi^. - 

.4^-Ul o"5Ul 5f»j5 - 

.aL^aJlj ^iJi J*t 4^Ua^ - 



AV CX^i^ Oy^i 4jLpy> j ^IjjJl J Ju^> /jjVl J-xaiJl 

W U J : J^" <M ^1 ^Ua^Jl jJJ ill ^ jl Lip ^j t^j£ jOJi ^J>j 

diJij Cte^&^p A^%^\ 4\jJ oJ^jl 4^" £_ jjll (^J L_~v~f> t_jL~uf jtJkf JA 0\ 

4^.1 45jL^ fi\ cJlS jU t4Jjp~ jjJu L. JS Jaidb t^AJl jbljl k,\X^ JjJJl 01 
cJlf> lit oJj^j ^^XjJij c eJ_;^J-i ci'^Vl oXf> Jp L^l LiJ xiLip 4pI>«^< 4^£ 43jl>- 
Oj>J jtf> jlJaL- ^ L- Aill Jjjf L» oL 4jLLJ| oLwJl (_r^ oL-~j <Jwii" *Vl 
U^ JiJJl dSl i^j J-^lj AiULlj i_jj^J| Jlp JiJaJl Llj 43jJU ^J> 5JU- 4<ilS 
VrjJl 4srjj ^ L. 4jL* iiUa 4^JLj ey^Us <L£ <6jai cJlf> U-^j ill? ojLUio.! Olf> 
i_jUrl Jl <-J^^^, dii ^ 4jL* ^-L^Jl 4^-jJl £ ij^Jlj SjJilll JL>v (J Uj *JuJl 
(^ <jJa* ^ C^l fl-Jlj SlsaJl 4ip c^-VAl J_^j ci-U^j 4^l>^ i_JU- ^ ^jlJl 

.jJ-UiJlj ^UjVl «jr-"j ^.j-^ 1 J^L) f^^ 1 ^T^l «*'./ A*i ~ ^ 
.ll* jOl pj> ^yij A^Aks f^r^'j 4pUsj tU-(-*l^lj 4jOJ|j 4pIj» j JlP Jjj»j — Y 

.SL^Lilj JiuJ obbJlj £_UaJl 0^ itj-Jl *Uy ^ JiJaJl Jijb^ j! -r 
4^. jO^s lij L.I 4J*)U ^-^ij ^ fjk Of i_^-ljJli -L^> Jjoij JiJaJl j»li til - i 
ja Jii jji^Jl Cjill (JLp JiUJi jL^pI 0^ 4Jlyl J^ ejJi Ja>o ^ ^w 4-lp f}C» «^i JjJ 

.^*>L^I -^jJJ ( ^>tjJl ^lp Jj-«JJ C4j 4j'!^Ij <aL^Jh\ 

.^\ J ^ai\j APjI^Jl jjl t>Jj ^ j ^^ lij t JLi *)l> ^-soJlj Az?J\ Ju> Jjj«j -o 

.j^jJaJl y> x^iJl aJI !_->vj u^y^b J^ 1 (/ ajj^-l Jlp JiJaJl jj* -n 
t_-^Jlj ^^iJlj 4JL>L|j 45^15 ^vol*Jl <_jL$JjI ^ uiji>vj Jikil ji^o - A 



o?*-jJ\ ^y°~3 ^^yi ^}j^ j J ^ > /Jj^ 1 J-^ 1 aa 

.^ oli 4J-U0 ef^»l 41*^^ Ojij jf i_^>-I^Jli e^'f iJ^i <uip J^i L« J^>i t^Ua-j 

.jyT . . .A^wsUi 4J-U1JI 4jjJJ| bijji of ill JL.I 

ja *)Uaptj oUj^J i)j-W> ^j£j (. (OL^l ill liJL.jSf JlJj :4Jl~Jl ^f 

elft cOL«jVi j* jtj jf *-«fyl ^ 4-«f tif J 1 flfj^l 4-^p J-^>i ,J t« oLs-I^Jlj <ijiJ-l 

^jsio of t5» jJ-l J^ jJ-1 viJLt* yUl ,JLp y> U Jj, ^ ^1 oL^lj &yJA 

4^>\j} til) Oj^J Ofj JbV 4^-jkp Olj-~» ja jjjJl lift viJL) flUapf \j> ~<Uj*J> J* l^Ui 
^Jzpf Si jJUi-| jjjJi lift ot f b!l f- U^Vlj 4>w>I^Jl Ajjjl iLjJ Oj£i! «uJUj" J" 4i^jCU 

CjlJtiJlj cjLJL^JI f L^Jl jwisjy 4j f j-«j L» of illjiVl f L«j ^OjJJ l_Sj~j La /^j 
^-jjJk ^ £jiJJI iyi VI j> L« L+ijia- ot^Jl (. UapJ ^J «jP^ ^ V*>M ^ ^^ 

.f*>L^I Jk ja L^J afjjl £-s^ A5!>U V ajPi fljj 
^.^L. eU~l S-iljsr j£J J^LiJl jjjJl lift JJi J» O^^" ^J :f*>^-Vl j ^f 
c^Uiftlj 4jLp Ji^j oloVl J^J >rUi-| jjjJl lift pJUJ iJlpjJj ill. jLJ iiJi»_pv «jj~* 
^ f L-Jl ^ iJ^ jp oj-*Jl dJ^-^^i ^jJl lift JJi ,j» JJU Oj^j" ofj lV 
t^J-L^aJl iJL^Jl af^Jl! Oj-iwJl'Sjj-^Jl ujk*7 ill ^»ljfj t*JL»lj=ll JtA^ J-*J coUiwJl 
4i*)l J 1 jLt«Vl ^jjf 0l5^« J^ (^ ef^Jl! Jyij^u di^ji- j- o- _j di3}U-f _^ jj Js> ^j 

f- LjaJ^I 0*^" aJLxJI (J'jl^-Vl j^ _p<Jl lift tjs- Oyj^> <UJ ^-J '-V cjfj 

jJliiil fljj ,yL^j V_j «LJ-I ^jL^> Cry*^ W-^l j>Ui*j tij^ V 'ill J* jj^-f 



A«\ _ CK>rl^ ^J^3 *"W*V»J Z)i^ <j ■**«-* /JjVl J-AiJl 

j7 -> «L* Uj dLoii L. jj>\ C^s- j& J cjf vjj^ Jl ^a» <iULp iailjJl ^Jlixilj 

L^c* dJa»y V Sty.! ^f £Jdi' of -{OL,^Lj dilip ^1 jUt Jlij— ilbj <c *lLJj L^i^tj 
ofj jJ-l ,jip dJ^f dAo ^JLo kyl. c~£ UK dJjf CL'b ljA^Cj tjU jf 3-Lip *Ja,lj 

^Jl iJj^-j Cjf C4J (J ^ju ^JJi £-*^r! (j» £JLJ! 9jji t_iyu tilt _p«; -Us-'j ^J- 1 ^ ^^ 

^.^p-li J^j J*-*, y* L. J£ dJlii? Lj-J jJaXi 5^-jJL* c~Jl jx yi*>£ Of liJjliL*! <j» 
i/*^" ^ a* J^~J tci^^lj Jj'LsiiJt ja Jbwlj JLply J^ JU»-^I ^jj Of JLp 

<J» U*- 0j>3 Of i) wLpIj 4j".Uap ^ eJ-iPj «uo ^Ji ^i ^Jj Vi^y iji e ji^ J^ • JL *^ 
^ Jl^M J^ Of ^j colj- ll.i Jb-t ^ JJj V (^JJl 4Jil jji ^ dJiUjl ciljshjl 
^ iJl^l Jst-I ja dJilUpf ^ju ok o>^ L* J^t jyt^; cJfj dilL^ v^ ,Jb " 
l^yxi djiajj. *U.f tiUUt jj-l^ t_>j-^ 4jLfjJl J» d-Litj j2>^$ jJ Iff (v^*-i~j C-f-^y 

f>«i of dJJL. >>v V f cdJ^liLp jjP oblpj ^jj-^* J*? jyal) iJjliit ^ jl5^t 
UAj V^UJ (j-*-! (^ |^L~« Jib Ajy ^^Ip 4^%^! ^ ~4+~j>y jf J^> ^ ^^aaji- 

.i)jl».f 

U l£ Cj* ^- u V Ofj c^)l yljt siLV- Ojii J^ ^ »Vj l^a gr*^" ^^ J^^ .((*-»4J 
caJLoyl «ii ^.Uj 4^*>U- iUsrf Of c~-*-fj c I* LPjJ lyjt jJu JlJ-Jl \1a 



U?rjJ\ 6y&-j 4SLs-yj £}j^\ ij ^-^ /JjVl J-va-aJl- 



.^t UJ ill 4Plis -\ 
.^l^Jl ^p £^l -Y 

.Jj uJl 4jj Ailjij tJjiJt 4*UaJ -i 

.^•!)L1 AjJ^j JlilsVl 4-JjJ -© 

.4ipU»j Lpt-jj <L»JL>«j 4-Ji t-jjiJlj <0)t o^Lp — "\ 

•f'j^-^'j s-^ cjj 51 j 1 ^! -a 

/»jL>-« {y> <-JjXj V 5jLai«j 4^jAi« 15*-^ •'./*' <-£j^ "— ^' '^ , " <— ^*J^' (VJ 'le**** - ' jL»Jri 
-4J»Ls- -8jL>tP — ^Jl ^ ^jlp L|_prjj fj^ruj (.L^jJ i ls- CJjvJl f-*/* '^^ A c3}^>- Vl 
jli-l j~&- ^ bis- a^jJl t_Jjj S3jj.U» Ljlt ^Li! jjai J» af^.1; jJb IJlft J^j !! 4JUf 

'((J^" 1 j~*~ ^» : jLSi aJ| v-^j ^1 .k^j jJbU ^^ J Jj| i_^, oij 

^■UaJl ^ jftj^Atj J»^i«3 jftjj-iJ 0y\>£» ^^iij^ :JL«" ill J 15 

. [r i :*L-J»] 4'S^ 0* £l£ & <^i %»-• j?M ty^ *>^ (ticMkf 019 {jky.^s 

4*e-\j)a5\ ja 4Lu£ cJL^ L^P- ^^jCoj ^.^ AjoSjj *i JojCS Ot jA :?UaP Jlij .i_**>U-Ij 



^ ^ 0^3^ tiy^j ^^yj tr})j>\ <j J *t x> /<Jj^ ( J-v^i 



iT^ \ i jAjjj^p\jff cLjjwrUaj *>li If^t-Un y^ jl y* : J-abij ( _ 5r »-iJ) Jlij 

U« <d ill Oil Uj <b"lyl jjJiJ, J'isi jl ^jjUj c3^5UJt Ji. Ipl I^-Lp ^1 Jlij 

. 4oi4^ 'jV "W <ji-^ lT^- ^ H(*£*kf ^W :V^ oJu!> ci & '£'* 

.Jl*)! j^j-Lp ly>w$ *>b i^Lp ^1 Jlij 
4jfj p}j aa\J Ji 4jtyl J^Ji \pi lijj, : Ju g| il Jj^j jl :oj>^>^Jl J»j 
j>- 4&*AJl 1,ju*) Lj-JLp OL^aP jAj OLJ)) :JiiJ ^j .((^j-tf J^- 3io"AJl l,^ 

.((^"jUJi 1,ju*) \f?-jj jStlji Syria ot^Ji CJU lil)) ij^^i.^J! y> JiiJ y>j 
0l£ Vj aJp ^jIsS l^jj jily Syria SfyJl CJb li],, iC^I j^^wJl JiiJj 

Ji (^ es ^3 < 5 ^ (^ ^ JA V W» : f| ^ & 4& ^ <^j 

Ja^-LJl otyjlj Cft^Jbf ^ oOj £^aJ <Ulyo Jl «ry ^ jjj^fl x*5) :4i«^- *U_Jl 
^ ji Stjjl .up JLj U Jjt M : Jji || ^Jl ^w ^ ^\a». J 13 : tlr ~J-l ^j 
*}|l JaU. l^jjj fj-tf Of ofyjj J*y *i» : Jli 3^ ill Jj^-j jt :c~>jJ~! J>j 

• cSjUJl ix-jA c (( 4Jiy VJ 4~* ^ Oil? Vj (AJ^b 

AJJU^J J*2~ ry&i "Ai p jlal)l fj-'^' <j tiUij i_Jlp ^^ ^y^U- (^1 : J-»Li <£**} 

.«Upli?j 4A>- <_Jyr j Jjt V 

Jbjfc-J Ot otyjl oyS ^-S Jbti«o[ Ot ik-t lyT cu^ ji)) : ^g Jlij 

.(^j^»yj| 4>c>^s<9 C((\^^-JjJ 

<Uo Cjt jjif t^yajl)) : Jli* m ( ^uiJ Lp- j j o/i j j-^- ^ (>tf> i^p cJlij 

.^'LwJl Ass-j^f t ( (iJjUj dktfr 4Jls 
Jl ill yiy •jfjj : ^ ju J >iWj Ju : Jli U^p 4A)I ^j Jr ^> ^ ill -Up ^j 



.jJL^Ji 4^-^>-l ij^wj aili^l c <(<UP ,jJeu*3 *i ,-ftj l^jjJ j£*£3 *£ i\jfi\ 
. ((k£-l cJ>-i j^lj l^ S^rjjj ^^ *t^»l Ujtjj : Jtf <ct <|| <up tijjij 

J>v ^ c4ij>£ of U J>y ^i ^u; jt ^y^ ^ jip U j^j jt VI : t Ui*Jj Jli 
JjiJ c J~^J ,_^>- L^L>v V j c^UJtj j^J-l <Jb- y> L^ fciJJi ^Jiaj jt Cbjt J^U 
:^t c [y Y Y :SyL)l] 4^>ji-W J* a** J* ** J u^ 1 ^ * L ^ 1 »jJj=*$ : J^" -&» 

aillj ij.LJL jL-^p-l (^t c' j__ H Jaj tili" c^jJl t ^p «Jaii :"j__ H Jaj" ri^S ^1 Jli 

J jit Uj >£ tfi U>^ ^ Sf^l jt &ib- ^t ^, : jg ^Ji Jy ^ f oi- Uj 

Ji* ^-UJlj . a \AjtS J Sty I jt Oaib- jfi ja Oj*L»)) :^-^l ojJbL! ^ 
c^UJlj U ^J-I JU- ^ l^UJ *\J \i\ L^jj ^Jrf jt St^ J>y ^> cayvjVi J\ Ja^-S 
,j <-Jj*#S yd t £jjU 6jL^J\£ Ljlt tJyJ jt SfjJJ (^uiij cdUi IJlp UJ AjuJsJj 

*Jl £^*i ''■«*' ^ J ilALjjy L(Jlp _ / ?*ik V j t4iUiJl <_jL^t A^^fv Lp «ocuJ <>JbeL~» Oj^jj 

JyisJ (JuS :U c -lii t^J Jj«j U> j.Lu«a- ot^t liLi c4j^L)I cJL>o : ( jt*^Vl Jli 
«uJl^- aSi! cjxj <Uu UJ j— ^f <UJ cUIa L ^w.1 :cJlii •JlJL* JjU c^>0 J»_^J jt .iL-oLJ 

<t JjjJip 4iic»ti <_^Lut (JjJj '^IjJ (J^* 1 ^ 
Cy^- (j^^'jj' lJ^v iir*^" jJ tt-Jl jr ^*> L " :lj-^ -Oil ,-^j 4-iuU cJlij 

. Lj-j-t- J ^V>V Lj-^- J j iy*-^ l j*' jW*"' 7*~*a> /r^* St -J) cJlxJr 

Vr jj cjf c^ijt jt oiT b» ^Ji i 3 iji\ :M-i >t ^ ^jlj,, : % Jiij 

.(c^jJ Jf C4*t (ijit *J? : J>2sJ 4i£ ^ Vaj^ ^t-ia? ^p- 
cayV APliaJlj t^tlai l^ijsr ^y^j 'Lpfjj J^ f LJ"* f ( J 3 ^^ °Lr*^ ls^ V^VJ 



•W , - , -,-, o^jjJt &y*~5 ^^j^j td^J^ </ "***-* /Jj^ ( J-* 2 ^ 1 

C<loj «dl»j 4^ly J» 4^jP ^ «d A»yJ-l *Jyj (.Ju>y JCS- «uLp l^^ii ^^Pj C&rjj*- 
L^Jj (.•Gj^-v SjjjJI fijij t<— -JaJlj dl~Jl>j illj^Jb ^1 JL*1joj ~4>*S\J\ ^Jhj 

Xjj£ a±j> JJlDi i^jj ^jlitj ^Jla! C^ij c4-J«Jl 
:4^U!l ^jIJU- SJJuj ^Jj5 WlUl Sfjjl J-£3 
flU=.j v^'j Lf-^jj *P^J <&l ^-UaJ -L^ of JL*; ill ^ itflii-l st^JJ L5 ij i 

. «Mrt cJ** i^ ^ij ifr 3 j } cjL. 5fyi U,) : % ^Ji J^J 
Iji* CsPlJpfj clAj^ cu«U>j tl^^Ap- Sfj-Jt cJU? til)) :&A c^,jJ~\ j 3 

4^-j ^ C-J*l£ Sfyl Ujtj t^***^ t/^'j i£j")Ui!j 4)1 4J»! IfJjti \^jj Ci^flj s- 

&* jr-«^ **"^ 5 ^^» *jb -^jA? & **& c*M* Sfjjali :MH ^ jiljAjl gjty 
c<UP IflLJ ciL*«f j-^p- Dlj c«dUj ^^jjj ciaay l^ cjlp 01 ts.L*- OlS l^jj 
(hfajjj l*i*Jljt ^ 1,^ c-~*-*J c jUw? i*j|jt Uj tjjfj j l^ OU ofyl :*»tjilj 

. ijitj.^ Oi Ajm^- rjys *jj (Cf-yi c^«^-ij 
ilyfc tf t- ^jj J^ OUJJl 4JJJU Sty 15 :^UJl ^ jUJl ^ ^Ijlj! ^jVl Utj 

j4 ajj*La cj\£ Ijjtj j Oil jJb \^ut ja 2>£»j li*fl!« oJLp cJt£ lij otjjii 



Jyrj^\ <5ye~j *\^S) z}3^ <j • x ^ i /<Jj^ J-*^' ^ * 

^a d-dL* jli cL^-jLj (yLJl (jiij i^^rj^-j c*J~*>0>j c~L»^>ij LpLo j***' <-l~ -~J £J^~' 
. (( Olk-iJl ^ij-la-.! Cjtj>- lili Sj^p Sfjjl)) : 3H ^Jl Jli 1-Uj 

SjjP ot^Jl)) :Cajt CjJlA-1 J»j cL^ J» cJl£ b« ill j* flfjJl Jj^J U (Japfj 

^Ay jit ilfJUht Ut Jli J^ttl J! C^-y- »il Stjjl 019 tOjJl ^ \Aj~-r\3 

V of :cJii ^of^JJ ^ L. ti*l?ii \j :i^s- ill ^j i*i?ii 4>-jjJ 4^> (i*- Ji* 
^Jb-t il^a 'tojjbv; VI cjj^^j Vt :Jji 4|fe> ^ olSj tb* Jje ^j JU-> ^" 

*\ ^j1 J^-Jl» c^j^^JL?:- JH| ^Jl JLp I^jj L»^_iP <tflt is-^j ^s«ia>-j <JiJlp cJL^j 

^ LS ^pt jjk ^t till J_^j b :b!iii (( Ai» t^c^-l)) : m yJl Jlii ^j^pt jl£j f js^ 

c5_/" ^ jt flt^JJ L. j^- oi :L(_^ ill ^j JUlsli Jy ^ ^J^j" Li^ t JU-^Jl ^a L^J^ 
U« o_p«Jj ^U> JarVj Lpj^j LyJ^lj fljljjJ ^Jj^ o^^^l jUi .L^Jji Vj JU-^I 
^iiiJj tl-(^ S-*^ (i* ^"-^J ii>JL« ^y 4^j-i« j*& L^-JJ Jib r-j? 1 !^ t4JL« Li Xt^i 

^ij ij^i tjlij <_-»Lo J» Jg Jjl (JLp c->^p Jij fLuJl J 1 LfJLaf ^yiM l»~\ji oJUJ 
^. cJL^ L^Li tjUl J\ JU- iJl oli l^ \jl^" :Jl3j tL^p ill ^jfe tL^oi-i^J 

L<_p ill ^j i^Uj Ut H ^J» JLp cJL^i : 4ife> ^^ ^ J! ^ JL»J 

: Jli ^liof ggJJl L. til Jj~.j b ^fj ^t *ilJL» :<) cJLJi tll.JLA flio ( ^ A aUOprjj 

C«Ci tt-JlJbJl ^'jjb jjJLw ^t jj» frLJ CjJj frU-Jl J) ^ t^j— *t aJLJ t^ bj) 



tjU?" OJj b^Jjj jij^ij^J ^-«''J St^jjai Cotjj 4\^-J>Ui iiLbu Sijjol Cotjj tl^5*s*U 
IfJ ja J^-UJ j\Jij t-JL^Jl 3 jj^<? l? Lp atjjoi Cotjj t*_jlJb«5t j* OjJ ciH ciH \f-lp 

(Ji>- f^J* JU^t jl£ l« tjj^ o^j tgxf tcJUj L^ip iiil (O^j 3-^Li c-^Ui 
■ Jaiu ^ CJ\£ b^lJ (USyt^j iiUJl Ut t 4-u b)) : *|| J Hi ?<_jIJl*)1 ^^Jlp £^j 
iabvjl Utj tb^-jj cpjJ CJ\£ b^lJ tljlUij iJLbu CJl£ j£\ Utj t Jbr^jl j-s UsyiA 
J\ \JbtJjj I^jOJ Jl Us*Arj CJ*LS» ^1 Utj cL^jj j5»t^i X~JSJ CJ\£ \^IJ t^-jJUS* 
jiaJ-'j 3jL£-I j^ 1(1Jj u&S ^ CJ\£ b^lJ «_Jjl2«!lj ObJ-l Lj-Ip Jaiw 03j t^i^b 
.<bU£ <Lol»j CJ\£ \^1V3 jU?" OJj \fJjj XT'" t/'b V*^J i/^ ^J .S^Laib ££j^ju«Jj 
4jL« CJ\£ IjilJ <.\Aji* j* ^j^J W t>° lH"* 13 J^'J <-i£)t Sjj*? (^Lp ^1 b»fj 

. ((^srjj irHfi^ o\jfi*i Jjjil <Lj bj cfliL*^- 
UxJl ^ L^ j j 1\ja \ ^i jj , 5l )) : H| <&l J^j Jli : Jli 4*> J^ ^ il~ ^j 
Of diAji tjj^-i iiJLP ys UjIJ cd»l dJULrtS <uijj V :o^' jj^ 1 t^'^rjj *^ *^! 

. ((\Jldl3jLii 

. \\ \ \f.\^\ \iJjjKti\j jAjj^ilPj^ Ijjbo" ^)l JjiJ ^LJrl 5^-ijJlj Oj^iUlj 

^^J t^-LP Ol^p ^.IJ tl^> s.L*Jb lj^?^s-ilj Vf)) : 3^ (^1 Jj^J 
^ jAjj^ft^ ^ O^j iu-» JLlfUt jgJU. Ot *^l cdUi ^p Lj^» j^ 0_^lU» 
(^3 0) *j!f t*A«-- j^JIp lyu *Ai (.ily^f 0^9 1^-» ^p b^* ja^j-^'j ^rWaJ» 
jfj-^ ^ j^\ \y~j* Ot ,^Up (>r S s *i c4- j^sIp j^SV-Jj bW (^JLJ J* 
jj l^jjaj ^ bib Vj cOys^J ^ ^^i ^ji *i Of j;^ j^b-j ^^^uJpj 

.^Vl j^i ^ c^» u^^ ^ st^ji 3p, 

. (( 4lA^I ^j-^ (^^>)) : % Jljj 
.fL-Jb <_iJalJl -b-LA ^ <U)I Jj^-j jl^_j t(( 4iftb j^flkJt ^$>jf"y) '-tyjj j} 



Oa*-jj!l (iji^j ^Vyj ^ijjJi J» J-t-a /JjVl J*aiJl ^1 

u > r^ 1 Cr 8 ^ °^ ^y 1 ^ *>- ^ jr* Jrj W,, : $g Jii, 

^ Al lA\]apt l^jj ^f-i.y^Js. Cij^ »\jA\ Ujtj C «U^ Js> ^ ojjJ Ja*f 

j?>\ y>j c«U)'>L^_5 ajjj* ^. y^ <Jb>- ijla jl£ jj :<JUj cbVlj J*-^! <_>^i;ii 

. VJb>- <-J4>j C(J>i^JaJ| 

_^»t b : Jlai "y^-j b dl^-b>- b> : Jlij lobbi 4jL ^ C)_^ n~\j j*& rj^ 

• y^ sJ»s^J '^^jj f l£^J^1 jj^t <Jb>- (Jla jl£ li] :c~L5_5 c-**-y 

.viJJJLl L^JUjs-t bti 
•i/^JJ *i^-^J cjj^jJl ^«t b : J^Jl Jlii 
.Sj-^-j S.L« ^j* LiLi ^^-t b LjJ^p-U \f>£- <JL5 




ttll^J-ail 






'>■ 



c<b-j j <&! ^03 A-aj j» .U>-f ^%m^\ ^Jt ciOl*!l pl\j&\ f\Ay\ £s-£Jl Ji-t • 

^<L»j^«*»Jl ,t~Jj| ?\f-»> £* (♦-(—*' *|W cT 4 *^ 

ofyl ^bft Jl ^f jlaJ % : Jli |g ^Ji oL* ItSj-z jt C jja jf :l^ 

.j-ioJl (jLiwajj co_j-t_*iJ\ j^iii U* IJLftj .«1^jw U Ji» lyw Uj\3 $<dftf OLli 
dj&j -j>^\ c-5j f-^aJlj tflpjJlj t^-w^-l oljJUaJl (JLp f jUj jf :^Uil 
^jIp j-JLd c-1 oji5)l iwiio U)) :4J_^i flpjJl ^ ^r^Jj .p j-^j v^* j^*^^ OUtf 
fLpjJl ^of ju> 4iU .((iiiJ^tj 4Pli?j dbeli? ^1 ,-15 <-3j-^ ojlSJl (J^^a U tdbi 
«*j( *Lta*iJlj j.j-Jl <up <Jj^aJ dUi£f lJUo Jli IS cdJJi jp 4-13 (-i^ is £^-^j 

:[Yt:<jL-ji] (or^iAJt U^U'j* 
>-•— j ^ o-s>v c4j a-^v o^i f- Uj^-^Ij j^*^! !jl» j^^> Q& a*-j jt :dJl&il 
J» jJS/l (Juwa ^SoJl J5 jj>j tfLb- JbJl jU i^f Vj Ojp ,JLp <d ^L ^J 'j^- ^ 

I( Jpt 4AJlj . Jljs-ty j-. <d iJL>i L* fJUa-Jj 'jj-*^ 1 9^-* J*A^ 

4J* V lUi lk-f JLo ^ Of ill JLA^P .Oj <«Qp _jAi V l» otjjl ^» cil&u Of <3l>y 

^lias-il j^ oLJJl j-Ijw b)) : Jli -Ot 3H ^Jl jp ^^^wiil (j» c-J JL» :obrV3 

4J 4J19 c^j-tfib A-L»d ^ar>...j (J j^j '^^ J-^J 'j^^ j^f ^^ '^Ji 2 ^ ** , ^ ( (*^ 



£-l£Jli jl*x> L»-i i^J ^1 f*5L-V( «^ t^jl^> /(i'Lito J-^ 1 



• O^y ^ ^u? 1 ^ C 1 ^ ^"^ £ IjPjb" U.|j ^tUi jc^< J^- 4-jVl ^ (t-ft^j (*+-* 
■Ortlj^t i£*k-l J 1 -JUo-Tj dilL. (]j2£ cji?b «Gt :W*-t 

Jljoi Uidl jC^ ki-UJ Oj : Jl5 4Uajf j>j ,4-k^-l jjij cJliJl ^jIp (»JLi' L. jjs f^sM jf 
^i* ^Ui t> £jU oij caIj-tjj i) ^U ^JJi Jpli jf J ^ £}? V} .JjV» 

?*!{ ft ^diii j^?v JtJ : W* J^i >»J cVfAP- 

4*0^ ^i 4jjI*Ji Js*I~j dUi J*» jaj ^J'jUalt JJLP ^ cJl£ til tJ4& .QfrJL~Jt 

a! 4JU* il(-> gij^l ^p jsrjij cl*-^- 4jjJ23h,_Jtj t_Jslil-t i SLxJ tt^AJi ^p Alli»!j 

.|JLpI aJJIj .6.i.,rf~* ijaLJGi 

"ft^ieri^ Df if J* cijf tit ^m 
ta* t^tj; ^^dt jt^- ^ iln. ut^ Olj i&A j*^ 4 j&f) Cvrj JtAWt ji£ 

.4-Pj r-l^i O-^jjJ -li cJlS !ij 



^li^i Oj^j Jaj .^*JJi ^ |J.U.fj (H-*^ ^^ :**!* dUtj i*iii J*i ja hy* 4-j»0j 
.U^J>j juJj dJU <_j&JL. ^ : 6 LJbJLS oMy aJ ttL,tf jt lk;*w ^Ult 
c4$\^ OU*j t«U* ol^j c v*-t af^t ^ JjS-Oi J^r j ^p :<&t «u»"j Ju»j • 

Vi ^ ?dJUi ai J*y Ja 

«Vs^ t3H C&~* Sjj » *^J £ -<-~u J& dlUf Jrj ,jP r^UJ <&! <U?-j Ji-»j • 

oaJU sU^* Of a^ J^v V <4» j^ 1 S<»Vl£ U^L& 4-11 ja <d\ ^jj Styt s-^ 
O^i ?SoJt cJUsj LUU <lu tj^aJj cOi*li f Jjfcjl il^Sf^ lj-V*t> t^l >>^j j-A* *M 
jf Uj?wj ^u5i Ja ^Ult Ji*Jl j£)j t<^jj *)L -ulft ^ji»lt djip^j €*j£- tjJUi sVj* 

. Jj^« J! vj 

.^>w> ^lisJl df ZtjtViitj 

**a^» «^»i «Otaij Uij «U^I 4asrj j jUs» J^rj £* : j\«l i>l 4*?-^ Ji-»j • 

d* J^' u t^^ 1 J^^ 1 ^ J*V (V :a r^i VAj^i^ ccfcu* «^» 4ajrf ^ ^jjJt X* 

df J^-jii tr< U toUsr-Vt jfl- *i^ ij^jll ^ 4-^-f ^ uStf UWt : v^ 



^» aJ\ Ja^i V L» ,Ji LjJ} Jiii jl 4J ^r-Jj t2Lj^-Vlj _^K> <^ ^ (_r^ ^ '*-H J-^ 

.*>L^>I j»^o- L^Jlp 4) ^r^Jj t^lscVl 

Lfjaxj jl jj>V V_) c«tJi £f*-J_} 4-«U2j /C a^ £-} jJ jl ( _ s ip Lj-^lji jl <d Jj^-j ^ j 

(jUJlj L>u_/v» oJoJi J» l^Ja>v jl J jy\ liJ> j^o J Ij*>\j t^ill? jl L^rjj ^L» >c jv»i^Jl 

eJip f jju jl el^j . [xroiS^Jl] \l^-i jA^PljS *i q&j j^j^JL-p ^f ill j*Ip j^LjJjI 
oJLpIj^JI eJLa jP eljl. 05 jl£ iili ce-UJl (^aio" ^a- :^l .4^-1 t_jL£jl *JLj j^- r-l£jl 
:Jlxj Lj^-jjzi J (U-^Jl j^ lil i_Ju£i !"i !_(-*- jj ^»w2P J» cJl£ lij (_Ju£i oJl«J\ J» fj*)tj 
: Li $Sys> tjjj^JL^Jl (jLijlj j»lj5- iJLjJ tJLplj^Jl Ljj r- Jjj cLaljaj jC 4srj_^o jl ( ^1p JLpIjj 
jl o^^p ^ oUi*^ aJo^ t^j^SS jl <J» Ij^jLa Ji .^ '. L5 jl tji^l r-Lx! t^sj 4jJ 

.j j>tj V Ail 1j*>\j 4Jiljl* 4^12^ jl O^Ju <brjjl* 

.^*jV( JliJlj flj^'yij W^ 1 J* ^>a*^l <J>*^~1 tiUi J** j-«j 
.La^j -U>f_j ^jJLiJl dJJi ^^ip ^^ai 05j ! V^^jJaJi <Ju^J tXj&Jb j£j JL> 



oiLPj ill jru ^\ oL-tSfl J : J^fli 
4-kj-SJlj t 4-Pj-*Jt 2L-i3»j iijSl^l :aUdt £roj 

Lpia JJbs-j OJL^-Ij j^piJ j» p£j&t- (JJ>i\ p£jj \ji3\ ^Ul Ljjf bf :JLkJ ill J 15 
f£jp 0l£ ill 01 fb-j*iJ1j 4j Ojkl-J ^JUl Aiil Ijirt j frLJj l^i£ Wj Uf* duj lyrjj 

ijiljP : Jl5 f t £&&\£ r^^iJl i^Xlt ^j c5a^_pi^ ra-pyuJi ^jJb^Jl ^L^Vl ^ 

djif-LS" :i_aLJ| ja jij^JuliS jj> ii*li» Jli .[yv:S>Ji] \fl*-jSlj <*j 0^*.l-J ^Jltl ill 
jt £^Jl Oip ^JilxzJl j^ O^lj J£ oV iljJli U^ yfcj .DjJLjIxjj c4j l)jJL»L*j" % 
(»-L»j Ll&j .£-Jl *JL~j" i_iiaj iJLft :4jjJLL< j^\ Jt*-J dili ^P jf 4j-vAI jl r-li^Jl 

t( oT ^ ay ^1 sjW-Vi ^ lu :\\*-Jl\"j "ij+Jl'j ^f^'j^ : J 13 f 

%,i*h Mj Ml ^i* J &j**j£ ^F :*Jy J^ J» '-&>\y J L- <-* & £fr iJLAj "^j^l" 

S^iJl Jjt <j> JbJ Jlij .JlijJlj cO^jJl :i.JJlj .f>-J\j c^ijiJl :jVii .[t«:^i] 

JUj .[^V:;^] ^J-^jjOf 4j ill j^f U Dj*kij 43U-o Ojw j^ ill JL^P Oj-iaiu ,ji«iJlp 

Xf-J\] ^J-^jj Of «u ill yS U OjL^t jiAJlj Jlijjl 0j-4ia Mj ill J^ Ojdjj jjOJljp 

•^J-^Ji ^^ <*J ill j^f U Oj*kij 43I5-* Ojw j^ ill JL^P bj^JU jt,Jd\jP : ^Jy Ji . [y • 

j^XJj l_^2Jl^ :<dy (j»4^JL> iJLij cU^Jlp ^JLLtj .0>*^-l </ J^-l-3 ill J>- 0^ UpIj 

ayj ^ c5^)l '— -."■"-lli .<iy} y -ul^-j '^dj^^ J^-j -V^l (i^ 1 " ^1 ^^* ^j^&il^ t^*^l 
jC cLa^p ^ <oU «dj cU^-l* 4JiU L»l oU c^jjVi > ^ <-i!Ai>*j t^lJl c _ ? aJLjL( y& ail 

0^5 iiil-ui cci-UjLJ A^LuJl ( Jaju <UJ /ri^iVl (3="- L«j1_) cOiL&j e^^Uj ^jljj «j_^va^j 
ill IjXPtjjP :-dy J»j .[^ i:OUi!] ^djJ^Sjij J £j*\ Off :-dy j aj^ ji^Sfl ,>>■ 

111 ij'M* ^ °^J tr^jF :^y j) .[rn:*L-Ji] ^\Ju?-l jiaJl^bj iLs. 4 IjSj-sj Mj 



^I^JIj jLo UJ 4-aJT ^1 ^OL-Vl «^ c5jb* /j^l J-^' ^ ' * 

yiS), :<dyj tt^^Jl y> oU-^f «y& % aJw _jAj <uf j-P Jl ^31 j*» :^^ai\ 
jP IjJ>jJ Of ^ 1y& 0^ ,*&bT jP Ij-py %> '.Aijij . (( ja Olj u«J j* f^J j* iib 

j*i .-m! j* li c.Saftj *^jJ< cJil? 1 cj*»-jJl bf» :i)t JU US cIJljj J-^s Of *±JUj 2blp 
ji^ L)» : JUj .((j-P-^Jl j* *m;vSi f)\) : |jj| Jtfj .«*» lydaS j*j c«uU>j t^j 
<dy j JJ Jtfj . (( 3«.h5ll j* db .b'bJl flio IJLa :cJliJ j*>-J\ J&* CJLU? ,%^-^Jl ill 
Lu 01 :iJL^ Oly ^ ^ jA-aH Jj^ "V> "JV 1 " $ -^1 1>*> ^ ^J* $ 

J)j£\ j»j c^OL-Vl J^p IJLft o^i till Jj—j I^U^- Of bl^ij ill VI 4J1 V Of ibLj-A j 

.Ljl*^fj L(-*pfj UO^jfj i^l 

:Jbtf ill <w*-_j *-»-? ^i ^}L*)M jj-Si JlS 

^j cbbr-^fj c^jsi'LaJlj <_»jU2jl-i ^ytS lib^^af ^« (%-f-i>lj ^»j cJL»b- ^lj c ( jJLiJl 
avJaiDl ui-^ cS_^" L. :I_^L5 ^f "dlSI-Ua dii^ J*^"j "dJii^f" -1") ^ V} eJbu 

^waj L« (_J*>Uv cl^-ip ^<-Jtj ^ iJlj cUp eiL^-iJl ^Jl "ojCaa <&***> OV c4jUS>JIj 
J*?V j* («-<-^j ctiUi 4i»^9 (^ Js^iJ V Sil^iJl OL* c^j jipj o*Al» ^» c4jL^JL 
LjL>«-^f £y> <jyJL; VI 4><j^Maj V ^y i]j* (Jlaj ccjIjL*J| cj_^j {j> <l± Lj cli-jJ tiili 

^Jjf Ji*Jl (j» 4J^p Jj*Li>- ^ -fe»LaJt ^ Jj ciL^ ^JlA i£y* L. Of (JLj V : JjS' 
cJL2*JL ^l^ " *J%.^|" JaiJj i AiJlj ^1 ox &s±* JailJl iJLft 0^ "c^5jf" Jii) ^ 
V+X^JL.T" :(jj>h>^J| J» US cJLiJl VI .Jli^i JLp o^i klJULif :JftiJl Jl3 lij ^ V 
.ywJlj jf JkiUlj Ai\jJ\ cJlS f l_^, "oTjill ^ d\~ L. ^Lp 



JiUH ^ JsuiUl l^ jy !•>! Jj cliik. 4j! Jl yat ^L&l jl pJLj ^ Uf :^lill 
:4jLl^JLj Jicj <*Jl "<_i5jJl" J» IjJli Li> .4>V/*? cJl£ JLiiJl fliU-f ^ j^iU- jf £ij*a}\ 
cJj" : jLii "ifJc^JUf" : J 15 lili .*iU- jf JaiJ l^ oj lil .oJbtj o~«^>-j cJX^ 
j-« <i 4S1I _^.f L» { Js- IjJc&Uf" jf "cJLi" :JUi "iscjj tf^J^japf" jf "gijjJl l«i* 
L» ^liU-Vlj JiLaJVl j-« Ljj Oy -Lai :dJJi j^Jj "oL~>-Ij £j,j<~j jf i_ijy<^ i)lw«l 

jt Lji^Ju :4zt\ J» JU lil dJU c^uJl ow «>■» Jl dJUi 5iU»J of :dJVs!l 

.illjiiVlj JU^I ^ J^li cdJJi _pOj cL<-^jj jt cL^i^kpf 

L»Jj c3^-'j M '.^fi-jj^UA LjjLj c4«rjl J» (blj-dJl. ,%-f-lp ^ji^ 4 t«i* of :£!^ 
oL» cijJUjl yU>_) x^i JLp <bl(_dJtj_} c Jy JLp 4«rjl *>w» J» Jsyi ^j t^>tX^v» 

. o^uL> 3jL\£ jt (.pjj^ij JuUJi ol£ ftj-*-" I Si)-?* f- « -i^» <iJ-!i 

SjjV c^f J^ p£\J-\ J-^ LfJ c— ij .JlixJi Jlp «^ s^ 1 -^* of ^(j^^l 

.8j_ ir wi L> Jlp ij^JtJ! ^-io_j cluoly* jz>~Jii L*^5Uj /jJiibJl of :,j«OL«jI 
c£jjj ^ y^UaJ) ^ *>v^ cJl£ JU-l jMj l^ o>t lil Ujl* i|LSUi of :^Ljl 

yh ttiJ^oJlj t<ui i^jU-Jlj C^rf-dl _£*) C^LksM /CJLSjj L if^ p 1*£>-I ijf fjb*J 
f^j&i V ( _ r i*- JUUl! f .^^i JJi Jl ^L>vJ JUcJl L»fj c^LSull Siljl ^ ^luLJ t^liull 
V yl5Ul jj, ^oi Li j c>L^Jl ^ j^" Jj coUj^l U^i JsyAi ^ ^ ^U)SfL X^dl V 

. Jlpf 41tj .<U» XjJ 

Jjs :iJ«y9 Sf^t ^^ JjJ ^ C»i J^j J*rj ^ : Juj ^iti <u?-j Jju-j • 
^liull J_^S ^» J^jJl oL» t^lji Lj-i *JL~J( oJLa .o^LxJl <_jj ^ jui-l :o\jrls 

ILmsj jf L'jjtfi jt of^l J^j jli .4i*Jrl ,j <CwjIJ ^l^ull <djj 4> jw*i (j^* Oj^J jf Jj^ 
«U» «-rfy V j t<u) j oi^> ^LxJl J jj «U» rt*<aj j*a J^^' ^^ ^i O^J C J^ (^ J*** ^rt* 1 

jf t«ju- oil !A) ^liull JjJ ij iOlp J5jj of Ji. dJUi ^» J^y :^Jj oM ojJb Jj-ill 
«ui li^i t<Jj oil OjJj \ f j^j> l £+*0 A^ji jf '^Jj oil OjJj <u!p \*jy&£- L(-^ J^ji 
^» ^J coil jJu {~\£J\ J_^S <Ua £wsj OlS olj .o^jPj t-Ju^f U>i^ (^ ^LJjJJ oVj5 



r&JL jbci l»_i "a^aJ qj\ ^OL-^I j^Ji ijj\si /j>liJl Ava-iil ^ « ^ 

Lj-^-jjj 4J j_pv ^ /^ 4^Vl 7-LxJ J* A^jj of Li* :<iJ *JLJ j_pv V 4iJL«il ojj^ai\ 

co^j wLo-t i_~fti^> J» oVy Lj-uii jvL^ ja l<-*-jj lil ^>Jj O^ i/*^ a* W-^JJ ^J 
Gj 4±j£j .4J-.L ^U-l Vi L^jji "il : JJj ill*-* J^ji J, cj^v ^ : JJj . jj*v : J^ 

Ob kijS- J dJUl J»*>bS> *ULJl JLi'L J-S^ V C£JjU J**** £^ 1/ liljLjl 
cJSj^JL j^Latf Aid! <3jii>- of La^^xPj Ju»-tj ^JLiJl (w-^JL»i :dJdi ij !_*pjLj j L^-id! 
.dJJi <j oJL>v 3jLi»- _^fj .j?v J J&- tSf* tj C»i *1~~» J^j jJi :<d (U2^v dJUlj 
^jjjj* J» <d£y 4J^ (jr*-^ 1 J^p if^-Lw^JJ J^jJt j-*j '£.Jj^ J-** 2 ^ '■-J-^ 1 olf> lilj 
jj>*> ^ jL^ jjj c J^j-JJ Lp-L^J J^J J» <u£y jj>v 4JLi cUb-t£ cL^jLsi ^y^ jf^J) 

c^lwJl ^jjj 4] j_^ V o\£ oij tjJL-w* £_i& J» JSy IS] ^.JJl dUJiS 'Lp^jj'" *! 
.obL*Jl ^^ <U --l£dl oVj c£j>Jl ^ 4J U cdJLJi J*i ^ of J^Vl j& 
LiKi jJl^. *]%.] j^i ^" ijL^l J» f U- Jij "jbt-l~Jl j oJUp" <_j*ju«jj 
.Xiu jf «^J JU»-T i_J&Ju> J» 0$y& A>-f J* 1 st-j 1-iAj ."iil (U^- c^ L^si* JL(_>S. 

diJi ^-. ^Jaj V. ^Jj c^L-* ^l5LJ l!)_p jiliUl o^j of £& ^ dUJL^ OL^ lijj 
^ _^ i_r^J t^L5Dl <u« «^jj yliUlj t^j-i JJ-s 4j*>U2j ^^Ip ^^J <tJLi cjislj JiiJ! of 

.JLpf illj .oliLwJi Ja! 

ja ji^L^Jl jUIp ^U^- Jj5 J» of^j! oy ctc^s^ ^yaj^Jl £-L& :obr-L3 

cl^jt A«p ^ ^oj^rjji c^jiJi Oji ^j tCwj 4J J^rj j* <u»i «u^-j Ji-.j • 

£-Ai J^j U_p-f Lib 1 - Of tjJL^j c^ ybj ^y \jb\jt Of iy*rj C(Jj Lii j^j Jj 

AaLJ. j^i oU LaLf jfj La^-f Lib^- of JL(_A j^j .oi-X>v of s-^j .La^j Jus-fj 



^ < V ^LSDl. jLcj UJ ijA-J ^1 f*)L^I £?£> c£jLi /^Liil J^ai-ll 

J» <_J Vl tf-=r j jJ jf jj^Vj '^r<-*^ W^* ^ J^ 1 - 3 <^ J b -iJL^-' X/*i_J '■tj.j*' S-^V 'jjj 

Oj-pj £\£J\ ^ lfj J^j j t £Jj of Ufc of^ol ^p : Jbtf ill <w*-j Jjl-j • 
Uj*C?t) Ujjj Uilk* \J> Oi C^Pilj tlj_jf («-->(j ^-»*>i CJj*£j ij^JiS\ 3 C-aJLJ <.j&\y 
j? diii j^U- \^.h£ ij^^Jl C~s& clAj^f Ajf O^ij cC-arf *Asrj Oj-A?-fj £\£Jt 
jjj*J c-j*j Jjsj ?dlte ^ jj*j J^ :*&-' cr^ 5 ^ ^^ ^J "^^ ^ Ji-^ 
jj^uJl jfi£*j Jaj ?^£i Uj ij^^Jl lJ^P l£^!j cVA^t Ajf ^il c£*U'j 'lEV*^ 1 

.lL~^ li-Ui jl£ ol^ ^Vl Jj ^jjf ^} '^ 0^" JJ^" "^ JU ^" 1 ^M* 

Olio COU^I j-« £jjif ^ J^JLi! b} Jjuill y> y.jdl j^J i_jlL2ii-l j) y>S- b\$ lS 
Ji LS ^3JJ *k£ CjJ^dl .JjjL :4jL« cJliJl yjj CAjL« ^U)l (j»j cAj'U JjVl fjJt J» jj*i 

j* (Jlftj il&L^-f O-aJU^Mj .L(_jf ^p ^1 c^sol Ji ui-ft of dilij .^UapVt <j<2*j ^l—j 

jJ- Jy jf 4-jf ^ J! ^ii ^ : Jii 4jf H; ^i ^ ^^Ji y> cJ ^ cyu&i 

c~J A3 J, '. (( 1I-IP II j li^ <uo ail! Jjj M t(jrvx»srf ^/UJtj AXj^Jlj ^ll i»] 4-Ui AJi_^ 
hir\S <uf j-P jjl ^ii £*» : Jji ^ ^jJl L**- L^.f »J^j ,j\j Jlx^ ^ £^ai\ j 

: J>i ^f ^ ,^J» jp cji ^f ^ ^^\ j dJJi ^ ^f y» ^ <i~?j . i( f\jr *J* 

Wj tLw cr^ ^ tr^ u t/" 51 u^-J j^ ^1 (^*- J^J ^ -«* JJ ^ i! cr* ^ trs 5 )) 
iJLftj . (( 4-1p jb- ^1 dJUJl^^^Jj t^i» j-Ip :Jl3 jf ji^Jb *A*rj ^j j^j tjUl ^ a^*A« 

^ ^^ju f.\Jd&\ dJJi J-x-ij j-« 0_jjJ*j 'J^ iJj ji*i r-liv-J) :OjJj-«i ^U-UJl jj-(-«=r oL* 
^^JLj dJJi ij Jk-J— t Oj>»^j j^_l« Sijlis Jj tu^Pj ^yJLiJl i_~aJb« iJLftj c4el> i-jljajl-l 

r jjJl i—JLxJj cLjJiisj Lpr-jj OL^ Ajf (^y>jJl dJJ-i^j ^r-J^> lj^ LvJjf S-^^j 

OjJLw ^. OjiytJt L»fj .oftjJt jjJL» { Js- i—JLxj .Lft_p-f 4jf ^il c£-U! iUi^j .Uajf 



£-l£JI> jLci UJ a-^-J ^1 {%*»^\ jtjJi iSj^i l,j\d\ J-aaJ| ^ . A 

tj* ■/*■*■ u* J-** ^ C< H^"J ^j*»j Jij^ 1 «JUkLi jt ( JLp Ij-aJ »*i g.V- ( . 5,aU ol* i*Vj> \j^ 

4jb «uSjj jl5 4ifj .^JlSUL A^>rj i\j^ J)\ SjLi} .*+*■} ij—i Ot£ 4jt «?§£> <_jlJaiL| 

•JjJ 
5 sj tlr* ^ji^J <-— «*s^lj /»-jI>-I °jj*i (if c#»->L>-V^ (j^H? /r*^ f^J* jij^J 
j* jJ& iUJ L-i ^^ ^jJl JlJ-l eJlA Ji. ^» liUS ^ye^j tcUJi jJLc (jij^Lilt JJ*^ 
oj jJo pU j&J\ \j\j lij ^Ul 0I» : Jli jg yjJl jy» tS^ jj^Jl Sil+Aj i^LJl 

. Jlp! iltj . (( 4io oliu ill *?*» ^ <^J^ 

jjjjy Ja :£,l£Ji JLp £jl,Jl j£jl 4&4V 4^1 jUrl jp Jto <&l <u*-j Ji-»j • 
La : JIj^^i oVy 4-«i :^l5LJl JLp JuJUl ^l ^ v>Vl jU-1 L.tj :o\*-ti 
^jjLl jLt^l y>j ,y<iLtJlj ciiJL- t-^JL* y> US t*JUl j^Jl ^*?v -^ :UW#-f 

jt ^ejLxJl jA Ja 'jl^-^i Js>L«" (^ OjPjLwo jj-UJlj .vIj-aJI jA J^iJl iJLfcj c _/&»*■ 
jt ^y>^ai\j <.t>jJ>} -L>t l^Ju ^ Jl^Sf huj jJLp VU^jl* J£ _jt ^L^P^ust jf ?j«-a1I 

J-ii .«y>ts«J ja»- i»«sJl »)|j lOita-J ^ ^1 ^J %> : Jli *tf ^ ^Jl jP ^^waJl 
.( ( u^f l^iL^j j^Jl)) ;^»w2J! (j» JiiJ j^j . (( lfU»* l^ij)) : Jui t { - ! >^ M j j^Jl ol :<J 
ctlULt £j«* m } nj^ } vVi JjLi lift j ."asfe-j (j^- j^L; V" : ^S y»Ji ^ tifi 

.Ljlitx^ «u^i» i_jVi otj t^j?*^! ciy^-Vl ^jIj^I (J* 
(Japf L-iavj L^>L VI o-A-^j CJL^ li| Ul* ^» 4-ij-tfSj jt 4J ^^-J <^Vl Ol* Ciautj 

.LftXAjj Ljjy&ljS «j» I ( , w ./7 ; (J* (_* j-tfi 0' jj^^v <-A<>-* cL»L» ^-« 
j?y>^ \x-y> 3jL$LJl J*^ L«t_j cf> Usr^tj (jaJIj /J-l <^.. .^ yi-aJl OU :Ci»j?j 
j-« £r*y ^ _r>«^JL) iL*. Sjl^Jl Jjujv J ^jLiJl jL» c^">L-^l <Jj-^V oiJlii |Jl,J 
.^_j-iJl J> 4) j-ft V iJlv*^ JJU: iliJij ^><i-l JJbca .LJLp ^j^I £-i>ljJl 



^ • ^ £-LS\Jb jLcj UJ a^J jt} {%*^}S £^i <Jj\si /^Li!l J.*ai)l 

:^T l^iS v Vl o^j -lj^ c~~p IM UJ 1^>^l jU-^b IjJli ^Ui oli tU^jj 
Jjc>- ^^i .>u>tj ^LiJl usL <j» (jx^-j JLp ?t_jtyl Ok^ jf ^V^; -i^Ji J-* 

jj^h jt -~^ or* "dy J* oi£ <_j^i 0^*2 s^jJi J**, ^j i^Ua! ^^ Ljj^cj o^jJi 

c Ljj j* L~uy J*4 jcSl)) r^-^J! c^bU ^ JH yJt Jli o3 4^ . ^ ^ U ytJlj 
V-ill J**- UJi .((l,Jj ^ L~jb J*-f Va^'» 'tyjJ <ji -«*f lw> W^b «^k-J j^'j 

c^lja^ JJjj U5L~«jj cs^alisj cC-jOJ-! ^^ J*j«JI \j£j **j OO^ 1 «JL*p 0J1& ,jJ~\j 

4 Jj J^ r*. «^J u* V~^ iH (C% :tJy of JJJij . ^ J_^> i\y \jA*i ^ 
«i->- 4if y^olj Oj^wJb <u* ( jL£! L^u~« (jl$ Lj :ljib»j 4<Ua.LJ ^^-^ ^ L ^- 

JaiJ «Ia (j»j "oi^l" JiiJ ala (y <,Xs , a yk~3 j&- c-Jl *Sj tOita«J j^- ^J) 
Jy OliUl OUyilt La oIJl^J .jkJl dJL" Oil of U$ toUwall elft oi} J*^j V^ 1 " 
oV iUij tjU-V 1 c-^j jU-V! J» U^j JyL (J cv-illj ^5Jl oh M ^ ^ 
J\ i_Jai>i Jj iLj^oiJ Ji\ <_j2i>i ^ Lp-lij ^.f (j» jjio" jf i g 1 >*ZJi CJ>\£ U "^Jl" 

of ^IjJl j^t'j cLj-^oi; ^J i_Ja^tiJ c^LS^JLj Jl5c^ ^5L)l f L?- L^ Jlj JLii l _^i)l Ufj 
jj^f-^ gjjJL' .iiJJ-ij &y>\ bj Ji^Jl o^ W*- jji* W^M of 4JLpj cd o^T ( _ ?1 i .Lpr-jjj 

• ^ (^-ll (»*>^ <i^ J^ (^JUl jjft li^J .^^Lli 6itlcv^_j l _^ji)l A^>r ^ 

coOiy H J4 jf ^1^ jf f UW JIp ^j cl^ib ^1 SjWi jf ^ ^> l+ft/i Of LJjJ 
(^ti .4iP Lajjjjjj cd Lj-sAJo ^ ^i Jw2><j ^ Ol$ liU c5^>-jj l*y O^ij^ UK J* 5 :- -^ 



c lioJl> j\jci UJ w ^ f^V 1 6^ ^J 1 * /^ J**^ 1 — ^ ^ ' 

l^diJi J» i*>JJ Say 

j* ^SUj 4iftt ^ j»iU c-jw ill yt JLii CB*-jjl» Ox JLLdl £>_) IM Ail f 
CxSjiW J^t y»j cii.JuJl.jAt Jup OUiU La ^ ill Iau--U£ "jU5U.|"j .Ul>t 
J^l 0S| i^t JjSf^j " O^j" U* ly^M JjiJlj .ii-to- ^t Jupj t-L>tj ^UMJ 
JUo ( yt& v V J c Ja^I ja Oj^i <jt jWy^; ^ j cUSlI yt Ji <U» ^l^o V j c^i^v ^-J 
Jy, cUi Jj ^ Jo^i ciLUJl ,0, !M j&, c^ ^ J\ dUi ^ ^l^o «tf j ccJU^I 
^ ^1 Ji U*yt J~>y Jt ill yt» .y^l JLp (vi^L. U*0^t ^U^l ji*J cuvf 
^iU-l ^^ La,j . 8 ^ jt ^yyu :jij*_) cU+j- f* Cx* e^ 1 s* ^ ll, * 5Uji ^ '^-^ 

ja ^yyJl JJb Jjty £. y^/1 ^1 diUjj c J*-> JM <JjJm J^l y^l £• -X-Ujl 

.LJ> jJj ljU> U^y^J cLoJ OjJo UL- 
U£ cA^JUaJl cjtj lil : jy£lj c^JwaJl 4*1 Jj> jit* <_>Sll Ji : JjiJl U* ^>J 

.U 4>JUiJl cjtj !M 42.1 jP ^Jli^ dlUSj .-L>t jP tJAlj> cj-^l s» 
: JJ lij JlJUoJl Uu^i jp yi* jt ^SULi Jy^jJl JJ L^ lij Ait diJi ,y ^tj 

jTyJlj ..up o^.l j J 1 eS-M ii -JLs-tj cdUu Jy y> ui .^ti^Jl Saip oJu< c^-VJl y> 
L*sij c4Ui Jv^Sfl J <_-*-_) AiU cUL. yl~£ JlJwaJl ^-Jj t JjiJi 11a k^ ^ Jju 
^LiJl j^J cj^i V Ot ^^y t^j^iJL, J^JaJl- JU-I JlSj c^jiJ ^J> ^ UJt alP 

oLIj^l cJ-J^i c> -JUj-tj. ^LiJlj ^p ^1 Jup 4jcJ| jp C»jp dUi J*^ IJij 
L,^^ u ..„..Jlj Jy^Jdl J3j ^yJl Jbv cuiil^ jJ VI tiillw J^J icJt Ij-w jti c^p 
cuiils jJ VI ^cJl Oj^-y V OjjPj 5jL^ y»t ^ cjy 1 ^! ijjj* J» -L>tj .U ,_/?> L. 
LiU AJalk* J^ : jjJjijj ccilJUoJl (Jwii jp C?y- 4jcJ( jyjt>oj i <J_p--Ulj (j^yJ* J-* 

.oJui VI cliiJws Jis-t; 

cci*>Ua!! L-j«. ^cJlj cJy^jJlj JJJL, ci^Uall JJ yi-l JI-WJl : Oyji d^jtj 
*Ai ccJlJUall .-i^o C-jCI* ^^^Jl JJj ^yJl JUj iiUaJl j^J cUUa^ J& L.^ca 
1> c4*iJl ^^ J'sUzJl J«r ill t)L» : JyJl dUi jy L5yt JyJl iJJij toabjJl jy^-J 
y»j c^>t cJU)! JyJli :1JU*» JLp jLi ^/xJ cJy^AJlj Jj*Jl 4^, Up Csy> J~»y 
d-p- ^j^pj jTyJl yUi aJlp Ja US cMjcl. U» iSJja* J^ «Dl :-*->t jp.cjy 1 ^! QjJ^ 



^ ^ ^ ■ £-l£jL jL* UJ i^J ^1 ^Vl ^ <^jUJ /^Li)l J^aiJl 

p& Ui jAj-^6 Of JJ j, jA^xilfc. f ob.jJl j^s^ li}J> : JU 05 <UU Cujj 
olllkJl ^jujj y.ti . [i <\:<_,ij^S|i] \%<*r £-1^ jAp-j-^j j*ye+i l^jUsri 0J* ^ c ; rt Jp 
.^yJl a* ^^ fr UJl ^JLp jl £. cLA ^^i ,J j*j dJi (J ^i»v ,Jj c^^a-JI JJ 
.JjLJ! y> ^Jl ^^J tc3*>UaJ! y> 4*iJl i_^, jl£ liU Cajfj 
Jp to^JL jh^ij tASjL JiJt ^_, Li ^^ i^. Li r-i ^ ^J| a^yjLi 
^JJ ^ oU J '■^Jj 7 g^ 1 'tplj <^ ^JjJ c~>0^ <u!p Jj ^iJl ^^sJl JjiJl 

^j o^j ^ t V^ a* ^y 1 jr« ^" ot H ^Ji a ^j i^ a ^>. at jj 

,J lfj£J t JI>Jl ^ _^J| owi Li ^>v ^ ^^Jl Jj c~£li> ^J Jl> ^ "Jakci. 

Ja^o {Joy lift ^j liitJlj ^1 <j*>UaJl; LA J^- ^JUl ^^Jlj L^^> S'j+a -U^SJ 

. JjL~J| sJLa 
cl+Ut ^ ^UJ! JJaii^ £j_jJl ^p JJ U^f J*^ <UU <3ULi U^ J^_, CJJ J| 

Ut A*A s*f ouSo coyif j _j.b £jjj| j^ U^iUj t«tUf ^ 4>JUJl J> Jij j^ £. 

•JljP ^19 t *udl ^ ill \jb\» : jjg| ^J| J ii US i^jjJl £. S^f Sf^Jlj 1 1*^.1 a jO* 

. (( i>1 idiy Oi-^jy j>aLb*i-tlj till iiUb jAj^JJL^f t^.LP 
^f Jlij cCuti li AjI^J cJa^ J3j -i jJU C^J ^ : Jlrf ill d^j Ji-.j • 

S\^ujji jj^xj J^i ij&\?- \Ajjfj aipl :JJl*JLS 
jlS jl Uj ^.j ^ 4^li^j Jp ^ ^j i^ ^ CJ jJi j£ jl U :olrli 
c^K. V Ljjf jLsp'i/ij ^Jlj v u^Jl Ji ^JiVl ^ :OI J _ n -i- JVy v ^ULJLU ijpi^ 
.(Jpf iilj . (( lf Lw» Vilj cla^f l^L»i ^ £l\ jSji % : ^ ^Ji Ju u5 

tr t)i^-i fij l^ h'iy, \*£> £jf J^-j jp : Juj ill d^-j Ja-»j • 

ULi cU^ Jli-t y^lj t 4i« JbrjjJl cJL«9-j cdiii ,>^J clL VAJL^y ^U5l £jjjl 
^j-*io a«m)i 01 :aJ JJ t diii jp JL l,Jp jl2m)i j«- Oil^j ^J ulf ^jjjl ^ 



£_l£Jlj jLcj UJ a^" jji f}L-^l ^i (^jLi /^U)l J^aiJl ^ ^ T 

cdilL«j AjLb- (^1 <^js>JL» J» dDi jU- JliUJl ojU-t ^ cl^ij jJu C-^rjj li[ ^ji^Jj 

01 j c^y-t fyjj j >^j (jJLiJl i^jfcJL* J» yv (J J 't^J^ 1 cS-A^-1 li -^t C^V'j 

.AjLu>- ^f ^-Uaj Xo-tj ^JtiLsJl i fcJL* J» r-l£Jl ^ <_--i!l£ (jfi Li J ^ L^ ^\£ 

8jl£Jl cJl£ Olj cdilt«J <U~ii AjLi>- ^t t_~»JL« jjfcj C^-Jl^ Lt->t :>>"^ Jj5 aJj 

.<*jjVl A^j'Vl «^ ^-^^ /jf* liJJi J 5 ^ J^ '£^<*^ jt l ^Ji ^'J 

<_>Vl Ot :s^j AjL>- j\ t_j*JL« ^j c£y-Vl </j 'O^J^ 1 (S-^l ^ -^^j c^LJlj 

. JjvVl J-^j-^j jH <&1 Jj-^J ^^ "^ J^ ^ £-"*' \^*J '^ c - i1 ^ ^i *-*yr^ ^ 
Vlj cjU- aid I jj& OjbsM lij :0 JjjL fUl*Jl y£t Ot aJL~J| eJLa J» QuT sii 

.<3Lis~<l (Jl £;L>y 
rl>v ^/ 4ifj t^j Ljif \\jcju> sis- LJl «_jVIj U-~<^ cLa c^yVl j-* : jLi -L*j 
J ^l&Jl ^ Ojb>-l liLJ cljjJbc 0l£ dl)S <->'5Uv ^Ul £ oJl£ bli 1 1^1 Jus- 1 Jl 

lijj tlSlp 0_>£j V ^1 til 4itj cJbjj ^ ^ ^lio jJ^Jl f jL Ot ji^Vl Jb-V ^ 

^liDl 0L^ «U-iJ Mjj^iio U Jf>f ^jlp 4jjOJ «-• 4^P jhi l» J^L A^jL Ot JLs-V (j^y J 

(^iji Jjls> ^Ip t^- j^Jl ^y 8 j^Ol ~«j£*j . apL- 8jI^ 8 jj^J\ J^t 0^3 t^jijtj cdJJ-i^ 

cojjlj Oil ^Jo ^jjJ 'Uj coJJlj yv - C%«j Jjtj ^ :*ttl «u^j Ji-»j* 
jj^ll j^Ip t-jyu Jaj ?*i ^»t Ji*ll w^ J^i :^- ybj C)U ojJIj Ot OjijyuJl «4-^»j 

<?*i jt ^ ojjlj Oil ^Ju £jjJ lil 
tU^_Lo <3y"ij ^t 0M OjJb Aa-l5o 7w2j "i( :aJlp ijy^- 1^-^ ^^ <— >i :<— »\*r^3 
aJ Oil jj 01 j cAa-L& ^ llj-ij OL^ 01 j caJlp t-^ *Ai J^-jJl JJ U-j-co <iji lilj 
A>cvs (c^- 1 -* Jy JjiJli ^a*a.« jjij jt -UAj j^j ?x>j A* :0b*-jjJl p Jbj til j .s^jt 



\ \ V ^L^JL. jLcj UJ 2U-J jj\ f%*^\ gyi, iSjte /{J^ J-va^l 

^ ££~. ^ I^jL^ b\£ liij cl_(_Jj aJjJi OV t±J-lij c-A_a*Jl lift ^wzj ^ :obrti 
U*-jj jjj .j^U-1 j! Jbuty Ji 4j^^JI cJL&I iJLyu 4^p <_jIp jj L.U t 4JiL % ^y 
JLSay ^JU U*-jj (^JJl ^ oU^I Jj'U^ ^ d\£ <d 4j^j ^ aJjJl Of lli^. ^Li 
Ji j^U-l IJla (j5^ Jj LaaJj «Jl£ju ^ U^-jjj <ul^ (^ '^ tLa>Ji!j ^J Ljjt-jjj ^ Of 
^!j jij Oj-b 4p-j>J^ (jj>J tj^j jf i__wj ^ Jj 4j^jj C-^-jJ ^j l42^jJ U*-jj 
. jjj^aJl 4j C-Ojj Lo tjj^_«Jrl .Up Jislj r-LxJl IJlAj C*>U^i 

Uij tLj^rjj 5*^ ^j^i 0v£* J? \A_p-f U*>\> ofyi j* ;Jh\ <u^-j J^-»j* 

4Jii jj-b U^-L^J ^wl. ^ :4j^jJJ *>Uf ol^j U %>Lp La.j^-f j£j J ISI :obrli 

>(t ipf illj .aJlA JU-lj 
c\A*l£j Uj tUjf ^f \AJL?- tf 4*)\j £j jj J^-j ^P ^brt ill <U*-j JjLjj • 

Us?J] J^J :C~art ^-j cuJl ^^Ip i^j^ ^^ 3V3j CJi Uli cU-jf j^ i-^j <u« *}|j 

<sU.Jp ^Ji Of «d Jaj ?^JjJl \tfU»t Of Jjo 4j^j *TJ jJl JlP jjSJUl 

'0*^*5 $.L«JLkJlj 4^Ai LjJlp j>«J~I (istX^j /j-»^» c-jLS 
.5jLi?- ^jif i w ^_aJb. IJlaj ti^j 4J >Url Of :UAJl^-f 
.As& jj^^Jl J» Jus-fj tdJJL* i^-U jj^j fd Vb/j ^ : l^^'j 
(3LL"L| oO^j 0_^j Of j£*j>\ LaJiljfj 3j^< LjJlp c.^»j 4jjUtI o^-jjj" lilj 

:<up Juil (--y-U? ^U? jt l^j ji tobl l^jjJ Sfyl ^Jj JJs^j j^p : J jl *'J • 

.dJJi ^ ifjJl JLp f( ^i ^j t^^wai ^iXJl Ufj tJjJ UJ jf! :obr\i 

cU> ^jj^j l^is^f Jij '*ijW- <d J*rj ^ :4»i <u^-j ^— >)M ^i> J^-»j • 



^L^Jb jJjcj UJ 4;v»J ^1 f*>L^! ^Ji tijUi /(i'Lii* J-^l > > 1 

^ Ji J* p-t^j -tyjj j -Us4j ^LiJl t_^JL« y^j ^y^l (J^jJ* J-sOP lil ^bU f-Ll> ^y 
jij cfrULJl (iLjJLi *^bU r- jj ~A~a& <d t ^5o J liL* c<up j_^_i-Jl J» iiu*- ^t^ 4^i*Jl 
.frULJ! (JUTIj jL>- *J>l>JJ 4^ojJ| jij lijj .(JUT^L. *^bU £- jj *+!£ 4^i*Jl *-£»! 
clfiliuj j^b CjtjJJj clfJlkj cj^-j Ai b u ^JjJ J^rj Jp :■&' <Us»-j J^->»J • 

^ o-Lp ^jjJl jL* t^jJLiJl J-^t JU> y>Lb IJLftj c^l^Jl i>w j ^k V jiaJl lJL(-» 

*i!j (*ajlp ^j c 5jiU Jjbfj yhJl Js. jjJjU cji^pt jp :iii <u?-j Jju-j • 

iwf 01^ Uujj 4,Jj U ^^J ^jjj (( Jj U ^jj UUw ^ i£jj&\ iwt oip ^flj J^i 
OyJ~~J\ ja gift &\ alfAJ ^ ^yJl ^ ^JiP jwu J^i : J_p> ^ Oil ^ ^ 
jA ^JUl J\i-l IjLa jjp jJU JLiJi ^ j£j ,J lil jpi 4,«jSH ^Ip Jaj ^ ft iji*]l J* 

W ^ iiiJu f u^J p£\±-\ OiJ fop 

tLjrH' jt-p ^'_J t ^-s^' («-p_j 'Lj-^p jjjIj 'W^' //i'j c '-<-»- p J 'W^'J tLft-U-j tLjrH' J^* 
"^^ ls'-J il^^'j tL^iL ^JjJl L^jjj oJLjJ iL^ii*^ 4^viP j! cl^ijt«J iii*^ cJL^ j|j 

.*ULJl JLBIj ^b- Jl liJUi Jaii ^J c JJt Jrl 
Op-t iJUA j£j pj oij .^L^Jl jw. tjvJL^Jl ^ (jj^aLi o^^v ^L^Jl jl^ iijj 

.5joj^1 i*j^l u^i< y*>lk J» ay^i J j oj^Lp! 



i_~AX« (^ £_lxJl j^ <j"LJl On ctJJi £j-^j LfJj ^-^jj J* '^x-** 1 <>j^v (j^i ^ y'i 

.<up OA\jJ\ (S-^l <J J^" ct ■ X ^J ^^ 
^ ^Jl J^ Js> t. UJl Oj^jji IjJSj L. o>JL^Jl jU ULJJl Jy j£>\ »-i*j 
V cc^tf ^.Jb- c L$^Jl J» SaL^iJl i^l J» ^j cal+J^l* ^l ^ ^Jl Jh ^ 

^tj cjjs L^jJ ,*£U- t_JlJ iU-l j! Mj^I y> jl£ OU tLi (jj ^ ^ Utj 

.|JLp! ill j . L^iU Ciajt Lprjj £jjsw fUl (^ jl£ tijj -^.j^ a"* J J s-'L^ 

oi^jf Je hjij 4J ^ J* :,,!-.! J^ j jp :4*-jj 411 ^ Ji-j» 

Ijl»j Xji\£> +L~u> ^j L!ULwt ylS oy, ^ j iL*^ J^ ^ ^^ flj-» c«yl£Jl JL~Jl 
aSS L&u ul£ !•>} (JL^Jl j£i t<_ili-lj .jJlJi ^ ^L^fj 4*jVi ^jVi i_~a.U 
43b*Jlj 4;!^JL Uj . VbljJl ^iUo Lp^ljj r ! J j o\S \'i\ dMJ^j tjJUl pSUj Lp^jj 

jf ^Lp o_^Jl^JI jil! Aij tOlitA O^^i ^-»*J '^ji ^ UlLJI jj^iaj ^p Ji U^ t^iji 
l-bj *Xj U^jj^ dill Oji j^ 0jJ-*3 U»j j^w s.\j> UJ *t-«^2J l_^Jl3 il 4x» ^^b (»^*^i 

Jtij .[yy:^Ui] 4*^ CJ-^ r*^ iu ij" (^P-^ J ^ ^^ firj~^ J (►r'j^i 

ill ^j UJIf :<dy Ji .[o\:3ju'Ui] ^ijjjllail pjiH ^JL^ *Sl ill 01 ^^ AJlJ ^Iw 
.[on:5Jb'Ui] 4^^' (f» & ^y ^W '-dy Jl .[°o:5^U\] %\y*\ ^^Jlj «Jj--jJ 



£l£jL jLo UJ i^J ^1 f!>L-Vl p^ cSjbi /jiliJ! J^ill ^ ^ "\ 

Ijj^ajj 1jjT jUJlj ill J--J J |t r ,.. .ait j j»jitj^U IjOAUrj ljj«rlAj Ij^T ji_Jd\ &\P 
\ja»t *^J (t-r&* hj& Oi^jf :4j y Jl .[yT:Ju^i] \jai* fr Ujf ( » T ^w dLdjf 

.[v°:Jli^i] ^fjSaaj Jjf (t , , ,a, »j fl^jty 

Vr'jj ^ ^r j J£j til ijbUaJi «ujJb J^J :\aU] dJLkpt u JfrUaJi, <_iUi c Vrjj~J 

<?J^i dUJJ 

jij jjij L^il ^U-l Lprjjj jf c«u?4 jf c*CoT j! c«UjI Ji. :JboSfl J^Jl L^jjj of 
.4^1 Ioa ^ c^=rjj tij <dp c~b- ^j t4iij Jl £l^>v ^j 'J->Lp ^y» tJIxJl 
jfrSbxU Ja : Jap ^Aalij J^ in&ty $jfe jJom j^p :a))l <u?-j Ji-»j • 

?*** 

4^^J| JLe aiJt .U*J JjJJ J^_^_ j! jj^JUi ^ jt ^1>JU ijJi :c-»\irli 

.,Jpt illj .^LU y,j t JlUJl oil VI £JJ ; ^ Li Jj ^ ^ JJ <-</>j^ 

c \Sj g^ J^J -.^ ^U-i j^p tjj^ jj £& cij^i j~i jjj*. ybj ij^-io 

iykLk ^p dJJij tt>L-li ^Ul J> UlS lijj j^-iJl ^^aLU ^p jjjjI~ » Uj^ of :^ 
c^LiJlj c^»^f i_~AX» ^> : f Ui*]( Jy ^>f J> U^- ^L^Jl Jii*;i ^Jl La^aQ? Jj 
^! £_l£i ^> U ^U-l a^p qJJjw Uj5L. of ^L^Jt ^JLftLi ^ jj&S ji ij cLa^pj 
^Uj oUiPj ^^j ^ yjtj H ill J^j A^ JLp ^oUl of ,4p 05j cdJJJu VI ^Ldl 

•^*^ ( L^J^ • Aip ' 0^- Xj ^ Ojj^>\J~\ j£j jj Ojj Sf- j -^nu ^ j-sil^-^ 4^ijVl OjJLiu IjJlS 

OjJo^ ^liJ-i i^^ t^j^i iaJijjJi <^j^ lijio of i»_/^o :Jli ^y ^l^JiJi ^j 

.yVi ^^i; ^ j^ii _^ ^ ^J olS olj t^^ip 

>( Jpl ^3)1 j .LJL-i ^LJl J> IjJL^ olj ^1,-io ^L^Jl JLio : ( j iji JJd\ J*i 



^ ^ V ^liuJL) jLcb UJ 2L*-» ^1 f ^L^ 1 ^i c£jLx» /ls 1 ^ 1 J-^ 1 

: J\3 fl^ij ^ ill Jj^j b :ljJl5 . (< OiLw jy /J\ £&3 ty <ykj j* fil £&* 
V-^ iH f% : J^5 |g ^1 Jj-ij Ot ^ ^Lp ^i ^j .<uLp jaw . <( ciLj <M» 
^ la^jf l^ib^j jilJl)) :4jIjj ^j , (c L£Lw Ijiilj clp—ai ^ Oik-J j^Jlj cljJj j* 
:cJ\3 -^up ill ^j- iiilp ^pj aj*~*up J pL*A aljj .«l»jlj3] \^<^>j cL,-^ 
: |jg Ai Jj-j U JUs H ? t yL^ff i^i i t *& d ^Urt jp f| ail Jj^j cJL 
i^il dUAi» : 3|| jii Jj^j Jiis ti!? ^i«J l^V :<d ciii :5-SJIp cJlJ . (V »ta-j c^ 
cjIs cdlJi cj>jS3 c-j ^j L^jj lAbj Of,, :^lJbs- hj\ tl~j*- ^pj .«c-s£-» ^js lij 

^~*/ <# ' *H ^ ^ L^ ilfik VI L^jji Ot j^V ^ V StjJl :o\^U 
S-dl ^JUl L.Ij . U j ij V j L^~ j j, Ulf jLi /Jl S^J^I VI c c t£Ji Jlp ^ ^ viJUi 
^^J ^JUl jLS\ dJJi^j tjyJL^Jl ^U>-L) e^jJ Vj ^^J ^ tljoj ^Jo L^»vjjj" jj^v "^-> 
.L^Uss*.! UA j^fcii jj-lj <_^Vl L»ti .(jyJL^Jl ^U>-^) L^iJ OjJb L^rvjjj" JbMj v>Vl ^jJ 

lAL> <j Jij^i V Uio cLAL. yi ^.^ 4xJj A^aj jy jjjJl cj^.aj" ot :dJJi J-^^j 
Ja~Jl j-. 4J vVl 0! VI clA jj^f ^a U VI Lptsi £ J>j^i V dJJJi^ c^f y> Uj VI 
. vVl ^p c3^>v .«dLS diiUj CJ^ : 3H ^Jl JlS U^ co^jJ ^.J L. oJdj JL. jj» 

IUA ^ l^yj jj ^ ^ CJit V*! :</^ J 15 ^!j ^ ^ ^Wi 5 W-^W W* i^>» 
SJLji oJa ^ j^-i 4-a^j vUy ^t ?JjJi Jy iy-cw Juki J{ a5uii J^i : ^^tJtJt 



^liUlj jLcj UJ a-^-J jiS j»*>L>/^l fyi, (jj\si /^LiJl Laiil ^ ^ A 

(j^aUl J» jj^-vi^Jij .JsjJi. di!i oU JU»-tj ( ji>LsJ| u»io J> SL2, <J»y^- <Lz UjJj 
Ji^i j tJLiJi JLSjJ c-U*Jt J» J cJif :J_jJl <Jl3 jii . J^io ^ dJJi oi 'jj-t-*^ 1 *-)j^ 
tl^ftLbj l2sl> li^»^^ ULlJ ^-liDl jlS :oiVl ,Jp -Wj^I 4J-U0 ^ c-ViUJl t5 lp 3^^-iJl 

.di!i _p*Jj i^^iJl cjj> Jl»u y-liDl ^ol _^J l*^ L<--1p oi^l o!_^oj 
:4j^ »^-_^ cJLi>J( JJ ^t-j^l oil (JLp l_jJL(_dj of £-l£Jl i^^_^J l5 *^j <_^jlJ1j 

^^Ip Uii« JJbJl 0_^Xj of jj^f U ( <j cU>^v<s jip jix« JLap dili of :\aj^m 

JIp dJJJb Jii>cj ofj c oiJusi^i csyo (j &\£ dj£j jlS J^Jl of :dJ\*5l 4*r ^Jlj 

4*L>Jl -LP d\£ lii C^JJi OjJb rtwi; £-l£jl j! Jl<Jrl ^Jaj of J 'W^jj -^ ^ JL (-^ <^ 
.UL>j OjJj ^t-jj L(-^-J ^^ (Ji er^-V -^t-jj OjLya *i>U-! -Lp c^>-_jj li) L^jf 

"bl cLfJp 4/^1 jjjaj LA ^r jjJl y» OlS lit p^U-l t_JU jJfc (^JJl aibJl L.tj 
iJLALi. olS li) L. ci^v dDij .cJif OS l^jf ,4*. j^ Lprjji "5L» :JjJJ <JlS_pi ji>, 
Jjs- Ifoj ^Jp t_>y_^ j^j .(Jj-iill ^l^j ^ LjlSJ OjJb ^1 L^jj oSj .^iJt J^p 
.<up j_^^i^J) (J» -Us-fj c^yJLtJl -Lp ^j^* J^l-i y»>j cdi!L«_) 4jL^- ^f 

cJlj lii L^ii Ja :o_^pjbx« $:ULJl oLi tt-j^Vlj L^JLk^.1 ( _ 5 Vi .JU-b <ul*l i^j^t 

.4jL^ ^f ^^U^ tJUa-fj ^^(iLiJl i^JL* JjVlj .jJaJl Ijf CO-a-yiJl I U jlL L^jliL 



^ o^i 1*1? 'O^ j-^ j^' j* ^j t^y ^ j* ^^ «&' <u?-j Jiwj • 

?*Sl ft il^iU IfTjjsj Of >b-Sl j>*y J^J :V^i a* Jl «^a-iw ^j t >b-f 

^f i_-ax< j^ij tjiLjJiJlj i_jlLJi y£f jup U, Ji5vj Lf>t>j jj J_pv «-i-* :ob^li 
• (J 1 ^" ^>*^ ' 4J^Jlj i_jL^J| villi ^^Lp J^ JLi_j .Ua^pj c«u&JL» y&Ui J* Ju^fj kL^- 
a^\ ^L-Jl ^b ^ obOl J ,^-Lp ^b Uj ^ ^Ju <&1 Jj *bJi J dbj-fl7 „>^ 

.[UY:*l~Ji] 

Ljjf :LL^ y \ ,_j*ii <?V ^f LjiiL £jj7 Jft :^j* £jhJ ^ c^Jl j L<Jlp Jjbo ^ 
ZLiJ ^ "^ S- 6 -^ y'^J ■ J -*>-f ^ ^i'jj ^j ccJlL li} jUU U.j tl^ij ^ r jjJ 
: Jli Ait |j§ ^1 ^ ^1 ^ Lj ^cJlL lij U jL^ Vj ij^ ^ cJlL li| l^il ^Ju 
%> :-^ cij -«bJ£ jl^r "Ai cof Ojj cCJif Jii cuSLj 019 it,--^ J Oib-j 3,«. ! ,t. 1 J1 )) 
. (( L,-Ip jlj^r "Ai cof OJj cjM aid c^SLi 019 tOib-j jy- i*~Jl ^2 

W (»t CJiL lij jl>i U c-jj Jaj n ft l^r jji Of aJU jt ^\^0 

J ul^ll j ^SLlp ^b Uj j^ (^Csi Jtt Ji >bJl ^ diJjaiu«j|> : JLjJ a1j5 Ji. 
.[\ yy:*L-Ji] ^^A_piicJ Of O^-PjJj ji c-^ U jj-yj 5 ^ ^' «- L -^ 1 ts*^- 
^jf '-$k & Jji jjP i^'Lp JL. 4jt t^jJl ^ Sjy> ^p o^^^^iil (i ^j^tj 

JjjJ cU>U^-_j U.L. <u>t*J cmJL. J 4^jLiJ L(Jj ^>t^ J» 4^jJl uJLa l^^-f ^1 b :cJli 
Of Ij-^ji co^ Ljjixj U Jj> L(_J2aJ iL(JiJu^ ^ .kwij Of ^p ^ L f _=>-jjxi jf LjJj 
L» \y>S^, m Of Ijyfj cJl-WaJl J» j^u^ (Jlp ^ !j*Lj c^ l_^Ja**L Of VI j^^p^Li 
jf| ill Jj^j l^iai^l (j-bJl Oi f \aJJ\s- cJli :5jy> J 15 .^Ij- i^bJl jy ^ s- 1 ^ 3 
:,LJi] i^l 4jt^ (^^i ^ ( J* > L - J| ^ diJ_pb-Jf :^S -&I J>ti c^ i.VI o-Xa Jbv 
^ilUli^Jl JjSllliVl Vl^l ^ r^> J*" d & £> <^-U«j :^JlpoJl5 .[uv 
oJl5 %bJl ^ p£l UU? U ij^oli ^bJ( ^ ljk«iJ V Of ^ Olj 



. JU-Ij JUl 5JL15 0_j£j d~p- «y^»- (j> Oy*J j^Ji 41»-Jj 

<jf VI iL(_J Ij-Pj iij l&j^5o jl ^ ^^Ji tL(_LP \y&j. ,J*- ^-j^j^. ^^ -<J^ 

L^V iJ^oJl JlJ-^ Oj^j ,j-t**tjj> (j» ^ oit (Jj i(ji-Li» Jl-Uo ^ 'j-^y 'M frU~Jl 

Uj tLjiiJ Oj^j ^jjj" L(ij : ooljjl c5-^-! ^ Ju4j 4io- (_jjf Jy jj^j :UaA?-t 

til U jL^ Vj cl^il Vi jtjjT V l+Jj :«^j ju4 ^Jl. ^ JJH -iJt y*j ijflsllj 
<*JJt Jj-^j (JL5 : J 15 o^y* _^t <^jj US ii-Jl <dp cub c^JJl tc^-aII y>> tJ_a>j ccJL 
.u?-f oljj .((if-lp jlj^- "^i Cjf Olj cl^il j^i c^xmi 019 tl^— jiJ ^ i»-iJl 0iL-J» : j!| 
j^t-j,) : Jl5 Jgj| ill J^j 0! :c5y^Vl ^j» ^f js>j c^'L-Jlj ^xiyllj ijb ^tj 

JjiJl J»(jtfu 5^Jl oJLjJ .((Lj-Ap jlyr ^3 Cj( OJj tCJii JL53 OsSLi 019 cl^—ii ^ 5*~Jl 

M» c"^r ,/>■ CJ j: V Ljii" : Ju ^ li^U c^jji L,Jt Jiy^i Jop! y. ^JUi cJu)! 

L« 0Vj 4<u£ia-j Jaiill JjjJU. tiUi j^j i JiJl JlJUo OjJb ^y o\ U jy?v UL. J» ^-4 

tUy-^t *ifl ^Jj \i •jf j 4 cjt \i ^ ift-a Cuj ^ : JUJ ill <U*-j Ji-*j • 

^t dlli jyjo J^J ^ib \A_p-t lfJL» Oift A3j 4jji-l jJLi (»Jj ih~t jLt- Ul L^j 

LjliL c-ss-jj lij : Jyj <up jj^_^J! J» Ju^>f ^y^J iliajl \ix&- ^j\ ! » r JiJL«j t«ubx-^f 'uLp 
cl^-M ")^ ^jjj 'Jj^i ^i*jj <j -Up-tj 5jLi9- jjtj .c-iL lij jLf^-l IA t yNJ (J L<-^ oilj 



^ T ^ £L£JIi jixi UJ lu^j jj\ j»}L^I iyi, iSj^i /j>lill LaiJl 

^t-l*- C-Pi oj : 4jI j j <up jC . Cajt liAJl. i_J» JL« J» C^j^ 1 -^ ^ J • ^-^ lij jUi-l U j 
ji:l :^io ^1 Jlij .cJiL lij jLi-l U_j £_jj," :JJj .jU- ttjj LjJi«j L^l£j J\ 

.jL^iJl Lj_Ip Uu?^ lij Lp-L^J J_^>v Ail Ojj^tiJl 

'6^' ls^ £J>" ^ ^ : c5j^-Vl 'aA_)J\ j JU>lj ^jJLiJl <Jy jAj :cJli)l J^iilj 
c^jLll JJ LA oil V L^~£ ti^j t-s&tjj U^^V :ijjJU .JLst-j ^tU^pJlil 

.LfJj oi]j U-^ ^- : ^j | Jjj' jJbo 

:J_,i. JbJ 411 ob cjUp^Ij iiJlj <^ls£)l ^-^ £w»t JjVl Jj^ilj 
^U» frUJl ^*b J olsOl J ^iLlfr j^b Uj jfj (^gaii 4)1 J5 *l~Jl J dbjaflSHj|> 

:-L(_ip ill ^j- ^iJU j* c-J oij .flUp aj ol£ &\ OlJ j-? 1 j* IjLuii Uj Jk~i)b 
(J_5 Lj-^JJJ <JL*>j JU U oL£ jli cLjJj ^>- J» 0_^j" 4*^Jl J» cJ_)i i^l aJLfc of 
<j -ia— a ,J^>- Lp--j^X! of ^jj iL^-jjj J JU LA j>j J oLJ cljJlJwa J* Jsu«JL 
Uj ^ (^L At Ji^ :<dy_, . JL. U ^ ^J lij L^L^J ^ -u^, J^f ^ cLjJIJl^ 
lla (j» iiolp O^-f JJi tjjijwaXwJl J» *iLiiJj '(►^S^i .4s J ^ t J? (t^* j^k 
(j» 0_j& i»-iJl <j» cJj i^l »Jla jf : JL~»j (^jl^Jl 4*-^f (^iJl ry>waJl cUjJJ-I 

.L^JLp jj^o 1 tfjf (jip Jji 

j_p^J .«Lt-l* jljsr "^ Cjf Olj cCJif JLSd c^L» 0^» cOiti-J j*- i^-Jl ^3 %> 
U j^dLi OjjI ^Jj .«f^»-l ^*i psi %) : ^ Jli Oij cl^ij OjJb 4jt>j cl^iLj L(-?vjjj" 
j^xJl JiiJ ^ y a- y o K i \J\ .eJbo L4j ^jJ-*ll Jj L4 *ju of Jb*)lJ cjLsr! Jjjiai f_jAj! Jbo 
U^ cJj jij £4 ^lai) jwij j;w«-Jl jJutfJl dSlj i JLs^j JaiiJl 4L*i>y *5l> s- jJJl Jbo U< 
_^f Jup r^Jj Oil «^*pj 2?^l (^ 43^-^7 jwij L»5j '(jjJl <^k £^"^i ^'j^l 2-^i 
yti .^yi %£&&\ lytb lil jw- ^Ul l^jtj^ :^ oT>Ji ciJUi Jj> Jj U^ c^ULJl 
c-jj^^Jrl Jjp ft^OJj '^^^ , J jw^ Vj- £JL. Vi ^L *^ JL3 ^JA'ij c^^Jt JJ t'ibVL. 
Lj-^-jJ lit* .3joLJ1 ^ viJUi ^ a} UJ iiUi ^pj 4J%srf.j 4^*s> «-^j US cu%»l dJ^J^j 
jjJ^a j^» Jo-lj J^j cLA i>JUst* _^ftj '^ii Ljj-tfj IJLa Ol^j cjU- Ji^ ,y> L^i^ (J^l 



^t^Jlj jio L>_J ;L*J ji\ ^OLo^l j^J- t£jbi /j'UJl J^jiJl > T T 

.jjLpI <*Jtl!j .J-A-Jt (_3j-aJ pL>**£LA 

ysj t f ULJi Jy ^vt (j» L^vjjl jU- lji£ lA i_JsbU jl£ b} til Ju^-I :obr\3 

cLjIjL C— =rjj tJ!!-^ /*-*->J C~*l> bj I J jJL /-* A_j_L»j .-W-l /^P ^i'jjj 4i;^>- u 1 ' l-*-Uj 

ja* io-sJi 2^" %) : j§| ,_5~Jl J_^i! tJU>-f i_j!>Ju« yfcLb ysj .oJ«L b} (A jL>- "ilj 
.La^pj ^'L-Jlj ijb jjt oljj .((Lf-lP jtj^- ^\i Cjt &\j CJit JLOd C-sSLi 019 (OiU-J 
«&! Ji «.UJl J diijafli^jjP :,JbJ Jli tS^Jlj <_jI_^JL. c-jU "^.jJt" £>_}>" j 
OjgfcjJj ji ^£ U ,>j5J5 *i </M *l~Jt ^b J cjla^ll ^ piLle ^ Uj jjJ ,^-afli 

j^s- j+^LS^ (^p ij+Jii i Jl» lA ^^j ,tJ b} l^Jo Nj t JL» lA jl£ b} l^>Jo jf LjJj 
illj .J±Jl JlJLso LjJ-Ua! bl J4.«.jj| ^io jf JjJJ ill ji! JLS* .JlJUaJl J» jA ljja*-i 

:Jlyt 
4jIjjj c4jL^- ^ t^Ju- y>j coJ«L lit j\J-\ lAj Ljli} *>L ^-lioJl jjj>v : JfViJlj 

l^>V o^ ^b- JJ yjio jf ^«Uoii j^Uj ^ l^o- 4^vj> tij& J^i :di!i ciy. j^b- 



\ VT , ^L^JL. jJLo UJ lu+J ji\ f%*^\ £?Z tjj\si /^Lill J-^aill 

i^ljj ^L^Jl lift ^>w2j ^ Jj3 wUi Ji jL£ jLi mt*-^ ^ r JJ^ 1 («-^^-l j^J 

jj> «do jL£ <u^> Jiiy L. Jp ^JL*t ai jL£ jjj . jU- :dJJi aJ ^ jL£j 4s j^ yL» 

Vj cL^jj ai iLi^l J> ^_ jj £JL ^p c-Jl^i L^jji L^L. l+Ji ai jL£ jjj .jfU- 

Lf^xJ c£J LA Jjllj>- <_3y«j ^L. jjj c4*j2JL» i~p t_JLp r-f LA jL£ lij :t_Jl^-ls 
.^Lef <u)lj .j^Ul £L£Jl JJa^j jj :^LSUl -by L. Ji LAyws j^ L+ial ^ cupU. 

Oil % \Ay-\j {ftfi l^rjji Of jj*J J^J . J-SjJl ^ Ojl£ l,-»f £j j j cOOjl Ol^ 

w ft l^ 

^1 t_~ftX. y*j cU_^^l J> Jj bULJl ^Sji Jb-t J» LfiL VI s-^l L^-jjj V dJJa^j J, 
II j cOits-J ^w- j£j1 2^5 V» : s|| ^Ji Jii L^ cortljjl cS-M J JU>tj 4i-s>- 
rJiaJ J»j .«if lw> ifij)) : J 13 ^^j^owj" JJt\ jU ill Jj--j L. :ljJLS . (( ^»L-j ^ t_-Jl 
liij tfrULJl (JUj'L) LfiJ ^Jy LfL=-jjj }li ^Vlj *jJI L»tj . (( lf lw> Ifijj La_^f Ifita-^) 
L^-Uap jL> cy Lpcjjj jl -j^jJl ^ ^SfL^- L^Jj j^Lp c_-ss-j LA \'p£ jl^j 'jU-j c-^j 
,JjJJ ^^Ji CfrULJl JLi'L. 4JiJ jJu *£{J~\ jl a^ JbySfl J^Jl Lp^jj Lt-^JJ 7 t>" 2^' J 
JLi'L. fp£ jL^ lij oUi»y ^ ^liO ^ L^Liwj Vj taUsjJ V j^ ^■lij j^Lp La^>v jl 
4JjjLi^ jj j^*^L»j Oyrjji jjiJl ^JJaJlj 4jLaUrl J*l i^ajuj La^>cj LjIj c4ajVI 
jP Lfjisiuuj . Jj<i; ji>. LfjL^o jt dJJi JLp Lfy^^j tol^Jl ^UaJ V ^yJ 
t jljJjJlj jvJUaJtj 4Jla>Url J^P j^ 4K iJlAj .<j^P jt ojlJbJ LA iji^ jj£j ^ r-liLi 
C-LJjT ^^jLp <U)I t_-Jrjlj t'Uj^J ls Lp jj^L^Jl Jh*jIj C ^^ ^.^Jj ^' ^^ *-** >*J 
t_3^saj" j^» f."i£ji\j ^UjSfl yL^ C^ljJ^I J» V ol^Jl 4^Ui* (^ Ij^JaJJ jl f L-Jl 
jl <J)I ytt ^1 4JL»S/I ^ 1.1a jLi coljJ* JuaL V cJ t-i^vu" ja IsxL&a JLsoi 4JU 0^ 

ii\ ^Ul ^ (^U- lilj L^Uf Jj oUuSl Ija ji Of ^yl «tlil Oif : Jlii L^JlaI Ji ^ $ 



<.&s* r ad\ jjjJI t4»rn.tf..T.lt ji«0l» : 3|j| (c^iJt Jli Jij c^*-^ 1 o*-*— Jl ^ ti>j 

.jjpf ill j . (((K p>tPj 
l_^Pil ^Ui frl^-j cUbt <u<* OAxlj cafj^l rjjJ J^rj ^ :<&' <u?-j J^-»j • 

?>^ 

.<d| ^j 4JL. ^ JL>4 L. Lf> L S*JU ^ ItJi ijJ_>^tj of j,J> ^pJj $U> J^--b 
»i» JSP- ^ ja <gj\jlrk dUUJl gjjjJ ^P 'M <U*-j f^-»V 2?^ Ji-'J • 
Ot X-Jl JAj <?p*rtjHj Ui Orj3>5l ^ £*£J» ^ JL&4 ^j ?Jb-l j dUUl »>£ 

£• c^U jt tJu^ij _UU t^jiS ftj^ tjflas- fiVtfL _L5uJ! ^j.jj; :«^brU 

.4LSj <j\ IaJlw. i»Vl ^jji {^-iJ*_) .Oa-1— Jl ~<ul\ -Ulp jilt L** \lbj .(i^it jJlp ^*Uj 

jr*\j O'M ts^J^* OJ? "JJ -iji- 1 -*^ »j-v^>«J Jl^ ll OU-jjii 0—" teU .«l) J*L aUjui 

.dii^M r-l^uJt -i^j t^*^i 

: fr ULJJ 
.Ju»-tj jjaLtJt »_-j».Jb» jAj t jj?v V :UaA^"! 



L*£ .Ijj t>» J^ '£_jj u-* tj-^J *'j-" t4 ^ Lto^jf Ul^ fVt JU-i Ul£ jj^i .j^Ju^Jl (ililb 
. r Sll JiiU ^ _^l j£ UhLBt Jj^ U^i ^ lij ^*J4j J^lj JJ~! ^ j.J^Ji jf 

Xj\j>-\ iVjVl j£ t^L* ^% J^Vt 3^ jt Uh> f Vl oJlS _^jj 

t^JlS ii* r ^ij uLp ^Vl o£ *Mj -fW Ji 0^~~^ ^U "^^Jl" Uj 

jjo «jV» j» ou i f Sii ji_^ ji i^ut t^L« ^Vt u£ jjj c^Vt Jtj> J! cc— j> 
m *' W^ *s-^ {*b c H*^b <ts ^' i^ 9 ^ t^^aiu ^uJt (jw *-^jyw 'tvy*-* <-*0-* 

JJ dUij ^JU irjjJs jt^^t £» V ff JLi«Jl ^ ^-^13 dili O^i J^ :^> 
g\saj J^i rl^ ijju<5 Di^tj 1&J\ Of irjjil OJL^AIS £^t3 ^j3j coAjuj Jy-iJt 

.-juJUt (/ ^l5o5l JJ st^Ji oil Jp jl^l Jl c t£Jt :b^ yLi ^ :uMi 

ft 

jU- .J uit :^Jji\ Ji* lii : Jl* J, tju4j ^LiJi ^-aJu ^ ll*^ \^j ^'1 c^jSfi 

itjj J* a^>-f_j dliUj ^tu>- ^t t_jiJl. Ufj .-up jj^^lwJt J» JU>t_j ^JLiJl t_J&Jb« ti> 
til o^lt liiiiS sytr&S (_iij ^JL**" : L5 x^«J_j tjU- ^tiuJt jlSp ^^ jitr J \"s\ :<u& 

.^ijJl iJu (Jp j^i ^*j^ ^M (Jj^K ^JJJ- 

X»^t J^pj cjU- f «_A^ OjOj ij^j bti c^^Vtj 43!-^_>U J»- (rfi :<up O^b^' ^-^^i «i* 

.*JLpf 4J4fj .Lf-Sty ^* r-liuJl ?w2j !Ai AiJ Ja- jji 



aJLl^Ij A&zj ^dl ^Lp^iJl ^j_^*5t J^^^t (iHi J*» lilj ti*j'Vl JL«j"L) diJAj V^lj ^5j 
$£_l£j| ^Jj of £_j>Jl ^ j^-T ^ ol£ k_a£ jJo ^* c~«>j j$ J> tdiJi Ji> ^jp 
jJu r^j^l (J^ ^^ ^1 <Ju£i S*<_a£j £_l£Jl ^Ap 4jJUl StjJl o^j of |t -*JJ ^-Jj 

jwy ,J dUJb cJili "iJjL^I ^Jo ^ytJ! ^JU-jj VI j ^it" ,J o}" :U JU IM; 

.UlL. 'ijj^S jj <.'SjJ*S\ j "Jblrlj t_jSM" J» frULJl p jLJ UjJj iiw'Vl JLi'lj o^^i^l 

(_^ L^_Ap cS-*-**! Vj cLi> <_^>v Uj /"j-i 01 4;1p oli 7<^>*^t> 7"L>o ly^-jjj !i|j 

of L«J Jj ic-io-it lij lib- ijui^o ^ x^ of <d ^•Jj t<uw> ctXJi y oi^-f L._j 
J*t ^ cSj&r t_~>«j j^L-J of L«lj . La^j if S/l£ : li>^ (JuliL j LjJL^ J^-*i ^ (^Uj 

. jLpf i)!j .lib- jy^j ji^'j J-UaJl 
Of <d J^i :^lj jjl X^a3j c<ujjj ( _ r? i>- oij cJLp <d Jsrj ^p :i»l <u*-j Ji«jj • 

W ft ?L3ri 

Jl5 oJj cdJUi JJ bVb£ d\£ lij 4ip Jli^l^ 4>ojj: oU $<Jy jb-t J^ i/»»LJSJlj 

>cr ^l t__j-^2jJt ji»*Jj 'A^J J^ i4jL*2j dIlL« r-li^Jl (^ <d oil. c£JJlj CfULJl (jLiJL; 

o^ <3-3jJl ^j>^. jdAJ» ciJ^LJl OIj Jom i£f& m? J^-j jP : ji-.j • 

^ jif <&-p>i~p Shift Oj£j J^J :\ n Js>u Oil jJu j^L^Jl Jl»j *il» 
li^ 1 l?*J tfULJl JUj'L. li. V^li ^^ Li^ l^L* ^ l+i»f lil L«f :i— >\^rli 

6U tj Li*!! oljj^-i^ O^ji 4J IJljJ ^4iitJt oil Oj-b "ii^Jl" oJla gijj^ L«fj 
jwaj ^lioJl lift ol J_ji Ortlj^Ji (^-^1 cj» JJULt j 4jL^ ^j\£ iJ^I 6i] J»jiij V tf 
Olitjj U*j ciJL^j! oJla ij O^y ^ JU>-f_j ^yJLiJL^ (J^l! oil -W^^A; ^ ^^J JoJUp 

:JU>f ^ 



.Ljj^ap Lib t4ia<Jl jib Vi ^jjj" V LJf :L*lJb-l 

^L^jjj" jf L^~iJ of^JJ J^i :IJl» LS ipj 

.X»P-f ^ oliijj La :,j>!ji Jp 

Oj^J **i tL^ii iJj j^' V UvV $4i*Jl oij JJ ^iuL V L^vjj: of :^Ldl_, 

.Lft^ aJj 
Cf '^^ »-*-* £jji ^ J^ '^1 Jl ji^i !*J c^-Lp L^jjj" j_pv V ^Sfj 
,J olj t^_L^Jl 4>Vj Jjfcf ^ Ol£ oj oj^jj ciixJl £_f Ji. :UpJ( oib l+is** r^jjj 
t( J» *VjJb li^ ^f .Lp !>Uf LJl<: olj ,^i Vlj SjU- ^U-t L^jjj Suf ^ 

5JlkUl OL^-I ja :<d J-iJ ?4a2«J jt JjuJ iSt^J Ua^ J^-j j* : Jjl-j • 

j& J^i cdtii JjbJ lj j_p- LaJ-l *Ljj Of cJ?UM /ii cL^jj jj ^1 ^jfi tft^A 

£• c~Jl U^ cJ^uM gb j/JUJl ^jll Jaj «?oLJrl ^ <djLT jijs-. ^ j^-f diJi 

^ij idJJi jljst- ^ J^f j$Jo jji ^^ jii ^jj) utyi ,-LJiJI bf itjlsrtj 

^ ? <J^~J '^ J'jw l*iLiJlj ijiJ-l ja ItfU* jJt "vj>-LJ!" 4Jj_Ul Jfljt y> 

u-^1 j_^. ^jj) j/ ji£ o5j u*JUi ^ ^ f UixJl £_U*] %L£" <y f j*. ^ juat 

cJ^f Ol£j LpyJ~\ } <.j^ 3 tOjJjA-lj CfLtjL tfJbM UJQ^I ^ JLf JL5 "^dl 

iy^i LL-b J*^ jJ --o-b- ^ U-j^V- ll'L- "sLjl" Vjti. 4^=- Jiiy L. JjJ ^j 
e^sw c^JJl Jjjl lla Ji. J-jLa j^. «uJ^. £Uj of 4J J^lli Jb- J5^ ^SO idJJi 
^ :s v^ J* ^ J^t; jt co^ ^ L^r]^ ^jjJl ol^ lib t«u* LJjj olj U-^,^ slilj*. 

.4l£t,U-s» Vjta. ^jjll ol^ lij L^jji of 
^ fV3V3 cUp ja U ^ (Jj Ct /a«-iJ <tol ^jj J^-j ^ :i)l <u^j Jjl-j • 
o^j iU^llj u ^\ jfi :Up ^j jJi u irjjlij ^jil j»i*3 c^^ krjjll o*^ 
^loi^l ^jll Ji?v J^J :dJ^U 4-» irjjll CJLJ citftf-t OUjSllj oJ^Jlj ^i-l 



jl£ !j>} <o £_)_p s^Ij" *jf (Up (1)1 j^J .L(-*-j ^ia5 Jli* ^>-li j^ 4I«j^ £_jj j^ :<JlLJ| 
.*Ul*Jl JUL. JJl>Ji c L& JLe 1\jJ\ j^ ^ .«4J JJilj Jiil 

iJj» Vlj s-^" of _p-ji 0l£ oj c^lxJ! jw> ^iailj y& £.J_? olj c^ailj ^» <^y 

.As>\ ill j .sOJj -Up X»Ju ">U J-soif Lp-L^J 



c-jjlif ^i*?- 0? V J^UJli "^^Jb" oL.yM U .jyJuJl c-jj il jui-l :ob-li 

<_>U=>Vl olftj .^Uj c4JUPj AJU^fj <<uUpf oL; VI i4ip fl^p- i_^Jl ja J^Jl 

,/AJl d^ijjf dJ Llb-f ui ^Jl lyj u) :<d^ f| ^J ill ^f ^i ^ ^ J Vl 
j* dU 4-oJw- U^iC*^ Of ^Ji iljf 01 ^iU l^-jii c~»j 01 iwj* 5fy>lj di*o Oj^Ia 
,Jj tiojt C-U-l ^L-Jl ^ 5|| 4~J 4JU^ J^U .[o . : v i;-Mi]-Vyi 4o>^jJl Oji 
a" ••** J~^ * IS ^ L<-~ i ^ ^J| S^jJl VI 0>^>Jl Op ^ <d CUJl^ J~>v 
° J rt*' cT*^ J^ t(j>*l^^Jl (jbjjlj o^jJ (Jla ,r*Jj iy *>li 4j tA tJl r- « vi of <d \A^pj\^a= : - 
Of ^)i *\jj u ^) J^fj) : Ju; Jis U^ c^ c^^j £. V} St^l ^ >^o Of 

. [y i :*l_Jl] %£?*3L«a j£> Qy.,a.< *£)lj^U lj*~J 

Ojj tOT^Jl ^ ^cJl U J, ij+A LA ^^ J^oJl JJ LilW 0]j iL+j J^:> li] ^Jl 
'Ire 5, ^j*-~ »(jjl L ( ^p t ^jji^l t ^j| "j*ilj o-J £j^i <!L^" ^j .OVy U-Ji L(jp oL. 
cOlksAJl ja 3 ^j tW j5^ Ojj till j^i Lflj^ 0j& 0l» i^j L^J Jyf : JU f 
.ol^Jl Uj Sa*J| L^-jIpj tJaks, Vj c^j V cL^LJ ^^ U :«u» OLsj^ <!j-jj iilj 
L. Ji^ j^lj c-^j ^_j^ J» ^^ ^ i)t Jj-j Of *^_£J :ljJUi ^s>Jif ^ JU-j ^Ui 
.diiJj *s-jj& f-^^j rji ^5)1 jlp c-jfj Ui :i*JLlp Jli .oijk J* 4j c~-iS 

^ Uiij CO^Pj 5jLb- ^t^ t.4ij£}\ f\^2i Jy jA ijj«^v« jA 4j *_jU-f (^JDl iJlAj 

V 4if :dJJU t--»X. _^ftj c<! ^Vl Jjiitj .^LiJl ^y Jb-f jAj t«^j -U^t^ c^JbLl 
S~*^-* (^ U^y (_j^ ^L^Ji £waj Ja "^-Jl ^ 4J IbjZ. IS) r^L^Jl" (^ IjPjLJj 

.dJJU Jji^ c^LSLJl JJs-i :UU^-f 

.^jJLiJtj <^ ^ Jji^ cJtJl j^ v^VJ '^^i :^b 

J*^_j c^Jl v ^ 4iV |g ^Ji ^f ^JLh jUutM c L5o j> rOjJjii OjijVlj 



f 



£■ l£Jl> jJLo U-i <L»-o jj! f*>L^I j^i cSjLi /^LiJl J-a^ ^ ^ * 

^i£f LUj lAftj io^ {j* ^fy j? ij J-**- jj A*>f Jt^*J 1J-*J • ( ^ 2 ^ Lrt- 4 t^' 

iJLa f l& (j-Jt aJjJj i4jLt>- ^ytS ijUuiJl r-L>J ^^a>, ,y a~^> • <Jj>» i '^J 

4iki ^ ^j .jliiJl £-l£j IjJJa;! ^Li c^b^Jl jIj'Tj ^^iJ (_aJL^ «u& iJ*>Sfl 

<_jl>w>f aLuL US t JLJl ^ jJUi ^Jo L.|j c^^t yi dJj^i c5jPAj L«l 0*>UaJl JLu j 

J AT 4ipj i4jL^ (jjfj dUUS i J>( ^Jrl dJUi J_^>J :L»*^J "v^'j "dii*Jl" JaiL 

jjlS tJu?-f <_jl>wjf c^j^-t^ ^25>fj (JtJLtJl <u^«j .4jl>wjf t L.AJ» f"5^j $A*>f ^y>y^ 

.JU>t 4_jt>w»f ^» Ju»U- j>\ JJ tlft Jli lAs-f AsA Jj iU-jjeJ ^j j^sliJlj X»b- 

3f^»ljJ& :4Jji ^ybjJl r ^ ^1 ill ^>^j u^v (J J 1 * <&! of :L* .a^a J lj 

4o^»>il OjJ ja dU 4-tfJW- l^i&i-J Of j-Jl Jtjf 01 ^^iU 1^-^ii C-Aj 0J iwj* 
dJUi JLp J a Aij c<uAf J*>U jgg 4^J 4JUI L. _/L- of J* Sh jAi .[o . :^i_j^|l] 

cU)* ^ £^ ^ 8 J Ji J* d A *# W^JJ ( >J ^ ■**) it* 5 ^ :4j ^ 
f| ^JJ U^ i^sJl St^.1 J^f Uli .[yyivI^i] ^>J Jf* tH" 5 b i (^V^ 
^ 4J c Lf a5j 14a. V J*>^i 4J J*>U^I of ^Lp dJUi Jj :a^>U ^*>^i liJUi Oj^J 

4^'jjf ^>» j^f JJU Of *ij Ajo ^ «.UJl dii Jsxj *jp I^JLJi A* Jli a5j U^^ ij»\j~> 
:Jl*7 4Jy J» oU£Ul jjkj cdJJ jJkLiUf J"!)Ul ^JA A* ^ (^f .[or :^I^Sfl] 
^O-Sl OLjj ^St Obj p&^&j ,»iJUPj ^Ijsifj ^bj ^?V»f q£M C-»j^-f 

.[vr:*L-Jl] 

c^Vl oL" J»j .^jjVl o^Uj c^^Vi oU "o^li-!"j "oUJl" ^ J^^j 

OjJ ioAjoJl «Jj^af fjjij ^jj*! Ayp\ aJp ^^p- liLi t jii^ 0|j a_p- )/t aJj c->-V(j 



VI S J*)U ^ Qyr 3 j\ ^jlifj .<_JL^l iojt VI ^\j>- j^IS OUJVI ^jUti .cJjliVl 

u-* l£ ls 1 * fW -of^J t * ujl oL f f j <*l^lj c*l^M Jr>U :^j ccJL^t ioj! 
<j^ ^ •(* Lr~ ^J S-^J 1 ^J tcJjL- jij L^ c~j j t^-ijl (gAj cAj'f^l c~h aAs> 

^jUlj c;^J ,L^I J^Jl ^>ji\ 3 ^ I'L^f ^l ^lif j ^ o^rjjJl ^ J5j nil 
l^ {s* y ^ < W 1 ^i '-^ c^^v <~jVl uiL^Sfl *Vj*j . Jas-Jl jL^f Sf^Jl 
'•M* -f^ 1 cm* ^ y^Wj < W j VI i»ysJl Qa J*^ ^ ill jli cL^L J^Jb 
.*ULJl ^aU>j 4*^1 Uty (1a J^j .iil ^f L. Ij^pf ^l^tJl Ju 
i3l*L 4ilj <uf Styl Ci £ jja jf aJ j^J t^-j^v ^ U^lv-fj j^-lA ob Utj 
^ jjJl o^j .^jjJl ^* "iLLU" jLJ c*L»Vlj *l^l JT5U ^ o-~J oi* jl* s f ULJJ 
f l dlUS, c Jj Jijl\ J_, jf US c^ iJ ^j! ^ lj 4^Jl cJ^U, iWjj o~J L^fj 
^ J>3 & J 15 11,-li .lit cu^J I^JLJ t f ^ ,J ^jjJl f f o~oj ^jjii f ? a^jjJl f l 
*l/iM JT5Uj c f Lj! oL^fj coVUJ-lj oUjJ! ob VI Sol,/ oU/l oLj :*L,JuJ» 

5y,UaJl i.^ «lJ c-ij ti^^J! -o j^JL -OLJ L^lij oJliao U Sf^.1 ^j ^j 
CJ jJ ISJ yl5Ul Ji. IaJ^jj ill .up S^L c liUl dJi l>6 Oij c,Jpt UJ f ULJl JUL 

LS^ fj^ .Sj^UaJl 4j iZ~JSj c__^Jl 4J 4i>JL lift jLJ tf%-^l jji jj» liyt li-l£j 

^J -Of oi^l ^_, J5 dJi^j t *ULJ! JUL 4Pjyj ^1 J_^f U^ j^|_j J5 
c J^iaJl 4i ^L ^J 4t ^j cl^iitj cll-li l^l^J St^.1 C jjJ ^ Ji. : f !^ yfcj lil^ 
olft j^5jj ts ^J| aJ^ L^J : Jj 0f L>«i tdJJi JL~ l^bji coLif ^ tlaii- jf 4iki- 
^jjJ lil jLiSUli .*ULJl Jli-L L^L J^ju ^ ^ cji^ jj_j tfj>t ^ ^ Vj^x. 
(X-f jjJJI i-JyiU c5^ US 4il dJJi Jbu jjL-fj 4ii J» oly. l^lij Sfy.1 ^Jb-f 
OlS jjj c4il Sf r U J.JJ5 jf 4J ^J 11^ t |^£ jL.^| |JU ^ ^^^ iSj ^iVjf 
.oili»l ^ tsk^ jl5 jjj i J>«U ^1 iU^L ^_ ^^Jli .jULJ! JUL ll-li L^LSo 



.3\aljj viJUL. ^pj S^niLtJl v-»-^ j'j^J -^J *^ ^ ^ J 5 f-J*^ 

*dlte J^v J^i : jj&Ji oOir \r- 2JJJ Jij ^ 0* 1 *b *^ 1 
K+x-yj lilj OjJLJi JIA"L. Lajk. 0l£ ^ o-b- ^ gijjT A j^>o ^ : obr^ 

Lai 

fate «ilSi ^ lil ^1)) : Jli 4;t ^j> cdiii ^p ^ % ^Ji Ot ^>^H £joJ-» J 

.^LJuJl jv Up jia. llftj . (( j^Jly-t *l!j £&b 

cl-^v lU^Vj. ^Jr* f>>v ^ ry 1 (^j *-*^h OyV 1 J^ ^ :,>i * ^ '%UJi"j 

^j^ Ll* J^ t<J^P Jii. Ilftj 4lyJ CSj~~> N J tf^l -U>J ^^ J^-^l ^JP- *^> • W^J 



^v Of 4J j_^ ^j i^w «JULL« ^j £_l&» 4J J>£ }U ij^uJi ^ ^>y L» f UJ»jii j* 
^**f {J* sir*"* >l**ij**% Of *J ^fJ ^£J SU^iU^ Df 4J jy&j .4jU jix» Ck^f IJlAj 

,dUl*Jl ^f JjS jAj t^U^l ji£f Jji aJL^ jte»\ (^JUl j^ LL&j tUslb^j 

jj» ly>jL* UjJj '^U»j jf t_— ^ij *JLp ^j>u ^ (Jj-^i ^ <tif ^jU O^iiu |«Jkj 
fj^ Of jl*j ,5j L^ju^j i3j U^U-f : Jlij cl^J *jUwi]l jjiOAj <J»iy* <£*jM 
•&J4 ^J £Ji% ^J ^^ t>» *^ l> l£^*"4! Of *3 OU iiJjxi\ fij>*& dj^i. 05 £»Jr1 
j«=«^ l*iij if j^ 4iU jf*ei\j «^-*Jt jCj>*> <_i*>U»v i^jl^ \JLaj i,y»jU jCyi 1Jl,J 
<u* si^t tff^l c-stt J< tdJJij f jUM olji ^ ^^ V jt Ijl^j f jUl olji ja Sf^Ji 

: ^ (/J J^ 1 Vj 'CW iLU f^ £l£dl «*JLU| V5/1 ^ ^1 f j>. U JS oV :»jJli 

*>* f -/"VJ C^ U ^ -^^ t*^J tOl^jL^J! iJ ^ ! - LfJ ^t uJl 4|p&Ugf cSl» U» jtf 

ur** * u ^ t 0* (^ V^» ^ *j»^»i ^^1 ^ 1^3a«Jj *i Of ( »5i9i Oljf : JUT Ju US 1 
^ijJ^ ^ Of ,jiif dUi ,»iCiUjf cXU jf Sj*-1jJ IjJjlm^ *i Of p&r 0^ ^Ujj uj^j 
(>* ^^* u^J •* lj »^*Jl jji-^j waLJi Ju iJL£> tj, — all ^ >jj>?i V :^f .[r^L-Ji] 

.A^JLf- ^i^j* ^ Of il^l Of $.Ui»Jl 

Uaii dJJi JU ^j* jUlaJl ^i^f JaJL^j .*s«-jjJ^ A1H V^srj jJ* Jjb ^«U :ijiUj 

lil :J-*j Jufj .^1 Jij :J^ Ji^j kJ w Jij : J^ Ju ;JUi aJ*>U JaiJJ) L»f .[^ 3 

,IjJL*j *J^i »J 'jJj*< »J^* 4jl*»««» j*j «4jU* J&> 

SlA ^wj tOW JJJU J^a>v US yfj*»s!lj J^s>v JLjJIj 5iii)l 0^ OU ^^anJi Uf y 
4S^f j USij j dy) ft£ U^j 4J J*v V t>» «HW »>iAj t^Ss. J J^-^i J^- ^>ai>^-i V j 

Of <(b *i>WjjJlj .l^j*k 4SCI* Jijj ot w»^v j^ Oy jf ^* 0l£ jJj tf l^^ ^ «*) j 



(JJ ,-jJUj ^Lll Aj>\s- «LLJ2J (^iJl JjjJli "IjuJ Aj[s>^ai\ jt^-j" Ip—-^ J» i y^ i > J-Uj 

JjiJl Jip dJJi ^ ^f y> l~» J-JuJl Jlp oly ill jli ^ ill J_^j b.fj .4~jSfl 
dl£ U) <of U^ i^-^l Jj-^l (Jlp 'UP *^~-aJ! Jsji^-j i<u1p j^^-^Jl s-<_p-_5 >*_) 'jX-~^' 

.^_« %. jrjj^l «J J^-f (^^-o iif ^ o»jJlj <J^f 

J>! £<Jrl <-3*>^V SfJjf J-* _^>t> l£j~"3 £>\ <u1p f^ ^ (JLjJLi <-."a£jL^J\ J» (Jl^» 
Li> tt^vJ^jJU-Jl jv lyry J*d\ IJ-»j 'L«-<-^ (* J -J I ky^aiJ l^ii Ol£ UJi 4iU tu^^* 
*^>- til J-V2XJ \j> ji^W <y> L«-<-^ J-' 2> - lSj^^ 1 . L*-^ £•=«■ ^P 'uE 2 *".}.^ <J •^ r y- 

£*>- Li> -Lpt-jj *h!j «f^ um <*^=?v ^f J^ 4 Jj^Li co^a- !Aj i_~^ jf i_— J !Aj o^a- 

^f JLP £-Li IJLfcj .4Ujlj ( JlP o\y\ Jy. V^ ij} J>. (JLp oLi LJ ylnar- jj 4ill A-lP 

c^j^Vt (Jlp ^^ Uft-L^f cJl£ ojj Oyt^Jt ay _L * ty •f Jk j£'3 ^j^ 1 5 -* J '^' *U1jJ| 
"aA j JsUb JlJ t*^Ji 4*^ /Cjx^i Ol£ Uj'1 ^yjtJlj 'p-^J^ ^ oykUaJlj ^^ illii 

.Ljjwaj,* IJiA ^jmJ Jlyfj tf- Ijj U_(_i JUL* ^^'yi Ojj Uft-L^f «^J dJi* J» L«-<4ri 

JLL'L c^j^Vl C-^-Vl JIJJ^J '^*j!j r Ji^ ^^ ^ ^ :L^^-p o-viaSilj cL^LSo ^jsJ! jl 
4*jSfl Iw'Vl jLJaJ! i.lp Jcs- cS^Sfl jrjj: <i ^. <J ll^t-j li")U? l+ilk oij c*U*Jl 

L^^ ^ V dJJij c^>lJI Ji o_/U> L^ <.j*-H\ Ojj L»^> ^ jLJ cWjjJl 4j>Ui 
jU tjJlis cJti jy-l ^-tj J> liJf ^p^jjapf ol : J>i of Ji» Jst-t Jl LLb-t jJ U^ c^i-j J 



^ r ° — c^ o^~ ^ w ^ e^V 1 6^ ^^ 1^ J-* 2 ^ 

IM VI Le-L^ Jj^ V ^j ^ LftLjJ SJ^Ij Je c-i oi oJ^j . jJlt cJli ^Jl 

Sop J» ;LwUU cj ^_ J^J t il-L J^UJl o£ lij Utj ?W> *J,j J I^pjL; US 
S^i* jl^J-lj .UlULIj <JlU| o^ J>4 _JL. £jjj *J lla ?L^f SJip ^ o-^Vlj ?4~1> 
<r lpf ill j ..U>fj 4jL^ ^f (^aJu. (C^dlj .^JLiJlj dUL. 
ttejl jt liA c^s-t \±aj (Ua C^-f iJLa ^jj^ pj3 ^p : Juj jti <u^j J^,j • 
<£> .ftLASfl 5-*?r ^ dtfiSj cIJLa US Ua US lilj c |JLa jiit IjLa jiif Ul£j 
ftiUi J*y Jr9 <j^l l^^spt lilj C U> ^j iJLa ^j lit :>.,.^lj ^w^i 

v l^j ci^jj ,> j^ a st^Ji ju c^i CJJ j| j*i jp dji ^ jt 4j ^ 

Ua^f b\£ liu C^ jjj Sjjlj jjj Vj) : Ju; it J is ii^tj l^f ^ _ki^ 
»Mj • JjSU & Ljj/J 4^_,j jjjij of yyS J^ jj_, C 4> j^-i ^uj ^^j 4^_,j ^ 

JS ^jjJ o£j c4<>Jl U^ JS J^_* ^| ^ J^V 4^jJ ^ U_^ JS j£ 

^ SU*l rf^S. (la jli3 c l&J| ^ 1JU -t^ ^ sl^jj ^ L^ ^Jt; jf U-^ 

jt 4^1 ^NJI 4*^ jf Jp 4^1 _,f 4^f J^Jl CJji jf y,_, "jUJtJl c &" ^ 
"^Jj ^1 (Jt W^ Jlj tj^'yi Uwsjf L^L^f Oi 4jf ^Lp 4^jj lij Uu£i c< u^f 

•^^ J^ o^ °j^y i/ 51 ^j^ 1 l^^I itUi J*^ cyi 'ay-L—Jl ^W^ ^ IJU jU 
tl H SJi^ ''^ ^J '<^M ^^v 2Jj^ j^rj ^ :4jjl <u^j ^iJl J^j « 

ist*» : li yjJi oU cL^o <:!: »j rv jt 4a.lj J^j 4JU ^_,p_ of jj>v V :«-jbrte 
^j c^.jSfl 4*j*S/I ay <uU jii. lift j .((LfJbs-j afjjl ^j cI^jupj afjjl ^ ^jjo of 
CS J^ ***■ Jjl^.j cSjJs-Ij f V» 4JUj v Vl 4Jl^ 6'pk, vi-jjJ.1 lla jf Jp j^lix, 
.3*jSll 5^'Vl ^p L^f 4JU Vj L^f 4Jl^_, Sf^Jl o- t^v of 4J ^Ui cl^.f ^Sfl 
: jij^Vl J4.-4J ^f hj\j j^j Aib^ ^ a^Ij c \& ^ ^^r Jsrj ^ ij^-j • 



£i£i)b jUi u> W ^ f*^^ cr 5, tiJ 1 ^ /^ J-^ 1 — — ■— *— ' ^ n 

!i| b cJ*>Uj <t\Xt> iUU tJU alU c^Jl£ :*-J j 4^1 jt 4 -u.t ^ j^i\ SIX &1 £>tf lii L*M 

,42**- dj& Ji Sy^l 4JL* U*A*"t 4)1^ Oj>£j ^ 4)^ iJaii 4^1 <y tfU-f Oi£ 
Oj) £*4lS :l^1 1*> jt tl^t i*i» jt il^»t 4lUj l^t ill^j oljJ» ox gJr\j 

,pfi\js\i fly- dilij ia^ L -* Jt **^ **■»* M^-j M**j 'Lr^ 
Vj tc3^ Ji £b>v ^ t %u visit £& oi£ tsytVi 1* uai^-1 £ji <*b 

^ I^jjJ t>Vi SiJlill £j>" If** «£-JwJ« »*l» t JjVl JjU V^l t 1 ^ *^ ^ 4***4l 

^ j^ (j $i< ti^UaJi ot£ olj i4-ftii Ju?ij tj-dt jj«Ji ^ ,j ^j j^t s^ 

Syf *iLlJI_) tiUU k^Ju (^ jWj «Us4j ka&> ^} i^Al* 
j^ JLjSUll £l& jwij (Jj .ll^j titSUaJ* i>tf ^i* Sj tadit jt fell* It-ilL laji 
c l£i!l ^ L^ J^i uU il+j J^-JL; ot yr* jj 1,* jjJ ^ Uty (3U^ JjSli Sip j^s? 

aalkJi JjVl Sjip yj^iJ ^ 1^4* Jki«i Vj 42w*4 L+?i» '^P^ ^ ^ ^J a * ,u *' 

6^ji v W I^jlp ^ JUliJl £l&Jl< S f >>J! 6JL* ^j^i Ot 4) Jftj tWVi iiU?V 
.(j^jiJl JU>t k-^x* i^j- cdUL. ^jsi^ j* j tjyjv "5/ :^\j 

tiu-L «-U JuLij 4jit ji*j JU( UU* it ^^J jj^ ^ i& iU ^ t :s>W^ 

. JU Vlj tA" 0^* ^Ltl-j 4i|J dWi J>^-i >^j .-t^j*L-Jl 

Sjit JI O^Mi i4%lj 4*>j Siy Lt JUt c^tj ' Jt }(i »^jU jj *»jJl ^ jitaJ» ^ 

, oj*jt iiu l^j o^j t^ 14 ^j tw ^y V ^ w ^' ^ t*>' ^j '"^ u 

JJ l^jOt j c irf Jss-Jki ^ 11- 0X0 ^ atyU ^j jj Jar j ^ A» <U* j J4-«J # 

if Jbt Jtj .t^ J^jy jj jjj i^t ft gijj? jj^ V :M^"^ 



s rv , __ j-iicJi^ jim uj v# #1 f 5 ^ V 6^ ^j 1 ^ /</*" J"""^ 

C4ii tlfili? f <7r ai 3jji 4** C4-AJ cy-T Jjt^ C-arjjS f c^t ^W a£lk» 

iaJj L^w Jjj c£u-» <-j">U 3x» ^» 5fjj»i gjji Jjt j ^p ^btf 4»l <w?-j Jju»j • 
'£j_P* lfi.Us>j 'Cfcs-^V *^1 (ji 8 ^ (J C^rj ji UJ Ijjt CJ^ij cOliuo j-»j(5t <y a5 
X3*Jt lJU J* JWaJl jj*y J^J :j^JUJl JUaJt Uft ^ Cj^ V*^ ^ ^J 

4ipj cjL>L> ^L^Jli :2L5JLiSi ^aJ-l JJ c-scjjJ L^S J» ^j^Jl l^JJUs oj : v->br^ 

.J>U)i ^Jsj ^ JU*J f cjjfyl eJU> J^j" of l^j ^j^k ^f 
l^ijli 131 f 4 JjVl o-A* C.^a.a.il JLai (j>li)l L*>Uaj of JJ iillil) c~«>b- oJlS oli 
4jJs»JIj 0*k>- Mj i^JjJ iJbJbr- r-L>0 Of. Li /«* £■ Jj f L l y3 r £>- CLJ^h «u o.Xip-1 ^Liil 

.aiL*J jjlxj ^ JL*li Jlap J» s-^y. ^j -*5 Ol£ olj i<u~J 

^diii ^ ^j j3» IfSJ+fij t^jsjas?- C->b- Ljit C-»Pjj t£>^ Sfyl djjap- f 

o-lP ^lill s-Jsj ^ JlijJ *r c4-sia->«J JjVl o-^ J-*-^ 1 * :U-j-io Ojiu of v^"J ^ ^~ i ^ aA 

9d*b-lj LjSg^u uA4Uj j^-i) Uju C*srjj& CJb Sfj^l ^P tJ^J • 

^ SUi^ ^ *^J^ H^* ^^ 3>?y Jf* : ^ H^ 9 f l W»«*i 



^ ft tOtf lii* ^Jp jl2m£ Of 

.uSf! j£l -up lf%' Lh J^jUi j^Ja^ ihc >Jl ci^ :<rrtsrtt 

^U dj*Ai5l JbUaJl Vj £$j -'ij SfjJl OJ : Jji j*p Ju? 4»l <u*-j Jjl->j • 

J\J ^j ^o^LJl ^ Jb-t Jji5l lJUk JlS J^i :lfcti ^aUp ^JLii Otf ^£y OjJj 

<-j*j I JU Otf £& JjJb <-J*Ai5l £ jij Ow l^Jbxi-)! jaj ?«uip <-j*j bl» J ji5l Uft 

Up ^j>L LjJLi o*>d! J^UaJl Jl^jL £ } \z\ :<jj^\ s^j ^ «ui-l : <4^> *->^ 
L(j! (J^Jlw-J! jUIp -^ wt^-f Li J j c^VI f Wij 4^Jlj 4_-ili>Jlj o^^p U-jj 7^-j" L ^- 
.4_jJ^ JLSi (^_L4 w^f jp IJla Li jj»j coLj rjj OjJj o*>UJt (3*)UaJl £_j$j -^ ^S> 
0\£ jli cOtf r jj r L^ OjJj o*>li)l J^UaJl f yj Juu Utkj Jjx^-I j! dJii J 13 <yj 

Oj£j jf <.^%^^\ f^Lr* 5, **** ^3*j*± ^ (*y ol£-»j otAJ Oj£j of :Ji« t^V^v j-W *^*^ 
LjJL JjiJl (Jlp ^f oLi ij»*>L-^l jei ^y«i ^^ '^^ j>^ jf tf*^^ J^p cj.a> 
4_-iL" jLi 4_jL^^o 4JU i Jj«iJl IJla J*>Uci>*.1 (Jlp jf oC r^L5o j jJb o*>li!! £_yj -^ ^^" 
L^-j tCjU^I /C/^Jj cdL^-ljJl 4_-jj5rj jj-X>ti»ti ^JiJl ^jJj^Jt j^ «(JLi«o c < J^3 ^ISj 
j^i! Up L,^ ^ jJtjiJl i.Sf» J^ Sis oJj c^^l jii ^ Ljjf ,Jp ^Jl ol^Ul 
^ "(v^V 1 J'L-*" s^j^j -^^v t>*^ c^UJlj j^uLt ox dUi ^-bj tf*l^Jlj 5*>UaJl 

Vl^>i Jj>t3r jl t(*^r*-l d-^Jf T^J OUii^j j^-A f»L-V j c^f-^y-1 CjljJ-vaJlj cJjjiLj.iJl 
J* J^-Jb Uj t^^ja; U j Ljj^ ^^i? U (J io>-ljjiJl (Cj>^ jf tj^-Jlj L<^)L^ <pljjf j c*UsJl 
OjALsa^JL; cjU^I f-S^J ^Jjji-I ^»j^j«J| cjLj (_g j^-x 4—jjliVl £-l>J (Cj>«J ^ cLXJi 
t^i-1 J^ jf 10L./I ^ d^Ji _p«ij ifLiSllj pb'yi Ji'jUj jfL^j *L-Jl oL^f J/.J 
oJL^i :^»*>L>'^! ^i ^» jl^k^Vb 'Cto-Lii o-JLp l~« dJJi ^j c^UJ'j r^L^-Jtj c*j»JJIj 

-( »_j_ipjj *^j . ^'■-■' 2 c j j-oJ^^.Jl L^_j f- jLi /»3 Lk* IfL.^JI 

?dJii ^«p jf tj>j jf t(i*>Us jA Ja "fl>^-l" {j ^-^v ^LjJiJlj ijU»-vflil ^j 1 -^ 
jf .\jotj «w^!j L(j «Jj Ja :^Jlj ^jJlj cUi-L^ "ojAliiJ! oLjL^Jl" ^ ^^^pjU^j 



*i T^ ^L^Jb jLci_ UJ ij^J j>\ f^L-^l *^J* (Jj\si /(j?li)l LaJi\ 

s^ ci^l 4j £i. Ja "^l" ^ ^jL^j ?Jb-j Jl»- On ci>. jt ?o%' jf t^/b 
jb»l*Jl ^jLu^j ^jJJaj jf c^ ^3- LjJUiAil Jbu i_a3jj j»f ?Lj-i Uu J lit o-u]| cUbiJI 
^Ap <_jVl ci^j l>«~Jl Lsr j! c3*)Uaj tJai-L J'jUaJ! y>j tey'LJlj i jly'LJl ci*)Ua <j> 
^jjJl yrf JAj <j> IjPjLT U^ t4JLSjj" jj_b £■ jj)l Jftf ^ jj» (^JJi j^U-1 J*)U?j C4JJ| 

J-Lu"" J?L~« J» Cajf Ij^jLo'j .J.ULJI l^iyo ^1 JfLwJl ^ dUi ^j ilf-bSy tij-M 
jj :4J_^ "jUij c^l>-ij tjLjJiJlj juJij tc 3")UaJb UlU-i" JfL^j "J»ytJL (3!)UaJl 

JjL~« ^ ^j£ <j> Ci2jf IjPjlo'j .l_jJt <3_Ui2jl jf j^Ji. ^yfi jf rti-l ^Jjti \J£ cJLjJ 

.(j^oJl 4^-j^ J» balk* "oUj^I" 
f j-*-*Jl ON ciyi jf ?<*i. ^ jf £-«j J«> l^liJb c3")UaJl ji*J J" j^^pjLu^ IJl*j 
^diL» ^p jf dIL» ^jj J» £JL jf (j^j j ^j-i jj-Ai» U oysj b« on j^ ^tyj-^-'j 
: JJ, .lilja* £jj iJ.Ji : Jijif ^ J^. i c l£Ji ji* J*yJb jl*Jl cj^UaJl j l^jLJj 

(^JJl -W^iJl J^jj l4ij£ -UP J")UaJl £^j3j -U<ai (^JJl Ja^iJl Jy (3yL> :JJj .ajSj ^ 
(J'LiJlj . jJUs cjU liJf .JL-kpf jj :4jji^ "JjVli" .o-X^P (J'iUaJi j».lPj t4^JLP JU<ai 
.gj~\ ^Js-j tjJlj^ (jA^J 'jL**^ (^ JL «** ^ C-Ui j} :4jji^ 
jj :<dji£ Ja^dJ) :_pj a^j-sai.* jb£ lij Ait ^Ap Ijii'li t-b^dJb jinJl jJJl L«f j 

t4^jL 4jf :5jUj 33-WaJl jf t ^_A ^yp Ui j_JUJl iL. JL« jf i^y ijl ( _ sJ Li 
i_jJU- jAj t-bj^iJl ^»-Lp o^j-^1* L t-bj^iJl -2_p-j $Sy<2Ju> -j>j J lit L>-i IjPjLo'j 
(i^ l?^ J^ '^-WaJl jf t^J-l jf if j-^iJ! ^^Lxi oyLx oij cyU-f ^ : J 13 li} U^ tjUb 
cON^ OjLi^ 4jj>o (J^ (_jb^ i_jlLJ| jj^^>-j 4jb»^vaJli : Jlyf £% (JLp ^di!i j>«Jj c^Jj 

:i»xJU!l ^» 4jJjUs> Jj3j tSjLis- (_j»f jp jjoIj^I ^T ynj tJU>-fj ^yJLiJl i aJu jj^j 

(j'-OcJy (^ ^L*jJl ^y** ^ ttilli On^. J^j -b^^j t^^jJl ^f ^lj t«_-*J C/^ 
< - 2l ^ > ~ ^} if" Ort'j^l l£-^!j cdi!b« Jj-a^ ccLJjJl aJLp :J^j .-U»-fj ^jxiblJl i_js>Jl« 
t Jb>v Up ^^ ^ : JJj t-tO^ J» 4J J^f ^ j c [sS *iLiJL5 S/ y ji^tiJl ^^ aliU j 

• fj^- jjjtj t^jb Jj3 yij tONvbJl ^ ^i/lis Jj-a£ 

J*ii ^ of (3")UaJi jf ju*Jb ulU- ^^.j aj*>yi JiySn «!» JLp iy>jio" liSLftj 
4jj>v jf cc~^- lij dili *jSj Ja rjJlis ^y' j^ 'y c^-^ l^ c-U3 oi :4Jji£ LtJi 
l^iirij .cibjJlj (J^UaJt on c3y ^ (^^j . Jtyf #%' JL^ ^-Up f( yi. ^ jf to>^ «jbi^ 
ij Up ^^v ^ j Jj cj«)U 2 J| 4 £i_ ^ ^fy.1 ji^f jf JUi !i£ cuUi jj : J 15 lil *\ Js- 



^liUllj jL^ U-i ^J ^1 (OL^I 5^ (JjUi /^U)l J*aiJl _™ ^ i • 

(gft i^^ai^j t«up. jj^»Jl <^ Jup-t t^-Js-L* y>j t(^<^ ijieS 4$& w~^ ;UM».t 

,4i 9^U£ V *Ut «UPj ^^J (Jt*J >*t ( -^»U)l ^j^-J <.4jU»w?t 

J( ^iUJl w-ftX* y^ <,*£$■ *^4> V :^Ullj 
Lai 

V : J^lj ,ai^ ^f <^# u^ 1 ^ 1 tf-^lj c«*JJu« t»~*i» yj ,(j5*li a^Ip w^>v ^ ^JaaIi 
lj\M 4^b ;j^j (^ j^jlj tajfo Jy^ tC^UJi ^r* **'& Jy yj u^A ^ v*v 
j$«ss!l gjj jj^ yj cA-*^tj t -*j>Uj| w^j^j t,jj^U)l jj^-**- j <i»U**aJt Jy yj (Oj^ 
^ ^ ^U^Jl ^ Jl^ ,Jj clip ^5ll w^ :J^j ,U^ jj+aJ J# Jl»^|lj 

,y y?4**i \3£ cJlm C)J :JU is| U5> t^v^ ijU£ Afja?v <it 
viJ-te *uut JL^ ui& alj «j^ 4Jjj JjiJl I.U (j^is «.Vj* j^s ^ Jii aij 

1 Jj^ 1 a^^ tl^' £k V ^^ tN' £^! V til :aw^b ^l*wJi ^ JU ^j 

JgJJl w^f^* ^JU £>t JJ dUi eJft^U *ul ^IjJ ^ J^UaJl jt J* sUi»Jl (j^n j 

t(j£*JL**i! feUi^ ^ *»A^*e-j t^i^Vl *Uj jMj tOUwa^^ rt»A CC*i^'j ^jU«wa!t t-.-ftli-* 

,gMyA\ lift ^ ^ f y JS 3^**-j 

JyS cJUv dJ#v ^ jt < ?<J-*s-t ^ O^lj^Jl ti'^-ij ^UlS j^jiJi Jj>-tj cJUftj 

,y L**>j yJ>ij ^>uJi jW^t ^*j «A->t ^p «!ull ^.ijJlS iU>j dUlj 



\ i \ £-l£ilj jJUi L-i ~4**J Qii f%^i j^J* (£$<& /(JiUil J^aitti 

J*ji{ cJL 4llyil. a! >Als>li ji dlJ'iSij ^aiLiJl i_/b***f ^ JUiitj cJU4 t_^U»^t 

*«/"* CS^ «-*^ > ~ _A? t J^^ *^ <J*J^ ^^J **** ?<*"&>«# O^XS <uU> i»jd>- US ftJuiSw s,^ 

(_^f i_jsX» ^ t3jj*Jt_j cdJii (Jl ^-jj <t;! :*j*pj <Us4j dliUS ow- 1 ^ *«j*xJ «C&b* 

V ^'^ (>*-5l j*"d J-t-* ^bi OlS dlj..v«Jl (jg^ ,y && *i J^J* C&*1^ Cj* &^ 
aJ ^Lji*)^ ^ <L& (JLp a-Aiau Jjjm ^j& <_jdU- Oij . «j-*J -U>4 v^Jw yj» OVjJ 

:4l JJ ^Jj ?di*j ^ jjj idUi _po_j |J^ cuU dliV jJlis cJt : JU lij SiJSj 

y^Lb lijj f^st jL^JaJl of U^ c4py_j ^j V lil_^. <J^ :DjJji. tUJUJl j_^^-j ^jVl 

4-1*- t_J^ V lJ—li ^Jj 43^ 4iP ill ^ U JS Ot !jAi»>l :"^Jj V" :ijJi3 ^,JJ)j 

<iJJi5o .oLji*3l ^ fciJUS ^ jt tJb- _ji 5jU^ 4Luj -up a* 4*# bj ^^ ^ j^^Jt 
4LJ (i i * k/ 1 O* ls^- ^ u^J ' oU y t J oU-<j 4, 4*^3 4U li^i *^i J*> ^ ^jj Xk 

^l^^i vr 1 ^ J-* l-i* <1>L# t,oL^ijJ! ^ 4i«j C-JjJ toLjiaJt ^^) J*i *--**H ^ cJb-t 



cJs-f olJp p^ Uy tjilft jjAJI j-o ^UaJ^ : Ju; Jli U5 : JUJj iljlJ <&l Ijia 
J} -h n: f urtli] C^ t?i J^ ^ lj^ jiJJl JpJ> : Jl«" J^j -h i • :*uJ»] V 

.[> iVfUrtli] ^^^ ^Al^r dUi^ : Jl*j iJjU <dy 

^ . \ :SJb'Ui]^(*£j-J ^ ju 01 frLat j* IjJLj *if : Ju; <\y <u« j c vLW^ "k^ £- 
^js*j ^ *.^ ^p JL j* li^- j^L«Jl ^ ig*. L ~Jl ,Japf 0l» : 3H ,^1 c-i-^ j • [ 

c«-JTjJ (►*» Ci3 jjj t *i» : Jl5 fyl* J£ cj»t :^U ^p a^JL, Uj . (( <dL«. J*-f j* fj%i 

. (( ( ». -j »la. - ... i 1 U <U* IjjU yl p&jA tijj (Ovarii ^ tf p£%. ^ '(♦i-'Wf (^ 
J*-JJ Aj^Ip Sf^Jl <0 0~«^>- 0**i)l (j*)Ua)l Oi :«.UJjJI ^ ii*U» Jl> U* ^j 
(^ JUT Jl* U5 a^^-Jlj o^W^ 1 ^ ^ Mj "3*^' <_/**■*! ^ 0L» tjXlaj ^ j^ 

• ^tfrjjj t-jd\ ju a; Ojdjij U <u« (l)j*A*iijp \j^^J\ 

Ca-jj tj*«Ji (Jp <OjP *-~^u Ulk^Jl OI)) : Jli 4jf |jj| ^1 jP ^^-sdl J»j 

4j-ki-1 (^yi j>- aj cJjU : Jjii (^A^-f jiLJ tias ( , ( «Wpf SJji« <dl ^pj5ls toij^»- 
Jj! J» 1jjL$ (v^j! 4iiJlj c-j-U-Ij ^^wiill J*t (jjj -LSj .«cjf cjf rjjij .v-p 

<.lj£}\ J^ Jjt 0*>Ul oV tO*>liJ! oliljaJl (JLp ill ♦Jij^aii 'Ij 1 ^ W^ f ^^h 
cJi IS XAAij^b ^k J-J-Ut OLS^J J*)Ua)l Ji "^\i 5^-bLl of ^^ij .*liJl J^ ^Tj 

J» 4»^>-j tlJlp-t 4JJ j^^J^-U- o^Lxj 4i« Aa^-j 4^-L.I JIju aS)I ^^Jj c Jj-s^V'j jIj^I 4-i^ 

J!)Uall ll» Ob t t5!AJall -dL, ^ (Jj ^yaJ-1 J> L,Jll» lil U^ .^ULJl JUL. ^1^» 

V^ : Jli U5 tix^Jl IjijJ-l ^j c *1yJl J^ait !j| |2uj£ C^h JIju <0)Ij 
tjyJl dJLU *^^(j t^LSLJL. ^.J^jJi 0>^>Jl o^LjJ ^L.ti .((is-s^Jl 3-jLJ-I <&1 Ji ^aJl 
LJi "(ijl *1^oi J-v^V'j tO^ 1 ^^-^ Oyjaj ^ t^LSLlL, ^i oyJaj ^ cSjUdlj i^J'j 
: Jl5 4it ^^will C-i-bL-l J»cJUi ^ JUjS- ^V ^1 J»i ,J (JLjJlj .^Jl ja £*,, 
ll?u— a ji?jSl J cJjurj i5o%Jl <-3_^L^ L3_^ cJ«r : Lr **v f-^'^ J^ LUa3)) 
C^*jj 2ufi& aaj3 Ji Caj ^-Jl (Dl^j c LLi d)L$ 0*-^ Jsti (Jj ^L*Jl J C-b-fj rfj^J 



^ * r C L£JL jLo, UJ W ^1 (OL-^I ^i ^jbj /^Ui| J^aiJl 

• Lj-'rjJ ^^ij KjjZ ti\ -by 4a .IJa. J t oIjaJI Ijsrjyj 
C Lf JbJ ijlj .p-AJjP »^p ^j^p" jf A* 4**-\y ^ Jj^Jlj .pJkJLP J^ V C^jUaJlj 

J, cU!>^ llfli c L i ^ j^\ J jy^}[£ : J 2 ii ;f^J| ^ ^ j^, ^l^j ^_ 
■^■jfi c.sf J* 'flr^ ^ M :^Ui*Jl <iLi;ij <up j^ loA*. 4J1 ^o; ^ lij &%& ^ 

tl oa ^^j t U* ^ytj OLidi JU ^^ Jy ol^f y;^ Of ^L^JJ J^y %> : ^ ^Ji 
Je±*b\ j±H\ fjJlj <hb ^Jj Sty* J^j %> : JL3 IS j .((f^LJl* f.U t^JUl Ua^j 
ot^l^-JJ <J ^i J Uij .«l^iPj ^af i»J aJs> j*c> L^lii ^jj Js> H\ :^^ Jy c-« 
^ i>* ^ jp-l L~> IJ^j .^>waJl J c-ol^Vl »Jl&j .lf%' 4^LoJ fUi3 a*j <SUj ,^1 

<.j6 4}j^ J3 iiLj ill oLL ifj+iu*. >5^L pK; ^ c^^lj ^L li_^L. >S^L 
c^ ^<^^ x-* li^ J*i ol : Jlii yi&L u^U jJj .4j (Oj ^jLa JlkJL ^iSj ^ ^Ui£ 

115U- 10* o^ Jjj <-.aAs- lJj1£\ J^i y^ ^J .^aj _jt (^5_ n j J^J jt i^J^jJ ill 

^ c^ ^J ' J^^ 1 c? 1 oj^Jl JlkJl ja y* U 4 J i Jt ^Sl\ t\jd\£ ^ 3 J\ ja l^oij 
Jaiyulli ^^ o*>Ul c$0^i L^j ^bLl ^ y, Jap lii L.t j . (ilkJ I O*^ tu ^Ll 
.\s-yy liO>- dUi (j» Ijjjj to^j oUp ^ oUix^ ItjJLJl \y> Si/Us t-Jiij .4^4 



t^rVl JJuj L.J y> JJui JU> jao JL*J! d-U^j co^ ^ jL«j ^ JU> ^ >t 

tiUJu Jii^o £ jjJl J, cdlji LJ| ^-J St^Jl OLJ c c LUl ^^ c^tjL. U»-^f JiL-i 
^tj £U^I ^ l+J L.j J^yi JJL-*j clA ^ty *U»lS 4-. U~ii UJUsM ^ 

c LUt 0i» l«jd^Uj .JJLJI W* -UP U> ASkjj j cOU C ^ VI C U Vj CAi^Jlj v 1 ^ 1 
JliJl ja JS ^ V ^ 4Jli t<UP j^jjjl t3*>Uj CtJ*jh.j .-Xi*il. *i ^JJ 4} j^Ut 

Ui Jiyilt 4>U, SfyV JU || ^J» at c^-^i (i cJ 0>j i-*iJt iyt v fj >v 
^ "dcL~* Jjiy c4iL«^ ^5ji3 ^- «*" :*i»jN o j*^. *^j Jt cry ^ ^b* 
OJLA j/ JL-Jl 4iL" ,J tj«ukll (Opt -ut ^ 4,V c <--«*» j. J-*- c^ ^1 ^"^ tlA ^ 
^Jl J^ (/JJi c lS^« y» j tQtyJL^ ft -Up ^jytJt C L^J! y "ca-fi c ^ij" c^L^Ji 
JjJbj c«dL~P ^jOJ ^b^ :<J ^ yJt JlS f-ii-i t ; *^^j «y 0«-j^ ( On V 
^Jt ^ ^ Aij t ^kLJl ^L=r -up jj^i l^v V AiU "JJ^< c Si0" UU .«dkL~* 
Vi -J JUj Ji^ j 3 \ V :^U^t j. ^p Jlij .«4l Ji^lj J^t Jrt j«l» : JO Ait ^ 

■. J-UJl c>^v if^-Vt Jjf s/ iS-L* o\£ -ut :\fc*»-t 

^^a^y. pi 4JU J-Uslt «J>"5^ i«_iuJt ,y iiJVWj ^-Lp jjl V ^ase-j-^t :^*sJt 



4) Ol£ Olj calk*j La JL»4 ^ Jj i Lj_i lj,j 4J ^j-J jJ»j t jL>v 4j i^j U ^j-J i\jj\ 

.^IjJl <*p-j u*^ 1 " t>* tAst "JJ ^^ y? ^ 'ftJ'jJl y^ 4~Pj ^ (rfj 'M'j 
4it 4-Jii ^ jjp <&! iji ,4ju* ^JjAp liSU olj cuvJlj OVlji ^ i,,*-* 1 jj' Jtf '-^j 
: JUT J 15 U$ t_ijy<j! *- t£jl oji ; r.^-^' ^/jjUo^ V f ^*-> >-^j • <J LfJb-v 0? Juj. 
,%i>tyjj i$y> *^y J-*?" J ^1 lj^~«sS l^-tj jt *^«*yaif j^ *is) jt 5 - df <tfbT ^jf* 

I.Uj .«JjJb «Op t^jjdj £&dl J^Jpf)) : H| ^Jl Jl5 L^ t^l c l£dl yi*& 
iLjJS.^1 v-^f-y tS^f aifllsj cfUuJl <y <4?li» JUp 4ip SjL^I 4;*>U1 y> ^i£j 

.JJaj <UUl£j t^ysly til* cO^UVij 

0^ of \j-Xij. J «d*f oV tlJL* ^ *,-£ V J*a> V 4^ "J-UJl" t*fj t^l^Jl ^ ^Ut 

cU- Lis cL(Jlp j^J <Cj\jC^>\ ij-^iiJl Uj}j i4lf^«l af^l Oy-J df Vj tef^l r- jj Ji^l 

Aj A^j oUa^l jLv3 tf- jLiJl <U ^L ?^=t-*o i^ai* A^x^l (_/ ^^Sy J Lj (JjLj 
of jf cLfi>«j ^iJ Ifi^j of 6_jJid ^Ul! \As- j* aJ&\> jUai .^U>-^J aa)\£- fr Lif 
jjij ^ (*-t-^«j .Lj-L>v "^^ (s* (^^ J^ i-ii«' <3j5 jf ^-** , b y Lf-»Ji ( _ s Ip J^-jL L^j 
<i JJUi-L. c-st-jjJ lil j- Cri-^3 -^> ^^^ Ajf^lj ^^T ^\ IS coli^ Lidi b| U,:f 

t_jl^ (j» LjJLj ^jj-J! lOJi ^p ^ cj2~o o5 ^f jj-«f ^J .LfJUjj ^Vt JW ,>* (M-^*J 
(JiLJl 4J ^jLJ L.j iju^iJl ^ ^j^uJl of «_-jj ^j "J^=x^ O*^ ,^Lp JJjJi oL, 
d]j LK*4 lift OliU <) iJLp V (3*>Uaii ot Jit AjUjJi}\ of jJi ^J <Oli tlla Ji» ^ ^^c^ 
"Utl2j j* i^j^J jl>- 4J J>i "^ 4;!^! jit ^ ol" : Jli of L*Jj cli-j^-i* !l» dl£ 

^ S-LiuJl sf^l O^s tt^uJu^Jl (iLiJb 4-«yt ^Lu>f Ojixij J-i»^!l Jj&f ^ ^^j 

JU islij oJLP jf (JtsUs SAP £jA i^SxA CJL^ fl_^ .L(^ula>«j Tj*H 0\ ^^jj _^j*' J 5 ^ 

(«Xif ill j»ip *^-«jiif ^ +*i£\ jf «-L«Jl aJsj*- ^ <*4 fi&f UJ ji^-U 5 ' ^l^r *ijf -<J^ 



t^lSUl oOip {j* J&J d'j~> o-^ij-Jl ^jJUlill ^^i .[vroiSylJi] ^HM <— >ls£jl iLi 
(JLi'L .AJ-f J^JaJl 5-Lp J» ^ OjJl S-Lp J» life jl£ lilj nJU-f v 1 ^ 1 <j^J <_^ 

lfJy>L~*i\ (JUjIj <tU-f i_jh£j| *JLj Jj&- r-lSUl oJLAP j»^*j ^j tl^x LAOpIjj jf JL>-V J^XJ 

£l£_Jl ooip ^ ^ j t |^, UjlpIjj jf Jj 4 ^! J^j jj lf% fc L^j DIj* ^r_j^ ^^j>" 'Mj 
J^v (J l-f-^jj £• cJl£ litj t J-itj JLil dJJij ijy>L~d\ JLjjLi <tU-f <_jh£Jl ^L j^*- 
(J -^ ^Jj^ (^ <-^->L£ liU t^j^jL^Jl <3Lij"L| :\l}ajyC "^j cliv^^aj" V cLj-Jaixj jf JL>-V 

.^UKj £jji" jf A*j LjjUa^ ja *Japf JlJ-I 
L^-Ap j^soiT jl Jj jUyoj tb'%' ailkJl jvJuJb-l JpIjj Ji "JJLxdl Ja!" (. ^JAj 
Js- aU6 L. Ljja* j t JJUM c l5^j ^UJl c liU) Juc C LS^)I S~Op Jj> ^Ull £_l& JJj 
Lj-laju ^ JlsM £jjJlj ' JJ^I SJLp <j> L^Jlp 4iii l»_j t JU^JJj cJJLxjdl JLap ij^_A 
°~^* l/ jy& ^ ^^ t^ OS" 14 Jj^-1— ^Jl jl£ liL* i(j>U? ^iaJ "^ j to-LP 5xaJ "^j c i^-(_« 
jf JJ 1^^ lij ^JjJJ -CatjJ ^j lk,^aJ ^/- JjSfl LjJaH. jl ^UlL L^li^j cJj 
fj~ Vj tl^- IajipIjj jf Jj 4 ^ J^v V tiLiJl l^JUaj jf Jl*j jl^ !M jf If^lilL ^jji" 
jf JJ J, I^jljaj jf JJ ^ di!i J*i lit UuSo :«cU-f c-jL^JI ^L ( j^ ^liUl Soip 
J* c/* J^i 'oy>-L— Jl JLJJL. ^»^>«j 4^ (J_(J !^^ L^-Lp ^2.a.;T jf JJ Jj \rj_p. 
•t/ 2 ^' Lp-Lif ">j>^ ^J L<-^ tJLp Jj^L~Jl jiJl ojj-^ JJ^Jl J 1 t/xJj laLJu J-L>Jl 
.(. UUl <ui £_jLJ L« Lt-^j t«Uj^>i ^^Lp jj^lwJl «^f L« JJb»Jl jj-^> fy Jj 
°>J l-Uj i,*^ a\ JUij JUi ^ of iH ^Ji ^ o_i ^ r^bwJi L.tj 
ioiLJl L<_i ^jb" ^Jl 4^jVl ^ o^jpj 4*xJl £l£i ^ yi jjn L. J-UJl ^ jf ijv, 
^1 ^ ^^waJl (^ c-j* U^ t Ojj«jLJ1 j»-AJl*jj 4-«Vl oJU J-^if 3jUwiJli Jt>- j£. j 

•«(»rA ui^' {^ '(»rA ui^ 1 ^ ^ ^^^ ^^' bjti ^3^ j>» : J 15 ^ 5 ^ 
^jLj* lilj t«Uj^>i ^^Lp iJlLJI ^-«>f ^LSvJ ^ t_j if oj!_p- (^ iJiLJl f- jLo" r- L^-i 
Lv ja-f oy>\ jL^ «Uj^>i rt-t* l _ 5 ^ !^>wrf L«j tlX^j lllp »Japf dWjf jU UJjl-l <u» 

.jt-^f (Jlxj" 43) I j .j»-A-ijV ^ ( _ 5 ip «Uj^>i 4^ui| jjj «Uj^>i ^^Lp IjjLsJI 



^ I V , ^l^Jlj jLii UJ ^J ^1 /OL*»Vl rc^i <_£jL^ /(_^Li)l Lyai.lt 

(j? CU£X*3 tt^Pjlj Ljwat OA^ij tift^u £jjj J?-j J* :<&! <U?-j Jiwj • 

*i!j CiL la L^jf :yf-\ frLJj \£tj^-f OJ^-Si f uL)*k&h <U* CJb r t£rU~d **jf Al^ufi 

.^jJJl Jj 0l£ Olj Cr^W »JlA £-l£j of :-UP jj^i^Jl J» JU>fj 4jL^- (_jjf (_JfcJL« oi» 

uIa Ji«j .«u» (Jbb^Jl J^UJt^lSUl i^^-i J^UaJt jf jj-t-^Ji J»-U>fj di)L« s~*"^*J 
Lftfjaj 0l£ t^y- ^iSUl 4>w> J» Uj^Ki; V ^b> '(eM J*f J-* L^V f^i J?L~Jl 
Oj : JUL ^ ^>- t^-lxJt Ji^ri L*J 0_^-o ljJ^>-f lj*)i) cuiii? lij ^>- cI^j .OoJ^jj 
t JL-j jjj j>ii j»J Lilj>- tJ»_jJl 0l£ ijv- 4iLi ce^f tj & ibUaJl j-» l-Lftj ! V*j J^UaJl 

.t-b^Jl 4j t-Lj L*S- JL-j Jb^f <0Jt 4*^ Ui 

of L»l flf^Ji «j_ft Ji« oV tj-«j'li j-*j Cjj>*JL^Jl 9 U^-L; *yil J» xjj IJLft Ji«j 

l\Z\j>- aJ f.^>ji\ 01^ :*>U=>L. JjVl £_l£Jl 01^ Oij .{\js- t>j^ rjj r& J^ s.S*ji\j 
Olio t J*>UaJl * ^i yd tjlk j^>. JLu U,tj .(.Jhji\ dUi <y> t_-i (^ CJi 51 ^J 
.^Jj-vjjj iis o^UaJl flji_aj .(^LiJ! «.Js>jJt J*A>t^-l (Ur-V cJjVt ^-^^l Cj^ ^ 1 -«- p p-^J~" 
JijbxJj iL(^i>«Jj nil jiJLi L'%' LjJJL J^r-^l lift 0L$ OLi tiL^iJlj ^jVl <J» L f^>^i 
.jJLpf illj .[^ iij^Wi] ^<u»iJ j,ii? Jid ill ij-l?- ^xj ^^ 0L» t^ll :>jJb- 

t^l Oji A3L^ ^ l^Jjj c^t i^^ Sfyl ^j jj J^r j ^ : J^j • 
Of JJ Ubij Jlj? |f cll^ t^ ^ c\AJdji-.lj t^ JaS-ij t^b- ^^Sl Of IJiaw 
t j^Jl Ljjirjj ai-li?UL-J^Ju tJjSt^^lO*AisJ <dite aJJ^J ro^ br j j ^ilj 

^OUa^-^i 4j J-^wiuj t(_ % ..,.-Ji (jytLj 

4J v^vj ^--wJl 4j j>Jj Jj t<u>w» ai^pl til Jb- ^-liLJl Li* ij <^rv V :ob»-li 

-UUPI lij 4J uALtotJt ^l5Ut j J*>U2Jl ^ij C-UuLiJl ^l5Ulj OUl^^l J-v2>v V J t j^-Jl 



^ .#* c?* *^y i^JJ ♦"•i*^ ^ Vr j jj% 0t 43 oJifc ^w»i *}| jf ^a^p £_\& *u> 

f J* Ji *h> J.^ J--* d*W i^ y ^ <^ J* • JiJ> ^ M i>\ d^i d*Ui 
Ji* g? J^UJl Oj«Sj4 (W^^fj tJ^Uil V^JJ Ojp^v«^ ^L^ill ^t O^i tJtAWl ^j 

J'iU.l J^*«i ut jj^v U.U ^ ^ V J^JUJ! dtj i JUU ^l&ll Of JL* £y lili 

JJ Utkj l)I5 g.jjjl LUj .lil^ ^^U*^! Ais^ Ot 0^-V ^«Jj ifl^sUl ^ ^ 

J* U^J* ^ ^ ty ^"^ t<«?W (j» g>^ *J UlS IJJ lix^vy? £-l£jl 0_>£j !Vo^U-i 
*^' d 9 " ^^ (>* ^ <J* ^J^k* ff^ iaJ^*^' £.Wi <jJU>v JjjUl iJlftj I^Ui 
4i%o Of A^s> &\S 4*ij*Z Jj&\ ^j t«UJUi j! *U^ Jilj *!^v- cdJJs JUq«J Of ^ Q\£ 

cJj c/j te^U^ ^« Dj^Uuj oJj ^ tjj^j^* ni»jl^!j ^U*3*-V! »JU*- V «4j^1i 
,^Vl tSU'l* Jj^v V IJt* J4«j !u?^Alj <>>^' s-*^v <^>s5%^ ^ OjJJLsj 
f o^ jis^j tU dUo Ol£ lij "^1^1 a*i^ M o^J J^v*! ois~ C)t tJu* ^l?Jj 

idiJi ^ ^ (J :dlb f ^f fJ# Ji ^ utj n»JUi (J^t ^t ,J Uf ',q&J\ yfuix-Jl JU 
w^^v ^^i!j JsfUd! ij^i ot Ji a^jiJJ ^ t^4)^ 4^^ii ^^ ^ dB oV 

^.r*J f'^ 1 ^ J-^ ^j tif^ ^jj? >j o* : ^' **^J J^J» 

4JUJ1 Uvp ^ J^J»Il J^ Jan JUI ^j t J^Jaii 4 £*j bS? L)JU» l#J : vbrti 

JJ ^) j»jU J^^«j 0( ^ 4jjf# till ijj^. ^«boJl ^ j^J :dJU^ JJ 4Xi«9 y» Ja^ ^j 



\ i *\ „___ £-lJUlt jl*a UJ A*^ ^ {%m^\ ^A cijU* /^lt)i J^awJl 

^ ~jj\ j- i& ^t - "k*j W v §ty>i £jy Jsrj ^ : Jw? 4>t <urj> Jju j • 

ft £\££\ j^nS^ J^i : VpW»f j IfgiLe J^£ *y$ t jl^i w^w h*s JS ^JUA L«**i>» yiiUU? 

,^1^4)1 o%&\ <*?**■ $ dJUUj ,*U*tj 
^ &\i*e£p :JU 4)1 (Jli ^ tLiUJl £_L& ,_^r ^ j^ S^Jl jrl&j 

01 :mlUJI ^ JU ,y Jl5 QJ>j ,»UJt ^ijjsi JUrJl t-JsUU 1 .[vV\:«/Ji] ^j**Ji 
Ijj'U- l|*Ljg l«U 4^spI a* ^£J ,l^**ij ^iU* .ill (J* ,J^! Oij tl**** g£U V et^l 

.sLj! C->jJj t<J> -UjJl J**-^ tAfr^A ?J?j 4$ ^JajJi (jll^ 
f! 4«nJl lJU J*« ^le ^j^AiJi gL*>o^ U^'LJ l^j^l Utj 
^jj U ^iy t^UJ 4M ^^ "^siUw" ^jj? Jsr; ^ ;i)t <t»^j J4^j • 

:cM f^uJi jt t JjV ^j? :^ jUi ( Jj^H ^jjj ^rjj^'j gj^ 1 J-»^ «^ T 
:gj^\ \^w ^ (41^ ^jj Q\ fc-jjD ^^j { JjVl S^ai *^i 2JjJ» VI 4ijf U 

n ft tU cjii> ^v^i j^j 

Sjjfc i ^ji^li j^Aftj ^ju<«U i^i&i : u^-uj *SU>i ji^isl ujj 4U 4%Ud Ulj t*^iij 

S«lp 4j CU"«yp| Utkj JJ ylUll L)^ (Jl (T (, <J jVl 9-^ ^ Ot l^-jiP J} i W^-jj j^J ^j 

,Ua^*p jt im?UJL( jt tJjjS/L) lcj$-lA q*4 Ju«?- cut-jjJ OUAaII cu*biit ii^i c cSj^t 
\ii Of ^j&j tU&iA,**! ^\jj '^jj j^J t^^rjj** ^»t ^ :4)l <ucj J^-»j • 



^ISnJI. jLcj UJ a^ ji\ j»*>L*^! ^J>. (Jj[si /^LiM J^a-all \ ° • 

cSJUl VrjjJ ob&l l^b <£.Ul Vajl^ ^gkpf yLJl ^ Jjty ^.j j *\rr Uli c^rjj 
S^lsli jf ? JjVt o^ *^ c-^-J-r* ^j-* er*^ ^ <-J^ij tjA-J» j^ *tr 
J-\ ^LS^j ^wi, iiu>. ^f J_J ^^Lp UJ :^p^> lS-LS^j Lprjjj" 0l£ 01 :<-Jbf\i 
:c~jJI ^ LtfL>- tJ^jaJJ CoU dj^j Ot JU^-lj ^LiJlj dilL« Jy J^ l»ij c^S/L, 
i£-~iJ! U> 4jIjj J» 4jLi>- j^jf Jcs- j£i ji*il Jbu <ust- jj (-* Jj iLjJin; JJa^j ^ 4?-l£ji 
^yJLiJlj dilU *^Pj uzjf.lii OJ o^Jo O-^jjj" 4jUp c~siJ lili (£-LS\Jl j^i* jt LfJi 
r^lSsJl ^twjjj Of JJ C-jtjJj" ^j i^^jj yJ» Jj clA jL^=- N <up jj^tJl J» JUs-fj 

^ »by 5xo j^ «afyl jit <uf Jj*i* «up yf J^-j jt :<&! «u^-j Jjs-jj • 

?05fl A S-^yjJJ *i jj?v Jr* A-pysJl 5ju1( 
^Jl ».uJ! J^LL*! <j» -tJy JJj J ^^ _jf U^U^LJl 0l£ 0} l«f .-oil JL.J-1 :<-Jlr^ 
J» il 5a3jI j»- aJ J, j^UJl j^ JJj j^>- a^Jj ^Js- \ljui- IjlyJ iJLa ^-Jj t^ll <jp- L^ 

oJ^> ^ jit -til Lftj^-f ^a>- LJi ll'Lp 0j£j Of Ji» :*-(-^ _^p N-^ 0l£ IS1 L«fj 
^J U5 c J^Jall ij^ Or* jf ^ dilJb ' f* (J lil j-^-l L+iL 0>^ J- -Aiiu" J+i ^J ^ 
.|Jj»f ^ilj .(J»LsJi jj* «up jj^^Jlj ts^j Ju>-i j& \jy^tj> lJ%>=- aJ ^iiji Aj o-»U 
: ji^ a* o^y clpU^f «j|j c y J^Oj ^ ofyb ^jjj J^j jp : J^j • 

^ ^ cjiJUflll aj>jL Jaj ^\^Jl jwsj J^s 
Jir J\ aAs- Jtz^i ^ dJJI^j ttj>J-~Jl JLjj'L jJ^Jl <j j>Jj ^ cii xJ-l :<-jUrU 

:0Vy -ii*l! J» ^LJ*JJ ( y^J {i^^-^ 1 <JLaJL. 
jjydl i_j?-» -U^j -L^^j -kp-fj dJJL« i_~aI^ {JtL Jii*JI Of L^^v^f 

.^l>Jl ^W {Ji*ll ^L^j (^y, ^U- U^_«j JyL Of ,J^j j5U iJj^-aJl JJ Lj_i 
.4jLl>- gjf JjiS c>waj* j&- s-Js-jJi 4J J^v V £■ !^ Jli*j| Of I^Ull JjiJlj 

.^JLiJl Jji^ c«-^9jJt JJ «.Js>jJi «d j_pi; : Jij 



*l ° \ ^liDl jL& UJ ij^J j,\ {%*^\ £?!* tijLa /j>\d\ Jya.a.11 

lij £jjJl lift ^ c^-Jl (JwaJ <LJUi Jj^-jJi JJ l^ilk lij tjJjiJl ^.Ift jLo 
^ Vj ^(jwL^Jl (JLJj'L; Jisl ^liDl Ob t -.r jJ jf JL«x jf ^A fisj ^ *)l»L>- cJl£ 
UJ £_l>Jlj iLp-L^J ^ J» ^ *)b U^Jl ^ J*U-I Ulj t Jj^-Jdl JJ JjU ISI Up 
-U>fj c^UJl t_~ftJui j JLl ^-liLJli l^^L. L^J lit Ulj c&lk Lp^J 0l£ lil 

.La^pj 

jt (^ 4j.x. J£ ^ **Jl ^ ^^j "^iSy J*-j ^p : iil «u^, Jjl-j • 
dib ^ 4iol3l SwU ^ %Jrt ^d J^j r^ajijl ^ £& Of e3\>yj <LiP Jjajj JOT* 
W ^ ^\£jl jwjj Jaj ^ jf <Li*- Ubtfapfj LaU? yL- lilj coJULJ* 

01 dj^j c^v llSjj* -ui Js^iio ^ UU^* lS-l£j «5o j^J ir-j^. Of -J :*-r>^rti 
.dJJi Ji« (j* OjS ayL- fUail -Up lli>- U5*)U3 (^jJ Oij .Uill=> ?Li Ojj UiL~« f Li 
Uti .dili jU- Uilb ^ij u£*w»f 4^pfj JL, lit <ut iSy y>j <-£_}j £_l£Ji ix^ <J*j 
Olj i«Uj^ ^jIp («-ft^_} ^ojVl ioiVl jii"l c5-Ul "4*iJl ^L^j" llJ oJjJl -W^iio Of 
cf}L*^l jvl^> J> dili Olf> ~b LS c^k*2-JJ Ujj clilLo UJ :iJ bya^-j. JLi'Uj 0l£ 
4*iJl Js j^jk (yi^j Of Jju 3|§ ^Jl Of ^>w2Jl g^ c-J U>5 t^_j^^. dlli Of i_jIj-aJU 
^1 J^-Jl tJaj Of c^ jl5 OT^iJlj . (( iaU)l ^ jj Jl i*J1 ^y oi ill 01)) : J 15 ^juJi ^»Lp 
j^Ujf cXU U jf ,^rljjf j^Ip *ij Ojiaib- ,^rjyJ ^ jjJdljf i^Jji, 4^jJu^ jf a*-jj 

^UJ^Jl alftj .[v-o:Jj^jJl] ^OjiUJl (^a dkljlS dUi s-ljj ,^1 j*i ^ ji» j-P *^19 

^ rliliUf j-ljj^AJ Jj^ a5 4&1 Ob iu>^l c-XL. L. Vj i^-ljjVl ^ c— J l+i 

j* dili j>^j c*. jy £% (J^UaJl S^Pj c^APj ^-^f kujt alijJl JLju ^I-Up^Ij tol^-Jl 
SflSUVl ola LjJ^ J> c-iJ Wjj cJ'l^ jii cL^ ^i^l-JI j^ J» c-5 V ^1 fliUVl 
(j^Jj 'Jjj^ IJ-* -la^-jj .4jcJ| o~>e^J ^»L5U-Vl oJj» Oi lijJ-Jl ^ Jl5 ^ Jl5 LUj 

.4juj}y* iJLft 

jj* dili^j it- ULJl ,Jj5 jw,t (j» OjLiJl i^^l^ j^J Ji*Jl JJ J^Sfl ^>il IMj 
^1 4J ^^^ :^ijj ^J li^i :Sf^U ijtbi ^j J^Vl C j^Jl ti^ lil ^fj ."JUl c ^" 
jiJl U* dJJi 0L$ Ji>Jl tijJ jJ 4if U>5 cL*a_^pj JU>fj dJJL* tAj^ij c^yiiLtJlj 5jLi>- 
i4*iJl ^-LSO ^ _/, JJL^i ^-l50 j£J t Jlil ^-L^J ^ ajL«»-j t<up ^1 J^ ^l^wiil 
^1 Lft-U«J Of OJj^iL* La^ij i?t5o Of Ji^i iyalfi ^jA it C-kS «^J J Jis^l r-LSo Ob 



£l£jJlj jJUa UJ aw ^1 f%*^l £*-* cSjli* /(^till J-aaJ1 *l °X 

cJlsM £L& (j» 4-Jl ^ Ui^i **aJi £i& yi» Jdl cJLS> iJi^JLi iSja-ti^Jl *)j*«j *=*-_} j^ 

,<uj^l 4a1^j fC>>d1 te>\J> Cry. hjj jJ»j 
ji^ jy>u 4il 4«jj^I luiVl iwJkJu* ^£J ttULJl ^ iij'lW <t«y Jui " J^*Jl" L»tj 

^jdl ^ J^Jl Ifilpj lit iaUaJt at^Jl 01 : J 13 j^fr : Jto <&! «u?-j Ji-»j • 

^ ^t t£s?w» jA J» : W*"JjJ tH 1 
i*ft ^ r^^j (jijj-t-*^ 1 oyJL- Jl 4^-fS/ oJLsi tji»lj Jy lla :i-j\jrl9 
IJlaj . (( dbL~* (ij^.j 4aL~p JJjJtf j»- %> :Ij'%* ailWJ J 15 <|| ^Jl jLi iQwL-Jl 

i_^*wJl /ji Juju* {j& J>J>J L« ) — "^ »5 IJlA j ji\j jt J* jj^xjaj (t-kj - ^XjLJI ( y3Ju tj& 

c4i^Ai>v ii*~Jl cjv» JL^ Jy ynj i^-dl *i?_5 4J ^Jb J illii t-WjJt 1>\jl$.S ^JLp ^ 

Jjj>V 5jLu- jjfj ct Ij-i-o^l -WyAl dJJU j^J t&^liJl Jj5 yn_j tsjly ^i UsiiJ-lj (JlLJI 
lift .^ 4i>«ij ^ <»iU-_5 c^^ ^p J'ljJl tU jS/ iliik* jJsjJlj Jl2jJ| £~j ^LiJlj 

( _ r J IjlJj j»Jb«»l LaUjj I3J jUU-l jli iJ^iJ-l j^i A*^ On <3y*i 5jLi>- jjfj .si^-U 

^jljj J> JU>t_j di)L« ^^J tt_j|j^l y>_j "fi^,^,^!" jli^iu JLo-tj dJJL*j 
^b^yaf ^ jj£ L^JLp ^1 ^ JU>f jp tSy^Vl 2ulj^Jij cisiw flj^.'i/l jUs^iio 

fl^^iw-^l ^1 i^»o ^ Ait £y>wl)lj C^^aa;?- dJ>lj ^« JjV 4i! :4*Ljfj jJUj (^t je^liJlS 
Lft^Jj (J^^JJ (jJl ol^fjiw-Jl /-« *JaPl O- >-*J» toJlP L^JLp k. Jfv ^" 5J <^~««t!J *1* tjy* cJaa* 

0-i»t (e^LS- 6j>- L(jt j-iJ Jlj Cjjjt oJLji t^lj^^l ^1 LjJkP t^>V ^ ulJJjJ tUXwi 



<\ e>y ^^ m ^^^^, ^LSoJU jl*^ U,J VhH sin' f^^ 1 Cr 5, ^J^ /y^ 1 J^"" 

cjisljjL! UjJj J>«1i j^Ji *L(^A! oft^isjJL^ o-^ ^ijJl a-^*J -W^ »»^ Vj| Ljfp*>t\ 

.LpIjj dJij ^^i^ i^Jtli s-'Wyi (j 1 ^' <M 

^j 6L*iP JjJj c*U>-f ^p jCi\jJ\ <JA>-\ ysj c3iik*Jl e-US s-U> *S| ikivS 1 (tb^-^ 
Jy yisj t 4jb»«w2Jl ^Uf| <0t : t JL. j£ij ,<l)j5 y-l ^ j*^ j>\j t(_/Lp ^ij cjUp 

cJl£ Lpt j*-* 144%^ Ljjl^-i^l JUj ^j^S t>^ viJUi 6ij tL^ jjj'uII li^JjM £V>j-*)l 

a* C^it sfjJl l^~» !ii bit£i . [y £ :*u-ill] ^iOUjf cjGU U l!j *L-Jl yt OUfisMjf 

^j .aJlP ^i ig*^-^. -^j t(j*UJl <JL£lj **-**^^ fb-^Vt Vi L(-s^ (j«J ^wJtj cffj-i^ si 

bst ^ Jli ^ Jli tJLjii t"jus*iJ tl)t y>\ ||| ^1 6f ScJb^l Ul ijiji bL4^X>' {J ^J\ 

ika) u^i cUlsiw9 i-^*j c«JL& ^j Xi&zpy \j 1 1mj 2jl}sut c^-m^ £y> b\ I? J* - ^j" j>yi3i 

. J^Lt* i^O*- lJU* /f£j ciJS J Lai ' t y^f &>*$& -t-*J l5^ L*y') ^ yfJl 

<*j'5^( -JU«J Dt LA^f 4if ^ ^i ^ 4^jjJ <JljSU iC~!U AilliJl Xsb^l t/ cui*]* 

ylj^ k^Jka- k^. sXa e ,\h\j JUt Jjsl ^jU t*JtJi tji>v ^ %JJ\J> Qt> J«^t VjlA jlir jjj 



dJJi oLS L,_wij Ojb^l lij iJj^J\ of ^ j> <u ££*v oLS dJJi c-y' yj &Aj 

Jy Caj.t lift ^ysJ t JMk j> Ml oy>J M eJbJli lift J^j '^j ■i-UL* Jj-^ ^ ^LW 

*V J^ <^J <^J ^S OjZj ^ i3}UaJ» Of JU> Jjb jUpMIj -LvJlj olyJlj 

11a jJ> J Up j»^5Ul Ja^o M LS c^Li-l jto- o*>\il oUiiaJl ^ ,- ,„,U IjU 

oULu~» <uij "aJI^I ^L^j" j j»}l£Jl La 3j.^aJ|j 
. J"l_>Jl f U i.^ M :Jl5 j> Jy (.JLi" U5j tL^JLp y*_, iL^'ly^l <j» "LaLU-1" 
Of 43 ^J oLJMl oU c^Ldl f U tu.j±. J, iJ_,Ml f L. iUyL j£j ,J jly^Ml :<J J Li 
i/* CiuTj .^IjJl ^ cuiip U5 Ol^j LjJ^li-i ,J 1*1 SiJ^J C<U* ^J Ijjj J*JLL-i 
4>!l» :J^5 f| ^Jlj ipJLJl J*M oMy Lily af^Jl ^ ,J tij »JJj «^j)» Jl^J^I 
,J Lily af^Jl ^ ^J lib .ykUl oy cj>lyl) jJ^Jt J*>J .«/sJ-» y»UUj JilyUJ 
elft Ja^o ^y lift ^j c^'bL iLUbU J» IjjJj |SM jf ji-f _,*Pj tc-j-bh <d_ji» 

tyypMl j iiJlj <-j\s&\ <Op J:> ^ Jdl y& Ha j t< _jyS ( j^ J>£ M L,jf : "iJLiilj" 

•!l JUljJlj tf^, jf ij\j *i\ gCsi «i ^l) : ju; <Jy jy )i iT jJJi <j» jj^lj 
1> ^f (i*x>. ^l ^j .[r:j>Ji] ^o>wjJl ^ dUi j»yj iiyL. jf olj ^1 L,^u 
.L*^Jj %_jt Li Ijyo ^1 aJL,, IjJLju ^ ^.JJlj . Jbp J» ^_^iJ» 
. J*fc ^t s^L-i ^Ji, U. lift j c f J»j3l c l5UL; ^I^Jl I^IUi : Jjjtd! L.f 
f J,^J| 4J J^^ ojj -UJl 4, 3^ of Jb'J/j Ml C L^ JiiJ olyJl J» ^Ui :"Mjf" L.f 

.Ja5 ill ^jL^ J» JI^jj ^ ll,j fjs^l ^yi -b il^j of L.U .Ci2jT 
^^ '^^ C-^ 1 ^ ^ yJl flstt-J y> ull ^l Jjy ^^ of rV^'j 

I^-kiUl ^ LVjU JjyJl ^^ oy^. 
:^ly^ colj Ml Lftjk. M ^ly 1 ! _,t c^Lilj Ml tk M ^ly 1 ! : JjlsJi Jy of :"iJLdl" 
<^ ^1 ^j^. ^ ^jjJlj cJST Ml 4Kt M J^Uij cM/t. Ml JSt M jS^l 

.ill ^ -up ay, ^ llftj c^jj Ml Lprjy. M ^J^'j 
dJJ-^j ciJIj O^J Mj LllJ Oj5^J LftjJaJ afyl ay<J^o OS ^1 of :"g\J\" 

.LJlj oyC Mj tO^jlJl wU-f ^^Ip ayC«j ^'Lo Jy" Oi afjJl 



\ o o £-L£jL. jLcb U_i ^>_j ^1 f^L^l r^-i e£jL^ / J'liil J-A^l 

/f* rf-*"' 4^j ,>tjj c4>v^ij cJ)J oLL) jj^Jl^d! 4-JlP Ji Li Jl fjsi jl ! -.^LiM 

,<Ujy>sJj 4j VI O-i-A Jr^ Of 

Jl 4^U J& ,J ^1 jbjt jii .(iijJty. jT 01 j 111 L^Cu •$ : JU r'^LJi" 

.-v-^iJl Jl **-b- ")\i ILJlj j-^j Jj-j L^j J»J IS} A^^iJl dJJi^j cOlj 4l» iljAJl _^i 



I^dJJi -bo Uj)l ^^ ^-Aj of J] *=-b- c^ti .[y:j>Ji] 
^bSl l_p«iofj|^ : <dji Lp^-J :3ijll9j <__^~Jl jt x^ Jlli : "?^Jl" U»tj 

L» 1j~b>o Jj cIJl*- tju*^ 4j*y I eJLp rt^Jl c5jP^ jf Jj-aJI tJLA J^f (JlP UJj .Xj*^ 4 
Jip jj! dili j^pj U^ tp U>VL> 4^-j^^« ^ MjJli Jb-f Ljj Jij J AjT IjwLa^pli cLp^-^j 

^p dUi ^SJb U^ ^^vaJl f^i ^UrVl of fVj^ ^ iSy. j* Jy Jp L»f 
-bu lf_j.i As-bJ Li j *?v '*•* j' 01 4jj^_^i* ^L-ui)l 4jLp (J* J *3 jJ^j co^pj jLi! /j it^-tP' 
^^^Jl 5j«j j£i -yt I tstwjj jl jv-(jL*i-«J p^A '.iS j1<^''l Jji' L*S C/t-» jJ^ - ci-Ui Olj .Lt^y 

,ijv»_L~Jl Jlyf ^ l-i-* ,j-Jj t^jjt L* 
iIjJj- Vj cLJ<L> (J ^Li ( _ r 2J Jp Ji £_U*-Vl :Jjij ^ £_U>Vl jjJaj j^j 
Jf>J^*i j^ai _^P ^ **_wJ ^^J £_L«H> &* ^jLp ^ J^j .3j^fl o-l» <-i^ j £_U>-1 

4j J^jJI (^ Ail ^obJb L(_»Jpj i<*y\ JUp J?jjLs^ Jij (j^ai Vi ?■ ^^ L^ t«-^! J ( j^>_j-^Jl 
Jjf i?t«wUl t y3_ ? ^2j| ail Jki?-j c4j J^jJI jj>V V c^JlJI r- j^jJb L(_Jp ^ LaJUp j^ftf 

.^>-j^»JuJl 4jijb>- /-« 

jLj c t_A».^a,ll 4jIp J» ^*|*£ia i/ 4 ^' \j?t£j\j]p I'Jj-i 4^-j^-^i ^ : Jl3 ^ (J^J 
4j«-j5v»Uj \oJCJu»t lAa j£- U^ »S Ll4 cLvs jLp U>jj>tj i_^>- iJ Li ijfij^' *— <WJ ^lj T*^ 
C-Jl£j wLjfJl ip i»yt Ljjf jJli jJj c4jIp Jl /CjX^I <-r*-y. *-** ^^ J^^J '^i*^ 
Liij tu5j^ jf I Sl,l?< ofj^Jl j*j>«J I-h l^JI oLLaU Jfj'^ ^ ^i^l 9-b* of ^jJUv«j c^JjJlS 



^l&Jb jLci UJ JL*J jil f%*^\ gp& (jj[zi /^Ull J-^iJl ^ »*\ 

jj*^*)^! Oy^i ,j* tf^\ ry il)li liv^ys ^Jnj *) *w» Jj c*u*-j1j (.jhxM *UsjjIju« (J* <bjL>- 
O^j Utjaj jj Jij coJLj Lf*** j> «0 ilji Jli "^^.^Ul" Jail j£J ,(Ju«-> <u!sJ i jLJl v_JUa; 

<J**r«i J^^*^ -^ ij V : JL5 IJlAj coL»JLiJl ^,^2*-; 4-JJl» L-£Jj c jjJ J eJlfc jlj .Lu>v 

Cajfj .[v:fUfy] ^f^Jbt 8j»*Ui ^^y ^ \jIs^ dUp LJjJ _jJjjp iJbJ «dji£ ^ JUL 

t4f!Jijl ja i£j$\ ^l&Jl ^Iji jU JLJlj ^j rjj^ (?^^ c».J £_l£Jl Jjo (JjJ ^li 

Oldi Jju mJI^I Ot JLp (-f^^i JJa f LS -lit jOi jli ^ I jjJl ji *UaVl £*> eJjJl j f ly^'j 

.OjJJjOI j^ ll*f f!jjJl jji f !ai^l £*> SJbJlS LijJl jt£J Lily c-^rv ^ 

m-Ip \jj\£ US i^jA^ j^i Jj—^l 4j f.W U< ll«j^ j5o J jJj c jlj j^J «d«ij iJLft ^Cj>o 
j«p U— ii ^ ( j£-£ ei> OV taUj p-iti f.j>^&\ >rJiia>( jj_j t j^S^Ji^ ^U dJUi ^CjS^J 

^Ijt JU" illi .Ja5 ^J Stjj.1 0J0 L. :,JlLJ1 ^ Jli ^ Jli liij t^j^ J» &&> dJJi 
^"^j i^l5ol jj^^aio X~Ja «JL» 0^ -ls*^' ?! i'y "&• (^J '»y^ 'j^Jv^ ^ s-W^J 
jjLl 4J* Jai-itj &j*\ eJj li] '^U^A 4*jjt oL$U ^Vj jt J^j^ ^' ^M UAj ciyl^Jl 

«/* CJr 5 ^i "^Ji* 4 * > ' J** 1 "** ^" ^-^^ d*J - -"*!*■ j^l ^ ^JJi <i U ;4iUL 
0>*J*~*'' js^J (J? dc-^j^' s^Up ^«!>- viJJij -^^j 'Ui ,-Lp aBI ^^ U* IJLftj t<i»jji jJ» 

»-*^* ^ ^s^j tdJJij (»--j j ilj»o «jty»l Oj^J £j* ^»Jlj *^JS :j»-ft jc pj t_jb^J^ Jjsi! ^ 



^ oV £-l£j\j ^jLci Ui ij*j ^j! fjh^l ]>yS> iSjl» /y^l J-*ai3t 



^jj| sj^sflJ iij <^iil JjiJllift Ji* ^ ioyJl *jiT Of i_-^? Jj i^flysJl J-i*t 
4j_jli ^y> *Japf 4jy> Lct^J^i Ot <jdjj l^Uj-^Jl ^1 <-*> Ji* <-*Wau 0* p }? wT . « il iUjlj3j 

. ^ . ,ka Okp 1 JLa dlib*--»p : lj3^i of £&*}»& ^ j^ -&3 <■£&$ J*t ^ *-**■ iioU> 
jUjl^I dJLiJl 4J J^a^ Uj t^jt JJ L* J-Uw ^3 4i^ <£flp Jjli ^ UiJ |H <<~J(j 

^ L^l^j ill Jjtf JL>- tLjijii Us- 0t£ 01 jk^ i4Jjlir! JLojj t^jls- ^ -bjj illp 

OjiibJl jlSj t^^o ^5l~»1 j^ ^t : JL~» Ji J j .Lp-t& o-»' ^-U* d!31» t*.U^j! 
t v ^p ^^ ^ lift : Jli3 ^ ^jjii jW jij t Jj-Jl <j» o*^ 1 *+*» f **&k JjXAi 

4jU LpUo <_i*>lj>v illals ol^Jl <_->_^ (j-J 1 * ^o^f^- <J^~ *^P- kl-^-t f^~^' Ol£ '{*£ 
ijs- 4*JL» iJ« Lpf JL«y t v r »j £j j> j*p f .xH ^jOj Oj-f ^-J t4i?l3 ^bJi Oop 4J j^*!? 
^ -U*» OtS 05j tjU^Jl ^ \jt\j, ill Jjif jt>- ^xJaJi Ji\ djiikd*! J**y !-Uj i?.UJl 
^f ijs- c-Jp U iilj tJaf ^ alM ^-AIj Jjtj £# &^*l *>•» *• HI i^ ! <-^ ^ ^^ 
4J j=Al c^JJl- iU* ^ u*-. '^U* -wl^ *ii ^ c-Jp U %rj Ijj^i «*iJj tlj-9 5, Vj 

Ol^j :^iJlp cJU tS^-p 3jLp ^» ju^x oJu^U i-^yt V l^^ 1 *^ ^yt £jj^l bilj^-l ^ 
j*j& c-jiS : Jlii c-cy ^ OlS ^ ^1 OV i \*> 4jJ^1 jXJj tU-U> U^l dik JJ 
diili t-uUiJ ii! j^ tc-jJ^ : Jlii :^s> ^ JL«*t fUi .^la ^JIp jXSJ *i! j t^ki" ^ ii( 
Ot ^jti trt -^ J«^ t ^ ill Jj^j cj> ^ OU-I j^j .u^l^l o^ ^^^ ^^ 
^jVi ^ diiJu ^ ^ Ja Oj^jJl v 1 ^- r 3 ^ ^ ^ u^ ^^ ^ J* 5 U 
iUiSj a^J ^ c Jj ^ . JsL |g ^1 f f J>i3 ^ 01$ UAj 4jt r V AiJLoJ ^j>-»j 
JJ dUJt, ljj&j- ^ jg yjl ^^Jbi ^ Mj t^p i> C 03 4i^ 4 Jsi o^UJ oii ^ 
l^-aJLjau Ot jjSUi 015 lil aJip jj^Jjlij (J (J 1 !^! o^J^' o>lf-»t ^ Lptj ^t^ji ^*i $ 
Jiyt 3i^ ^ ^1 L^ j^J OU c*UUJl ^y j^i>\ <J 3u>y?i\ *i* J* ^^- C^ 

. e _rp } •W-l t_~ft>A-« (^ 

.On^^Ji Ol(-*t ja C-v-J l^jt :\A0*-t 

.O^jJi oL^t ja Lpt :^»J 

.1^ J^xJl j-pj L<j J^aJi ox iijk :*^^b 

^J jj^uh OlSj JiysJlj ilL-u.^1 ox •»V*,J jj^ U % ^ OV i^w»t JjVlj 



£l£Jb ji*i U-i v-y oil (0^1 £~i cijbi /j»li)l J*»ill <\ oA 

.<uo J» l^-Ji dJJi jj^j J LS-L^. lis. jl£ jlj to^p Lp-j^j of LjijU 

ay>-L-j! j.Uip ^ ^ dUi Ji. ^bf JO* jlS U j^J idUi Ji» c^v Ol^iJlj jUj^l 

^j^" Jo* 7 t^ 'r*;-* 5 j^j r*^ c>-j ow^i ja rriij p-^Jp j ^>j v ^.jUi 

^gU oy>f <Ulil Jij eft*- LLjwj J^iJl 0_^j •.ijjS yliaJ l-Uj <dUi <j» Ji-Jl Jl £~^l 

0>*l~Jl ^_JbJ Jup w**Jl J*>v ,J ill oV c^-Ul obLj ol^Vlj JL*Jl Ja! ^ ^j£ 
^ tf-Ul JH ill J^j VI Jyaj iJy ^ JUjj Jb4 Jf, ciiJlj ^b£Jl Jl ^Jl ^ VI 

^[r:j>Ji] {&,** jf SJlj «il ^ ^ ^jjt^ : Jii aii : JJ J13 

c^o^-l ys U5 c^Lip ^j^_ of j^ ^ v_jo (J c^iJl j>ljJl of Jp J jo IJLa : JJ 

cT^" ty °"^ °i^J <^ : <J^> ^ o^J s ~b»J 8-^ tlaj OlS lij 4Jb» iJO»s-f ^ Ort'jJ 1 

If-i* ^^5^0 of Jl ofjJl y>J0. Ua IJla olS ^-LJl j.L~j Jiji olS lij 4JLJ :CaJj 
of Jp 4,1^.1 J^J VI Ol/i jf ^UJl * L~o ^j, ^ jf ,Ji c£j£ ^I^Jl y*lS is^ 

.4]-2jOv»_5 dJJi Jp aLLL* OjJu (J*jJ 
Jl <rb>^ (.tiLipVl j 6\y\ ^iSL. pi* cboJb LS Jc^l UjJl 4j^Lp olS lib) :£ajjj 

.bjJl 
(J-I^ll 5fy.U .^I^Jl y, U5 t 4fL-i l^j, of ^Ul ^Jb ^LJl f L_j J-j oLi :Oajjj 
^y^ ^j 7 (^ <Jij '^j-^ *^~ il ^ ^1 ^»>>- b» C~L>c^l olj C«j^ 0_p-_J ja A^\j j^ 
(J Oi-^ 1 ^^t J^ Ji^^l Sl^jll JU-^I *l~J J» ti^. al5^ *>li cviJUi ^j L,^* cJj 

^jj °b ^1 '-r-'U-^ 1 Jb>-Jl Jj y>Ju ofjJl ^isj c^tb* 0>L- A-oJU* Sfyil 4i» l_^ji 

cfl*J lypj ,4jbjf ,4^j ^bj l Jj4)) :^jJ-( ^ ^u. jjj c^JWVl \ L-Jl Jl ^j»Jo. 
jf .bj U ^jj 4^liO ^ of s\j, of L,l . ^4Ji j "HI c^i ^ ^jJ'l* -^ .«(4jLJ 
• U J U J J| J^^ ^jLr^l £• ^J a*^* ^ljl» L.Tj cUbj Jiifoii dUi of 
Jii aii .UifliJl ^ r^Lp ^.1 ^j t yi^L| i^obijjl ^ OUail^ jOJj^j 
diJi Jp Jju U* Jjii . j^ |JLa_j (jJbiJbj yijsLb (obwa^l) ^^^J; ^Lp ^1 ^ 
> oL^Jl IjJjf jjJUl f Ufc, oLJdl ^ J^f Jj ^ j^f liU dlJjJLj|> : Jl* AJy 



^ o <\ ^-liull jl*i UJ 4-^J jjI f*>L^I £~i c£ jL» /y?lill J-^aiJi 

j^&J ^ ol^Jl IjJjf jjlUI j^ OUo£tj OL»jj! j* OUo£lj ^ Jj- ^Ukj ,*£j 
:^Jj| Ja! Jlio5 (oLwa^l) . [t:5Jb*Ul] %#>xiL~« j-P jji^ jAj j^f jAj^sjT lil 
I^Lp jjI ^pj .(^JL^Jij tilb-^lj ^y^^Jlj o^^'j '(jr^^ 1 J^ ( -^-* "Ju' 1 ^ 1 <>* 

jdl Olj-kP Ait\ f.j>jf : JL~" <&l J 15 il^J ir^ J^ ^M*Jl ^ ^v^l J*=>f oU 

^j.L LJ lJukj ^1.^1 U^Jl tJyJ Lajj tUjJL eJyJ ^ (H*J^ «jJ-l of t-JyJt s^Lp f 
lijyc ^. ,J iJLei K>l ^jJjt :oJl5 ^ ^ of J^ JLi- ^ 'V 1 -^ H ^ ! 

,J| SjJ-i oV :^LjUJi ^ s^J-i of i*i*Ji iJ^p ^ ojU> ^Vi t_>*>U- s^J-i j .(*-*-up 

oV t4i*Jl £* 5jjJ-I JjL^i dUa^l Ji-aJ jLs^j t4i*Jl; *-*-^p ^jy^ 4 cJl£ 4^1 c~~J 
St^Jl dJJJ^j ^Jlj jLi^l ^ ^ y> f^V 1 ^-^J tUu'Lip ^ ,J jl^l 
"oL^-^l" feal jLsai tLjJlP jUo «gVj i4j ^yixi^o L^V tlfJ-^v lf-*-jj 4^-jjiJI 
Lpry j-^?-! ^1 ^ 3jLjbJl oU $4i*Jl y> Ljj <tl*=>fj .^LScJlj i3jjJ-Ij tf%^l : JjL~! 
<juJL~Jl j^ ^-it LJ| <&l ol£ IMj '^L»^ _^p dr 4 £~<* c£^' u-^ 1 ^ tLj-^-Us _^p <y 
. ( j +5 -L^J ill r^j Ji :oL^.4 ^^J "LUJi"_j toLw^l ^LS^J t_->Li^J! Jj»tj 

isX?tzj> *ij ^piiL—a jjp (>j^ j^jjrf j^j^ijjT iijP :«Jj5 dJJi ^jIp J-^j ^«j 
5JL=tiJ!j ^JL-Jl dJLlJ^j toJlAj oJLa ^« s^U £oL~j c^^ ( J ,, jJ ( : ^iL-Jlj .Ifot^f 
ji* J^J 1 °^i ^^ lH" 1 ^ -^^A* s ^ Oji L^; ijy. AiJU=> ^J Uj5j (^JJl O-XjJ-1 

4^5 jjI Ju .UjJi :"^llJi" :iilJi J*t Jiij .^Jjfj^f oi£ -l»^p ^ «*L. ^L-j 

^^•^J .Lt^-** lil ^j^Jl cu>^L- ^ ^JUatj : J 15 (j^^iL^* ^p) t^-jji* c^l ((j^wtsi) 
i_-^» " c LLJl" ^jli jjI JlSj .4ikJl "AjJi ^-AijiciikJl s-^i ^^ iU-li- "UjH" 
^.JlSLp c^t (OjisA^" :^U-jll Jl5j .L»;.U ^A^j" JJl ^ t£l& Vj -J-Sp "^ ^U)l' 



£-l£Jb jJLo UJ 2L*-j' ^1 f5L-^l jt-A cS^Ui /j»lill JviiJl ^ 1 • 

O^j jf Js^xAl jo^l ^yU (Ji .[r i:*L-Ji] %£«JUj> j£ {£-»£ *^iiy^ \jkiJ jf 

£tiLw» ^P Sf^dJ llsAS 1 dj&i ja r JJJ Nl ^t-j Ai . JlJ-t yi ia^-lo (^JJl ftlallj ^j^tsM 
. jTyiJl SJ^Jj ^^ iJLftj .LA j-^ V Ijj «iL*w« _^jj cu^p £• (JfcJ 

jJ 5>JLwi L^jf Jp l^ijjapl bj U i_>">U«j cja- l^-J i)^ ,j*J ulJL&f jj 0j& jf J^ 

^IjS- l-Lyi iJ^P jji iiL J'Jj" dJJ 4A>JUa Lfjjj tJbjj" 
j5J jJ :UjJ| ^ t_Ji" jJ Jij c»^p ^ i<J dj& L^if aJj^al. rL^Jl <^ ^i* : J** 

SUjJl Lj-^Uj V ii~j>- Lj-^LwJ tlAjL>M jJu Ljj^as-v Ai^» : J-3 OLJ 

JU-JI Jl ^jyLi ja l^5U ^Jdl Ji*j y> iJ Jj ^JJb Lj-wa^t lij L.t :JJ 

J» Siljl LA cJlS li| St^Jl jf vjbrdtj obUJL. Jif M j& iLJl JU-Jl Jj^j 

^ CJ-/" J^ °- A -~* 1 ^jj '£J^ (_s^ (j^J »^ Jjk; liJJi Jl <jJLi>-l ^ jj)l jJ- 

p-f'j >tM 'J tA-ftjLw p_j^>jiJsl Jbr-j iijj>ryt jj£ l-Lftj tUbjl 4jj2***i Ujj CUjJflj 

_^ft (-_~»jj V of dili ^ LaJ-aS D_^j Mj tOfLi L« JjiaJ jf Sf^Jl jiU,) j^»- c^jLJ 
jf l^^i jf Xsai" Jij . J*>U-!j flji-l j^ jf cJt>U.! ^ -ucw jjvt,S; ^J tU^xP Ji 
Lu oLS tiLj t «ulp i^U-l ^jk JL! ^ cL^Lp lily LA lW Ju>. ^i o*Li L. JjuL' 
ijUi ijLa <^ obliU-l_, l^ii, oJlS ^^ ou5o :Lio ^ ^Jj ^^jj; ^ lS^ r 

<.l^as^\ :a) JJj cl^l£j 4J ^tjjf !i| (JljJ c^yjt ^tj^ 4jw ^jL 4jyll £» LjjJLjj 

. ^jO jf jJbcU li^i 4jji)l jjjj Uf idllS j^-«f Jiito-tj 

jL> .U^i; Jp Uijtjj :J*^ ^ JU>fj j*s- ji\ jLii L^y ^ \jJ£j iaij 

^iJl^ .Ujc» t_JS t/^i; jf Uijtj bj Ale- t_>U»v ^^^ tAjyit c~sai» LAijtj iiU cUjL' 
^j-Ur lij)> :Ay6 jLa* tJj-SJt *jsp^ Ui,/ J_U* <Jyo V rj^ti LfUa.1 \j&jLS.\ 



^ t ^ j-LUL, jLoi UJ JL»J ^1 (OL^I gJ* c5jLx> /,J>ljJl J^aiJl 

j* jritA : 3H (^Ji Jl» ct_JUll JjUi Ji i^-LjJij .^jA_pxi«ii oljsrifA oLojJl 

^ ^ l?J> j-^ 1 J» *i-W» -Ui of * (^ . ^OlJl^f t^Jlsxao •Jljf :JbJ 4Jyj 

<j^ J* ,»^a*j ^Ujy ^f illj OLojJI p&LJ ja fiJUjf cilLo U«3 Olwjjl 
Ol.Ua* ♦ij Ob*3L~* jjp OUa^ LJj^xJb jAjjsrf (j^J Lrt^ ^ 0*J*&\* 
. [Yo: f LJi] %-jI.UJI j* OL^I ^ U Ji^ai t > ( J*i 5J^-Uj ^f 019 j*o*-f lilS 01^-f 
<^ u-H* J?>iU yi^l L.fj cOU^-f olJbtu ^j oL>JL~. _^p oL^i fr l.yi <j j£±i 

U^JL, oU,^ ^ f L.^| of dlJij cc^iL^. ^J> ^] /Ju ^ fr L-Jl ,/j c^L&l J*t 
cOU^f oLUj> ^j ob-JLw jj. Cj[^o£ j£j of j^>-l& j 1^/uili <-J\J-\ Oji 
^^ L<if ^ L^jj; lij M} L^jj j^ ^ ^ ^J| ^i Of J^ l^f jOJi Joi 
C 1 ^ f-j^ijjy^ C^f u^ »-i*j .LiJU* JbWT ^j JU-^Ji ^JL-T ^li 'Lprjj L^^^v 

./»J_5J L« x»» o^LaII A^Vl 

'•iSy^ tyjj -upj .^>- 1> djl^s^jj Li^Jl j^ j^> l> dy>j>v ^JLaU-I Jj&f oi£ :^*>U-f 

j^ t/ 1 ^ t^ 1 s~* -^ •<>**■ t* (iJ 7 ^J *** ^y ^k^> ^^ «fjJl cJL^ : jjj^iJl 
OlS UaU-I j LijJl Of Ij^ij tljJli US jj*j cou'LUJL; oLwii! ,jJLJl ^ OjJ>j 

of^Jl aJ i yi^j ^l^Jl OLi c^l^JL ^i, jj»j ^yi^^Jl .oil ^^ Uj o^UJl (j» ^s*w. 
,J<ji 0l£ l>i oJjs 0U cOlJ^Sfl il>£t ^ fl^ij J*>U-I C I^LJ! jy. J>Jl v^j tJ^-^U 
U CU-i Vj t«U» oOL' (^JJl jjjjl of cJyu ^j o^ UTJaj ,vi L<jf cJyo ^ UJb^j L^ 



£l£Jl. jLco UJ iu»J j>\ f">L-Vl £y% <Jjte lj>\Ji\ J-AiJl ^ IT 

^jj ^1:^1 J> ^jjJ jj Jji of o^-f f Lio V j -L<->-jJj' : J 15 VI ^ <k±*> ^y^>. J>y, 
-ill o£ \*jp : JU: ill JVJ co^ dj (\J-\j J^U-I Ox 0^£j jt jb!)U cdUi Jl* VI 1+j 

olJbtlJlj obtJL^Jl ^ Oj*i If-was-f JL5 etjJl elft jt ^LJJ ^J? liU .^j^Jp 
L^l£j ^ !i| *;t U£ coUi^l j**i ,J ^JU-Vi JI i-J»a; of 1,-iUi dl£ »Mj clT»JL»e.T 

•jP iJlft 4j J^O U^J ^UJjJl i_ili>-! Jij .L)lJL>-f olJb'tlJl ^ j?«-£> J "A*-" 4j *i«j Ji 
s\+ii ja jj£j Sil> Jjj& tJLj-io ,J jt JL^it *l_^. iaii O^Vj «^»-!jJl : J-S* tU* 
Ay6 cjLu. ,J jt jlpt *Jj-. jL^I v^- 1 ^ 1 : Js»J -^jj <i -^j j-* 1 ^ 1 J*b ^.^ 
.JU»t ^ 4iJli)l 4j!j^J| ykj jl^VI <--**> : J-*j .*U>4 ^ tyjjj c^LAJlj *i~>- ^t 

<d CL'b jj^JL^Jl ^Liij (^JUl jj5o jt *ji«^J| ^j .ii~03- «ui ^ (^Jl ^p c~£> 

J» _^i 4J ^ (J U. e^pj ^_Jl _^i ^ Jjf a^i jl5 iL^ lift Ol£ li|j .lift iiyc 
(jv»-L^Jl t ip Ail! 4^-jf ^* (_r*^ ^ 0^ 3^ ^ ^j**j (/ "^^ ii-j-Jb- V j <<il <__>L^ 

^ IJL* aiS, t |g yJl V^ CS ^j* L-l s^WvV 1 ^^J V^jf ^J ^^ C 1 ^ 1 ^ 
J 9ji Ji; ^jv V _^Jl 0L» cjjt _^Jl ^l^iAli cl^^pij UjL^I ^?v t/H fl^-Vl 
(Jj :4jL>waJl ^jP dUi JU dJUi j^»\ di Jl5 jJj '^.L^V 1 -) ^^'j ^»^^ -AiJl 

dJJi >>«JJ 'f j^' C^'j 'j^***^' r-L^J jjp ^ tjiai?- A5 |»J»j .dJJi Jaisy yh c^JJlj 
^ijajtj <Uj> 03 4J_^"jj ill OlS tij ^Lc^l % r^L^Jl .Jtio t^LJLS ^i" ^1 jy^\ j* 
z^^ jL*\ j* s.^ dttz j Ji ji Jj?^ ill J_^j ^p ^ dUi J" Jii^v V Jii 
C^^l ^ jjapt c5jLJl 4j |»ju" L. jjapt ^ iJLa J^i tdUi Jit c^ji ja X& S'i^y jL^J 
Uip 03j tiLj-iLi VI rwaj V (jyJL~JJ r\£j J^ 0j5u ji £-£*■** tj»L^o-Vl ^ ^i^j 
jji iLj^iVt ist^lAl jt J^J to>lj.»->Jl Vj VI 45j-,fl*v V tt ^»5jVi .Sj-ap ^ Oj-JL-Ji 
t J*»VI il—i lS Ip JOj iTlJauX jnj^^g/t iLj_i^J Q^lsy^Jt 0l5 tiij cliLS JlsU e^P 



^ ir £-l£Jb jLo L_i W ^1 jOLuVl ^ ijj\si /^liJl J^ill 

SiL^lj c^i^U SaL^S- ojj^, ^ ^ o£ |j] c ^yJ| jL^ Js. o^_ Jy ^ ^^ 
I?v_-*.|jJl ^L^V 1 ^ <-**& cJJUJt gjji jL^L L^i 4JJI ^.f M ^AJcs> ^^ V rj| 

41 o jr t ^ c c iiDi J> 4, r L J_, 'W> y> ii^Vb" r f 4ii of c_^Ji jj. f 

dji c l5Lil J> 4. \jja\ ^j j c l5LJi j_,i ^Ji j ai«j^L ^1 r f : ^i JaI 4. ^~ 
i^Jlj jT^Jl Ja o5j c^>^^ UJj ^1; L.) ^Jl ^ jL^Ij . Jli U^ y>_, .^Jl 
of jJJij cv^^ V j ^jj-lj ;>L^ib 4J ^ytJl 3j4 ^ c L$Dl Utj .,_^_ 4.1 ^U 
J^Jl a^p j^j st^Jl jU laLj-i^l ^ 4*ljj £. 4J*>Ui ^tj o*>^b 4J y\ ^L^Jl 
c~~Jl oU .c_J£ jL^I ^ &«, jjUl jL^^I |ju» olio 14.-1^.1 ifi djA*i ^Ulj 
oJj 4Tfy.| of lJ^.j j^u lla J, 14.-1^.1 SaVj Js- l2b-( v J^io of Jl c b>v V 
lij liA j <.aAs> 4iJl 5^131 jOjOj o^>e oi 4JU S^Jl lJ*)^ oL^i^l js> lift ^fj |JL» 
<0V c c l£Ji (j» c^v -U iL^Vl .^L^Vb 4J*>UI 01^ v ^Ji, V ^^ J» C L^)I Ol^ 

L\b*S» br^i ^ 4jj 4^jj lij J, c jiJUkLiu VI JLitJ V C l& J^ O W C^j JLo. 4. 

lift ol^ :L<-^jj; 4it ^j^U JUu.ll a* ^Ulj i_^iJl *U- jf .^Ul ^j iUJu 
. <JLU=> i.1^ Vj cjiAALi jUo^i Ojjil^. I^^o ,J coJLJl \z\s- cJl^ liiLftj clil^ 

j»jLt4 jj£j ja <-^rj[i ^ a *i -^ -&3 O j .tf.a J l 4j J-tf>V V Cfljf tJLfi :4dlJLP (_iyu 
olftj .lift L,_i Oj^jxL Ijjjio J jryjL-Jl 4^jf oU cbUJ OiL-i jjbu Lw* llAj t4jlJbJl 

^f Jji^ cOLL-U t5j?v :J^> .Sal+JtJl J^l^b dji J& X*>f ,_j»JL. j &}& JiyVl 
^ : lMj .yJ^biJ! (_-»!• j t«Uftl. ^y> jj^-JUJl lift j toljj^— ISj^j :JJj .4i-^ 

saJuJi cijy^ VI ooi^. ^i j^u. oip oj J. :JJj caluuJi J J/( . ^ ±Si ^jiUi 

.jj^«^J|j jj^^l Qy. tijj^ jjll j»-ft j»LSU-l Oli i*^^ uJ^lixj 

11,^5 4ip Oj^L~ Jl ^ L. <_>^U j^j :jlL)I ^1^ a^ ^lajJl ^jy^Jl ^ 
Ijis^l o]j tj^Jyu V p-^i-lj («-e-j (^L^'j '(«-eiJ L*** i?JjVl OjJiiu tl->- :Lia^j 

(f cjJJi^ Oji^. of SiL^I Jj^iJl Jo^Jl J,yi ^ ^Ui jJ~l ^Jcs- Ijj^-J^ Oji^. ^ 
iJ^b^l -ke J-\jd\ oLjI SiL^iJl ij^ai^ lOjJji ^ftj ^Ij^f ^'j Ojj'j^ ij^tJl 



^l^Jli jLo UJ \^J ^1 ^*)UVl ?^i c£j^x» /ls 1 ^' J*^' ■ ^ "I £ 

oU^Jl £• ^L<-^L. J-^s-y ^j tr-l£Jl oIpL; J-vb- lla : JLSJ t-xJ^Jl i_— J Uiia- 
£» L«tj lOI-ULi Ji^du J 01 j t?w2J O^Vl £• r-L^Jl Of <cJ i^-jj V (^oJli .UlL« 
J> £\y V c^JJt iJljJ 0*)U^lj alf-A^I £*>-l lilj cij jjai U* 1-i^i ^L^Vlj jU^Ji 
j^i t_j^- «ui jOi 01* t^bJi -Up Jtb j^J tOtlp^lj ilf-A^l j* "jU- Ojj .43w> 
olJb^iJl ^jp iJLft j^ U) JUL ^r cJU>f i__fcJl» J» li^U^ tiJJi ^ Of ^iaj JSj cJJU» 
t^lyill oLjIi dJJi LUj ^ j> 4jL^- ^f <_jb>^3? j> a.sl^-.tJJ jrvt^jii^Jl J»j .lflJL>-f 
0l£ lilj .0*ApV( 3_j-<aJLt ^1 iyu iJLftj .r-L^-JL) llj]a«7 jol jy&>- ^j-tfiJl 0l£ ji*J 
Ji» C"D> jf 4j"f^l ^ Jft a-UP ^ t_9yu Vj <-J**i Jl^- p ( -^»! J-H?V J** (j-LJl 

.La ^U-i^! <_>v : JUj o5 iJ^i <J^Ul ^Ul i+J J&j ^Jl ^L»Sfl 

aXJlj j^-J^Jl ^jip 0_p-jJIj (yUll jU*' UJi ct_Sjyo j^i PJj^f 01 j '•j\-^ 0jJL><j«j 
4jr-jj LjJI J*j ccilJ-saJl cjLjJ J» <t>*>- liili J^p } t^p=-J^Jt 0_^-2>j IjjU^ Ij^-^j u_j*^ 
JJUlt Oju IjfrU- jf JJUll ^j^^iJl yr>-- t-Sy* t^j-^aiJl 4j ,Ua>v ^Lj-^t IJ-* j^J t«J 
pJolf-Aij t jipt JL5 ^liLi dJJi 0? Ij^JLp 03j ^jJlj 4*-jjJlj £j jJl jlyl J^ Ij-L^iJ 

.0*Ap1 4Jl«j£j (j^ly j;P ^ 4JU> 
<.£*syt jJ> ij A^J\j K^>y> jS' ij Olyilt «uip J^ Ji 4jLJ ^l^Jl iwS*>lj»«j iJLftj 
ti^J tL(_^ii r- jjj at^«l Of <— 9y<J V t JU-^i frL-Jl r- jjj 01^ UJJ ciibr^llt O^Lp jjkj 

OL* iL(_w^jj of^Jt r}} V :4Aflp cJl5 liAj 0lJb4 c^lJLstuj r-liLJl jjj <cJ ciyL L^» 

o^. ^ ,U_,Sfi ja 01* s^. ^ J^JL j^ "i/ ^ .i^j; CJJ ; ^Ji ^ ^i 

^'Ulj ^iU & Or^UaJlj ^ ^liS* »j^5ofj^ : JbJ Jl3j oly J^ ll-»j— 
JU-^Jl visUi . [v y v :iyUi] %\y*)i j* c^j-iJ» lj?«^ Mjf : Jl* Jl5j . [rr .-j>J»] 

.c-Jl Jftf 

: JU j-^j .^U-i^l i_-srjj p>j C^jJl \1& j£- j JlJUall i_-srjf Jiii jLi :Cajfj 
i_-a-jfj C4)J1 v-jf L» JxL-f JLii :^U-i^l £. ^1 ^aj ^j t^^l ^Jl> £* ^oj ^l^-Jl 01 



JjS yk US c^^va ^l&Jli i^^l jj£j c-^i t^-t-Jt ^ y> LJj viUi Sip Ofj "jU^Jl 

ij'^jF :Jl«; Jl» US yf\ (J, iUJjtj coi^t ^A *Vj*j c^^^i <Jp c~«^ 
UU^id ^jOaU ^-(^A- b£j f jill ,«-£ 4J C-Sdii il o^A-l ^ OUioy *i OU~L>j 

.[iA:?UJ^] $|&Pj &&*■ LJT ^j OU-L- 
L« aJ bjic^ V c^LSsJl ^V lj~Ju> LftJist-j Ai-Jlj <_jb£j| ^j-^J jX jft j 

^Lxj j^al SijQs r^^Xdjlls IjjUo ^ .j-f-«Jl [jiJ ^-* r^Jl l_p<^w (Jla *>> ^| j<r 
JLu'j nlJaJ iafli»j c^JUP a^i^ ^ viUij t^l ^ VI aJ JL^jL. V 4)V "jLi^Jl 
cJi>Jl -Uii (^iJl "JJUM ^-iX;" Ij^o^vaj • ( ^' , J- 4 (j 1 oUa->...; A? US ioJLwuli JLo viJJi 
iUJiJ Vj ^LSLJl J» ll*. UaiJ Ijtjiii ^ ^.JJl ^.JUJI Jj^fj C-J-bLl J*t Jy JI& 

V ilj^LiJl J^JaJt fVjAj CO^LJI &■%> *Vj* (Ojtj c4j tj^l (3^UaJlj i Jlj^Ljt 

ll'L li'jUi* ^liL.1 UU>J io^ill ^ L'^^jt I5^t JtfUl 55^1 l>Urj c4j JJU UJ 
c L5uJl t > S s j^j t J^U-I ^ ^JLJi J^UJi U. I^j^j (j^f jy ,f J| .dj^ill ^ ^y~£- 

C JL&-Ij ^10^ (j» ftVjAj l J^Utj jU?T ^ fV^A Jl5o tUij Ji (vJKJUP J,^ V S-VjAj 

llkSt Oju 4!l Otj tlJlA ^ ^f ill jf d Jx 4jU^aJl jL'Tj 4i~Jlj oUSUl J^L* ^j 



£i£Ji, ji*i uj v* ch 1 f ^^ 6^ ^-^ /^ iH 1 ^ n n 

.Jl-j ^w^j ^T_j JUjsi JLp ill ^^Uoj .(^Lot 4il>^ ^)!j 

J^JLJl_, .o^y J^ ?dUi J*i ^ J^. J* :j_*-*^ L>' ^ ^ t^ 2 ^ 1 ^-^ 
^i "JjUJl" utj .^(jta. j£> ,J »M li* : Jli. JiSi .jOJi J** ^ J^L 4t :o^t jp 

^ J, tj^uji ^ jjJulJ! JjtxJl o5 : c ->-^lj n^Vl iljjJl J -u>b dUu <i-Jj 

(C^Ji iT ^ ^j^Jl ^ ca^u (C^Jl "ill c-t. <J ft : f i5U-Vl ^ «^>j ojlyll 

:^jt al^ ^ dUi oL,j .^O^ 5 ^ 1 

JiiJ JjUi U5 cC-jJt C-oj ^^1 C-Ujj C-Jl JjL£ (C^r^l ^J t)t :\A^-t 

.^L^Sfb fl5U-V» lf-» ji^ ^Jl 

jt jt tLf-J j^ 4jJlP JxUj r-_jji* Ot ot^Jl (JLp ill f^s- JLiJ t4j 4^jVl J-o-f-J C«U?xV 



j»^>v ul£ liU c-uIjjj ^i j^ ji>. St^Jl f i»j ^ jJl y>j t^JJl t_^U> J^L £jp" ot 

(^l^t ^ :<JjjL i*JJi JLS JUJ ill ol£ bli t^^uJl aJj Oji^Ji^j U« !Japt Uj)l 
.(V-^l j S^b (^J ^ 0^ ja J^ J^ U_poj "oUl" JajiJ jt ,Jp 

L*S Cjj^rj Ojz ^^_jJi >LXj-t (j^inj O-J J-ai c<t«lx?-t Jo*** i_~~Jl ot :<olj5?J 

^t : Xs- Jli* . jj| |jj» 3jv»j 5-Uj ^yj ot jjj J^p 'ls^ Cf^ : - lju- J*-** '^°J ,y. -*-^j 
^I>1J JjJt ^4^3 j> x* b dU ^ : f| ^Jj Jiii i^T j,\j J*^ } ^\ 5-Uj ^l_, 
^ Lftl^-t Ai»t><J t<Pv 0>Jl **-(-^ {jA tjSj Lj .((Sij-^ b Ha [j^w^-1 cy^-1 jAbJJj 

^^Lp "i! :(jvJL-Jl Aaj\ ja >\j>\ j& L(_j^>v ot JL>-V (j^J SjLjwiJ! ^JL«Jl aJLfc Lt«j 
j^^pJb jj^- 4^Jl Jj*t <_ji|ju« jjj iuiJl ^L ^1 jjjj jUo d-Ui Ji^j c<iL»tMaJl JljiVl 

i) W*» lS^j -^J t'^ir 5 ' J^ y? «tyU Uj Jjtj ^ :,J^ & <U*-j ji-*j • 



^^KVJ 9 if 

j* [+, jj j& ouj oLi UULJl ^iSf .Up L^ ^jjjJI <d Jj»v V t<& -Ui-I :<->^ti 
UjJt yt a^j Utj .(j^lj^l cS^l <J JU>-fj dJJt«j 4jLl>- ^f JiiP Ljj ^jj^i J>v V Oj^ 

.<ulp L»j>- Lft^ <ulp c~(-~£l lijj cdJJi ^ Jaipti 

^l^^aJl^ JUs-f »dJJi J>v^j t* V_*JL*J* ^*Ue- .up dUi J>v V .<& Jui-t :<-»brli 
— ^p"j^\ aj£ £*~ f L*JUJl ^ tji&j X^- iji -*-«>f <— *yj J iJLAj cjL~>-b *jL (j\*jLj(j 
d°$J ( _ s ^s- 4jf :4J J^ . Jd dJJS J** ol :J-i>- ji -^>-f ^ti ct_iLJl (j» &\j dJJi c^ 
^J li'jl' *ih J^L bjJl AJj of ^ij .j^i ,_jJl5L. : jLii SdUt. jp li*>U dUi J» 
UaLM aV jt -ji-t :^H i^f" vUajU j, ^»p oJj c*L-UJ! ^ UflJ? -Up <u^JL-l 

.£jjj l+u «aJj ^IjJt i3l*JL«.l ^ii :U> £jj V ^Jl "yJJl" L-tj 
of £. SiLA £j^ VI V ^-Jj S*ULJt JLiIp -Up ^p^JJ j-L; V "fc^Ul c^j" 
O V (AAj ik*Jy\ (JUjL) jljjljli V Laj c<tiiL>JU l^is^JL^l ^J <^>Jj '^^f <y p} 3 *''!- ^."-^ 

.c_jfy ,JLp 4^p!>LJi cuj (»j>£ "^-liLJi <_j(j" ^ ^.1 j>j tdjjjj Vj d>jj V ijiM ^ 
C/> *z> £jp. of J^-^iJ J>v !5U c^^Jl ja fj^ L. if-L>^! ^y f j>- H J»lj 

• V/lj ^_liLJ! i*^p- l^i?- £ c~(i* tJl tdJUi ^ Vj <ii Vj 

i_i4>J 'Sjif-j djl^wjl J> 4JJ 4j_^l« ^j J ojj <lJLp f j>i ^l^^i j^ t v r A) <6f_/«t L^iivajf 
C-»j^P :oT^23l jj> jJUJ 4Jyj idiL" y <U VUaj"! JL5.f »JlA d)b> ?«ui|a; ja c.J.1^ t»i 
oujj caij c-4 4A& {j>xj l j9- <i\^i lS *--«j l* J^ JjLii :aj^I ^-isJLyj n^Jt^f j*^-^ 
aJjj oJjj JjLi uij lift 0U> .^^a*ijt ^ <&1 pSL^jtf ;Ja5\jA\ (j» 4Jy U>*>^ c«U;i 



^ 1 ^ . ^l&Jb jl*a U-i W j,\ f^L.^1 ^i <^,L* /^Ltll J^iJl 

a,/ t( _^j! ^V! jp j^>J . [rr: s LJi] fy££Uf ^ jjJUI ,^Jbf Ji*>b-j^ : Jl» <osl 

JsMi AJT jjij JiiJJl jlW yj "u" aJj^^j Iyl5 lift OL* .JUst ^ Jbj l^fJu o\£ gjill 

^uojjl ^ Oj& }L& l^Larjj l>j l^ Joj ^ja5 Ui^ : Jl» <dyL a UJ ^ styl 

.[rvi^ij^l] 4>>J Jf* lj^3 til (► T N 8 Mf-£ljjf J £^ 

^ f ^ -Ai i/>- u^-^l Ji V-^i a" J^ J M "c-Ji'j "j^l" JiiJ 0l5 bli 

y> lA^Oj jf Jjfj cl^^i f.yJl Jjf ^ 'W' ^^^J U j)l j^ 4SL* \'A£.\^)\ ja ^ 
l4jL>^>fj J^- j, X^j l4jb>^f _j dJJL«j l4jb>^fj 4Ju&- ^f ^JtX* iJLftj .(Cy^l aj 

UjJl J> ^^ ^ o>~U)!j ^jUwiJi oh jx-^JI £_l>Jl j&j jy>L~J\ <LJf ^U-j 
(COi £jjj Lj_J ol(J <? 0jtt p ^ L^j L^t ^jji of iljt bli coyUsJl ^^ yLi Ja) 
cS^i <j» JJJL.J i^LsJl^ ijJJl Ja! ^ ^ Jy J5 J ^Ai oij cUJUl oj, 
tdJJi dy>j>* \{Sj*H\ iljjl y> di!L«j Xo-\j U>> jjfj cd-Ui Oy^ :<up Ort' j Ji 

.|Jpf illj .dJJi jU- O^j^ 1 -^f L^j oLvJ^I -US bl oljj 

Usliy* ii^arf ^-j <afy.l Jjp o^-jj «u,j J\ £&> j*p : Jw Al <u?-j J^j • 

^i^"' S-^rv &terj V^ f^J '^W?j ^srj f i\ r 2&>j li^h- 
^jtj :Jl5 3JH jbt U Ju?j -ubw. ill o^ : ^ ^ ojjO-I ^ :o^ii 

jf oi j ill i^^i h a-JijJij a^j^u jf a-aij «ui c^. ^ ^i^ : ju; Ju jj_, .«Up 

c JU-I dlL- J* L,iL^ Of «d ^ ,J ^jj St^Jl cJL£ lij dJJ-^j ciyll Jjo VI Lps-jjJ 

.ifjii 015 VI il^j^i J^ 
?U^Jt ^ 4s^l £jj? J^rj jP : Ji-.j • 
yof j^-f ^L.^1 01 ^^ .jvJLJl 4^ff J _j 1 -^- Ju^ 4j r jjj of jyv V :<->^r^ 
4JJ :di)U j*. «d Jjj .Jsjj 4JU dJJi J*i ^ : Jlij ioJUi oy. ^}y dili ^ 0^ of 
4jL>^a>fj J^s-fj c4jb^tf>fj AjLi>- ^\ Jji yi lift (Cy^j .dJJl* ^p JiJl ^->J5o c4s-L.f 
U^ ^L^Jl Oj^j Of y^j'fj .(^JLiJl c_jb^tf.f ^ ^i$ Jy y>j «oL>wf jx-«^j di)L.j 



c l£jL jl*a. UJ lj*J jil <OL^1 £~5< (Sj\ss Ij'dS J-,aiJl > V • 

<^J -Lh J»j ^ ^ ^ c£U»> ^ 4^ Jlp ^ UJl :lj3lij <jJJi «J!>U ^ 

<?b*>j 4J J*y j^ t ^jJ hja? A J^-j j* : Ju* Al A^j Ji-ij • 
0} Al Jj-oj b J^-j aJ Jij» :4it |g ^\ j* <Ljj& j* : ^ **>"> J^J • 

^tfuc 4jjt" Aij o^xPj JU^t 4i*^> Jb* C-j-J-I lift .(jyJbJl t_Jj <01 Xj-I :(—>b»-bi 

^j .dJJi «J!)U J^. J-b 45L^j d~.-bM _/»ll» j& i JL. ^JU? jy f L,jt ^1p ^Ul 

U* llftj c JU-Jl £~S ^ ^ C ^"^^ "^ °^ ^J i^ 1 ^ "°V J - i:P, O^ ^ 
i^jJL. jtiJlj 111 gfCu *i ^»jJl|> : ji^J! ^L£ J» Jb» ill jLi cl^SH ^ Jb-lj ^i> «>jt 

ijb ^ ji- ^j . [r: j>Jt] <^jJ» ^ diJi ?j^j 4j~^ j^ ^j *ii V^i *i Wjh 

js> ^ _Jl JL. 4ilj {JUp :U Jli bUJl ^ Jbjji UaUrl J» aJ OlS ">Wj jt Is^j 

Of V> f£w gVif.,.1 ,J ^j^ : Jbo-j 4ib>«^ Jb» o3 j .^i aA> M J^U ib^jy" 
^bwb ( *Jb&f &\j OL»jJI ,^OLi ^ ^Ujt cilU UmJ OLwjJl OUa^l j^i 

ol>«iL^. ^p ^^S Jb- j *U^I C L^ ill c bl U,Li .[y o: f L-Jl] (L>l0^t Oli^^w % 
U j^j jJl jai-| olJ^iJlj . Jb-t JS ^-» jil-J ^Jl ^iL^Jlj . jU^-f olA^^. Vj 



\ V\ ^liUb jLo UJ i^_J ^1 c*>L-^l ^ cSjLi /^liil J^aiJl 

^ ^iLwJ Jj ■i ( _ r ^V -b i^" V j+j ,Ju£i £t£jj V Lib- oJlft ^ ol£ liLi .jl>-Ij JjJU» 
j* OUailjf : Ju; Jtf jjj .yi>-L ou£i ^1 J> lib- JL» j* o\£ \i\j !*j£l 
jJ- <z±e£ jAj^f jAj^jf lil j^CLi j* obS3( tjjjf &JS\ ja oUa^lj OLojJl 
AtjSAl U^ La JU-JI ^ J» j^Jl oJL» J^jSAli . [o :SjuUi] ^OlJbif t£JlAi» ^j 0^1— • 

tf -uV . [r: j>Ji] Cej^ 1 J* ^i ?^j ^j^» jf &» j 111 S^i ** yjllj ^j^» jf 

£>^J •°^ > fL ^ ^^ °3 L * ^^ cliijjbt lf_^« ojU ^j ^ o^ £• ^IjT ILilj r-jjJ 
<J*>U-I o>; >*j V U^Ju Jijj.L^jj ol£ lij Sf^Jlj cUjJt y* Ulftj l£yd^ oik. c£JJt 
^ Oij . flj4 P Utiaj ,J Oij y ^jj ^1 il^JJ ^IjJl f J,j ^^ ^ Li o>j o£ f l>lj 
^y J* ^JJ <_M ^ l J J( C 1 ^ J 1 -^" ^ ^j 1 - 17 -^ ^LJjJIj .oU^-Sf! SL>il UjJl jj^ 

Oli-AJJ OjiJ-ij jre^JJ oUuM$> : JUJ Jli .« &yj *ij olJL$ II j Jj*j aJrl j>^. 
OjtJ-l JU-J|_, coLjUl *LJJ o_^l JU-JI :cgf .^OLjkU O^JaJlj jjJaAJ oUaJlj 
L^.y 01^ lijj tUjoi Lj-jy jL^ 4±^- 3!^! cJL^ lili tf l~Jl J dJJJ^j toLt^l fLjJ 
l> ^jJj j^jJl oL^l ^ La_p<j_5 5^1/Lp i_3Jl5 j^J JjiJl Jap li^jj t4i^- cJl5 Lt^- 
^ ot^l .c-ij U IuaLJI <Jls iJiij . JiJudl IJLft J^aa- U t_^xJ) ^ dJJi J* r- jjJl JLp 

ls* i>* *^ j" *^ ^J '-^ *cW *- , - p * WV> ^y^ s-^^ ^'^ ls*^' 2L-JJ' ^^ J'i L -^ 
ifyl Ij^^ilU ^ 41! o^f : JUJ JU U^ tj\£ j* ja oL.jJl ^Ijjt ^ U^ 5>L^ 

iJrl ^ lL i5jjp ^ ^l (_jj cJli il Ojpy i\y\ ijioT jjJLU ^i» ^il o^j * ojl^laJl ^» jUi 
. [\\ - \ . :f.j>ds\ ^o^J^ 1 fyJl ^ j/?«ij d»*3 yy o- 4 i^?°J 

^ Mi^ j^ 5 O i ijj^v V (5*Jl jyHJJ 'Jyw ^ sy'L^Jl r J> of (JLo t04^- Jb*i« 



II* jli tt j>*Jl ^ <^ U ^ Jl J 'J^ 1 ^ ty ^ C^ ^ l -> c cM~ ! J^»i : </^ 
«AiU JUa5j 4^1 j_^J jt »^j^ai« lift Jj cetjJl Jly JUai J 1-A-»J c^lSsJl O-^ai J 

Vj -Uj c3L>^l t-Jik. ^j c*-»-Up ^ 4Jjja*j Ji Jj d^-* ,Ja*j V UAj C£-£*« <*! 
.^l5o)l JUaHj J 4if Oj-j Lw dili _^p Ji cLjJUjj fty Ji>v J3 J; 'W^VJJJ" l/ SyfcUa* 

^Jllt yL^Ji Ji* :L(ijUj f SJl» (Ji L<-i £i«^-j. <^ ■ A -< a5 'M "4*^' ^^ ^J 

o-Up £-l$s-Jl ^£jj cl^iUssj jf <uisj ^Jj jLp ISj 4iJ J»j £_JjV »•** ^ ?-ik -^ (Ji y 1 -** - 

^\ jL^-l y>j c jJbr £l£j y> :JJj .JUs-f i_-*jl« J» Jlyf Ju^J v li^i :UlU« Ij^p 

jj-J 4jw SfjJl fljJ Oli C-tj-io ,^-J iJLftj .4j^ SljJl ^Ij^ Jbjj ^ ^J cjl^l iJ"^i>V 
r-LS^J iJ'jUv cijjbr- l^«t JUaS JLii »JL« Oju LjJiJaj jf JUaS li^i cl^iijaj jf <*J Jj Ci_-^-Ijj 

r- jjj" jJ 4jt U£ c4J jj'U- illij cCLfb LjJL-o-i <uJ ^JiiT Jjj jJlL* c-jIj 4^-Li lij» L»f j 
VI j Lf-SL-f A^>pf til L<if Vi l+ss-J >* jJj iiUi J 1 ^ ^^ *J ,J ^ (^ ^' b L^ 1 — i V? 

•Slj ibU «j(j »b H c^L^iJ j,JLJl ^j" ^Jl -Up J» |g ^1 J.1^1^ :^\ 

.4jO> tiJJi D| :aj-t Ji (Jj c»Jb» Oju L^jiljaj jt 4iJ ^ jl£ 
jUJl ^j cL^ <Ui^P fr UaiJI JLP Jj c LS ^-u« J^-f JL>P L t i')\j> (^jJj ^ liajf t^»j 

L>-t; i—^-je *-• '-^-* ^ cr^ t4 ^ jt*^ **-** * i s*', °-^j i^ *'y ^ j-^ ^J c4 ^ C^ <s£"^' 
Oj^j Jj cmXLo J r-LSsJl Jiip Jbu jOi jJ c3*>UiaJl ^jpj caU-^Jt ajbr-^l^ 4i»u>-j c^lxJl 



:a->t jp aialjj La j^y v il^i C U^ ^Ui j^JaJi J^j, of Ji, : C LS^]| J^fj ^ 

of fJOaVl J» Js^tJ! £> lit f jL ^i 4*1 ja dp o*U*l £ia f I^Vlj Sa_Jlj SJUJli 

US .i^as-1 J^ Ij^j :l^f , u^ij f jjjJi ^ l. ^i^Ji JA) . J^ ^ tf , ja j, ^ ^ 

lil J^Wl 4J ija>. UU <?^iJl o-JS Jj» :SfLi^Jl Jljjj itfabU v _^Jl ^ Ud^l 
V Mj cjijai 03 4il* c i5LJi Jki <*JJi j) Jii lo^f jf jO*; (Ji ^A J^ L^Ua, jf ijt 
of Jl ^\ £jja U^ JS_, . c i&dl ^ JULJl -UP ^jUl diliS c J*Vl -UP jUu 

Oy=- ^ J*>UaJl dJLj ^ jjJ! of JLp aLw. ^-liUJlj .4ily jUv-l J^-ty Sx. -Up U cJlS 

iceaJlj v>jJ?t c l^i £^o> LU j c^l^Jl ^ c xi ,,3 Ijfl*. JL j L,j^ ^ f j_JJ| Jjji 

o^-^ of ^1** t-tj^Jt iUb ^ ^ li] jULl U Sf^Ji of £. c^jjJl U>^_ -Wj^oj 

.'i^-Jjlt j>* ^UkJl JUS J.L&I <_^jj IJLA DlS o)j c^-U. V SfjJl 4^- ja I^JU- 

Cjii? ( li Ol 4it ^P i.Oi. SfjJl CJIS !•>! IJLA Ji. .llJUjaJl ^yi.u; dJUl ^P 4<.J*i 

of f js. ji US _^aj ixijj ^^j^. ^JUj L. Jp ^] ^ jji c li^J| ^jl^ ^ \X*j 
J ' J* T Ji y^ IM J^iiH ,> ^J*i .dili _poj 4lL. c/ aii lij jf lii cJUi Oi Uiija, 

.i_jUI !-Ia ^. cUi« s^lsj ^^aS jf c4-fUj| 4;^) c~«ai 

cJljU Jj iAS^rjJ jS> jiUi ^^, jjj cMTT^-I J*)U9 Jp CJP Jl> OlS JuJj 

.«dLrjj dUp dL^fj ill jji), : ^ yJi J Jlij cUill, j^. a^jj 
.us! 4JbJ t(J -Ul jp ^^l iji* ^j 'U^j>^- ^f tJpt olS jj it ol : JJj 
J^ :J^j .dU-L dU il f!)Ul ^ .%x-. it u dUii ^ ^j^ : JUi ^U^ Js- 
c l£j| ^ l^iU J^iUaJl Js> Joj rJ P ^ ^ Jb» J^j .L^jjJ liik Dl 4it fl U^-f ^JUl 
Jp f j«U Jji y 4jf ^UrVij ^U cJ: iijj ilpijj v c_>> V u. iJlaj i^Oi-^l g? 

. JU-I J» U5^ 



c l£jL jL* UJ W j,J f^^l £*A i£jl» /ii^l J-^ 1 ^ v * 

Up ^S jjW ill 01,, : H yJ» Jl3j cUi*>U^ ,J& o^ Ji **- jj 6y ^3 ^ 

^f Sju. Jbo (JlUlj cOi*Jl 3j.^aJ i^L* cJl£ L. Aija-Jl V 11 <^ tA *i W J*^ 1 

IJljJ ^ jJl .iJUi Utisj La oi_^ai. j\£ ojj ^p. ^ U^l& OjA> aJ J-,^ ^li ^jJl 

^Vlj f LLJl JUai c^JJl ^.JJ^ 1 <-^">k*v 'O^ji jl ^ji ^^J -*-*"* ^ 1^ 1 cr^" a* 

. JlsM lp J?^ US Uiilaj jf JL>-t aJlp J?^. j»ij caO^ 

jjj i^^Jl Jjt y> IJ^J : JjSft Ji ij*" Of oJj*oii ^ SLJtfJaf f liljt L^ £~i~o 
jt l^ iLy, Up ^ jf cA^5 1M "ill W Oj^. N j+» J/*J UL1»£ ^ J^~ 
J*y, ^ Ji>o JU2S aJ ^ ,»] lil Ufj c«A~ j! JUuJl jJ J*yJl Ol^ ^ iCijp 

iiUwoi JjSi Jaj SaUfapij aUfapi cy J>. J* 4< Jv5 jyi 015 liij ^ ^ c^j?^ y> 

' n ^ cotjji 

iSt^Jj jlJai of ^ -lijp jf UaiJ- £_5j)l ^ aJ oyi?!ji c^AJi J>^l r^W-^ 
^1" oU-_j tbJ^ o-ol^f (j> 4ipli ^ ^1 j«J .f yt :^Ui 2_jjJl c5^d jt 
pj, ^^j ^p ^Ij ^j ^p > JiJ^j "J Jl*j Jl*» Al o-J" : JlSj "j\*^J> 

(j> aLj^^j J oij i Ji^ j+i aJLL Ji>«Jl -Wi5 j^ ot U^i Ojj-j-^j cojj^-^« jIj'T dJJAj 

Lj-jjj'j colUja cilia jljsr JLii" jf ^U^-Ij Oxj" ^5 oL^ !i| ^ cLJIy 4ip t-^rv Jj 
(^ S& <y> ^ Jj cLJIy aAs> ^s^j ^ 4jf cSy^ii ".liJUS (C^ ^ 0>^> f '^^ ^ 

.(JJLj Up ^UJl (j> ill Up a5j J^^Jl 



^ 4~j ^ oa^p c~*j c4jt^l jUs Jj^ jiui jp : JUJ ill 4^-j Jt-j • 

Itl/ jt t JjSfl L^jjJ I+Usl l^ L^j lij -ut ^o J^l Lp-jjJ b} :j-»M3 
"Ji>dl c liLi" ^Pljjfj ll(J clijP jt UiiJ cJliJl S JU* y> otkyi jf • tJLiJl JJ dili J^ 
.«aJ jiilj J!±i ill ^ : Jii *f |g ^Jl ^ c-l aij c^J^ki ^Lp l.Sfl cJLLI ^JUl 

^ i^-Ui ci^i- ju^ ajii, JjSn ^jjJi c-J cjt v*! f ^ ft < jg ^i fUj 

<JjSlt £J>5l lAi^ ^ Cw?b- l^t C^COlj cCJb^j lil^t CU*3 l,jl f li^ 

cj£ l^t (Jpj t JJ-t i^ ^jtf CM l^ fiStj ^y> Ai* ^i^wjp Jl L^iy 

Vuiij-SJl ^j-SJ« jt^v t^^ri ^ J\ ^jz*ti jSa^-l ^ *p£ 

^Jl jp £w> aij cJUl ll(J jiLJi L^j^j Lji>J £jj Lp^jj; !:} L.f :obrU 

£L& L^jj; ai j£ *J»JLi jjpU, ^j^ L.fj . (( aj JJbblj JLM i)< j*),, : J 15 -uT jg| 

JUL suJi L^ i^ { JUu o^jj; lijj c jlkJJ i^UJ l^jj; jj ^ ^ t i£u 

.<u* 5u*J| L,JbJ j^U ^lij J> Sjl>_^ u_^J Of I^jjLp ij UULJl 

jj^ 4JU cJLiL jj-t J_^ Ofbf liU i^y^ u! 4ipj ci*fVl JLiJL; JAjU lS? (j^^ 

iUj ^ j^L V_, t a^Sfi qjj ^ij; % j,^ ^ ^ iJUhj c'-^j ^ dJUi Ji* 
C4L. ^ J^]! of JUl ^ip ui ^ .«^J-l ^i*Uj cjjl>U ajy»» : Jl5 |g ^Ji uV 

S— J tMiJ '^' S—J V i^ ^ L^^J iUl*Ub -Lii ut 4JL0 y^bJl lift ja Jj 

^ ^t »L*Jl a3Lwo ^^ Ja :aill <U?-j Jjl-j • 

. (( 4J JLblj JJbbl ill ^ :Jl5 4it ^ ^Jl jt- ^ Mj cJJb^l 
la* J^ cJj^U l^UJ 0^ c*i£i "^rjj (>• «i*»- J^rj j^ :J^-»j» 



t(J ,Lp jj ill JuPj iij*~-. ^ ill JuPj ^JU? yjf ^ ^Ipj tOLiP ^. OUiPj <_jli*J-l 

pip lij ii- ^.yup U5L. ojj t( j^ ( J> N»j* ^ :r<-^ J u J*- 'r*js*> ^ ^ ^ -^-> 

.4P-li>v ill p iL?v ^» Ij^-skuu Jljj 
.U-LLx jj| ill J_^j O+P J^ e-UJ \£ : r <r^ M . J^J 
^1 p-^j .S^L j£ JlSxJI ^ j>Jl J^A til 4t ^ c^j^l ^ J^ 1 •**> 
^J jyt Jl c l5U^ iJUi £. JliJl j^j ciyt' i>J» ^yJl Vj f-iisJl J,^ J~rv 
JiyJl 11a o« ^Jup <3y *** LuJl'ut ^fj o^Ulj ^b^Jl L.tj .4-p> £_l& 
.pip! illj tp-ft^j c£*U-l J*tj cfcoJl J*t »_-*X. I.AA} cJiiUlj 
c£jJLJl Oji yfcj frUJl <b cJL?cu-l lit jJwaM JU«)l jp :i>' <u?-j J^-*j • 

c«u^j t^JUbLij t^j^j cb^Jl J£T Jul,, :4jt $j£ ill J_^j li- ^ c-J : v^ 

.^^ iiO>. :^1.>I JU .«*J Ji^»j cJ-Ltl ill jiJj 

^-Lp ^Ij Liy^ j,\j c^Apj cOUJ^j tjr **£ rdJUi ^Ap ^UwaJl f_U>-i C-Jj 

^ l^Sl i,Jjo N j^j Lf^-jji" 01 oJjf :jfLJl 4] jLii .Ij^a ill obi L^ A>a 

Cw'j O^U ^ : jLi> vlUi ^ Ji-j c4pjg>v ill ^ii*v iy :«j-W^ ^ ^ J 1 ^ ^L^^ 
.4] m>y Ot Joy. 4jt «tl5 j> ill jJip lii t5ju>- jjj-1«p Li>^ 0}j 

IJuoj "JJL>Jl 0*>Ua, JLp JJaJl OLo v^" ^ ^^- Jl eJu!! ij f"^ 1 U ^ *^J 
fri»j ^ (^JJl Ju^i L.I* .d^-P JjJb'j i^L-p JjJ* ^Usj 1^ Jl^i 01^ IM c^^ 
V lift ot ^ uSll ^ £}j y IV 10/i >^. V ^ .ttj o>j -W ^j 4J jt t v 



m 



r-LsJlj jLo UJ 4*«-j ,y\ j»*>L*Vl rt^-i <_£_}l^ /^UJi J-^aiJl 



U. 



j^ ^Ui ^ ^ |j| L^j .^jj jb- 43 J^ ,tJ 4jly.l ^ 



I j)J? lij :^^ pJ. 



Jl=- 






oJiP 



^ 4i;Us dJJi £ j^J 



J^3 

l^-jji Dtji.j .^cJlj tjl^lj tjLJtdJl ^liL^ :a^^l5oJl j S-L^UJl isjj^Jl 
:Jljif Lj_i tUJUilj .aJ^UJiisjj^Jl ^dJJi _pOj tj*^ j^> ^s- jf tLi j^ V ot ( _ 5 Ip- 
4J ?jJUi Jbu J^UJl J?^! ^1^1 lij ^aj J* f .^liLJl ^-v2j V Ait : JjVl 

.JiJjJS JLP _^o yjfj t J")U-I _^o 

.ijjjJl 0*>U2jj cJLixJi 4>»^> ^Jlp j,aJ -\ii c^-Jl 4JJ ijj jt 

J-i*Jl ^^j ti^xJlj jLi^l c i5j JLj Ail :Sj^uJi J=»j^^J\ (j» :<iJlslt 

C^xiLtJl (_J4JL« iJLftj . rt-oJt [^J ^*J C^r 1 ' J^ - *'' ("^ 7"^-^' P^-^iJ t-AiOi (J' J^jj-i^Jl 

apLjIj tjjbu ^f ^^aLaJlj e^^L^ AjL*^! ^ j^ Ujb>-! Jus-t jp AJLill <>ljjl j-^j 

9j Ji tij J^Jl £l£ ^-X$j ca*xJ| c Ll£ :SUsL. oli Vij i c LUl £*j ^1 til 
c lSo ^i LjJlUI til dlit Jlp : Jli til L.tj il+J^ of Jl L»^>-jj : Sjk ^ Ji* J^L. 



^l^Jb jLcj L*J ^*J ^1 f"^^ fyS- <-Sjba /j^l J-aa!' ^ YA 

.4J*>U2-J 4J ji { Js- ^yJLiJl (3*1 JJ 
jJjo jf f^iJl (j» liJLtytJl aLJl J* : Jlyt 4JUaji lip (j» ^3 "jUuiJl c l&" b.fj 
^i U. dili j-p Jl f^l ^ liL. ^JbbJl Jb-t jj£ jt ^"Vl JU^ o^li^ll Jb-t 

.^jJl lift ^p (^ ^"^Stj 
j.Uj :3jLi>- (^jV ia*lj-t «j^t>t^ai "^rt-Jl ^gij i?^" j "ju-UJl ^rt-Jb r-b£Jl" b»fj 

4*lJl £-bXi \jlx3~- {-^J&J 'j-f-Jl (e*J ("-* ?*■'&£* 'j-f-»^ «L*^J JjJb TWiJ r- bxJl jf ^lp 

ojLt^- jU-iJl ^bx! j c4Jj>o>t«tfj Lj %*?\ 4-si>jjLjl r-b£j j c4>c£j^l ^ 4Jjlk*! U *>Lys>f 
(jvj Lj-Ljj ciyiJtj tr-bxJt ^ oJujUJI Jsj^lJl J» 4jL>- ^f J^i Laf ll*j ^>-T Ip^J 

£WiJ ^i , ( J3yi}\ ^*^o" j»JLP x-» f^j ^ 4jl : Jli 4jU tOjbr^lj £t^l J* SJLmjLaJI i?J^Jl 

.^j^ ,j^l ^b jj>^i c,j^i!l qa 4JL.LL b» i?LL>alj cJuuliJl -b^iJl 
c liO ^ 4^, ^ ^Jl ^ AaLril ^^b ^j* Jb, jj^l ^^l Jij 
co^L-i LS -^ii ^iSo)! je- ( _ s1 -Jlj .4*iJl ^l£j ^ <u,_£ cJJbdl ^bC' ^j tjU-tJl 
tijiJl el* IjiLf 4jL>^2J! jtj .ij^-i ^j cjj }b ^licJlj ie~bJl J» ^liull ^p <u,_£ 

l^Jb JJbil Ij-U-jj'j tb-LLa JJUtJl r-lisj !jl>t*-J CjU^Jl r-livj (j» (jv>-jjJl j^u IjijJS* 

"JJ^Ji JUbi" c-)L£ j jjJl ^^p SjjjSUi jb ts yi u^i l*^ c5-pji c 1 ^ ^ cf \y^3 

.4>c>oVl ol* ^L^5 Ajbt^aJt f- Lo^-Jj ,/oj ■--'•ll; (jj-I* 

tJ-^UJl ^1 i»yj| ^ dJJl Jli jf L.I* :<ujjJj *>wij J^* til ^L^Jl oVj 
-liUJJ b^l^i liJUS jj5Li ci?^Jl JUaj.i ^ 4, Jli jf Ulj c^b^-^lj ^yaJl cJ*>U ll*j 
_jf c^jLiJl ^»ljJb ^jL jf L»! :JJjJ1 t-^J-* ^^ r^^J -^ 4 ^ J| ^^ ^J ^ u^ji (^ -^ 

.A5bJl ^IjJJ 
cf^L-Vb ^>l yliUl ^jLiU f jK L^ cLjh ^jbJl «u/ ^1 ^i*Jl£ : Jj^\3 
^bs-i ^ {Jl\ L*^j tj»_^viJlj (ibp^b oJb-ljj b,_i iLss- V^-lj 03-^ ^J^ t>* ?$ b*^j 

,o^J^i« jj-*" ci* *l^r*^lj A^b. tdJJi l5j-^< (Ji 
jA^fjL L*^_j etui g? 4/Li £* jji-uJl (ji^ ^UaJl fjlj l*£_j . ^LbLJl : Ji^Jlj 

.j^-jv ^ V>b b»j /j JrLuJlj (j\?-bsiil<Jlj (j\*jLl«j| 
eJi* jf 4^Us ^jLlJl f jL ^ iCu-U b^^i 4J i? Jr iJl ^b^Jli diliS jl5 blj 



^ V\ : ^liLJL jlo UJ W ^1 jOL-^l ^ ^jbj /^li)l J^aiJl 

^J >* ^*J=li (J L* ^j>\* .J»yJl ^P 6y^ aJliy Of f jdl y Vj ci*yUl villi OjJu 
J*j^l oVj t jyv V dJJij tJ^-j V j * <&! p-t-jli ,J U< yliJ j»!jJl ^jUJl 4j <ujJf 
4j Ijjjj Of Jpjj-JJl j*4 01), r^^w^l c_.-bU y> <dy JJju c^Jl <j> L^> o^jf c l£j| J> 
ajbo 0j& Of *i$ : Ju; <dyJ c^lyib VI jyv V ^Jl f .«£J>»JI -4 ,3Ji^-»l U 

,j x-uji oijij c^^ Vij jjVi j,> ^i^jl vi jj>v v C ^ U • i^ J^'J 1 0* 

J*yJl jjj ^Jl l^^, lij :»^j JLu ^ ^UJLS JU»-t uUw»t J 15 lIAj 
4JU2JI jf C^uill <U)j>o (Jju ^ lit -i»j-iJl .L»yi>Jb <UP O^JjJ' CS-^i JLp JL-UJl 
^>wiJl i*yJl J& <o uJjj ,J !•>} ^-^will J^j-iJi y> dJJi Ji« IjJlS US t4J! y jtjt 
Ltfj .4JjJj y?^ ^ <0V {Lallan ^jj| <ui 4j Ojj J lijj c«^l -U*Jl£ <o jlijJl fjL 
JiJl Cajf <d ^ cJL-UJl -U*JL *lijJt f jL V U£ c«u *lijj| f jL. ">b JL-LiJ» J»ysJl 
jJ U^j ciisJl dU; ^1p t y^j (Ji £Jl ^ 4jL^> Jsyji jJ LS iM*}\ £^i <dj ctijJu 

l^^Jl £W2j 4J| lO^-UJl Js^iJl £-»£?^l (j* Jjii -«UP <0i)l f^Pj- X^Aj <.i~~£- ^JiV> j^ia 
1>jlJuJ\j c^Jl JJ^j V ijlsJlj J^^Jl oly OV cup L-j-^ajf j Jj c^jjl L^-^i 

j- J»jVl JsytJl^ (j>=rjjJl Jb-t J> 4i^ J^yi lijj cj»jJf <ui ^ 5j ^S\i ^ l^Jl L.f j 

aJ dJli^j cl^lyJ ^JJl dlL. -^LiJlj dDU jj^jJl Jb-t yj tO^'jjH i5-M 

j^P j^-> J^btJl Ltfj c^jJl dJi«JJ ^^J' Sy#Ju> y 4juLJ| 4_J_^*JL) »JllP rc^jJl 

• (_ys-li V ^l>olj 'J^-i ^i ^Lxj 4*iJlj cy^» »jup ^y*Jl J* 3jwa.iU.llj c3jwil« 
Cj^-J! ^ jjyjj X*. y^ ^fj J^U-15 4)Uw»! y jj^j y aJUIp "jU-iJlj" 
4jbw>f y jJ^ aILpj cdJJLo ^bw>f JJbJ IJUj cy^bU lj^ (jywa^ 1 -^f J*=^ ^^J 

4JjJj Oi*Jl ^lyi) jjjj JibJl jJ^j jt JLwLiJl J?ytJl «_« y^ OL^i : Jli jf ( y^ i 
^wij VI aicj V £_l£Jl 01 Ld5 01 :JJ c^Jl J> SJLwUJl i^jyiJl y> U^ c^st^i j^j 
J-«b- jjt ^Jjij U^ c4jL5Dl, JLa>cj V yj c4J rtJj^aJl y dJJi 0V ^rtjjjillj ?-l5^iVl 
^Jl 01 :Ldij t^L^Jl t.jLxw'V iaily JU*-f 4_jL>w3f y U^-pUfj ( Jbj jjf ^liJlj 
.^l5Lll uJ*)^ Ijj'U- o-Up ^y^j ^J| OV c<jjiJl j^o \r liUl jj3 jUL-l J?yi aJ «wjj 



tj JJbJl Avi Jsj-i JJiJ Cp^i t^*i«j *)Ubi)j IjLiti 4jjS a^« 4>ot^aj "^ Uli i4>t>twa) 
Lil ^Li "<d Jlilj JJbil &\ jJ" :dj* Sup slSu jiWJ ^ J^- ^J cJ-UJl 

cJ^f lj»l 4JV i J jtAJ L^jJUy N J clijtf £-l& 0_^Li tJJl>Jl Js^i JUaui £• 4j_p^^2i 

1» t Jj5U JJL^Ji <o Juaij ,J J/AJ 4; J>i (J liU cJjtAJ L(JLUc ^JDJb JLtf5 J/AJ 

4^ l^js^J _^j JJ>i ^l^J ^ l^j ^(iO ^1 l\j^\ JL>-f «5o ^ JjiJl lift JLpj 
i_JLii^t ^J £-b>*J J-fJ :JJb»Ji Js^Ji I ( M..,tj _^Aj ^ 4-P^Jt JUlS e &>j£ jf JJ^Jl 
•£^ ij ■A-'LaJl Js^-tJl JsUL-J <Udo jjfcj .f- IjJ «ui ?Jj^l J-ibJl (-jb^wa^-l i^^i ff cAJJP 
£-iL Ja :4ii| JsjiA! ^« Oil jjJb jJbJl jJip lij «di«j .JUiaS ynj ^ ff «u* «^aj Ja 

jt aX^li AjJj JiJi -Up liU tdJDUj 4jL^- (jjt J_^iS cajU-^l ,JLp iJlSj 4jt : J»Lill 

.4^1^ ^^ Jljj ^P eJlS^lS 
i~j'%± \1aj Aj ^JaJ J r- LSo lAj^i»^J! J^i 4>-l5vj L(-»yij li.Ua.* Lar jj flj-»^L<^- it 

^liLJlS :li-jj ^ jj 4j ^^j" jj oj j .jl5p ciUsi^l Jl <rh>v Nj li-jj OlS Js^l 
O^i t-GLS^t^l jt t-ujj^d clA JL-j (J ^^ J^ ^L$u)l j dJDi^j tl^jU-1 JLp <_>yjJl 
JJ <_/*Jj tt±JJi Lfli 45jLi; Of CJ^Li Olj tiiJDi 0L$ jA ^-^ li-jj 4j (^^ of cj^LA 

.^jN ^(i^J LaL>j 
^jjii *ij <uf ^\5u5l -LP <u!p J?j-iJ afj^U ^jjj J^rj tf- \&\ «Up-j Jjs-»j • 
l» fi-Lf-j l^f J^f- 0_^J Of <u1p J?j-ij iy» UL CJ\£j c\ip» ^ l^JLSa ^j tlfglp 

^rjjA3 J^J :JpjJlJi iJla Ob^f lilj ? ft \SjJ« ^jL J^J :*A£ dlii JLt J^A3 Jljj 



^ A \ ^-l^oib jLo U.J k^ j>\ fX*]\ £~i <£_)& / J'liJl J .Aa.ll 

^ c^J - cy 3 ^ 1 a* Jj^J •~>\h£-\ j> j*j& Ij^^-juUj oyodlj 4jI>^iJ1 j^ «^J 
J&f oISLUj cJ^Jl lift J» Jl^-jj IJJ>j tcJU^lj 't^'jj^'j i^l^l C^J '~ L<> -«- :p 
J»j-i til dllLi ^-aJl.j t Jsj^l aJLa Lf_i ^Ijj^l t-jhJLt ^Ap Ij>JL£ U 5^AiJl c_jycJl 
tWajt Js^^iJl li_a> ^tvs .tiJJi j>^j L&JL, Lay.! Oj£j of iSj^J jf LjJLp r- jj7 lij <of 
J* 1 oy>^s^vall J» aU-^-f Ul tdJJi J* Ju>f t_~as.Lt _p_ ^yUtJl ^ jAj c4> 43^1 c~£Lt j 
^ ^P Jli, .(^jjiil 4j ,»jdLnA-.1 U 4j lyj5 Of JpjjJJl Js-f 0j» : JU <of $g ^Jt 
-kj^t (>• cj^ 1 ^ J* 1 ^ ^ jH (j^ 1 1}* 3 ^* -kj^l -up JjiLi £_>Li« :<_jli_i-l 
^L^L. 4j J»jj is^i ilLft ^^J ij t Jsj^iJl aJLa Jit j ^ Lift j a^ j^ f.\iji\j Jp-f 

cilwUiillj cJIwU^Jl J» aibjJl Ji« li^i cuip -ulsjj iLa^Up La_dj /»Lit Jays, L»tj 

J* J«-£»V V L* li_J-ll* j 4jLi5- ^f (^JuJbt _jAj ^Ua-t jp { y>^ t axJ\ ij <J 4jLjJrt ^« J«-£>v 
lla Ji. U^V CJljJrb J^-f 0j5j JjuJl ^ JiJlp- ^Lp ^^iff ilLps- JSj .S_/fStj J*A\ 

^fjij <-4>j~£j AytUjaj j^^l jprh^\ oi •tji&j -JU>-f t_~a.Lt J» L&_p_j °jL*-^t t/ j>?v 
. JjSlI (Ji^U. «->yJl J| 4J ^f!-^ La_dj ^Lp iiiJl Jsl^i! dJJAio «->yJ( Jl dJJi J» 

V : J Li jf .<_>%>:- 4J ij tc_jj;jiJ!j ^jJl jL*d> c4i lljjat !jL^- 4JjiU cMjJ *^U-I ^Lp 
t^'j- 4 1/ ^~~i :4ixJl jU-^S t4j ^«jiJ! J» ^- IjJ «i_j ojj t^JjJ gi iL^l ^J rL^v 
<_ii r " of dJJi Jv»fj tg^-lyll ^Lp ^Jj of Ji. ^L^ jjU- ^ «o j^UJl J^p <_J^iL! 
t^ySflj ?U Jdls^, 43^1 of jf VliaiT (^SU-l o^ ^ :>L,j^! _jA J& piU-l ^Lp ^ill 

V tijj ^L^ Ji £Jj b\ ^ c^L^ j^- Ji Jiii V ^jJL^ v oils^Jl ^oiJ! of 

>( jLpf illj .4Jajf -dLkjJ ^tj o]j eUi-«f a^Ua^l 

^j clfi* \iijij t Ji«5i JJ ^j jit Js> cbj* tiLi cL»jll> ^ jf Ujb ^ V^">v 

^ jf AJjtijL^ L^j J^j»il c-^y l»j*i hx^K+fi O^J Ja ^Lft^i ^p JLAxSt 
a^p cJjli _^J j^~ tLa^Jau. (J bt ojV a>^>^> dj& ^ .& -^<J~\ rolris 

'te-j >*J tij-iJi ( *^r J» Ua^^pj dJJL* ("L'Vlj 5jLa?- ^yf /»L«Vt < ai-« y&Ll? li> tJLiJl 

J» -Ua-f j dill* eijjaj taiLaj "^J'^UJlj ^J! cJlJLvo" ^JLwt ^ r- J>*> tjjJLiJl i^JuJut J» 



c lS^)L jl*a UJ v^" ^ f^V 1 6^ ^-^ /^ J""^ 1 ■ ^ AY 

l>jjJiS\ Ot :01j -Jj5 -U>-! i_-»Jl4 J»_j i4ijUL*Jl£ UaJL* A^JLiuJl iJt 0L> tobLwJl 
jb(yJli> .3j-^ai« ^ Jjt>v c£-*Jl -kj-sJl (j>j c3jji3l :y>j dJtf Jy v_? . jjJj V ^J-iuJl 

j! J^ : jj^s-liJi jc^is^j 4;t>wt *L«JlSj Jus-t j^j-v^ 4*Lp L»t_j te_p«jj jW=^ i»ljiAl^ 
jL* JJbJl I-XIp ^9- LaLs^^Jj J bj JJbJl L5 ^jJIjoJI ^u <Sj& J& otlslj-Jtj i?_)__ r £jl 

-LiOju* jp (^yiJl j*^ c4jt>wf (**>^_) «t«*>l^ J» :_p-y ^^ \l»j .dJJi ^j '(j^y^lj 
^js^j V t<w>j^2J_j Jus-t Jj-^u flj^>- (Jot <d ^ wUp j_^_i^» Lj_l» jjSj JjLw^JI jLpi 
(j» Jby^iJl J_^otj UlLJI ^U>1_j S^Jlj <_jb£jl ^ dUi jTib l^jy -A* j tdJUS ^ip 

<Uj cJl£ ^1 4jlJ1 -Lap li« s^j ^H (gull oh <Sj& cJl^ ^i 3jJi*Jl J^u* ^j 
JLp cdlb ^j cAjj-jJlJ-1 /»Ip (jioy oxj ^ *J^ c£-^' &-XA1 -Uipj tiJUJl 5JLJ jUaiS/l ox J 
y» 4ioJl_j i_jL£J\ j^j-^J ^»Lp dJUi^j t(jU^ ia-i-L; JJbJl l_j JJip ,<: J?_)__ r <iJl ^^Lp IjiiJl -%—^jT 
tl!b-lj SljLJdJUi JjLrf o^UJlj cjJUJl jp ^Ij -Uj^iJlj ij+jJlj 3yl«Jlj ^lijJL, ^Vl 
.dJJi jiljj" Vj^ 1 ls ,|j, -^ , J t^Lfc^Jl ^1p jjiix. "-^'j ^ ! J*f ^ 
Jpji&lj cOr^-*» j-i^ l»j^* \iy rjjS J^rj ^p :<uii <u;«-j f%4*2\ ^i> J^->j • 

V Ipjjai 0\Xa ^ l^j jSL. ^ i^JLii djt :ObljJl j£ij c^-Ip J^-ij cdiii ciJb^lj 
*^ ^Up l^t J>-Jj Dt £Wj l,j j-i»- r l,J jil-» dUi Aw r c^jr^ 1 SJj-i^ 1 
? Jli-I iJLft (jiP 4jm ^jAJ Dt J» J^ cl(-j-^ fjs- <U*jlXo 
jJLjo til J. ciJU-l sift (jlp <*^ Ujlyi J^ *!> ^i L. ^1p ^Vl ol^ »M ro^ti 
ja ££»i ^ bj Jj tLjj ^2j tipj LaUii jt <d ^-Jj tU-^ Jy (_3jyiJL| La^Uj jt 

. JLpt 4ll_j .U-jJLji 6j L^ jljJljJl 

U Jaj ?di3i «u!p t-Jfo J^ cdlii ^P J^-^P yij cflijiis ^jl^Jl OXo cJl^i c<ut 
j* l^t jt l^t ^^j 0t «ulp c-j*j Jaj ^yLJi JUa^l iljt 131 £&l\ £~J8 Ot 

^ ft cUoo^p c v .J»j i^ Jy-oJi 



lii Jj dJJ-L ^Jl ols^i lij L>^ V $<up j*-Lp y»L.4ip l _^ v ^ :V^ 
yj o^^l -A^fj dJU^ (JUJi J>f ^ ^ o^p LA ^ ,J jA j£^> Jj> \ji\j o£ 
^IxJl y^jjJ of LA jj-^Jj l^tj^-lp oL£ lij (.J^xi cLA J?^i U ^p La^pj j_o4 i_-&Jl« 
^ j^-Lp y&j ^iiJ! ( _ s i$LJ ^.Uzjj (j^—JJ dJJi 0L£ lij UU d^pli oL£ ol_j fVj* X& 
^ :<Uj-^ ,_j)i Jj^-wdl ^ j^-*) of <lJp (j^Jj .f L^iiJl (jjj f- Iji %j fz^JH of LA ^^ii OjJ* 

>( »ipf illj .tJjycJL LA l^iL^ oL£ lit cL^-f Vj L^f 
J£ Of .ibi! ^ aJ* ljfcyi»j c^jjJ Jr> jp :4)l «u?-j (»^-»^t £**• J^-»j • 

cdJJl* t__aJ-« dJJA^j c4^Vl <lAp C-jjSP C^^r^j J^j tJ^UaJl 4j *J»j r- JJj" ^ :4jLm>- 

0\ :LaXo yVl OLS c£^~Jj £jjJ lij ^£J ciJL*J! Vj <J">lDl 4j ^ *>li JU>-f u»l. Ufj 

(»^lb»uS»J» U 4j Jjjj (jf JpjjjJi Jp-f (Jj), : S|| dyA C4^jli Of Li Oij <U* O^Gf Of Li 

: JUi Cj^p JJ dJJi £»y cL^JLp £jja V of J?^ Sf^l ^jjJ ^U-j oVj ; .«jrj>iJl <4 

\~£% SJL-Jl oXa J JlyVli 

.(JL*Jlj ci*>U2Jl 4j xij :l»^?-f 

.45ly -tJt^l dJUuj ^j c4j ^-4. V : jAJJtj 

:LA J^^i L. 4jf r ^ ^ t Jlap ^j J^U» 4jji.^t JlyVl J^pf >»j :dJ\iJlj 

. JljiVl ia-^jf IJjs>j .^SjLJJ of (Of Li 0]j c4j«-« j^* of CJfLi oLi 
ii\X> f cAJ*Ai ^JjSJ l« 4jf ci3">\i2]b «_ib- Jtj ^p :<&! *U?-j rfcj-SJl Ji-»j • 
f L^Jp ^jj^ ^ Ajt JLAiil ^ bjbj ~o\ja\ %jji J^-j ,£3 ^dili a! J^i t^j^y Of 

-Up LprjjJ lij J^UaJl Li^Jj 'Lj-^J^ of aJ co>*iLiJ! <_jj il Jui-I robr^ 
cLjJlp r-jji V 4jf JLi*Jl J> Js^iliij cLa^j wLo-fj ^iLiJl t__aJ-« y&j ti_iLJl j_^-«^- 

wUa-fj dJJLi t_~&JL« J> L^J^ ik^ws Js^iJl Lift OL^ :L»Jlj Uy>f (jL^ L^JLp rjjj' Ojj 
.*ipf 4jJlj .oijli Of Li ojj co-«Uf Of Li oj L%Jlj La^U L(JLp rjjJ ^»j .La^pj 



J^J iCfiy, *a~»?u otj J^i Uii cjsr^ ^-TJjJ *f^«l a* :4 ^ '^j J-^J • 
tr-l5cJl »t*«j _^>-5Ui t^^j jl t^lJLj- jl tj_^»- ay^jjJl Jj>-tj ^^ iij :(-j^-\J 

. ha*„l J O-Lxj C-J>c^~i jj) Lfc -j_* Ua... (Jj^-jJl Li c->«-^ jjj iL&jLp»- 

^lOl £_J Li J^J c\^jJLtf j^ at^ob %jjz* J^rj £* :<&' *■»*■_) Ji-»j • 

.^j^Jl jLs>M ^Ju ^L^Jl £^J ofj^iU ^jJLst ^jjj! jl j^a li| .<& JuJ-l :*-jL^-LJ 

^ ft Iftjt j 4) l>j£j Jaj 9*51 (it Ij^t lil jm>j L^tj l^t J* 
.4J J-a>v <J'^j ^^v jj^>. VI **<• fJ"jJt j>^i V L~. LU jl :U»JL?-t 

dJiL* J-^ rt^jill C.mj >lJbMj jjJrL^ LLLj jl 177/^1 il-Xi-iL^ : LLo- fJsjJl £-Uj 

<uaj -£\y^ <^ 4^L>«Jl£ * JsjJl Jl»5 ^j L. L»fj .y>s- j& f U- U^ iJUvlj ( j«iLiJlj 

. La -jP /j>» JlAI AvsLsxJU-^Ij ijtfi 1 f" ijj 
Ji^j jk^~i o\X^i\ j} : Li ^oUj«j £t^J ulj t«uip ^_* ">lj Jj^-jJt Li «^J lijj 
fj^A *>L> 'j^^-i ^ : rMj •°j^ <y iJ^ j\-*^. CfrJ- ^y* LatJbj Ji jL$ j]j c3jJLJ-l oJl& 
tjj^_^> f- Ijj «t;i 4^L>tiw-Jl f-bjj -°j*i (^ ^' ^^ j)j*^ l^"^ Cr* i_J»JL>v jl 4Jj t«uip 

LatLj jL» cjjii jf Jji Us^Jl jJlp Joj L. 4^p jJwaj J L* jLJ-l ^Jj .«up jj^-^Jl ^ 
o^J ^Sfij ijx-*^ ^l> V ^jLci-l 4J J^J :J i J r l ^Jb jl ^1 caJ jL^ *)U dJUi -X* 

^«J «d J-^i ells CJLi c ^i l^t Js- 'fk\y>\ ^jjj Jsr j ^ :k\ kv) Ji-»j • 



jf on^ cjjUj :y*j— JLuaJi j^t ^JUaj jt <dj i£_l£ji r^i <d :olirtJ 

p-H>*£L» cJl£i .((j.^ UaUtI ^lio j* j^au ,J ^bL* j^ ^ ^lio <y oJj,) :4iiJj 

•T-^ 1 o"^ C 1 ^ ^ ^-^^ *^ <J^ ^LftljL! y> j^p^Ll. cJlS roliflj 

cJUiJlj f^lj ci^l ^ : c ^ va Jl c LSJl r l5^f LjJULj if}L.yi j ^ ^ 

L'%' v^Jl 4^jj ^L-Jl jit ^Jj ij^t 4j ^ ^ L'%' ytiUl jit ^J <bf :«JL^ IJLa 
^iSfj .lltf^t dJJJj j-^aj (J ^lio V^ <e^ ^J A) i»*^ Lfi>y <%J W^JJ ly* ^-Jj^ 
V i_i">U- }\j I^I^Jl OjJj ^~Jl JjJ- y> ij^J-w. <0j£ L.tj JJlA y> 4^iJL>y jUixJl 

^ c-jJi-l lljj ^Ul gs>.\ aij ti^ ? i.j JLp Olji V UlS oij t^L^^L. U_^l5Li 

: J\jS aJJl 4*?-j J\3j 



c L£Jb ji«a UJ JUJ ^ r^V 1 6^ ^j 15 * /^ J - ^ 1 ^ A1 

U^i 4^f jf j^-L. Jlp ^Lft jli caJJ o^j «iU7 jt JJ Ljjt-jj j^La jlj <£■ l£Jl Li Jj- 
4^f jt Jlp y La j|j tJL*L£ ^Jb- Jit JLpJl J>f J» ^£i ^ t jj^sj-I^aD l» LJ>_j t jly- 
^ c~o ^y cJl£ i^Lp jjjI jjp >Uap Jlij .^U)t o.ijj a J (J -A-jjJl Jftf jj^^JJ 
j\ "Aii\ *£J-1 ff cJLfsj t jLiLa ^f ^ ijbtt Lpt-jjiJ l^iil^j r^Ua^-l ^ ^*p A^p v^ 
. jUip ^ <&l JLp Lpt-jja L^iijai c£_ r j- J ^ p-*^ if- O^^ '^-^ oLi^ 

:sOjv c-jUI J» ^£i ^ 

as j H ^ Ow ^ <j£ ull .^ : Jii 4^ I* ^Tj^ :Ju; ^ L^ L^_,j 

OtJa^i i\j^»\ LjJlp LJ) t-lSs- LjJlp ( _ r J s-'.r^ J-*^ {j* e^rfLj-^l of :lftAM 

uif : Ju; in Ju u£ ^jjJU j>. Ljj 5a*Ji oS/ ;4Jt~Ji si* <> f uUi Jy jb-t iJLaj 

L^J jl^^l ^& . j>- ItJs- ^jjlJ ^ ,JL» .Sjs-^lj (OL-^l; -u-a JL*Jl dU*i U£ 
.4+pIsica ixy& oSl i<^u>- Ik&j 4*JLy^Jl : Jji ^ Jy U-» c^ji >xjj t5i>J! 3^S/lS 

(la £tj .ojgU- o5 cJlS oij aJ| o^j ^-L^J! JJ yLa til ^jj ^^ : ^ ( j , ^ , 
JJ aJI^-^lJI c..JL»»t til Ijj-l-f* 1 ^t jf- Ck*£s- Qf- JLib^ jP 1 1» ^jo (^jLAjt c^jj J-4* 
S-^-J ^^ (>* jx-^t jitjj SyLj-Jt J» (j-Lp ^.1 »^i L»_j .aJLp c^»^ "^^>. W^-JJ 
."JjSlI c L^)b ^.J! ^ ^UJt ^f JLp o 3j % i)t J^j c^j 

.o^Pj -U>f (»Lt^t ^ CUj-^Jj IjUT lift J» 4iiJl J» CUj^ 1>J 

^f 3^a5 ^ U^ ijj^si-LfJU L* <d l^s- 0_^j ^JL^p ^ j^ 1 ^ 1 ol :«Jy :dJlill 

jJLLt Sjsr'-ilj (»*)L-^L< 4jLJ i«L» ^jj ^ llftj t(_i/Ua]l Jftt JL«P ^ A*^ j^Lft ^tj 9^ 
<ui ^^ i_JLp liL* <.4&L» jj-A ^^ t_JLp ^J c43-L<l Jt* ^jJ-I J*^ J^ 4 oS/ t«u«A 

:{f*2*A j^iL* j^ c<up jji -U& ,< (- .Ip iy, l^JLftUjl jJj ^ j^Lj-^l of '^'jj' 

£r ^b J** °^* 'J 2 * 1 y *^* J^ 2?h * upr A ^ u> ^j\f y}i ls*^ ^ r^ y *^ x^ 



^ AV ^liLJb jJUi UJ 4-*J ^1 jOU^I ^i cSjla /jils)! J^ajiJI 

O^Ui ^a Sj pJ> J*- ^ «$ : jLSi oUUJl f UJl jjj V jf « r fj t-Gjiji-j ^ ^ 

.CtfjP _ r( _Jl Jy Oja\j 'yt^Vl J^-J^ s^Vl 

^Utjf : Jut Ju cSofUi y> ^Jl V^ j,«u- S-iL&t £_l& .i) JuJ~! rol^-tj 
jj.Ul j* OL^Ij OL«jJI ja OL^ij ^i J*. ^Utj P& J*. ol^]| !jjj( jjJJt 
^VjVl ^jVl ^ «Jiii.| j UlLJI ^U>- ^j»Ju> 1 1» j . [o :5juUi] ^,»iOj j* ob£il IjJjf 
j** (Japt li^i jjpt V : Jlij .^Jlj^Jl ^L^J OjZ 42 1 Ij^p ^1 ^,p ^jj Jij c^a^j 
i^lL U*^! oij t£_xJl J*f ^ ii'lis l_j*.L. fjJl yfcj t^ ^ ^^s- Lj-j j| J^i; 

I^brj! 4j"%' ^ OyLjl 4jT ^P (_->U=L-lj 

u^^ _^p <_jh£Jl JaI J*^j q^^Ji ^ UUju (J ^L^Jl Ja! jf :l»jb-f 
fyjS^f jjJJlj ^jifclj t^jUaJij o^Uailj IjiU jiJUlj l^wT j^JJJ tjjj* :^Jy JJ^ 

ill OjJ j* \j\jjt ^Ujj (►Ajl-9-f \jj*u\f :A)ji iiyJL ,^-ivj JLii :JJ jL» 

. [n :i>di] $ij$j&t Up «Ub^ ^a ^1 4)) ^ l2b-1j ill tjX*J *ij Ijyf Uj ^y ^1 £~«Jlj 

c-La-^L J^, J| c^o UJi ill jli cil^i ^j J^,f J» ^ ^bSU) JjhT jj :JJ 
ciJ^I l^pa^l ^Udl ^j ^ ^3 -J^t ^ ^ ^J ^^ij j^Jb ^T ja Jio 

<^3l ^_Lj'I ^j J^sf oH o£j^\ cf- <**}i& s-^J ^ ^ ( ^. (^ c^^ 1 ^j-^ 1 a" 
V^l s-i* jy \jj£> f> s^^Jl J*^ :Ji* liU riJyJu M ta^^L o f L^ ^di ^JyuJl 
^ a^si 4^.!_j j^^JL^Ji : Jj lij u^ 4 aJ i)^ ^ ^JJ Iji^f ^JUl ^h&l jb co^^A 4 

■ ^-*-Jl y ttUi> ^p Vj tjOiJU t_-j^j" ^j tjyi*j Vj oL>^l ^ "< i Jr\ ola ^ ( ^ ( _J ^ 
Js> £**& V ^ JU^- i.f ^ i^jJl sla ^JUjI a5 ^1 ^ 0>JL^-iJJi ^^u jl£ j|_j 
^ ill j^v |Jj .^bSUl Ja! 4_>!>U»v :0;j5».jJl ImjAA ^> y» ja L^J Jljj *>Vi tiJ'>L> 
JU o^lJl 4jT_j tJ*jiJlj "jjS^ Up" : Jli Jj t^^L Oj^^« ^t t->L^Jl Ja! ^p 



J*f p+J J^i Ijiyt lit* ctfjywj iSyw Ja^l ^Ni Cw <3>- ^ ^-P *-V ^r^ 
"jJLiU" ^1 j IJla Ji* JJ US tri -i UU-b (J ^^ J*f £• \yj\ IMj ce-As&l 

.fbJl Jlp *XL (j^l^lj ti^U jJL"j c*Ap ijAJ>\ \\ : JLL lift (^ 

S^l Juv cJ> SJb'Ui! oSl SS^I JLp^I ^c^U SjuUi \\ : Jli of :dJu5l *r^l 
Ij^y-j tli"^ Ij-b-ti *ijjj OT^iJl f-~\ jrf oju'UJI)) :*i-jjJ-l ^ *br aij u ULJl JUil. 

.SylS «cu-*op (/ olS jJ 

<^>\&\ j* £~*i jjjjt ^„JJi Ji >i <Jf^ t-JjiS ^ijJi ^ ^ C4 cjL&i J*f «y 
:,lJj] *$L~- 1_pT jtJUl ^ ^jubf Ap. \jji£ jiiU OjJ^ij Ojetfailj cJrb o_p>. 
ol^ :JbJ Ji3 US yi&i o^-^V »jy£ r» o^J • oUi V l >* r^ 3 ^M °^ -f M 

b^iJiP j^yi^U ujbpfj U?- ojyi^i ,,j> dUjf ^«-i dUi & tjl*a <Df oj^jjij jia*j 

. jjjjsrlo U>jf ?oL-j^l fr^l (Cj»S J*3 b^^'j t 1 ^^ 1 -? '^'J ^^ , *>* 
(>• c^yf o^» d 1 ^ "oLji^Jt ft u^i" ft ^j to^ 1 ^ 1 vj & -^-J- 1 :sJ^r^ 
^ o^f jp. >Ju ^j c^>j a~j^i 'A+ft\ ja (OJl Jftf f tjp -up c l£J» jiU ^J 
Jl5 jUl jj! olS Olj (OLl^Jl £L& ^ ^Jl j.^Juh ^ Ji US dJJi (Cy^. uiLJi 

dUi J 4*I^Jlj .4AjS -Of C J*J-J {/> iSiJ <.£}} V *U^I *J*J iAl^S dUISj cXp-fj 



^ A^ £&J[j jUa UJ W ^! {%*y ^J* (j;_,lja /j>li)l J^aiJl 

^l£j ^if Ljj 4jL>^^ ill jU t ^u!l£ La^f : Dliljj Ju>f ^_j t (^Ijj^'j 
C Lti .^1 4,*AJ j* ol^Jl IjJjf jjJUl ja OUa^lj)^ : ^l* aJjjL oLw^l 

Ad*** 0* {&*** (*-&^k ^ <&'j Olwjjl ^LsS ^ (*&ut ciCu U»j Olwjjl 
.aJL^JI «i^ j2— o £-si»j-<« IJla j^JjcoU^J^JI ^L~Jl 5-Lf Lab 

: j>U»f ^^Lc- { j^i Lj_i *^£Jl» "^xj^l oVl" L»tj 

i_^AwL» lo*j toLjjJl ^L^J J_pv V L*^ cj^fj V oL^^Srl r-L^J of :UaA?-f 

J-*=rj ij^JLJj p-p"*^ J 9 4jL>w2J| ^ 4^i>- j^ JUs-f j»L«^l Ojfoj t4*jjVl 4^fVl 

J» of ojj aJi .j^oiaJl t ya,u ^ ^jj Ua ^f j .^ ^i ^t Js- oyJl dJ-U *L«VJ 
c/ Jj '£_'_/» ti^r £_)_r^ ^^i £* Lj-^j J 9 <_r^ 4-jl^Jt i«Vl L»fj . IpIjJ 4^jJl k»*j\ s-^j 

l>* £**^' £* Uf C-J-^' J'-^*! 1 Jj^' ^ CW ^ ^ I^J .j_^-l» (_i*>l^ Ljj r- j_)Jl 

'tX-^^ 1 S-^Ji ^ cr 1 ^ 1 (^ ^J 3^Jl ^ (j-^J 4iT f^Lx^j -uy^\ ciiJU ^i»jJl Jjl^! 
cia* u j\ ^\yf J* Ml Djlaib- ^jyt ^ j>tt\j} : Ju: <Jy of :^\ 

cULLt j>*Jl dIL< *Js>jJl Jl_^ f j^-p- (<-i!i«i .["\-o :0>^jJl] ^4^py»jJL» j-P ^Ijj (^Ujf 
,^^1) VjUi« (_yaJl IJLA Ji» IjJU^- Ajl>will ^ »^J dl<J& oij^p- iJJ-^Jl eLii-l L. VI 



£-l£jL jJLo Ui ^.o jj! f*>L^I gJ. iSj& lj>^ J*^ 11 ^ ^ ' 

^ Jb~f Ji ,»Jj toU/i US dUi J^ JU. *UJ» £*rf Ji : JlL of :cUu!l 
QyJl dU» J> > Js^l ^^>v :JJ Ji Jj ^ <^»~dl f j>si} ' 4 >e" L ^ j JJ^ ^ :t>»-L~^ 
^^-Jl JU. ^ i.ty of ,-U* .^ ^jjdl jj« : J^j -c^ 11 ^ *-M (•/* ti -^ 

JjSfl j,> ^ ^ g^~Jl J*. ^^ ^L& J^ oi :JLL of :£\)\ 

L.tj t£j> % Oy-J» <iiU L»jkj jW c ^Jb Ujkj jU- ja JS of dUij .t5j^^lj 

^iSJlj i:>JLp J^ 4J j^&l V ^ jf j>Jl dIL» oSf dJJij tV ^jU" Ji* \ {J SJi\ 

«u* aA& j>*3- U* dUi _poj t J^p J> 0lJiiw-l ^j j^^J jI^pI ^jp j> lilk* O^Jl diU 

■ ft <3 j as*^ d^j '<3j ^ c 1 ^ 1 ^'J '^J-^ 1 ^ 
oV i*j»* UJ (_^Lx^Jl Jjkf rjyk. Vj i<-;li£Jl J- 8 ^ l^jj^ ^ o>*^-*^ ^ c^J 
jjj JUj .ix^S (i^j ^ j^p *i>J^f jlaiji* tJj c 1 ^ 1 : - r *^' ^ ^ C< ^ J ^ C 1 ^ 1 
Jli Jij •4s- l M 1 t^JJ ^*^ LjiHj^ :jL>u" <dy fyj till ^L^ J> j-«. ^jj)I :c-jC ^1 

0^ 3^jL^Jl oJ> (3^^-j df jiL^JJ j^v J j (SjiliUl oJ> J^^-j of (J— U j>>^ 
dil* of >L^JJ j^v ^J i>l&» dAU jf (JL— JJ j_pr US t 4ip JUf ^j >o (%S\\ 

lit. ^ c3j!j c^U ^ j6S\ Uaj t J Jl Mj t yi£Jl M :^Ui of :dUi ^>y. 

tUj'li ?isji! ^.^Taolt 0lS liU 4^jjJl ^ l^L» 0_^o of jJUij Mj tdlUL. f is^Jl ^» 

<ui US 4£jL-j! * is j jljJrjj^i* Jjl :JliJ " ( JJLjcJ1 ^L* J*>V 2jlj 4arj 4^i ^^H>J 
v_^rjj ,_ ,,... f J\»jjl 2^ 14 j . 4(^M ^-^* U J^ :4j >^ ii * Jl oJu * (_?^ U^ 1 
L« UJ ^Ji oJ>j .dJJi _poj iJj^JL jf ^waJlj jf c^U^JIj ^y 1 0j& otj t^^^J! 



. jJ-L; ^jalll i_^>-jj L»jj-^2j" j»Uj JL»j aj^-jJl aJiAj 
^U^Jlj f j yJ! V t> t_iLJlj iU^Jl ^ ^ju* ^ of I^UM 4^-jJl 
^ J Us y~)l fc- cJl£ oOA J, c&l. dJUi jjl*>v ^j^> ,J p-fit Ox lj^ Ijb'T Jbrj 

cJl£ i^Sf ii^j ^ V <cj : Jii o5 ;waUi fl JiA j^J t UL«, ^& ^ 8 ji*, . 8j4 pj jjb ^t 
f.j>^\ oJ Uij col^Jl c lio r ^ Ii^ ^ ^ c^JLJt % ^Jl r -UL. JJIjt ^ 

'***» ^^ *V ^ iAj.-O^ 1 r- 3 ^ 'j^-* ^j) : J 1 *" <&' J>f ^ ij-jJbLj ji*. 
L. L^j t UjJl oLK l^ta. J ji L. ayLJl ^j UjjJ ^js ^ ->U fly L)| ^ ^J| a^\ L.Tj 
^ ^L) Jl5 ^- flJ > iijt U f| ^J| of : tfjJ L. Ji.j . r L^!l oL.K rCLUx. Jjj 

*^J J 1 ^ ^ "^^b^ lr~~* J^- J*»- Oti ^P Vj i£fcJ ^ J-»b- Ity V" 

l^_^o ,J i^Ui |_p^» U iUwiilj 4*^y. lift ^ f^ lift Jj .£yj| dJl* OL^jJl 

ItjjUsf J& ^a L,_J j»^5Jl jt U^i Aii "4\^._^l" L«fj 
• 8JSS- j lift ^ JJJlj c^JLJ ;£* "i/j c^-^lni J>^ ^ ^j^l ot :UA0^f 
^.Uk J>v,J vl^J» J^t ^ ^ ,J ^j c^L^Jl Ja! ^ |_^J : Jii of :Uso^f 



.a' 



obljjf ol^ lAAj) :Jl5 4JU v ,,,4jtl t ip ( JJjJli iLA^JjJ L<-aj JjVl ^JLLJ! L.f 
l^ OJj LL5 ^ {piStie J* ^Is^Jl Jjjf uJj I^JjiJ Of Oj-^y ,^L«J l^itlj o^ld iJjL. 
dUi \j\jij dSi \maj jiJi I^Jji of 4*1/ oT>J! Jjjf 4jf aua .(islSUJ ( »ts-''ji ^ 
^i ^ JjiJl 11a ol5U ojii'U* ja j6\ Jj> J^f oi ol^ jii cjJUi 1^ oV &ij 



^liull) jLcj UJ 4^ ji\ f*>L*Vl rt*A cSj^ /j^ jUaiJi ^ ^Y 



^ySrl y^l. jJLi Ovw*y 1^ .\l^-U» J-*Pj js^l f jJlj ilb j^T j* ,#jUaJ!j (^jUaJlj 

CSjUaJlj 3j^_Jlj jj^UoJl j Uf> lj*-H\ j JLou- QcUl QyL* ^> jU> ji» t^jSj^S V_J 

!i} ^Jr! OjJL^Jb lyl£j i<_£AJfc JU- JjJi-Jlj ^-wJl JJ lyl£J <_jL£ ^J. jl£ jJi t^^JJ 

^1 i<_jL^ |*J> ^-J jj^UoJl jf £• *^._jJ jj^UoJl yo Jj S<_jL£ |*J> ^-J 4jf ^ sVjj* 
.(^.^ <_jL£J| jp Jju\ ,j»j£\ d\ ijs- JJj ysj ijvLSUl J*! j* Jb-t jjj J» IjJbiJO of 
Cj Jj-I (_$jliJij ^j^uLjIj ojJbLl i_j£> •-• L»* _jPj (^Jl« dlj Jj^wJt ^ii Uajf j 

oV ,^-Jl ^yf cijUiJi oy^J t £jj| ^Ji ui^l iUJu /ui-ij c«_jL£ ,,ji ^ ( _ r ^>- 
^ JjfUj-i (vt-ip ^ j* p*j j>jH\ jot ^ f jjJt cJp <Ji)» : Ji» ill Jjjtj i\&£ ,J> 

• [ r_ ^ : nJ ] ] ^' Coy-* 1 1** 4 

.<_jb£ ,*J> <ob*v»i_5 3e5 ,^-Jl -Up \yyn J //y^' <jf dW '-i-*j 
•^ 3H i^ ( <jf ayv^Jl j* e^jpj i»iJ-l jjI JLot jj j*- J-l (ijJb- Ji :Cajtj 

^T *ij t( ^jUj (^x^u ^ :ut^ll Jjxf Ju pp Iji-i,) :jL5j ^-ybl j* 4^1 

4J1 :^o-i ^JJ 4jjj0i>- Utj cJ*>U^ *-t-^- tJy«J J_J fUiljJ 4jb^wlJl j* 3^^> jP_j 

L$-^-l 1^ -^5-t_j dJJL.j i4jL^- ,^t t_-a>Ju^ c4^t>- *UL«Jl Jy Jb-t J» "j^-^Jlj" 

_jt ijT^iJ! y*Uj>_j |JL»)l Jj»t j^-*>- Jy sJLap li) 4>»^- y* r^'yi J»_j ^a^p u^ljjl 

^y ^^ ^> o\£ AJJ :^ jp ^jj :JJ j^j 

|^i> JlS ^jt.j^jip J-b LJJ 4JU ^W> Olj -O^jPj Xo-t AjJjwj A3 C-jjJ-l 1-ift :JJ 

(<_jL^Ji J>t) Jai! jj» iy>-b of ^wjj ")Lj ^>-3 iv 1 ^ (t-^-kVo'yi i;l^ c^y <_jL£ 
lij jXjj t^j^i* ^jp Vj i^j-^^» Vj tj-^y j^p ^j '(J-V V "-r'L^ (*-^>Ajt {J *J ij 
'^i ^iyVL) ,(^fjL»i (ji>- (^ yjj j^iJl t-iftj i<_jl£ ^-i |»J. ^Jj *Jj jT (_jL^ |»J. jlS 
(^Jl Jyj i<_jL5Ul Jj»L ^jpy^- L^JUJ c£jIijL)1j r5j& L«t_j i(_jL5Ul Jj»L o-x-5 



^ "If c l£jL jJLcj UJ W jjl (OL^I £~i uJjLi /^lill J-^i)l 

j«i of jA Ulj c^U&l J»t ^ Ij^J (^jf Ju> JJj . (( ols£)l Jaf ii-i ^ Ij^ : jjjg 
VI JailJl Ua ^ \j^Ju J ^\j c^U-Jl jJUi J*» U£ cl**L* SbjJs-t -Uf J» (^x^ ^ 

liUL fi-^ ^J tijJrl y> ^a^ (V^Jp ^15 jb'jSfl Jftt ^ ijJrl .Uf jj^ ^ 
C^^'j £J^ J^ ^J ' oL (^^ (v-sd~ *UJdlj .jt-a^ <-3}^v <_jL£ ^i |J. ol : Jli 
u- 4 !j£-~»3 (J 1*^1 : Jp Jli t-J* ^ ^flp J» ^Lp j,\j Jp ^jL" U IJlAj col^-JL 

4^r* 4i£ ^ ^js j*j) : Ji» Jy ^Lp ^i \} 5 ljt J-\ ^^ y\ iji^i 

<-L?3^ S ^^ ^--^ <-Sjj lS^I j*j c^'lo 5^waP £* jv^xAp j* £> 4^> JL«i 

<T tfl>& j^-j ty&il 4*J& ^ J^j ^P :^)l «Us-j p}L-)M £j,A JjL-j • 
AU?* Of A] jj*j Ja ^)|» J] ^-j liVS ;U^I Ajfyl ^ iJ^UaJb O^ dUi A* 

^^Jj^i^^^l 
0>J LjJU i^i Sop o^aijl j^- f*>UVl Jl o*. Jj JOji |j>l .& jui-i :t_j\jrl3 

.Lps-jjsjOf-di^^l Jl 
:*ULJJ oVy 4J liJ :^^i Ji i_^u of JJ 5a*]| ^j ^ L^iik olj 
cup j^<ij| ^ dJJt»j c^au?- (jjf i_^a!« yij cibjl ^^ii J-s<3>o 4ijiJt of :U»Ayf 

■£k *te ^>-Vl J>Us Li* Jju J^JflJl Oj^o iJUi jL*i c«up ovaljj! l5-^-1 J» -Ua-f j 
jJp U^i SUjJl f Uail JJ ^f oU ceA*]| i ^aj^ j*. Jjji V ^ iXJl of :^»j 
J>Ua)l 0(5 lij Oa JL«i c<up cS^Sfl aeljj! £ -U^fj c^UiJl v^i> Ijlaj cU^L& 
olS olj . J">UaJl ^jLi c42*-jj jii» 4jf o^" :5a*)l »Uuil JJ f%-^l Jl ^Lpj cS-b«Jl J» 

.,Jpt ilj . J">UaJl O. ck^i JLjas-f jiJs 4if ow S- 1 -* 1 ' ■-■'A^t jto- f%-^J Jl 0* J 

:i)l 4+p-j {"iu^ g?i> Jl3j 
- 4-iJlp ojj Jii :4j"bj ^ ^Jl f L-J ^Jp jujj V of j cJlJUaJl ^Juii»o :ii-Jl 

Jjk-j Jli : Jli Lfj^\ ^-J-i ^j .«i$i.w> ^j-«jf ^j^S) : Jl* ^ y-Ji ^ o- 1 ^ 



■(( 



c iiUb jLc, uj v^j j 3 ^ r^V 1 6^ ^^ Z^ 1 J*^ 1 ^ ^ 1 

oi£ :iilJLiP cSji; jf ljjJi ^ ^^L. cJi£ £ l+Jli ^l~J( j_^. J» \y\£ ^1 ^f : Jui 

S^^p ^yJt ^ ^f 4JLj ^ Sf^.1 cJJU=>f V j *'l~J ^ 'o\y>\ JJU^f ^ <-M ^ ^J 

.£f**t> ti-jJb- :i£Ju»jd\ Jli .3Jjf 

.llo Ol£ j| 4jlij ^ J>«j«jj ceJ-ii of 4j ^^ l5lJUo ofjJl JJUaj of J*-^ °^r^J 

J*» : JUi .jL^Vl ^ Sty! o^jjJ ^1 : JUi jgg ^Jl Jl J^j *U- iS^ y\ Jli 
o_pc* U»t& IJljf gjf ^ : H ^Jl JUi . Jljf ^jf t> : Jl* .«?V^JJ3 ^ 

5JjS/lj" .4^^*=. (> (JL~. etjj .(^.i J*-^l dJJi C-V tr^ ^ Jl *> '^-V : <->^ 
iy >s- J\ j* j -fy>j f- 1 -^ V ^ tcJl-^-^aJ* ^y^ yr*J tL *J^ _?*O' p-*- 1 -^ 
"<{£jJufi>\ p£" : JUi ti^iiJL^ J» *m~i j|| ^l jfo Sf^.1 ^y «of /i 4if :^JL-S/t 
eljj "f3j l» (tioijf j* ,»AljAll Oyyo ,»ju^ ji" :JU* .pj>j} ^'b> :c-iii :JU 
dJJi Ol£ »Ij1 Lf-*k*i V jf iSyi y*) •&>* ij \yj£ ^ L<-5-W»f blj c»J^->« iy -U»1 (»L»*^1 
c£j,u Jlx^u otj-al ^jjj j^)) : 3|§ in ijj^j Jl3 :<Jl3 S^yk jjf tS}j •& ^ '^^ L*'^- 
. (( (3jl-i >f9 <*-iai *i of igfj &S Ob» j^j cOlj j^i L^J AJiji *i of 
^ (^.j t^oiJlj frbJJ ^Jl jjifc ^ ^b^lj *^yHj «:Li;L! Jftf cr b* { aLoL L.j 
c^iwJJ (JiJU* crtjJ _^L« li^i :»Ij1 (»-f-)a*J ^ of (,5ji jJ^j '•'Tij 1 ^ Cj* °*^ >L ' Oj-Wai 

• Am^JI if- &M 
t4i^i J*-^J t4^oii Ls- JLii rfAsLii ^ <_JL*J| ^ jjij 4j^Jj Of ^J^' -^^ olj 

.ejj-^j c-*^-^ IjiT -A3 SfjJl Jftfj tji-VJlj ^l^j'j c4j"L^^- jj^iiJ JeyZ} 
JUjj V aWTj aWLp A,;*?- 0_^j jf :jL~Jlj OjJLaJl *^ (JlJLsflj! (^ i_^lwJlj 
t^aJU-1 ^Ij^JL. .«U--«. Jl ifUiujt ox L. Ol^j t4JLj ^j |g ^Jl j-ljjf ^. J* 

c Jljt ^iJ> % ill J^-j UJ jl^ M UlJUs Ol^ 4^> V.^ yS <J^ t JlJUJl ^ ^ ill 
(^ ijb ^f JaiJ IJLaj C9-U*w. J» Ju>f ^L.^1 »ljj c*-»ji ^'Ujojf dUij cAjO^ jisj 
45Ijuo oi^ :cJl5 ^^ ii! J^-j JIjuo 01^ ^ :iio»UJ cJ5 :iJL. jjt JlSj t«ui- 
:5Jjf <juaJ :cJli .^ :cJ5 9 .J^i\ L« (^j-^"f :cJ^» tlijj 5Jjf S^ip ^ '^'jj^ 



^ < \° c L$u)Ij jUa L_J W j,J f*>L*Vl ^-i (Jjte lj&\ J*oiJl 

oL< JLw> Jlp 4Hi! JLw> Jbjj of J} <u~iJ <up:> ^ tdJJi ^ Ij^o ol£ j§§ ill 
JS J» ^bJl *l_j Jviit Cj * ) t 4L^i JS ^ ill jU ^ ^ ^IjJUl ^ ill J^ 
biU .jLwJlj SjOiJl .£• lijkj .j^jJi ot^f JLw> dJJiSj tjj^f JaU- j^i :4iv» 

j^\j ojJ)\ {M jLJ cj£*t lij Jj^Jl JJ StjJJ <d£ JlJUail J^ Jj^lj 
J^-Jl Xs- £j_p iJlJUoJl Oj-tf^ t-.-.JaJl £Ua)l <_aLJ| 0l£ JJj . jjU- y^ '<J**^\ 

.cJlj j^ftljj 4j'%' i^jj :ljJli t( ^Ai ^ 5^ ojj Jlp ^ ill Jj-j x^p J» <-*j*.^l 
W^- ^ ^ '(_riy j* (ct J-A»f ^ ^j <.oy*j* ^Ip «uj t_^Jl ^ .u*^ ^jjj 

.4j Lj-^jJj of (^U 4j^ 4jLLi-l 
£^"l jUl jV (iJJi 0l£ UjU fL^Jl J|JU« ^i£j ^ <_aJLJ| ^^ j& Li (,5-iJlj 
4J OlS ^j cLtjJi <i» Oj^Jj !>j£j ,J t J_p=-oJl JJ d£ JlJUoJl OjJUoc ljjl£j tp-fJ^ 
^Tj) : JbJ J 15 U5 cdJJJb ^-L !Ai £-£ 15IJU. 4lfy.l Ja* jf ^^U Jbr jj jL^. 
j>c*i jf i^jJj of Jbjj V JlJUi; 4io Jiulu ^ L.f .^li-i <*-w IjJl^U ">li Ijlki jAt.b-1 

:4J flij ^ ^ l^i£ LSI-Us 4iO J» JjtJr ^ dJJi^j Cf~Li" U^ (.OjjZ^ IJLjJ 4jUj ^P 

. (*-Lpi ^Ij .Oj^w»i ( j~J^ IJLjJ 

,jIp \ii=ij cuj^ ,jryw jix^> JL* ^jjai Jrr^l jp :i)» **»-j Ji-.j « y 

^Oj^xjl (jlX^aJl aJU^t ^» >JiJl u»m Ja :Oj^j r «ulajcj >JJu> 
c^Ul JlJ-^ii ^ 4^ Ijiiii ^JUi jjJi ^ sf^JJ £jjJt <*-i-«i L. L.fj :oUrli 

JlJUaJl ja l^Ao ^^^J V 4JL» {4JJL. jf .Waju jf dJJi ^jjJl LftUapf lij ^L^Jl J s _j^j, 
JlX^ail ^ Ol^j c^ULJl ^ji ^f ^ UlaJ of U 0l5U dJJi l+Ja^ ^J jJ Jj t ^j^LJl 

<-J>~} A 3 r^-^" ^ °J^! ^^ ^-^J 'M L^V '^J^* •A*' *& uJl^-L" OjJLi ^.j c^JJl 

uy~ £•& ^ o\j .liS j^Jij liS lA f-vji of ijs> 4Jbj\J*j c^U-Tj *)U-Lp oJlJi <u«-c~j 

^Jy ^f J» Juj^JlS JLa*Jl Oip j^ ^i jJ lij JLa*Ji JLp (»JLiuJl ij^li JLa*Jl 
^IjiJl Jj'Lw" J» 4^l^ ^Ul ^j^Jl ^L^Jl J» dJJi Jlp ^*5^Jl Ja^o JJ U5 .*Ul*Jl 
JJ \+Ja*i y J^a lii 4if aJjJl Oji^. Of VI "JJ^ll 0*>lk, ^> JJjJl Ol/j "JJ-Ij 

. Jj^-oJi JJ aL^jJ lA i?^ L. ,3>«i^; J Ljj J^-Ju J liU tciJJi Jj^-oJl 
o\s^ ^ «u-»o jjj i\jJH \^rjj U JjjtP ofyl jp i^LxJ ill <u?-j JjL-»j • 
(A2n)I ^ ^j^Jl JlJUaJl j^ Jj?*Jl *-— j»u Of j^U-l (wJUai tljjp J?jj |p c JlJUaJl 



^jIp t_-..-->- L f*^~d\ JLWiJl j^ l^.yTjtt jl£ ol l«fj SabJl <o c^^ LJ> cU> t£.ut 

>( Jpf iilj .Asi-jjJl 

OjJLilJi *1&U ^^j tSjIjj Jl5 U£ t^Jl Ju£ Up J. tviUi <d ^.J :«-Ajt^ 

j-p ^ ^l&Jl JLp ijiiJli (5fyi cJa^ J^r j j* : Jte <&' <U*-j Ji-»j • 
*.Ja*\ Ui grji Of <d Ja :JL*«Jl JJ CJU3 ttU dite JrV IaU ^fj cOiP 

4jIp IJLftj cdUi t^LJ JL5j tp~l<j ^ aj^L«J dUi (U JAj Uii -gV viUij c JlJUall 

p£\}-\ ijjti igjj U» 0\£ <ot OU |C tC-rjj? i\yt\ j* :J»\ <u?-j Ji-»j» 

V apjUsl* IJtJ ei^J 4S*)Ui> Vj 4j*j^ V J n,,,t.i>,.J J j "^rjy Ljjt c..«Ip lil :olsrts 
t^JL. y>U»j t^j-Jl Ljii JL*L» r^l^Uj i^ t i»j j^i 43*)U»j 4Jj^ cj-l2spI li|j tU _^ 
iilj .JiJl ^v. U of ^LiJl J^ c?^-f SjIjj ju4 ^j t^.M.Jt U ot itiJUj ju>f 

.(Jpt 



^ ^ V ■ ^l&Jb jio U-i 3L*-- jil c%w^l £-£ cSjLi /yiliJl J^oiJl 

?JU*aJl .Up Ja^J^ Ja : j^jcs jp : Juj ill 4*^j Ji«»j • 

J^i ^ t>* rt-^J c-U>t_j ^jJLiJl uii. y*j .4^ £. jLwpVJ y> «d_J OjJLi fr Li*Jl 

'EJ^ 1 ^ ^'j '^J 5i ^" °^ A U-lp *tfi UgA i*JL» JL^u u Ljf <Op ijtjij jija 

U Lilj tUp Liil U VI tJUaj" ot U j^, ^ /i U JLp Sj^I oJl£ bj njfcrti 

.Up Ui"l I* U ^^ J, t <u UUaJl UJ^^ j^Ul -bt-_jjt J^ ^i 
C~- 5x» j* l^yj Oj^J < J*-^ c^-j jj Sfyl jp : JUJ ill <up-j J^,j • 
^U-l £&l uii ty J^J ^rj ^Jj* villi Jju (T cUui Ujup ^ plj ic#~> 

W r f ?jlJUaJ» £jjJl ? ^L J^J tUjjy JUWl 2-J Ijalp . 
f ilf.^ c— iilj ^jjil ip- j-» <iiJl jjbd jj JjVl £-l£Jl ol£ 01 roVsrti 
*>-l£u : JjVi ^li^ ^-i JJ yiliJl c^rjj; cJl£ o}j t^-**^ a>-lSu* jyiiili o*-jjJ 
i_-W r^l^Jl L-Up f j*v ^^j 'JIj JjVl £l& of Lip **-jjJlj r )j>\ ol£ o}j , Jl»l> 
JJ A^liO ^ J^ jt t,u; y cJjVl c li^ C jjll Jt* Oij .U<Jlp JO-) 3L.ISJ 
olj c4J Jj>- Vj ci_~v«Jl «u» (JxJjj t JlJUaJl 4J Up i_j»»j i4+t-i r-L^i <*p-15Lu :«-^i3l 
obt (£,xJl (jiXtfJL ^ jj of 4i ;-g\ j jVl ^p Ubi L,i! o^ti l^Jj jt Sf^Jl *;> cJ(S 

-M <ut-j fk*»H\ £s~> Ji3j 

v_~A.L» ^ La^^ jr Si~-i (J cIaUsj jjj fri>jJ) ^ 1^-^iJ 42w«j ef^jL Jsrji %>=■ bj 

(^ M^j <j* *&* ^ V% cJ>»i lilj .ai,a>. ysjfj i^LiJij tk iiJu :**jjSM u;Vt 

,AJ> lj..,..j,i (CJUdJ Lp^i otj-^ Ojli^- 4J 



£l£Jl, jLo L*J a_^jr jjI (O^V! j^i c^jbi /j>U)l J*ai)l ^ "\A 

^ J* V* ^j^A Jt* :U =^ ^JJ 0* J0^3 ^3j> S <ij^"J '<-J^^ <^M 
tiLL'L; Jkb JU~Jl o^?v J lij oJL- ji| ^Ju JL*Jl rjjl .oil jlJ-I :«-_-»Lr\i 

. (( jaIp j^s <Ul_^a oil jJu ^jj> •*-£ Ujf)> :<Ji3 4jf 3H j^Ji ^p j^-Ji (/j tjj«lw*Ji 

> !i ij -[VToyJi] (*Ui J* Al ^ *.\jti SjijZi 01 (^JUIj ^iU j* o^-uJij 
S-*V J* o^ 1 <■£}? % ^ ^ S-^J :L H J^J 'W-^JJ'J 'j 3 - ^ £>3 'L^ 1 

t-^-l^l IJUSi jLo Jij .^ULdl Jjj £• Iji <J li-ft ^4i!tf 4jIjj J» JUa-t£ :oL-^J-l <_^J jt 
dUi jl** _jt t4jL^- (jjt Jy <uktj t Jy (^ ^yJLiJij c<up j^^i-Jl J> -U»-f Jji^ ^y. 
SLa^pj Justj ou*.jj ^f <Jyj cJbJJrl J> ^yJLiJl Jji^ <-&d 1^1 ^ £^ "^^ " Aa '^ > - 
iJLjj Lj-Ap ajj^.^ ^ tj^-ip c-jA^j ^r^-t-i^ (_ri^ j 3 " ^i : (*-^ ^y ^^ ^rt-^^ dj *'j 

.-♦-(JLp 4^« OljOP (_jJiUl 

dii" ot d-iA o| :jl^JJ <Jlaj Jj cjl^Ji i«i J» u^>i ^ :Aii_^ SiL*i^ ob>- cJli> 

^Ijt li|j C<uJj ^ SjLJr! oAa ijy^ (J^- <uJLj jt C-JLA Jlj CAjLJr! oAA ^ ^ii£jL^> 
tj J^>-tj ^yJLiJl ^~»Jl« J» twUiJl 4^J jt cSjLJrl jJj ^ ^^^l J5t 4Jl*i cAki jt 

,L*A -*pj 4J*P 1 a-j-^»JI 

Jj*» JUs XjJI |JL(J ciJu L. djL; 4jLJrl ^jL 4jJUJj : 4j| jj ^ JUs-tj dUL. JL^J 

4jl" :-dy £• ^-j^ll JL« ^ «L>^I L« dJJi^j '^^» AaLtor jLcsJ U^3* ^^p jU- 

>( Upt ailj .fULdl ^Jy ^wst (_/ 4ii^ <jl**}» t*-ip JIj-^p j-<-* : ^,5- 

C-Pti crj jit CJ_^o Jbu IfJlJU? jP C«>bPl otj^l jP :^W ill «U?-j Ji-»j • 

Jkj J^J cdiUJl ^j^^ JlJUaJl CwaJ Ijit oyf (C 4 j*ill O-Mj c^yJl 

^dJLUJl ^-p ja «u-4-3 V^ c ^> tf,, ^^ ^r^ &J- 3^ 9 -<4f^ s &■ 



gj-Ul L^Ip g-ji 4jt ii/U? ^pf o5 jl£> .diJi JJ LjJlJUo ^ jt c^j>\ li] c -^ 

.(^^li^Jl ^ V cjli*3l (^JLp c-Jy UjU Cj^-T l£l» c-j*Jb-f <d jLLi^l iJi* Jbu 
( 4)U^i JU-I U> £Jaj t^Vs^ i»^j t 5fy3» ^jjj J^-j ^ : 4ii 4^ Jj^j # 

UJl If^JLj Sjj^JLJl l^ f jLj ?JjaS-jJl ^ j-5x. J^j tljjtta 
Vj Lf-illiL. V_, t uVl JUL ffJLA JbLlj l^ |»JLJ ^ ^jaa jl U ^mJ :o\*-li 
St^Jl _^j cL^Jp 4il! ^^-j! L. J*i ^ Lpcu J^. aJuU jy Z J, cL^cuj jf L,JU ^ 

.^jjU l<_^i i^jLj ^ 



9 



«— «iJ^U*uf iJliJtifS^^AiJvtj t Ubi ji^j ifiit ^ tiirf Sj-Lp (^^-l -uj-w 
i-»UJl ^ uiJ^Alt ^ytJl ^ ^ fcrjjll j«j ? L5Jl «ujL j^J ij^lp yjJ-» 

:o>p!->l ^ 4JU2J! U c-jL -^-j^' (i 3 - ' ( ~ , \*r\i 
3^ 4Jy J_^5 ^ii dJJi <-J!)U ciyu ^j 5^ ^ iJjJL* 4it ^il lijj t ^_yLi ^Ul 

<j» J^o-Ij ( ^»iLiJlj 5jL^- (jj| t-^ai^ tis^ ^^Lp 4JL. dji a^s- UJ Li :l»A?-t 

• (*-« Jy 

.JU>-t 



r • . 



olyo 2j>y*i (Ju^i tf*)L-Vj i*j? jj-t-*^ -^ ^-* > - Jai*-J U* ejiyj J-ij V aJjJ ^-Ull 

:J^-^j L^ ^jj: j*. \J~\ ^j L^Ip ^Jj <_->.& 4if j-a ^ 4if :^tsJl *rjJl 
^ LjJ^- v_JJaJ jf LjJli c4i5y. 4iL>- i^JLj tj^r lil Js^'j t^u^ij j Aiiiy ^/^ -^* 1-V* 

.dJJi -d> :l(JL>- «.bL 4jJu»j of oJUw- jU>v of VI t^Vj 

^j cl^LJ *Li ^ :Sji1af ^j "dlsU JuJj" L.fj .L#Jl *>U-Vlj cL,i** »j^ iteaJ 
til- <up 4JLl*Jl oL# cJJjJ) (jPjpJJ Oj^j of VI "o^^jJt Wj" viJJJ^j l ^J ^ 

.(Jpf i)lj 

iL?Olj r-LLJl ^ j Aid JyiJl j-»-^-"j (2JUij tajLjJsJj r- l5oJl O^c-1 J-*-^ ^^* t ^-^ ^: "J' 

^ o^rt^-j JU>f <_jl?wsf f L»I*J! ^ v c4?-L» ^j tLjJjtiJ iib^sfaJl j^Xj Ji 0L»-l e^Pi 
^j iff l+i** ^ JS O^i L,Ji 3jU-VI L»f j tl^^Lw J- tL^i ^.o^j ^ j^-i'j <-\-ir*J> 
.jjlpf 4i)tj tCajf L^l ijU-Vl o^ ^ (^(-1«J tLj-tf^U-J |J ^ j^(-l*J tLj^?C*vl ^ 

Ja . (( 4J >p j>« ^ J£t ^„ : jg ^l Jy jp : JW ^il «u^j Ji-j • 

«f^ -it dAii jw» 
<j» ^jj Mit-lj^S Ulj ikiJi ^ jg ^Ji ^ Jb-t ijla Jib ,J .i» jlJ-i :olrli 

.(Jpf ^jIj .^w l3"^»Vi JLp ll» ^-Jj tdUi (J^i cUl 
jt^j aljL- J>i ui» -gj ^ ^ pie J\ J y :aJj3 jaa j. : Ji-j • 

■'»> 

lli^t Js-aj ajL» tLjlftf oil jJo «_^Pi ^1 J^-Jb ^JJl :«U^ .<^j juJ-1 :«^»\^-\i 



t Art* ^^b- ^ju. 'W |g ^J» cjyi" jp :4»i 4^-j fluy\ £j> Jju-j • 

^ t\*r ajj ?JiJ5i 3y Oj-ij J <uf a jj Jaj ^Col^- <Jjio Ja 5y a?4 t-ij-i ^i 

u^ Ajt" liajit djai-l ijj J3j t Jyiil iJLa ,*I*il J*t ^» A?-t £<>«*o Jj ^l^>- 3y 
<?fl <Op &\3 }& jJ> j* <->ji> lit Jaj ?(Cj«U j* ^jid] iJu J^i "&\3 jg 

'fCoi^- Jj^j Ja 3a?-Ij 3^ t-jj^< bj Jaj 

jp ^^-waJl ij> q\^ c jbr -b»-lj ( j^i <Sj£j a^*- (^ ^b cA -^ ls1-~* *^V' <-5* u* ^' ^ 
^-j\jLS\ j Lr lz i 0l£ :(JLJ 4j!jj J»j .L'%' f U^I J ^jJiZi oi£ *H ^i\ Of ^f 

^1 v lifj .( ( «.U^|I ^ j-isi "5\i ^>te\ <~ijii lit,) : |j§ ill J^j J 15 : Jl5 Said J{ 

: Jli .jb-tj ^ j* (j 3 J Ju : Ju "ifjy&f" : jLii ^u^l J» Uljf SlJLoll : J^-> jLii 
io^lj ^^ v ytJl jp |g ^i Afj ,JLi .4^^ j ^-u^Jl oljj "dLi jfi ^jA\ jfc" 
^f "dLi je C Jih ^f" :Ju j^Ij ^ # ijjj "il y?l :»*) Jli U ^j 

I* 5 J -^-'j a**' li t5jj jJ -Of ^ JJi 4Jj .fU^I ^jU ^-jLJI Ji c~>^\ lil ^^iud 
^,-ijj u^ill f>»-J (j-js^Jl t T- Jt "J^ i-wVl j^ &>-f o~»Ip Uj tjU- ( _ r ~-iJt ^1 y^V 



■»J 



oj^Jsj ^yj 4 ^ ij 0-*^' <i^*i jl^" lȣ ct-jLs^-i^l (^Ip Jjb ^ 4l*ij 

is^s^ya OJiL>-fj tj^-JLj ib'tjSt^s C»jiL>-f CJf.br -Lai L»J15 <^>j£]\ L«fj 
c«jiL>-^l ^ A-»-i-l J^J cJU>t ^ JLiijj 4J j^ij t4J fUJjJl 9 JLj liij t4^a^^Jlj 
LS^' 3H i^ 1 ^f :^->wail (/ If-Li* ,^-Jt C-Jib-U .jAjJI Jb- (Jlp 4^i>-^Jl J^j>C Of 



."C^s-tj jA iiii" :ju» SJSVi :LJLii 

c-j^-j tc~*iv» Uf> ^ivs JH <&! Jj— j olj cCjLJ <-r>j^\ oy>j£j &U 0} : J 15 £ 
d\£ IJia c^Lp ji\ c^jJb- J» * U- Uf> tf j»j <y dJJ^ 0l£ ^t _/t V c£_)j -^ ^ ^M 

jU- IJL&j t^rf-^l fciJJi ^ ( ^Lii«u» ey*jj IJia jj5L> ' J*Li ^"j^ J-* 0l£ 1-i-* jt £• tijj»5 

Jj^ ^Lj IJLft ^ JLit jj* U Jj $42rU-l Jjp r-Lj <UP (f(-u3t jt :4jt>^iJl <Jl_p-t j& 

fj>- L. Utj .sjjj-iiiJ £_LJ fjJlj iiJlS Lpj-ij 1+lSt fj>- ^1 oL.^1 Jj $4*-U-l 

J5 iJlS S} 'jd^lj t-JfcJJl ^U jPj t^siJtj i_j*Ji)! <Jl <j> s- 1 ^' J* ls+"^ ^J^ '•*+■* 
.JLpt *)l!j .(Jjt iJlfi :4srL>JJ r-L* j+i (Jift «-«_j cJLpj <ui p U- 

? t ^y- ? t 9J^U y* Ja :&\3 Oj-sJlj Jity j* : J\j* -it <u*»j Ji-j • 
JSty jt <^iL~J\£ jJLp 4] o\£ »i» oj-i)ij JiVi j>~ J*j ?<*>* V^ °j^ 

3^ ^Jl jt c~J <oV <.oy^i 4i»-U-! f Jlp «j» Utj tijj»5 ^=>y j^i J ^-^j-Jl jLi i*j15 

"a^ yi^l ikiaj JSf ^ 3^ ^Ji Ot" : J\5 Jsrj jp :^Jl ^up-j Ji-ij • 

r ja 4J i «-jjJi Jit |g ^Jl Ot :^i J\5j 
a^» ^kJl L«tj ^J J^-t ^ tt _jJ^ "j^ j^ !_..>J| J£t" :^Jy t^i jui-l :o^t9 

0l£ . Ju>t f L.^! yU ^JIS : ^ ^Ji J^t v^ i-Ip f JbJ t^kJl JSl ^ 2p! 4jt 
yU ^j cO^LdJl JLajH J^ J^ ^ L^t *j^i c^li ^J c-*Ji L. «aL i^li J^t % 
L,jt bj r^Liu ^Jy £ftj tlSjijL" Udio V j Xsyry ij>. N 01^ Jj twU-LiJl f- jjJl J^— 
J^Vb ^ti .{^C)jJljC obj ^ 01 oil tjj£ji1j n^bijj U OL-t j* \jiS l_pT jjJLJI 
t^wli^ (*j^-^" j+5 '•l^-jS' s-^ - OjAj L(i^t ^ 2f**'j t4 i^ dL^iaJl f j>- j^i t^LiJlj 



V « V ^l^Jb ijLcj L-i 4jj*J ^1 f*>L^I £?$, (Sj& /^Lill J-^iiJl 

OjJb L^f ^j 4^ ^' iH I* OL-k 1j^*J ^ Ij^T jjJJl l^f b) :A)y ^ J^b 
^^ ^f .^-wJl jp JLu jj ^JLd ^ : JbJ ill J IS c^l. ^ L,_J i-^-ljJl _ / £-^Jl 
j } . ( ^UJ1 ,*JUJl aJ^uj /Ul ^iWl,, : J 15 aj! HI ^Jl ^ ^ aS_, .^1 
jf IjJ* aJ^cJ il^l J£b Ob jl«!i jP ^^J ill £>!» : JlS «ut ^ ^Jt jp ^^j^^Jl 
c-U-l »jjL£ y>j c^i-4 "J^ 1 c^ d>\j^^\" :dUi^j -«^-^ fl«U»ti AjjjJl <-tj-iJ 
cai* JaI Jip Aib L. dU-A^j d-Ui JLp ljj^-t« ol£ 5iU Jip Ail*i^l a~, J£t ^j 

Jlij . (( AJLUtf I,— ~»V Alfcf ^ j^LuJl AAA])) .ftj^aJl C-J.JbU J> ^ ^1 JlS U£ 

\ t *^as a,»jUJ1 j»- ca*3jj isrji Ljj cosjl *ij ill a?-j ^ t**-* i5*i J^ jJ <ikl» :^*~J 

aJI II :^kJl yj Jp VJ ^ Ail» : % ^\ Jj3 ^ : J\jC ill «us-j Jju-j • 
:£ajjj . (C il Jj^j ju* ill *i\ aJI *i ciil ^jj lS ~e ill 111 *Jl ** '^ , (w*^ tr*j* ^' **1 
OjJLj «dSf Olj oU jJ^p <up Ja?-j iOL^ j-S>p 3-i^ Jiy aJ <L)l£ djJJL «dSf l y> )) 
a, ^j Jb-ljJl £ ?0Ua-*3 dUf)) le^yb ^1 J\i jg 4ifj ^iJrl ^ ^ cilf JXj 
01 4-i^lU ^JaJl jjv> Uj .«<-kjJb jJaJl J£t» : £g <LP £W> Jaj .«^Ut &Jij 

tj-Pjj (J iiJbSst L,i^ ^jkJl (> 4*XtcJ\ iljiU-Vl .(j>JL>Jl <-->j il Jui-I :o\^rl3 

>r Jl jl v^J 1 ! >^Vl £>M J^t JLj li^i cijUl jU-l aJJ viyJl ^3-t OlSj .IJLA 

^a^-l Wis cluA ^y-^aJ apU?t aA^P j&>- J?-j ^p i^UC ill <W*-j Jjt-»j • 

^" : 3H ^r 5 ' J 15 'J^ 1 j^=^- 'i» :j^j J^ c(»i^U ^U o\pj UJp >^lj SoAjl 

^Jl Js- CjJ^ :*J Ij3b5i c>^ % yfa c(ib)H ^Ja^-j jJ-l IjJ^li c"\li Ij^iiuJ 

c^Ul ^^v aJ^Sj IJla j&j $j& J\ jfi. f.^i, |Jla j ^»v ,J .ii Jui-I :t-»\srVS 



^lioJL jLo UJ ^a-J ^1 f^L-^l r^-i cSjla /(J 1 ^ 1 J-* 9 -^ ^ * * 

liVi tiUi 5^ <L3j c^^b- <dU y^t 0\£ lil J^Jl Q* :i)l <us-j Ji-.j • 

?V ft KUjyy ^ fl\*i jt Jj^Jl (J\jw?t 
_p<jj jyi\ oli iLwi jt ^j AjlSzj ^a l.L~JL» il^Jl (j» jlS lij .aU JlJ-I :t_j\ar\i 
c£>-lj jl£ dJJ-b Vi *i J lit* s-^'j O^ 1 <^ C^J *^ it ^ '4*#v ty CfciJLii 
c4y~iJl ^ <_>U>v L» i Js- *>^>r\j JjuiJl liJJi &JLa* jj : Jli jt il<yi 4jU-^I o - ^Jj 
jlSj c^l JJi ^p (jPlJJl ^j c^JLll Vjj" JbJUi> £jb\ Jj co.UJ^ «ui ^-^ ^ jjj 
UJ <_>^>- 4-i lJu& ?£«!-jf U^jti ciy-All sJU-jLi L^Jj ckli 4jU-^I ^>JUa>« 3jU-^I <j» 

.AstJUaJlj ApUaJl 1— JU- n-j-JHj rfjij <-£_JJ^h &j^ <~-iU- j.LJji)I 

Ot a*-V j>ry J^ <?V"J J^" u* <J U **■ J*" J a* : J^ ^' <U *"J J^J • 

t( Jpt iii _, cLpjj \kjj* d\£ {\J~\ j£ iM j& 

JV3 ^U ft ?aj^« ft <?jA f ly-t gj^a-iJb c-*Ul jf> :J\*3 ill <U*-j Ji-»j 
jf c^l^^lpJ^UlUJVoj^s" :^0ljU^w^l* JJaJlUiVfy-" :^ 

?a»-\jI ^Ip JJuJl Ui t^U 

«u»j c^Usj^J tjs- jix» ^yi j> L« <u« cl^j 1 «Ul c,jvJLiJl i_->j 4i) JlJ-I :v»;\^-U 

cJLJj'VL. Cilj*- OlS ^jjOI Js- \^> ^ r *li\ J^juil j^J o>^ — ^ ^-j't ^ -^t a^p jji^JaJl 
^L" j^ai Of Ji» :f_/t Jj«j jf s-^-lj ^Jy ^ i^j t_-j«15l J-*^Al _^ dJJ-i^j Oj^ 

-Uia- l^JLi cl^ftli? jf lHs>L> <j3rl_^l LiUpt ^ I^J <^^v L. iJjJ jt cL(J5j ^p o*)La]l 

3 , )U» dib" : JU -ot Ig ^Ji jp jy^Ji ^ c-? o5j .pULJi Jbb-L, Jilj*- 0_^J 
l^gi iil ^Jb 'Jl tlijjt ^AJ f 13 O&uA ^y ^ OjU» lit j/?- ^^-iJl t-J^i : JJUJI 
d\) :«d^i ^^^ ill f i jlJj coviiLJl S^U S^UJl bJl» jj§ j^l J*^i "^3 *ifj 
jj-UJt Oj^l^i J\-*S (j^\3 a^jL^il J\ \y\3 lilj j^iy- jAj ill 0>P3\>y o^*^ 1 



Y • o £l£JU jLo UJ ^J ^1 f^U.^1 £*£ (^jU» /j>lsJl Jwai3l 

.(o^u ^Lfi & pj* jjjLII ^^UUJ J^i) : Jut Ju, .(^JUS V) ill Oj/Jb Vj 

^Jl (jv U£ cUJ 4j ^.Jj Li iJ^>j tLjjaj ^ Lft^^ti "UiP j^Jl" <_iJLJl ^^i Jij 
;*>UaJl 6} ^jLd! JUL- Jli :jLd«kHj ^Ul JU J^aiJ JJLJ! Sl^ jt |j§ 
tjy~i .dJJJSj' .^ryiiJaJl j ill Jli L. |V^>-L> XU <_iik ^j c*J ^j J»j ^^i cJUSU 
5pL>Jj iU»j j* U^fc Ljj^U>l : JL5 ,^5%tfJl IjPUsf uaA^ *aXu j* cib^i^ :4Jy 

L^y^j iflAj L» Jir k* 3%a3i J*£t lij xydl oi» :cu>-U-i j f u- US cUS^ 
tlftj^ J*& (J lijj t^da^- u£ ill diiai>- : Jj&j t^^^-iJl OU^ OU^j lAj oXw> 
ill (iU«j? : J^ifj iU^-U» aptj Uj <-»jjay cujill <_£L u£ <Jlf utli UpyS>j lf«.lj3j 

iUi» <lJ aJj j^ L. jOi Jp ^J ^j\y yj Sy*UaJl i%^ai\ l jy ^> flit jjj JLjJtj 

,Jj 4j!jU ^ J^aJ xj&\ Oj» : Jl3 4il Jgjg ^Jl ^p «>_, i_,b ^V o^Jl ^ *W US 

♦it iUid *il ( Lw 111 ' V-**-- "HI i*r--*- ^J i»t»o **1 'V^ **1 L H^ ai lli V* *J ^i 
cJIp L. ^1 dL'^U? ^ jJU ^-J -U^jp ill ls->j- ^-Lp ^1 jL5j .((Uj-Ip *SJ tU*«J 
jlij^i J^j3 eilp^l Vj^JJ 1+^* ^xH «flji (c^i ^Ij^jJl L,JLp i_Jlp li|j .Ui« 

:*UU1J 
.La^pj Jljill X»U- ^tj JL.U- q, ill JLp ^t <Jy ysj c4^JJl t^J ^ :L»AJb-t 
.*ULJl JLL'L f\j>. l^ftlb _,? &>L ^»v Up Jj^ jl. "^^Jl" jt ^./ijjlj 
j-. S-^ ( J o* J*^ -^ ^J-^J -^ Jl £^=*v tj' iy jw»j^ oU-Ul! JUSJ jp <Uij 

Uya jt C_ / ^lJl ^p ^1 j! ci-ijytjL ^Vl j^ J^Vt jt t^-uLJl AjJUs^ ^ c5*)U2Jl ^-P 

'JJ^^ 1 0-* ^^ j^ j' ^L*! J^ ^.^J J* ji^ cy ^** S-^v Li jt c^.jJljJl ^ jt c^j! 
Sj^vaJt o-U Ji. ^ (C^r^ll t)t <_iyo Ot (JtuJ .t_^f !j ^ -dUJi ^J Uv JilAI Xp J5j 
Ji» .JLL'^L ^_^ U?^ L^yt c-ijii-l jt c^ JU cJUiil !il iUJlSj .-dp jin 
jt cUJaJt JLp jt teU>LUJi L^j^-j ^Jl AilJ-l jt ce^r-LiJl oyJlj lui^ll JLp LAUiAl 
<Jl£J cUstfUJlj 5ijU*Jl ^y iUi jl£ jjj t^vJL^Jl (jLaJL ^ !_,>■ dlta jLJ t*dp AiLp^l 
Ji. :dUi jJ> iSUi i*jk%^ UJt jM lij iUJ^j ^^Ui ^<jj oyllj c^^JL jl5 lij 
,^-iwj jt Ji. jt cjJJi ^J> jt c jljJbJl jip jjbcl! jt tJto-UiJl oL.JLii jip f- Uj>-I 
i jr J\ oXfi tfjfi. JjJ jt i^-l j Jy JLp a*. J^xJUi c^JJl J>( J^! j Sjl^Jl Ji U; ^jJJl 

. U;j U*j j>i> JLp j i^JL^Jl (jjiii U» lALui j 



^LSUl, jl*a UJ 4^ ^1 <OL-^l ^i c5jb» /j>Ldl J*aiJl X • 1 

SdjiSLp Li ^f ^1 JJLJl oJlA L. iJUi^^k^JL; Oj-*L fji ^ 4if ^> i-J 1 ^ j} ji\ 
a*\j6 jJ-\ ijjU>" : J Li 4Jt |j£ ^Ji jp -u~Jl ^ u£ tfUsVl JLp ay^LJl, ^h^. 
i^»p ^1 jf- <J>jj~> L^ ,^1 dJLIASj t Jl** <&! v>L^ ^ jby ^Jlj ^~ ( J "o*J 

,4jb*waJ! qa Oji^J 
: Jli 4jL* ( p«iLiJl L»?j "Lj^jy^j" 4jbw>fj Ju>tj 4jbw>fj 'ajl^s- ^ j& J^iiJlj 
^ *^L>- (Ji^-t oL*^ j|j jLJ jJu fL»J-!j ro^^L^JLj v_~*Ulj '^r;^ 'W-* S-~*^' °j^' 
ViJ ^J '\r^ ^.J *-*'jiJ 'W-*^ ^ :4i_j*-A* U« JiiDl (Ju ^ <UP JJL lJ>J>j oy)l 
<_-*J ja" dJJL. ^ y> sljj c^JJl ^1 JiiJj .^JJ : <Jl3 4JLJ t( c/^» **L^ *=*L£ <^ 
Jii JL*j oy)l ^« Ul*-\ cJL£ j|j . ..^o^^tdJl «^ LiLi "aJj-vjJ ill ( _ f ^aP -^ ^L. 
LtiJ 4iP Ji tl»-t J? LiL L«j c^l^*- Ljif J <jirt y :<J^J '('"-j^ 1 <j ^y ^ ^ 

jy& V lljJLSj ^o^JL, Vj iyJL; «_oJL)t jj>o ^1 4jf JLp ^b^fj dJLlL. £»*-f :^Jl 

j *■*• V t Jj^i LxlL« cju- : ( _ 5 ;>v JL»j .r^kdJl t_-*J (JLp t_j5>ijJl j^-uJl ibl^-A 
Oju liUif :V^I oJl» jLj tJisUl ja LftjJuj Lyj c-oiDl ^o 4iu-j '^^J ^o^^a-tJl 

^yfj iUL» i_J»Jl«j .aJLp JL«j V 4if 'Pj^J 0\jaS- ^j J»LjvJ|j X»fj 4jLl>- ,_jJ) ( j^ j , sr?i o « 
.i^Jl ^ ^ ro^^L^Jl jf ci-iiL- i_J>X< jLi lJl» ^>j .aJIp Jl«j 4jf :X>j^j iJu-jj 
lil UfJ dJJi (^ J-i>J!j .^LiJl o^i L*£ c^iJaJiJt ^ _/. i^Jl 0? -U»-f t_~A^*J 

i^Jlj ij-UJ! <_JfcJL. JLp ^o^^a-iJl Ji : JLL IJLij tiUi ^j t«*>Lsa]| ^pj c^l ^3 jjP 
JLp 3j J1 J^uM bl L.fj .^f ^J>-iJ( j j£jd\j. s-^l jLii^lj .^1 ^Ju JLp 
I^A ^yj! |jL«>- L»a^pj ^yJLiJlj Ju>f j_^ J» y,.....l> y> lJUj .^i. ijJLi ^^p 



c<ob£ J> ^J| ^ JbJ i)| jLi ct_jUl lift J» c~*3j jA\ ij-iJl ^uJ La j^j 
j* jUiJl j^ 4Lad>Jl oUliuJl of (J^ IjiiJlj tj*--^l fC/>£ (JLp Oj^JL-Jl (Jillj 
ty -^'j js* J^ 'u^ll jf cc-jU&L j tj^JrL jf o^JL jf ^J^kiJlj 0l£ *l_^ c^--Jl 
t^-Jl ^ j^j jUiJl ^ ^ J£ :^**J\ ^\j\j t-ULsij c^-jllsj j.lia*£ <.Jyu\J\ 
r*^-5 g^ 1 -^ 1 c-jLx^f ^ ktf[k£ gjJaJi3\ \y>j>* ^ jjiJli t j^JrL jLwaJl ._~*J jl>- 
JUI J^f ^ 4J U r ^«J t (jUi jlS L. ^i v J^Jb ^ "^-Jl" JaJ jf IjJJsp! 

Oru Cy J>ot y : Ju 4jf ^ ^Ji ^p ^i ^ #J us *V dJi \ yj >. : JU ui- 

l$r~d <^' <>»li V >*J C5-*»j5 £u ll»y J>it j*j t jUi j^i Jj--o Of j-»T ybj tfc-O* 
jiVl U-Jl y^. of Ji. ijUiH ^ ^ L^ ^yJl ^ r ^ jg§ ^Jlj "jUij ^-Ji 
Ui 18^*5 Ji £jU! jl£ sJb»v jj oij c^fUl ^J JL5 olS oJb-j oli t:>jLiJl ^^jJIj 
euU lil <.lftj^>V ,J JkUL JUi J^f^LfJU c— ^>- UiJ oUUuJl sift of I jJuSsp! 

£• ^i Lftj^^^o ^ "j^Jl" J> (j^JLiuJl ^LiJl t-jUw^f j^ 5i/U? lift ^ iJlAj 
U-^ u^i (^ 'Jlj L*^ :>^Jl (C^ ^-^ y^J ^LiJl ^p ^j-tf^Jl ^ tj^jJl 
U« li^j csJ-ip ^LiJl V <.jJ~\ dJJi cy «-^i-~« of (jj-i .^^JJ L(-*^f ^ J^ llAj ' t /'^ p 
cr4^ '-f-'^ 4 dr^°- (^ °) gj'jkiJli L^ ,j>_^p ^j 3-^1 ^^ li} 4JL> c«dp j_^-oJrl 4j ^&-l 

(j^J ^' ^ <j* a -^' t>* 3 >J' J» L« OU cL(-> i_J«iJl ^Lia- ^- ja AijM lijkj • l rJ :> 
^jjjJl J JjtaJ ^j t-jj ^, j£\ ^tJ^a^Jl J> y.j c^UajJij ojlJjJl ^LiJ j^j co^^UaJl 

of l^Sj ciJaJ-! XJ ^ AiyJl As~\j\j i_^xJl ^b- ^ SjaiJ! Kj>Z> Ji« ^^kdJl 43-Li 
.^jJa^Jl J> JjiJl IJlSLjJ JjjJlj ^UJlj jL^sM ipr j^ ^Ld! 3jLp J JjiJl dJJi 

Oj Ij^Jl cJ-^jfi cJy j^»JUp U iJliw- IjjL^ Lftjb (^ c-j» J^f of LjjJb -tif :-L(_^ ill 
^ illJ-p jp ^iL ^ dJJUj .(^Jp dUi o^fj cc^jl^ ^ j^U-j^V Lft_p->£ ,J 
iljjj-l JiLaJf ^^aju J>j cLftj^j t^j-> J^JIj v_jJj jj> ^Lftf ^4 Jb«-j lij OlS 4if Ij^p 



£-l£Jl> jL& UJ ^.o ^1 j»*>U^l r^i cSjLa /j'Udl J-^ 1 i ^ * A 

(SJl\£j aa* 3 jij^Li ^ y> oJb ^UJl^ l^ ^"M ^^aJl d-jJ^I iJla J» jH ^Jl 
i_^*Dl JjLl» «L~idl IJLfcj .<_jUaa!| c^at U£ cL,_*J- ^ia-ij <-^-^h 'jij^' j^^i 
jj^LiJj <LOj jJj^-l ^ (^ OJI ^^P jt U^ .Jbrjj (J jt J£t Jjtj flj^. c-UL Ljj 

<up j^jj ,iiJi jt Lio c^j J jt *Ji\j J£t 4jv« jlS *. \j~> ciiUi J** ^ Jjl^i- **J- 

JL. J£t 4m ^ ,J Jlj c<up ^ :>yj! ^Ji5o JkUb Jt. JSt 4m ^ <J Olj 

:La_^»«jj ^^ia-iJlj ".i^Jl ' <.f.j>^> L(-i u>~> 8 J 5! "_^ J.^ '^-*J c ( _r s ' • ^ 

cillS jp ^ JLai IJU £»j c^jLui-l jj^j ja jliU ^>-t jt (j^p^Ujl Jb-t Je>yb\ Jij jJ 

jt tjib- jt (ti^ J *il j--<t *i)> :c-j.jJ-i (^ u^ aUsLJIj ciLL-JiS :^-«^i L**» ^i 

.IjUJ ^ ,J Jlj $<up ^sj> LJjJl y> ^j jjjJl j £L,. y UJ JUl JAj jSf .((J-aJ 

> J^» : Mj ^ J^ J1»WJ» cy ^^"^Ui «i> j c jT>Ji ^^j fi^ JtUb JUl J^tj 

j_p-jJl ji-l <b iljj ji-lj cji-l Jui Jl»Ul jLi c^ ^ L** (^^ "J^^ 1 o^" : ^y 
^^J LJ xiUl jj>Sl\ y>j tJUa.aj jt ^Juii (^JUt Jj..^,aJl jJ-1 4j jI^jj .4JLP j^-lj aiLi^l 

liUiSj .A, JUl J^t jp ^ jjj c^i ^J>j APjUaJlj ^JliSflj JL-Jl jU- I^Aj 

jx -up ^ L. jt jjv^j .4j JUl J^t jp ^ jjj c^iyVl (j» »->aJi v^ 1 (j* t/^j 

^jj! jf- j-jJl jlS jJj .kiili ,JLp j^Jl j-^aS j_^>v ^ c8y»LLJl) CU^aJ* ,^^1 tiiJi 
j^i tiiUi _^»J_) ct_jLiJlj ^«Jl Ji«j tj-i-l (3W^ J^ 4 ^>Jl ^LS^ 8y»LLjl ^^ s^xjj 
y^K-^l (j» L>^ (>_^»»^~« jt k_jr-tj ^-Us A** 4jt ^ 8j^»_/>- 1-i-fc J» cJl>-^ lij 8^»liJl 

(^ tr»)) J -((^jJ <^f J* ^j S-*-f Vj 3 ib '^jb Vj 1 )) ^^ ^f ^ i^ 1 u* 
IjUpfj) i^jiJl JLp tyj cJJ-1 ^ jjiL-j sjliUj yk jlSj .«b» ^-Jl v«J jT ^jJ1 



X « ' \ ^-liLJl jLcj UJ 5-*J jj! f^L^l rtj-i <_£jL» /j'LsJl J-.AJ.ll 

j^Jl 0l£ o^LLJl jy£ ^j ^ydJ <_~*-jJ! Jjc*j J lijj ?oJbu j* ^Uw^fj <H ^^-jj 

dj ^jLJl ^ o^LLjl jd J*=>Vl J> (C^^l ^Ip Of ^_~A : J Li Of :,Jls!l 4^-jJl 
cT^J f^j^'j vUaiSlj j~-Jlj j*i-l UJ$ : Jbu JUi c^y-dl J» j— jJlj ^J-l OH 
frUa*Jlj OjlJbJl j^y ^Sjji Of OlkJJl Xijj uii 0_pdiJ pill*) oj~3>-li OlkjJl J*P j* 
.[<\\-<\.:;ajUi] fOj^iw |>sjf J^i a%flj! jPj ill j£i jP -Sx^uj j— -Jlj j*i-l ^ 

4Jb ^ r »-^JIj ja3~\ .jA? 1 f cU-Us^-L »*') ' QlU ; ,7,U LaP /-»• l^T" j L^Jb Ajuji\ i_jufiii 

^j&j aJ)1 j^i j& t*£x^i} c^r^Jtj ^jL.1 J> ^LsbjJlj ojlJudl ,»-&-» *ijj Of Ql)?..«ll Jb^j 
^-*)UJl <jlp U£ (Oj+iu (tJif J^i) iJUj" <iji dJJi ^ 4iJ .jj ^ jJLjjj co*>LaJI 

j*:^ (JLp cJ^ ^j^i «Jl» oi : Jl«j iJlAj (0_pJLij; (V 5UjJ «j^>-ii) :<iy <j> <_jLus-^Ij 

. 4j»-jI sUp /jA j*~^*j\* jaJ>-\ 

i_j cLaJLuSl jj^tj *5L> c4j»- « Ljjjjlx* f y>- L-Li»-L; -*f LJ _«iM 01 * jLc«j 

a* L^fJ cL r L ' J ^J ' L t J j> J^j 'Lf-^b^ yf ^ j|£ ^ ^ Ji 'M* 15 ^ 
jj* c^JJl <_j!j-a!I Ol£ LU_j cjcyd! JJ *J> c-jjiit L^Jt ^ .^Ld cJl5 Ojj LjJLJLs^j 

^J j!>Li-l ij^- y 'tfjZZ- 1-^ j+£-\ {j ,^-J 4jf rUA^j lijLjl j>\j JU>t ^p ^ j .^a. u .11 

j^pj c*^ ^^w2jJl J* '-.-Aj OL I^^ Of JJ oJU-Jj Of 4-i*i *)Ls- JiirJt ^yi <ofj cLa^p 

JLt Uo^f (jjL *>ld "osk^Li-l ^ tJf J" ^ yJl 0(5 Jj to^j-iO ^ U. dJUi 

^Jl ^jPj^ 1 J iLi^l ^ ^j .(^jJb ^ ^ ^^Jl ^J-l <-jyk Of J! ^oaJ c-u^Utf. 

tt_~ijL.| ijA jjiiJlj cJj-Jl (_3_^aJlj c*^J-lj jLjJL^ .<o L« tijJb ^j Lf_i ^,5LJl t_jJu 

Olj ieijill j^JI c-jI^A)! ^ 015 !il ijajj ^,5^1 OV c«.l5jJl s LiJl J» iLs^L. yfj 

^1 ^siiiJl xjljJJl Juw Jj^a-i<JLJ .Oj^i r-^y '-^* tfJ P ^ ^■^"'! jf ^±JL3i ?t— J (J» 0l5 

,0i^-ji\ /jA Apt- v kiiJi 

Sja* o^l OV .4ijjj jf cAgL-o dj")li)l Juuj cL'%' i-Jl s-V^ (JL^ dJJ^j 
^yJl oV c4*jjAU lJuw aIS li^i cAjuI^JI jf AiJlilt J» c_jjLiJ! Joi y\ o\S Jj cs^^w- 
LjJUL* ^ji. Of U^ Lj-yi ^1 j-ajj ai L. JJbiJJ jJj LjjLuS! ^j cdiJi (^^^" cJl5 U 



J» L«j cJisUL. JUJl J£f a^j^j lie Of jOi lij "yJ~\j" OjyiJl "^^Jl" li-jj 
c^jiJl Lj-jf^-io <^_~P*>Ul e-ift of /»jJLjcJ| ^j ca«jLJ| .ilyj iqJl...J.J| J^-*2>- ^ ttJJi 
Of ^jLiJl »^U- ^ Ol£j cobJi <o <^->j5r l«S c^jjJl L(-J eH"^ ^-s* '^j^ ^J* 'Mj 

Ji ulwbVl 4jjJu! 4»Jt-tj 4»i^» L(_i dJJb" 0l» tiiJJi y«Jj c4PjUaJ(j 4JLL~Jl li» :*jLu 
3H ^jJl <ip <ui (J i«Jl IJlaj .L(j <_jL-^Ii u »yd\ oLp ^ Jj cd-Ui JsrV L^p <u> 
dJJS J? wb ^^UJi 01* .(ct»ij jijiJ- *^- J* OJb ^<» Uilisi j-iOyJb c-*! j*)) :4Jji 
4-jJJl dUiio iiUi ^^p- bli c4ipbj <u~* j «il£f ^.Jul. diJij <.j.j£-\ J£f JJ ey>Ji> 

.«CLp|^j 4-*wi j JisUlj JUJl J£f 3>JuL» y» ^JJl 
y.t L« ls 1p LLu> 0l£ Ui .£_yf <u%' <j->L)U<Jl of ^ jLJL*J! yo L« £j^a (Jl^j 
^^Joj Jjc>«j <up L? (-ui .4.J-£-l J?bj j^j ay j-> »a>la.-..«it U +J> \jJ&\jf :<tjy J» <o ill 

coy- t£yo o^HJl ayJ; (.^p- LJi ^^.Jl 0} JjliJl Jy : Jli Of :dJli5l 4?-yM 
JUy_ iJl) :Jl5 JLJ ill Of dJUij cLa:>l~J J^ Jjl. jLip^Ij i^Jlj uT^Jl y^li^j 
jPj &\ yti ^ ^X^jj j-^JIj j^il-l ^ fr Ua«Jlj 3jfJU«]1 ,»iCij j5jj Of Olia-JJl 
A^iviJl cJijJj co-U~jL«J| Jjwa»- ^ liJJi J» L« (jAj C(Cj^l aJlp l? 1p <ui .\5M«flJl 

.aL-ilJ ,Japt ^ ..^i^. L-ij ^^Ij L.] U^-u J^ jjJUJl i%^i\ ^j ill 

c«U^a^ JjJ L-i <>j>-ij «dipj 4Ji (JyCL^j j»Ji^>-f OLi ccSyf gJ J ia.> > .Jt (_j» y*j <- L /?j& 
c4-ijap ^j 4Pyrv ^^o ^ ( _^>- c-tojI^J cJl^Jj tiiJJi cJljJ J»j cy* J*ij Of Jjjj UJj 
J>1j of "^Ubi c4Jl«j <twij .j-iljj^ ^ dJJi ^Jo Vj ctLftf Jb>o Vj c4;Ip JL-j j^ ^j 

j* (^wf «dip Oysj .-jl^-iJ! ja jj£ Jj i^*ii-l ^jLtJ J-tf*v L*^ IJJ^J ce'iUaJl jf <0j 
y£\ LjJLsoij'l Jju (j-oiJl tj Lajb'T ^^iyj c^-*-4j ^JLi ^j ^*ii-t <_->jLi 4^. ,«-iajU V US 

>UPj Jj c4j)JJ| <-r>y>j AiPj C^jJlj C0*>Ui!t J» AJ (_/?>«" Ji>- C^*ii-I ^jLi jb'T j^ 

cLjJLo'U) 4J ,j>><«j' .4JJ ^^ss-yj A.y eyTi L(_i t-ijaj ^Jl olJjVl ^ dJJi Jtt»tj cOjJl 
j^ jjapf Oysj JS ill yTi ^ i^JLaiJ LaJUsii .dJJi _p«Jj tOIJyilj t^ J\j toLiJl yTij 



.L<^p*)U 4^, ^JUa j\ ji Js- o^jJl ^»f J 13 L5 c <_jyt s-^t Jl ^j tj-^-1 -U* 
4ip «_^o tUwJlj SjlJuJl dJJJi^j .'4*j>)\ c-iij "l^OjiSlp U ^t ^i\ J-JUsJl 8 Ju» L." 
^ ^ ^dl fcL-J-lj c<_oL£i)Ij CjJUaJl j* dJJi J> J^-Jb L.j c^5U j^^^iJl Jb-t 

4^-lj W*^. 4J j£j ^ j -Usflli" £_UaJl oJlSj dJJi Ju* l%£ J-*iAi lij Jjdlj 
Jj-^-t j y>^j> J^t Ijlaj <?l3lp dJJi (Jp J^il lij <_i-£i tliJaS f jLiJl ^ 
f y^l ^1 ^j-iit J*j Jf> of Ljj 'L*^j "*jijJDl JL-u aJipli" j oUk .,...; ai L>5 c^w^^! 
4JJ— ul» cJl£j 'Vv^ ^>^-'j 4>Jua^ 4J ^5o J liLi c^L^iJlj ^iJJ iL* ol£ :1^~£ 
c^^-lj *>J^. 4J j5L jj lil cup ^ ^L~iJl Jl ^ii i_^ J£ Jj t«up.(^. :^^-!j 
cJl£ LJi JaJl l»fj cA^Vl; ojl^-l ^ ^ LUj c^L-JJl JJ ajUaiJ ^ Uj (Jl^Lj 

c4X^Jl J£f jj-^iii JLp r<frj L*^ cloOlpf ?^-j bt»j>-l (iLJ c^^^dl i_~-~» jj^h ^L~iJl 

(j^« La^><jj 7tJj,W.t.)lj -^^Ij CC~~?~l> flJUP^l «Jl^jL« /-• -A O tdl oJL-uL» oV 

^^iJl 4?-!j (_^j cdJJi ^>jL| *_JjLi J.^a.S; l*£ cL^o^j ^...a'.ll (^Jj jf 4ilp .^«jli« 

^P 4j">Uxj 4^1 «Lpf Ji (j^jJlj t4^ -i-vuLiJi S-^V ^ J ^Ua-Ji ^ JU<2J ^ (^JL)I r- UJb. 

^ J* ^ k» : ^ ^ JL» ^J^ U ^_Vl elft of :ji ^f ^ <.«^J ^L* ^1 j^ J*J 
<up (OJU (jiiJl of Mj^I oJLa (^ rfJL^^ (jjj JJj -((pi****^ ^' s ^ 'j^*^ (*-|-^ fc/lJl t'f 

CUc» ^ <*JjiJ A*jLuJ! 4J c_Jb*sJj C^LJl (JLp (3U<s U^« [?rj£- ^ Jj^TV <^' J-*J CO^siiJl 

dJJi v-JJs (j^j . jjiisM iJjJj j_^LJl JjuL eLSJl (jJ dili Jjjj (JuJ iilj cc3jj! ^ j^i 
^ 4^i*j LJ ijj^^l ^ IjlJli* oU^* oJL^ Dlj cLLpj ll*j" ^J oJbjj ^j 4?-!jl t-JJaj 

J^UL JUt JST oL$ olj cJlsUb. JU! J^f ^> f ^>v ,J "v*-*J»" of om ^j 

J^f ^ iSj^-\ Up j^^JI J> Jj I'Jj^Jl ^ oL^ iij tjuio tj~~Jt (^p ^^^ jJj tli^ 

,^A lJuSi (C^ J* UjJI J*^J Cj-^Jlj j^-I Jjj oy ill of tj-iL) J> L.5 cJipUb. JtJl 



L^ JSf j\£ jjj cJi»UL JUl JSf :>> f^ ,J j^~\ jf j.jL^j cli* (T^ j iLA\ 

.^Jl dJJA5o :Ji»UL JUl JSf ja 
:Ju; 4iii J jit ^~Jlj ^i-i o* M ^ Jj-j 'A- ^ Jj* u-^' ^ ^ Ow 

^1^*45 j* j^l U^-oSJj (ybU ^JLwj j^ jfl U^-d JS j~»-Jlj j*jM ^ dlijJL-j/ 
L^J jlS^J-1 jt^jL^j SJdJl ^ :JJj tJUll ^ JJ eJlS ^1 :^iUJlj .[v WSyMi] 
clpj-i (J*^)! o-UJL) jjjtii^ l_^JlS L*^ tL(_J ojl>«Jlj Lj-ui jjj«ii^ (_^JlS ^li tjji^-* *^ 

^ j^l U^ljj? ^Iju Jli >r ci_-»lJl oJJ ^» 4j J-^»v L»j cJUl ^ 4j aJLa^j 

^V JjSfl ij-^iiJl jtj c^JLtJlj 4-p*>UL £^Vl y> UJi ^~X ^Ul J&H JjSft 
4*ii« *Aj Jt» Jb4 4iV l-t^J (j^JjJl f>>- L*jJ_) ls-V~^ *>*^ a"* W^* ^* J^ ^"i j-*^ c_/"^ 
J*>o Ul^O tj»LwaVlj tjJ^-lj l4ijlj Lj*J~\ jA fj>- U^ tJisLJL; Jl» J£t j^J CV 

iL-J ^ jA\ 4jL^Vl oJLwjjJl ^J_/o_) i4*jtf (Jfij c-laii .^Jl i*5U- ,J«> iJlJl oJL«u!Jl 

^^.Jillj Ji*Jl 
lil Aiwa* JL-Jri j 01 % : ^ ^1 Jl5j c ^lill ^U JjJlj c JjJl SiL. JUtj 

i^-iill iL-iJ j^-^Jlj ^»i-l (^j^ t/ il*-^il *Ja^ti .0%^! ^iji^-j ^UJ aJII ^i J^- y^ 
j^ O^ij l^J J^-^jj te^s^Jlj ill ^i ^ 4J jLrf- L^p JUcij jt : jjJl dJb> j^ c^jJi 

j^if- AaMa i^...l.fl,ll A^tJUa^j t JUl ^slsa-4 ^Ip- 4>»JLL« JJlJI 4^JLsA^ jt f jl*-«j ^JisLjL; 
c->bL*Jl ^.j (%-t^ <j» jl^iiJl ^Ji (iJ.j c jjJl li\j> «gV JtJt ^^s- Lijj t jjJl As>A^aj> 
d-Ui jV iobxSbJl ^j ijj^i ^ t jaJlj k_Jji]l 4>JL^. ^jj U-pj tc->*>Ulj«Jt £j ^^Lp 

tAX>yc« j^ai" 4iJ! e^Lpj .\0jXjJ *ij ^H^J jJrl C~iLr \j>jf r^UJ Jli aij 

: t_j_jJ_iS( (j L. 4Wtj d-Ui Jvtj toUis^jj «u>ij L« J^ j-w2^ Jj ca) f- j-siaii-lj t4i^_j 



tS%Jlj ill /i ^ y> J^b dDi J£_> coT>Jl S^lyj *LpjJIj /JJlj 3%Jl «^a; 
Jijrf J 4=&%»J# :Jl* Alji^ cfLJl J^ ,y>UU tjJaP s^ ^ ill ^ij »%Jl 14 j 

u£ .[y^i^S/i] 4c> i>°J ^J in^ 15 ? 4 Cfc^ 1 ty u^f *b^ : J 1 *" ^yj .^J^-»j 
Ijjij ill _^i J\ \yL*\i fcu£-l ?Ji j* 3}L*AJ ^ay lil Ijj-oT jjuili lyj b) : Ju; Jl5 

.ill jSi JJ L^u S^LaJI JJ ^uJl J~>J .[vwii] ^i^ 1 
jJd\ qs- ^J\j cClJU t^jiL. y> c^JJl JljJ ill ^JJ iiwii. »*>UaJl euil£ Uj 
^£f ill jS-Uj j&Jlj frU^sill ^p ^ i%ai\ 0$ : JU; J 13 t»^JJ <_->jlk. y> g;jJ! 

t^^jjlj f.l^»ji\ j£- ^ l^ ^ jS\ S^LaJI y> (^JJl ill J>1 (£\ .[ioiOjJL^Jl] 

lift jli till £z j* I^J L*j S^L^Jl ^ Jjaif S^L^Jl £jl>- ill <>z of iljJl ^-Jj 
ill ^JJ c-»j Lt ijbjjJl y\ J 13 J^L^Jl jj^sjL. y»> ill ^i ol£ Ljj cf Ur^l i_3M>- 
J^U-l ^Jbi jl :\ji\j 4l£ lie, ^ ill £i ol£ Uj c Jj-Jl J> c~£ jJj t5!>U. J» cJti 

./Jill 

tLftUia^jj L^V /e*Jl r- U a- J l Aj-a=^j jV 4Jrt.st2.ti U ol£ ■ 4Jj~ i 'jJ *4 ill _/•• l** 'Uia*^ 
4*i«j t4ja?twjj «Uiaij L» 4. u .sfl. ' J jo *up ^. L«j tLjJiS^wjj L^-siiii-j ^ill JU-LLjl pizj 

i_->j1aJ| ^Ua-« ^« «dj^<jj ajill <U>o L« ^iyi* ^P u^iai j^aJu ,/iLJl /^ ^ri^J 

J 13 j .[xa:lJh^Ji] \\ipj 6j>\ Ul^j oly> ^jIj U^i ^P ^J3 LLJpf j<o jki ^j^ : JbJ 
Aa>5i .((*UM j* ^*L» dUi U-Ul olJ-l *!ll ^^j U^i o* Jf <y* d*^} '■ J 1 *" 

<3M>-Vl s-i^t-J c^j-iJ! i-L" (Jl ^laJj jf diJi t5J0u bl j»^« ^^ 4jU>j tOJJlj 
Olj^-i JjL^j i_->L>tv3f Ji» iLwI^lj 4i*JUiJl di)i Ji« ^Ju U^ cJUl ^ ♦^JiL*) 
i4jLJi)l ^}s- js (»-(j«L*< J'^-Vl s-i^-f-J c_r^' ^U» J» Oj^ISo «-^Li tn^Li^fj "l.L^aJl 

(_5jUaJlj ^jyJl Oj.3 4JJ O^j+JUj L« 4jU- J» j^>_j iwj-iJl ^ OjJi U^. 4jJ Ij^a L«j 

./ws i^Jl IJla j^p- J 9 n...; Lo <.j~S^>. 
bj <j^LuJl t_iU»_jS/lj A-p^iJl f l^-Vl J-Lu"j "4iiJl J_^f" J» tjy^jUU ^« (»j3_j 



r-liolL; jlni UJ 4-aJ ^1 f*)U.Ml £~i cSjVJ / J>li)l J-Ai)l V ^ i 

J**2>i ^o.yb-i 4^-Ujl i_3U=>jMl ^^Lp f lio-'jU ^jUJl s-^V ^J 'V 1 ^' <J lj--^J 

4jj^-^i uUs- ijujjaj <.\}j>-\ :" jLpjj" ^JUiJi of tjfjj CA-ajUa* £"j ^LxJi ^Ua* 

fUaJi Jajb- jj-fc-iJ U 4jj-iJdl UWj t(«-^J-l ^ J^-Vl s-i-^J i_r^ 3^U- J» U 
^ S^UiJlj fckUl obUJt (j> Up lj-^pf j t^UiJl ji^lj Jj^J ^jy^lj J'j-Sfij 
till 4^*_*fs .liUpfj 4_->jJiJl JUa-fj t^Lojj <u£j <u£j%»j jJIjo isl> <_3jL*Jl ^Ijjf 
£_ljjf ^ dJJi jtf} itfUo j i«u»»-J U-^lj c4Jlp J^jJlj t*J jjOll ^/OMj 1 4-^ J 

i(l*-jSft *U>j ^>e*JL. f lijJl ^ ^jLiJl 4P^i UJ dJJJ^j -a^Mj W-^ 1 J* ^UaJl 

U f- Ijjf ^ diii ^jPj tjj^JO ^^Lp (V-j-sOJV (jvJL-^Jl J^i>- j t OUJrlj dlJU-Jl <3^A>"J 

. J^-Vi s-j-i^j 4-i-Ji Ju»-^U UaA»- cup ^j 4j ^»f 

.^■UaJl ry 4xjj*Z*i\ Aj Of.U- U fljas-f ^y 1 y>r li-» of U>Aj 

U-^J jl£ (^JJl £iJl j t J^UIj JUll J£f ijk j^Jlj ^-1 (C>>^ Jjw- ^ l-i^-J 
^pr j^ e*3UaJl ^Pj ill ^fo ^P JUoj oUUJl aJlft of . . iJLft «U>io t JUll i^-f ij**^ 
JLtfj US Ml S*)UaJl ^pj ill _/•> ^ JUaJ V ufli t JUl J^f 4^ i>" ^ '^-^ Vj^ 
cUlL. I^^J JUl Uj ^-^ ^Jl JU*Vl Of (jLwj iJUl Jo>-\ l}y\ JL* 
t$ : JUT Jl3 US i<_~*-Ull ^ JUflj U^ (^gti J. li^LaJl ^pj ill _^i ^ J-^J L,:^! 

L^jj ij : Jul Jiij .iM Jjas j* Jjtejlj j^jSl J ijjJWii o^oJl c-^33 ti£) : Ju: 
Mj 5;^ (^-^ «H) : Jl* JUj .<A» /i jp ^ji Nj ^11^ (^> ** 1 >* T 0i• U, 
^ 4j JbJ ill ^f Up SlpLij l^JL. Ol^ UJ .(o^jH »lajj 'el%pi\ f l5jj ill ^i jP ^j 
^_j tajL>Jl J> Jx^Jlj ^Jl^ :Uyi «U>u>- j£j pJ olj t-UP jrfJ^ j+* «lJ a*)U2Jlj a^i 

^Js- J^iAl iij (»^ UiJ_j cLs-U» «u-^»- J» U»_p»jj ^b £JjsJi}\j i_-«ill Ol^ jii 
C->!^jJlj Oljujj! j^ 'UP ^ U ej>L (J.JSS- j^» -Usjj^i OlS^ iJlaULi JUJ( J^t 

U^ -Ua; ulL U^p ^^Jl JLu M ala Ob .jyJl p _^ ' J^ML. JUl J^f ^ Uo^t^Jl 
cj*>UUJ| ofj tJU^j oL^ U «u» rt^-wiJl a^JI oli ce*)Ui2JI ^j ill ^i ^ i_-?v 
4±JULj Jll of l j5wi ce*)U2Jl ^jp_j ill ^f-o ^ j-^j UjL Uaj^ Ji»u M :oA^.UJl 

^ Ajj>} ( j»J ^^.wcJt /Cj>^ Of (j>«^ (_-. =rljJl j>P -U2J V^S- L(J» ^^JJ A^^t^aJl c>%«UJl 
t-Jj-i ^^3- U^ caJL^iJl aJLft (U-M 'UP ^_L4 <0 J^jJI (j-^JJ of j taA^UJl C^*)UUJl 



Y ^ ° ^UnJL jl*a UJ JL*^ ^1 j»!>L>»^! r^A c^jlii /j»liJl La.aJl 

^Jl /i jJJJb jy JJsUb JUl JSt; pJJaJt ^ 4-i U) lj\ (j?~ U 4i\ iSj W 
p-^ 3 " °^' «JJ-^ ./^ ij J>-^ t<JL-»-l ^jfc ^1 itJLUoll ^Si aJLp j»aJj t Jjlp j* (_£JJl 
JUlj^tj cb Jl y> (JJaJlj cL^Jlj c^Jlj ciiJUoJl /S IjJUaJlj cJ^bJlj c^^l rjt^ty 
ii! <lJIp iJiij i^UbM ^ llut SUii JUL "^IjJt" oli S^~Jl ^f^U JisUb 
Jo 4iU "^»t«Jl" Ufj .[YWSyLJl] \Ol3JUaJl ^j b^Jl ail J»mj# :Jl«i c o JUaS ^a:.; 
Xif ^bsM ^JLaJl ^j t^JiJ! y> Oj5Li Jij c^-iiJ) y> fjijaj! Oj£j Jla* c^lja-j t_JJu 
(Jb Oli t( JUa3l v 05«5 V r^ a* ,J^t jiliJl (JUaJl V 0«a f^J .^J» ^ ^ 
•(«-Uai C^l j-* l~+il <_SjX V 0^ udj il5 p^ a* C?^ t -^ u ^ ( j=t-l*U <y>Jl jiLall 

aij i«Ujj>£ ^li) tbj! ^ .jut oL& jUiil ^ V] ^.-Jl j j& (J jii coTjiJl j 

J^L _y,xid! ^ JjJbJl ^\j\ j&j c<o ^_ jji \jj\ Utj tdJJi ^j iijUl ^i j_p-j 
^OiJ jys^l i) cWL>*U f Ul j»Jip Xp *^Jl £■ Lit U£ c4*-bU Xp (ys^L. ^XiJl JJ 
,Japt bjl Of J>P tjfU- is-U-J XP jiaJl Jl jJLiJl jp Jj-UJlj .(J*. jiJi- J^lj c Ji. 

jjPj CAii! ^i ^ O^all 4J_j tj^UaiJlj ojlJbJl ^LiJ V ^.-Jlj j^J-l ^ J^j co*>UaJ! 

.oX-liJl <J^*>t»L>uJl ^ o^j L^Jl ^y jjapt to*>UaJi 

cJisUL 4i^f ^j cJuJl (j> ojl^jL« :^"x^jL. ls 1p J*iil "j^^Jl" of j^ 

.,j>Jl c^ti ^Lvij J-4*Jtj i_~UJl ^L-ij jLJl o-LwjL» j^ aJ l« ^Jkj 'J-**^' J* oJL^jL«j 
_ /r ~-^ ^c*j ol^ jJj Laija* jisUb JLJl JSf ^jP [S ^ t L5 y^'-i ^-«2*-u« j^ruX-uij! ^ J^j 
J^' ^*i *J^ yj fUa*Jtj SjlJoJl a3jjj o*>UaJ) ^p_j <&l ^Si ^jp JUsj I^p L? f-^J L;^^ 
j»^p- IJukj cb^Jl y j^lapf Lo-jJLp L>JLi>Ji ^^^1 Oj^j* t/T^^' 1 .^ c L»t«J>-l lib c Jl« 
<_SjlJo (_jjLlJ! ol^ jJj L(-*^ j^-l f>>- ^ ,JL*j" ill of f>L^j tLjl v^i JJ dJJi 
J^f Ol^ Olj t^-a^j (_jL^J) Ja^I l+jtj) ^^j t^^wJl C-jXi-l ^ dJJi ^JLS il# 
fj>~ lij JUJ aUjI oV f UajJtj sjlJbJt £Sjj ^j co*>UaJl ^jPj ill ^i jjP JUaj V l+^i 
jjP ( _ st i» j^jJl IxCjJ t->Lus!-Vt <j ^JLy dJJi J^ c4^i j^-Ap (»^ f ^ J^f j»y JLp 



£l£Jb jJLo UJ W ^1 f*>U^! ^Ji c^jbi / J«U)I J^aiJt Y > "\ 

cjljJbJlj ^1 ^ Ojbdl ^ kiJJi jLi c^.jA-1 ^Js- jyuJ\£ j*~ i *i\. ( Js- Oj*J1j 
^ 4JLpVI iiJJiio :dJJi ^ jf J.* jt ^tfp jf *^ Uip &Ip^1 fyi ^«ji-l of U£j 
Jj*f o^p jyJ^~-\ Zj£ Jj $U*o=-f jw (^JUi (_jJbJLJl_j tlA yry^s c4j"VT £jL£ : j^^Ji 
f jJlj iHj j^jj ol£ j^)) : JH ^Ji J li o3j <.jj~\ ^jJ$. Jftt a^p jj-^J-^ j—-^ 
f y 4& ji^Jl JLp jt j*s- Ji £±j o3_, . ((J *iM U> Vj-Sj 50jU ^ ^,-Uj "*3 y^l 
C-**»» Uf : Jli <• ,<b Ijtjbl (Jl_ai cU'U? ,^_i oj :aJ Lii t^^ ^u j^jJ-l (jjjj-iu 

"/i U> fj^i-jj U> yiSo <&i obi (t ^M !il of (^l^Jl J? («XJIp Jjj J^j/ :JIju" 4)y 
^ Jo^-ii .[^ t >:*uJi] \(n^* '*! (^! °^ ^-i**^ J ^yv J*" (n* 9 'j* 1 ** 3 

^ ^yJl ay>:> JJ Ipj ja d\£ lil Jj t4lpli Ji* ^uJl ^L- J**- Ji* ill oSf ci.'iflj 

:>j^-£j (_iu5o S(jp- a_^POJl 4jU-J of ^-* 4p - i i if 5 '" ^r^* <J^ cJLiil lij 4j_^p:> i_jb»£ 

^(JlLJI ja ~Ajj\!b />j\j>y^»\ (_Ju5o c^^jJl ja iOA Ol£ lij :JJ jLJ 
jLS Lo tj^-j-soju jOp jjvJ ai ■-■'■ U*.li ,Js L t^jJLJl ^uu rs- jjjL* L»*')^_j ttJ^LJl 

lsJ^ *^J cU«uii ( j . aJ 4j (^»j«i) jf (_gfj .jjl.^iall aJjJ r-b^J-l 4-JJs L«J 4j (^jJj [^x^Jl 

JUi-« ^jip r b>J-l Ji4 4JlpJ 4*^iJ ^p a3jU 1Jl» Li> J^>v of c^fjj tr-Ls^^J *LskiJt 
.dJJi Ji»< (Ji jli^p^t 4j^L*j Jj ca-Up jjJ^ *Ji^f li-» jL^j ((j^jL^Jt 
!ji>ti^l (ji-^Jlj i_aLJ! ^ <ui f- jLiJl JLJl ljL>xi^! (jj-iJl jf AjLtJl ^ : Jli e 
La^Pj ^ijL^J jj-W^ ijri 1 OLi t*^J* j-« IjA3 Jarfj j£\ iJlLJl ^ (jv^jOjL; (^Ajaj! 

. jJl jJi ^ ^ tdLwJl J» V] c^>v V Ij^I of o^j^ 4 l>^j 'ay*j-^^ ^jJJl j ^y^-j 

&y yj~\ ja \y^i (■)}}+£ ti_-i«Jl J-4P j-« ^SL~Jl Vi C-c-J j^ii-l (jf Jb J* dUi^J 
bylj j^kii-l Jj»«JLS 4pljj 3/ j*«^Jl Jj^ J l4j .f>y&£- Cf»JS\ (jf Ij-i'J tf" JJ Oji Ai« 

.U^PljjSf 

Vi oUjVlj ^Ul JjkT J ,J5o of 4) ^ US c*Ul*Jl oVj (Vi of J^V ^j 
01 Ui>tjJ *jj Ijj) : JbJ Jli US Ijtia^f Up o^>iJ Lip JbJ ill oLi t J*t 4J ^ U 
Vj Ujj ^ bJi (JjjT L. gi of U^»fj .oJL*i 03 :iil J 13 .[TAn:5>Ji] 4 u ^f jf ^s-J 
jjOJI bi!_pi^ jlxuJj tjJlii-l Law J» I3_ ? bi ^i> V of li^fj tpLJjt 4jjj ^ ^ 



Y \ V ; ^L5Dl jio UJ LJ ji\ jOLu^l £^£ cSjh* /j'liJi J^ailt 

• ViM .[^ .:>J-l] (oUj^IIj \ljL*ijiJ}\ \si\yf-^j U ypt Ljj) :Jjii dJl^L Uji^ 

Jim" 4)1 ^.1 (Ja*J j . j>»Vl ^ .IJL* «U£j L>l£ L. J£ y> tjyj^j! Js- i_-3!-lj _^t iJlAj 
cdj^/jj .0)1 y.1 U^ ^v^i* JUJl JaI U^wj V tj^Ju-^Jl Jji>- (^yj '^J-^JJ ^ APlkJL 
cSiij c-UiJl ^ c^y>l £_LJl Ji AsjJ-l £_LJI ^ Jjp Jii JjjkJl oJtft ^ Jjp jaj 
J) j^-^-lj 4)1 ol»^p- ~jo£- jj- 4 ^ tj^JUiJl /,-« _^J :\j^~£\ L» jJu ol^J^Jlj ^^uJ^Jl 

.JLpf 4JL>t^ 4)l_j tjjiuJl 4)i f.\Jj\ ja d\£ 4)1 jLp 
l^\jp- ^a :U»0^f J\i3 gj^kijl J? liJL»M O^rj 0*" : u>^* ^ ^^"J J^*"-? • 
^V^aJl U^AS : J^- l^jt ^ ^Ul Jl ^» ^pj t i„*Jt j* ijt ^ :^\ Jv3j 
Ji* iv^'j ^y cr*^. jf t-Jpyv. <J^£ lij l«t .j\Jl»Jl <_jj 4) JuJ-l :»-jbr-\i 

dili ^pj c JloJl j^La* ^ v_^>v l« iJy jl tL^L^-lj £^u" jf 'W^J d/ 1 *>^ A '' j* 9 ^ 
dl)l»i> :^LJU)l jj^^^i liJUi ^ *>L>. Ii}j t p U>-VIj f lj>- Ail* col«yM ^ dili ^pj 

Ail ,_oLiJl <_->L>w3l ^ j^J cOU^val • (Ui>- /y -U?-M lA>U>wlj AA*i>- [^Ij l4jl>w3lj 

<J 0>A <*> : JL» ajI :JJj caa^ Jj cj%- ajL ^Jai jj ^LiJl jj :^ja JUj .^l^ 

AiUwaJl ^Usrl ^i . ( jJLli) ^j^aitj CL-j-U-L. ^jiiUJl (-jU-tvat A&\ { J +i J\j ."Uj^^j 

'c^r 1 ^j 'u- 1 -^ o^ 1 -) 'j^ o^ 1 -) C -V<- d}j <-^^> j} ji ^ if '-^ c^ s J* 

( jasij -Lit AjUwaJl j* ^~\ jP Ji ^j cIpIjJ di)i ^ 4jL>w2J| ^p ttUy ^j i^> aAjLpj 

.JaJlP j^J <J 

jP cJ^Ji ^j jAx>r j& aiL^li iSjjJ .Alji g2*j ja f-jJ^J C^t IjA^^JJli .«LAX»^ 

^p sjLu-L; c^jjj .(^t»Ji ^-^ ^^JxdJl : JjjL oL$ <it 4^b (_JlU ^f ^. ^JLp jP c^t 
^--^ oV ^jji^lp Li j^if ^1 JjUJ! «JlA L> : JUj «J^Ja-iJL 0_ ? -*L fjJL ^ Ait : ( J1p 
l»^ o~J^ ir* l j^y-*i j* Ail 4ip> ,JLp ^j .I^^jj il)f ^ a) ^^ tiiaj ^^ l^>- ^^-1 
iiw- u^j ut VjJ <>3jIj Uf Cj^iU lla ^,JJ illj L.f :jLii ^J^Ja-iJL. Uj-*L |«-Aj 4)1 
u^ u^J .LjJ^U i^-a Jt» ^Jj ^Lp ^j! uf UiL : J 15 diJt» ^j Cj^i^a^j L^ Chj-aJ 

V :Jl5 c^ytiVl (^j-* J^ j£-j .-=^Jt ^ ^ y> :jLii ^jJx^Jl jP Ji- Ait j^- 



y\j .LjJp y.Uj jj Ojj cJjOl o^* cJlS LjJt :iiJlp jPj ^>\sf- Mi giJaJtJl: <_-*L 
L* 2 ^ t/^ 1 l£jj f "^> <-»^ i^L^ws if ^-k (J J ^ *L*waJl Jtj3t oJL,J 

'uOi* - it J^-J 'S-^ ^ JJ -ky. '-if- L(-i s-*^ ( ***L^ j Lu.jj •i^H^' 1 <JL* 

^JA c ^ aij cjCjs^ll L^ Jly flip, \'j£ UlLJ! ^ <j» "JL»lj^J»j" '-^ 
■iS>j* L*-» a^. (J o}j <fl^>- jyJlj tjyJl ^ y, L,jt l_p-^=> J< tjC^pi i*\£ L^iL 

L* :J -«^ jj (%— 'L5JJ cJ3 : Jl5 ;<JUx ^f jP Ct_~»j jj £-»L*- ^P e.iL^.1; (^JjJ 

: vj^j ^ ^s^v JL3 .j^ j^j :5^UJl jpj ill >i ^p ^f L. J£ :Jl» r'^Jl" 
jyJt !jj& :xoi jj (% _^-L5JLJ cJ5 : JjJj 4iit jlp ^j j^p ^w 4if :^p ^j <dil jlp tJi-te- 
yj «UJ| jPj 4i)l >S jp ^f L. J^ r^iiJi Ju ^ ^~. ^>JJ| oJjf .^~, 
: JL5 tyip jj ;Up ^ tcr j ^t IS.A*- t^jjt ^ ^^ ^\x^ : ^jkj ^i Jl»j .^^ 
l?*J : yr~^ ( <JL» t^^Jl la^j t_jJt jf ja I) ^^-f 4JL*bL| j ju*, lW- jLpf oV 
tJJ^JL. c~*Jf Jbt L. : J 13 t j_p ^j iJUii jp. oiL^Lj tj^jVl J» L,j ^A>. ^ OlJLP 

^Lyv p. ^^ » .. ! ;-up c-jL? •Jjjji^Lp U. pjSf ^1 J^'Ldl oJl» L. : Jlii tpjJaJuil O^Aj 

^ tU*Jlj 3jla*Jl pX-j £3jj of olkJJl Jjy. uil o_pJiJ pJlUJ o^-^-li olk-Jl J^p 
. h . iSjjUj] 4^^!^ ^ Jt» *^ aJt u^J ^' J** u^ (^*L^j j-^lj ^J-l 

: JL5 4jf |§ ^Jj ^p ^^^Ji ^ cj a5_, i0j ^j n j~s*jto n v J^Jb "^Jl'j 

S~*J t>°» : <JL» ajI j^uJl jj .«<^ij XP 1- (^" ^ iX i &" ^ j^^Li c-jJ j» )y 

j^e- ji\ JL5 A5j i^yu j£j pj olj tf ly>- Zjll i_-jJJt ot 4>UjVl <»j'Vl v*-^) 
J-to- jj -Us-fj 3jL^- y\ jLSj ti^Jl ^ ^ gjJaJiS\ 01 :L»a^pj ^f ^ iiDl«j 
0L$ lij jyJl OLi tjUpb ^^^ o>Jj^l ^j i^JJa^Jl ja ji. ayJl r^-ft^j ^LdJlj 
01^ 01 L«fj t^U>ML. i%>. f\j>. y%j tAZA jt> jyJli l^j* jJu gjJzSA\j i^yu 



Y *\ ^ £-l£Jl. jIjUj UJ ^j: j>l {%m^\ j^-i t^j 1 -^ /j 1 *-^ J^-alt 

.ayil j^ j£\ o*)LaJI jPj 4jil ^i jp -Uajj 
jli .^^Jrl i_-AJm (J JLp t ^« ^yilj tj-Li)l t-JkJL* { Js- l j^> gjJa^S\ : JJ IJiAj 

jl£ j^Jj cayil ^Lwi] j-4 Jipt v_JLSii gjjajd\ jL-iU tJ-iJl J^ o^UJl t_->Lvo- 
tJtJ.1 j^ 4l*s>t jli 0*yJl C->w» jt A*j ^/| d)j*i J gj^jkiJlj 'S-'j*^ -^ ^Jj** 
\jy~>\ IS} 4i. _^i ^J^kiJlJ ^ij td-jJL^l y? ayil jSh *U- IJ4JL3 c^-yiJl J] ^ JiStj 

j* ^^ jA : Jl3j gJ^k-iJU <--*J J^rj j* :aJJI <u*-j ^%^*^\ j^i J-s-'j • 

oyJl£ l^JuJtj 4*^1 frUip ^L«=r -^p fly- ^jkiJlj v^ 1 -^ - UjL| ^^"^ 
.««uaj jjy> ,»J- J o.u ^9 U»l& iyJb c-*) ja» : J 15 4t 3§§ ^Jl jp £w> -a5j 
y 4jt :4^s> ^Jlis ^t jj ( 1p jp c-Jj .((dJj-^jj <&! iS a^ JJi Sjdb c-*) j^)) :<Jlij 
4*5^1 k_J5 4jt :c^jjj ? Oji^lp U> ^it ^Jl LJTL»jJl oJlA l« : Jlai «J^L.iJb j_^j*1j (*jij 

c^^jj! j»^- <oM 0L5 MjJl5 U^ y^j .^^jJl j-« ^'^LiJl :(_iLJl j^ ii'lis cJUj 
jUJJl j-4 y^j '(j^j* OL^ 13} 'f ( y ^^-^'j V^ S-*^ 1 ^^ ls^ * L *^ 1 f^ -^J 

c^-;**)! j^4 ajt^>- j^Xj V MJl o^Li^pV t-rjpy j^>. °jj*~ [c**!-"^! i-^b^vl (j^*; jlr^J 
^Juj jj^jaj dJJi Oyj>^ 4*Jy\ J\^>j 2jLi>- _jj1j JU?-1j 4jb>w»i jj-t-^rj ^^xiLiJl L«lj 
.j^A^jpj JU»fj SjL^- _^jfj cdJJU iL^^^jj 4xjVl *Vj> C-^ 9 2^^ 2 -^* li-U-i^j '(j-O^ 

jjJl j-« (_i>-t «J^L.iJl : o^j -u?-f Jiij j^Jl j^ j-i £cJ^L.iJt : s^j dJJt* Ji^* 
j* ji£t of dUi J» ^AJl ^^ •>} 10L./I jp *>U (•>} ayil ^ ^LiJl <_a5jj* IIAj 
jf l^-^aju jiii Uiajlj clJlp iy>y j^>. *— *1j 1-p^ gJjiW.t.ll (_>")ij»«j (j^^JV 1-fr^* S—~i 
. jjiijUait Jw j-« Lj-i* UJ cjL^SJl ^^jIp Jj*j ytj j , l? < "l lj i_^l)l 



sUaiJlj ojlOjJl ^SjJj iS^LaJl ^j 4ill ^i ^ JUaJ LpU toUyil 6 Ji& ^ cJL>- jjj 

,^1p 0>^>*ll ^ A*A aij . ^p^i-l _^^J ^ jjipt dili jjp oJUaJj i^laJl ji~S \^jj> J&s^\ 

VjlA» : J^ Of jjj| ^1 ^ ^l^Ji <j> ^jiji ojjbL| ^ ^| juu, yj~\ ^jLi |jg 

• cO*j «wi*£ j*J*-l 

jii^ (^- J oOi^^t j^ ^^i^Ji ^jj ^" :4 jy L.t .<& jui-t :^lrV3 

-Up ,j>jju j& (J o)j fl^ iyJL v^'j - ^J (^- , 0, Jj J^-* vi-i^b- j+i "<Uij 

t^JJi tf> C^ij C^tUi jP 4PJ^ S'^yu ^JJi JU^ j^, 4i^» ld\jJr\ Js- C-*5ji SjL^i-l^ 
.(Jpt 4)lj c<P ^^t^Jl v*^' (/V^f <-0\jJr\ ^jIp Olj-tPj Jib 4J IJla O^* 



Ui :Ojjivjj *Ai Oj^-tj <upj tiUJu ^ll jj> (t-Wj '^*" j^h («-t~^^ ii tlr^ '-^^J^iJ 
^J tj^.S/1 o* s& j \~*H\ SfjJl aJ>^ ^JuJl j^Vi y^l .<& -u^U :obrU 

JiJl J^lj^j te_p-^l_j :<_jS/IS :<Up^Jj ^^1 aLai ^ Jj toiJJl 4*-j Jlp *LJu jy& 
LjJj t(iJJi i_i_p- -Up 4J| jibJl ^j^^r -Up ^ y«j Jj t^LJ! (jlilb <br_^l I.U JLp 4JJ 

S^LaIIj *-*Jj^)) :Jb» j|£ ^1 jL* i-up dt~> jt ^ <_r=^f *-*-*-» 4i«»-La* L»f_j 
lj^l>v (Jj j>u- jL& ijjjj li| . (( ^rUult ^ pt-j !j5jij tj-i^J Lj-l* ^JO^'j <£r*^ 
ol£ ^1 efy>b Jjtj $*h *^» : J^» -^ HI ^ <J^ s Mj i^U^ <3y y> U <-**£■» <-^ 

! ^Ajt^-UsJb <_*«& L(-i» <-3U»v LJ 4*y^ sjljl-l c-Jl£ bjr> -«^><J* j*^'» :<Jtf 

"J^J l§ ^' J^ s f-* U cr^ ( -^ -^J ^ M ^ J* i^ S ^3J -*3 
j>%Ji <u1p jjb Ax^sf- cJlS UJi : Jl5j t*^^ uA*- 4*JU-f ocL^jJi yftlb ^1p p+J 

^ ^^p ^j t«cuJU j* ^> j»* ^ tOb^Jt aJ\ ^J^j 01^ !)U-j of :<£)j Ji 



£ l£Jb jLc, L_i W J*) (OL-^I ^ cSjla / J>li)l J*oi)l Y Y Y 

•Uj) : JIjo ill JU o5j cS^AUaJt ja a^JS\ l^\ JLaj cSy^UiJl J* ^ 14, iSaUl 
y£> tjT UJl J5> :JU; Jtf, .[\ \: f u;S|t] (jkj U j l^ ^ U JS^-l^il! Ij^S 
js*1\ js^^j J^ L. U/i _^» .[rr:^l^l] (jti Uj bi jjb U Jt*-I>ill 
s jV £**- c^ 1 <^ '»> u jf lie >Jl o£ f lj- c JUoJ :*UUJl oj^i L.j 4 JL,liJ»_, 

t( »ipt 4ilj tdlLL 9j_^?J J^j j^-L^lj tlili jf 4jJL«J 

J*3 ******* 4) U^ JS, ^3 j^p ^ ualy ^j jp :Al <u^j Jjl-j • 

o^^, t oy>T Ojoi^ jjJlJi 1*1^1 ^j dJJi J» ■^a\ j J\ 3 o>»>!l ^ o^^cJlj 
••** <]r* u* o^UJl 5U*Jl SlyJl f. L^L- ^ ^li.tj ^^ ^J| i^^Jl ;uJLJl V^UJl 

l^j -r^j r^ ^ ^i^f ^b; j, c lo Vj ^ j» ^ v ^1 1 JupVij JiyVi 

l4ZApL> 0>*i—Jl (^ fc_^V C^^ 1 ?!*'> «Jt J^l^l 4>.j%.J C^Jj-jJ ill 4PIJ3 IjJ^ly.j 

jt c>L- _,f o^ J. V] j^- V : Ajk cj> Jy c> V 'j>v ,J :L*> ^ jf U*J^t 
J»j t y»Uai JjVl J^Jl ,> L.t c^-^Jl o-U > J» j^Jl : Jy ^ Jy JLp Vj . Jvi 
jf >l^ jf ci^ J *i\ &* % : Jli 4jf |g ^Ji ^ ^1 j j> 3y> Js ^j^., jjji 
JUJ) ^\y\ j* L^J j_Jl c l^U t ill J^ J. aL^t JU^f ^ al^ill 8 Jl»j .«J^aJ 
oU* oU c f ia5VLe UjL-Jlj c^L^Jl^ :ol^Ul ^ U> ci^, cill J^ J JUl 
Xp jjI ^L^ H| ^Jl oU t j^ jj> ^ L^J ^^j iJL^ii aL^l ^ ^_J JupV) 
J^Jl J* L.fj i^Vl jj i»LJ JL~J| J» jitj c-L^p ill ^j- lifl* J.L-J t Jbji 



.Jilill 4*-^JL. jre Jij dilij cdJJJ^ c~~J eJiAj cr-L* J^-p J 1 aJUuJI jj5j jt Jb*)U ^liJl 
ZJ*s-Uii\ ^^Lp 4JLp| aJ L« J£j t<_jjlii!l J» dJJi T^if-J cdili J 1 ^j-a^ '-r^j \e^h 

L^srjjJ sfjjl afjjl Cjwj %) : Jli ijf j§& ^1 ^p ^>^a)I ^ c~o aSj tibLJiJ! ^pi*- 

^•t Jij !^*JVt <~>\l*i\ jjj jL^Vl <ij-^j"j t |1 -i...Jl t_.la.ll ^mj t(«JLJl i_Ji)l *-j>£ 

l j1p i Sj V Ljj} cLa^ _^>«-i jXlj '^v^ 2?^"j tCw»Jl cpjjj (_s=^ cr^'-J 'V*^ 

4j C-U*j r-b»_»- /j -^aj t«U JUL LiLi j! _«-P Ai|J .(^X*ft|ji Jb>-I Ap ,3^* L*jjj tj»J Kl^ 
.jL~Jl 4j j-Jo /-« <^-Up jj>o V : JL*j tOj-tfJl ^Ji oLui ^L*^- elj ^ te^jt-i ^>-U o\^«! 
<.jj^ji\ lj£ *j> cOi^_ r Jl (^ Aijjj^Jl Jl^iVt e>^ Ji»J (A«j {j* j»s- ts\_) j^ <_Ju>J 

L»*j v^P OjJUajj t4j All! j^l l^P JjJLaj • c<UP 4J1II ^J L» ^!J OjpJbj tAiJJj «Uj-^jJj 

. L^- «p LijJLjj 4ill 

^ v \ 3j j> ^v i^^« y »*>• -j^u r^ (jjjj^ 1 r^ 1 ,jl * ^ V 1 ^ 1 4r -^ 1 

ytoj tf- Uu-Vlj (_jjJLa!I 4>t-ij U^» !_JJi Jli«fj •\j^j ^"^-3 J**-* •( vJ ' > J^ o^-^J 'S-'j*'' 

.p Uallj Jji*Jl <UP 

.^Jaii-lj JJL-jJlj ^L>wVl tr fe- ^ Vj Cj-tP 4lJl 

t(j^xJl OjjUJl Jai^j of t->L>*l*<l ^.t jt s-'^vl ^ tijjyb y>*ii -j^^ ^ (^*^j' 
tLf-lj_*- J> t-)yJL. flJca^lj c^-Jlj t->b£Jl ^ iL^ LJ Jaub^i t<up iiftJl ^^JVl ^Uaij 
t4. tt .ii...cJl ^yJl Ai^JVl ^Jl ^j5 fU- lij (_jl^Lj cCLpj Cai O— ' e-t^ ij^" <j^ ^J J^ 
ijyj! js> 4l5L)l cjLJJ eJL^iJl OljjVtj o>!^yjJl oJia Ji^ UjJi^jU t^jiJl OljjVlj 



j-l£Jb jL* UJ 1^ o«* f^V 1 6^ ^-^ /^ J"^ 1 * * * 

! !•? JUwJl ^UU i^IpVJ j* fy ^i 4j tSJL^ V tf JUl c JUUl ^t Jl f byJl 

i*l*Jl oUli* fJ ^r jaj t^L^Jl Jjj ^UaJlj tiJjjjJl Jjj jUJI ^^ ^ IJLAj tS^L^Jl 
Oj>>i 0\AojZ> JA l _ r J> "{j£\ j~~d\"j If. Ltfjdlj SjlJjJl £»JJJ O^tfil ^Pj ill ^i jP 

V ol£ jjj tjj^y 1 V j£j ^ o|j c^LJUJI JliJlj >Aj>- iyJL. i^jJJ! Jj t^^P V 
■>>J* oV .«4Jj-»jj ill {S fi» UiS iyJlj <-*I ,>•» : |jg Jli AJj .mJJ ,- a?L V iLA lJ">U 
-T^ 1/ p-*-^" CjUliJl o-^J c^UaJJlj SjlJjJl <Ojij ii%^2i\ j&j <&l ^5o ^ JUaj 
■^r^ U^^l Of £• i>Jl-^ (Japf CfUajdlj ojUuJl 1 ^ j _cj aSjj'j to^LsoJl ^j ill 

u*a je^ Vj caJ^jj <ost fj ». L. ^ ^j c^l ^jJb Vj ill, ja£ y col^^iJU 
^JliJl o£ olj coUl^ l^jU ioL-^JJ iSjy uLli o£ ill— o£ olj coy^-Jl 
J» a5Uj cib^-l ^ ja aLS JjJJjJI J» ill ^iU- d\£ tj^i)! L.fj cJUJl L.J t^f-lp 
^y 4^.^ ^il lij ^Ujlj ^J, JaJUJlj co^Ju j| cJziiL; L.J :Up jU-1 i.l5| J^La)! 
ls^ (^*ji of L»lj ioU-l^il iJ^.j ipUyil ^ J*i of L»i 4JLi cJJj ,J iUi 

Oi :J-a* t JJ-I (^0i>v yti yj~\ dy.j^i flyf jjyJl JLp jj j^S- J\ £Jj Jjj t4jji*I) 

J l«^> Jji a5j) : Ji* ^Jy Jl ^w-4 ,Jf cojaWli ^'LsJL, ijfjji : jLii cLL'L^. ^ 

CoO*- ^ tjjsj^j ja»- (Vi jw IjJUi *)Vi L,j f>,i-Hij l,j yiSCt ill ObJ j^m^i til of ^lsS3l 
Uj o>J^l c^Jl Jf t^yiJJl ^u juuj *Ai Olk-iJl dl •....■•■! UJj) : Jl* 4Jyj . 4*^ 
3j«Jl ^ 4JU^, ^ .iiijkt ^ <j^s j&j s.^ ja ^L^. j* O^to jjiJUI Je 

jUiJlj cii~lVL> jU-aJl l^^s^iii :L,jp ljy>»Pj C(^a.VL« o^LLjl l_^y ^y *Vj*j 
4j^ip J» iiJLJl OfrJL-Jl J^ v^ljJlj n£Ai% jLJjl ^ ^.jJlj JiJJ JL-Jf AiJVli 
^ iy ^y^' JU-jVt e-AA (J* J^-Jl Of Jej ji Jj c^Ixl-Ij c^y^Aj i^}» 
-obS^j ill, y^JL L^j^Jii SjU ^Li . Jj«J| ^ J» L^Jij ^J J^ c **JUi ^ ^J iiiLA 



T T © — C^^- o^i ^ W cs ] r^V 1 6^ ^J^* /li 1 ^ 1 J-^ 1 

»l6 f& lU*U Of jjj ^Jj t JUill ^LeL-J^ cSlyJl ^ ,JkS Cj~i)l y» LljJ^. 

.Sj&Ji :U**)l J\ <LL;j t^l OLJUl JL-i* LfJLi t^ :o_^b- jLS^ <j» JU-jVl 
^ plSJ ^ :dJu Jli J, t „u>fj ^LtJlj dJL. dJJi ^ j» LS t ^bL ^i "jy^Ji 

L*J*j*J c^l^il U>>^ ^j il^U^V Lh jkJl j^v ^1 A- ^ f f 
•yi/J' ** * ^J cy^l OLJJb <ol£ J jjf i)l jU cf^U^I jJl*A -^J i^^U j**J 
f JiT j^ U>Sj t^^L-^l Jii>. ^ La ^ ^jbui Jai>. jUai ^Vl ^ 4-^*Jl k*^\ J**- j 

Ji oj-w* ^ tjL^M ^^J\ ^ J^Ji jjkt ^ 4*4 u jjja; IJLa ufl IS«up 
cOLoVlj Jji*Jl £*>U»b. d^u ij J^Ji Ij^Ub ^ i^ji^vj iiJjAjJ J5UJI J^l 

.<ux>- Ij^tjj ad! IjiU* Jij fU-^Jj *lip Ij-L^iU Ji*Jl 
c^i j»cij L. ^ vliJlj f JJl \lAjApl tMijJL-Jij ^yJl jLJUl OjJju ^JJlj 

dJJi x^>j tou^i c^ J* ^ owj tOLj^i 4; \jy,jj u, i jljliij jiji-^.^u. oy* 

>r lpf Jilj .Olj-Jl-Ij J^Ljallj lSLU! ^j-jj 

*i»o»v <#^ &1» : J*i |g yJl jp cdo^ ^ t ^t jp tr JU j, ■# ^jj Mj iAij^jj 

V v&J» 01 :^j*^ jii Jli ^Jj . (( *J Jjj ^ t jd Jjj l4 J jjj : ^i dbuaJ vi^i 

V L. dJJi <j> 0L$ 01 Ulj . eJ ^ V f iLi iu^ ^Jb-t Jby Vj c J^a Vj 0* ^ ^ 

.(JpT &\j .dUi jp MPiji ^1 m-p^ 1 ^j^^ J^^— <i^i >Lw Jb- J^ j 



c l£Jb jl»a UJ v-J j>\ *OL^I ^ iSjte /«/*" J-^ 1 r n 

-usJl ^ ^jUJl ^ "^Jc^S i>U^I *Lrf <j> Ujy Uf :J/}M *rjJ« 

t(3*)USfl ^L^* OjjJ ^.L^Jl jf dJUi ^U-f ^ jf Uoj tr ^Ua^ ^ j>*f y> 
U/ij .O^UJrlj tox!^^ U3*)Uf ^ ^—^1 ^>\ 3 ^\ Ja*>. ''j^* j& j* of ^J>>3 

Uu5o tp jjj| J*t C Ju. ^J l J/^1 J*t V^ S>-Sj fUJr! J*t f 3 JA J>y0& j \* 

j* ^Jl 4,-Jl jjjai j^s^i" SJL^LSit 8 Ju J, Si^l. ^ UJ (JUJl ^^ 4~sJl j_^s 
Jl y>Jb dJUi jV c<~~ ^.1. o^i (J ^b 'U^'Ua^ ^ >* UJ Ulk* (JUJL; V^ ( 

u^u** j* y* uj (JuJl -uidii '-^1 y^j 'u^ 1 fjk~i *-*** l +^ J ^ ^J^ 

. *UP \ ,t \* 1 L«J^»Jb« j 4>0 jl Jj' 

^^ ^ Uvp*j_, jUJ-!j ^Jb jL-J^I 4-S. UJ| 4J^ ill jf :«UUll 4*jJ» 

LJbib ^J^ jiiH |»yJt !>b» frU. Ojj^Aa ,^1*) jA^J( jO*fl3l» ^UW ^-^ Ji^ 1 
,J ^ Sljjjl Iji^- jiJUl J&.) : Jl* Jlij . [\ vv-\ Ywiy>Mi] (^j^ 'y^ (^r-^b 
J^ jl^ uij Lh 4-sJl Jl^ IMj .^1 .[ o :^^»] 40^ J^V jUJ-1 Ji^ U_^u 
Uj^l. j^o jf J jf Uj Vli jf -W»LaJli : Uj -UiJi ^^.J-Jt -Wii jf _^P ^ (»^t <ta- J 
J UJ jl^ jjj -UH^-J t>* ^J^J^ jUo !£jU*Jl «ui L. t^P J» Uj -L*SJ jl^ Jl j>S 

ilia Jujj, .<ij>o j>j^UI j ^ J_jJJ f^kwJl A*iJl ip- ja £>y»x» jUo :<ijo «uOj 
LJ ^J (4^ ^ JJUl^ 4s,» ^ JJUll)) : Ci >wJl J» ^ -J J ykj :^ljl 4srjJ» 

^J UL5U1 l^UJl -d Jlii c4Jl^J! e Ju J» !>U' JU>fj ^UJl jf :/Jj. I-Uj 

J ^ ^Jl JL» c^ai-l ^ J» W-l «J^j .*>-J» Ji* ^J tri 5 : -^^ ^ J 15 * -«-«^*J 

^JiUl ^ J jjj ili^JL. jl^ »_JXH 4jU- lij JUJ^I of ujJ "ill JsJ» I^a >-ii 



•*j~ 'I JiJl ^ jJi li^-JL. u£ U&\ ^ ^ 

OlL-iJl j* db Ijij** jjj-l j^ ^ lijj c ^ ^ ^ ^lj ^j, ^ ^^ 

.«b'lk«5i ofj IfJlS 
*UJl jf f ^_, ,4&%JJ IjLa Ljjjj cu^Lii) IjLi. l^f jt ^U jJJi Joi 

.((JpljJpjji J£«d«p 
4, <uaJ| j^ ^ c4^Jl ^^ ^ a^i-l ^ ^L ^l v^L> r^LU-Lj 

^t <y <dU^, ^«>U J^_, C( j|_^L| ^ tjp j5 jU ^1 DV JJJij .«J^b ,UJl 

a* tf* c^ 1 JJ*^J <^ Of- V^ll Jl^>J ^-J *UJ| ^'L^ ^^^!l ^i 

iJ>^ "il ai^i j 4;I ^ sjjT 4j a^^Jl ^Vu .L^J ji^i 4*i U <udo, of «d 

c 01^1 Ai^U. a**- lib cjl^) i^j ^ ^ l^ ^^ C ^ L; ^j, j ^ V) ^ ^^^ 



^LSUL jLcj UJ JU-T ^1 (}L^t c** ^-^ /^ J^ 1 r r A 

:i)l <U*-j J\3j 

<u-> aJlp cJi U5 tiiJLli ^j f*J Cx^i '4** j^J ^-^ a" '•^ !u ' ^J^ I+ipUs 
*pIA» ^ U5 cjJUi ^p_, "^^^Jl" ,/, "j*H\ JJrl" :^.-^ J* 41 & Jj^j 
dJi; :*piA» l^Ip ^*>U j- ,Jj c c jjJi Jl cJLisi ^.aJi^J ^Ji5 apU* J£ jLi c^ty 

tl^f ^ L^ jJLU Lprjj 0l£ oa-jjj" lij ofjJl .oyJLJl <->j i> -uJ-l :<->^J 
Jai?- Uj i.mwU OlJa3l*- OlsilS Ol^UflJl$ : Jl* ill J 15 tc^j' W^ V^JJ * pL * 9 'J 
lit ( 4^u)t atjjl IfPhA ^j ^b. UJJI» : Jl5 *;f % ^J» jp ^oJ-l ^j 4^' 
ej»j . (( dUUj IfJi ^ dldai?- Ijjft C-P lijj tdisPltt Ifyf lilj cdb^ IjJl Ojlal 
tlj—up- otjjl c~U» lil)) : j|§ ill Jj-^j Jl5 : Jl5 <.~<>jtj* ^f ^p t^b- ^f jj! £^?w 
J»j . (( 0«-l-i SJrl v 1 ^^ c^ o* Cl^a LjIwj C-Plttj tlt^j* c^.» j tla^r-i c-»U?j 
V* j^'j ^JJJ CJ ^° 'I/ 8 ' ^» • ill ^ Jj-^j J^ :cJl5 ti*L- ^ ^p (^x»^Jl 
c~£ jJ» : Jli %, ^fJl ^ tSjij* ^t ^j . j*-»- vLjJb- :g^^l Jl»j .«*£» cJ^a 

C^.v^ : Jl>J (^J-jJl Asr^t .((l^JjJ As?-Ji)f SfjJl O^S Jl^S ^«v-J Of ±*H l^»T 
«i ill Jj«r UJ ' t >fJr , JjS! (DU^t«o Of frL*Jl Oj^V" ^JaiJj tijb ^jf «te-j^-fj .<j—»- 

u*v~d Of jJiJ ^Uj *i» : Jl5 ^ ^Jl Of \^\ j* jll«Ji ^j "<3jaH j* jx-fi*- 
(1,-ip <u?- (Jkp ^ cl^j j) Jb»«-«3 Of ofjjl cj^ j-iJ aj!«— j Of j-iJ ^r^ j^j 'j-^ 
4-l,at,»il ^ (Oj-UaJl j ^jJb t5j?»J *?"j5 i-if j (3^° Ji **«^ j* ^ £ °^ sr*^ ^^'j 
jl» : Jl* ^ gr 5 ' &■ ^^' u ^ '^ L « o^ 1 o-^J Ju -« Jl <^j -« !,,i9 " oat u , * i -^ A * 
Jid Of ^fyl j»\ Mr j Of jJj l^srjjJ •A*—* Of afjjl o^S Ji^S a^~j Of 1^-f o^f 
jl^J g;f .«Jjuj Of U 01^) \j*-\ J-^ Jl a^-it J-r jaj tij-»t J-^- Jl y^-f J-r j* 

. L*iJ of L(-5=>- 

t J»jf ^f ^ ill Xp ^p tjLs- jjI 25^v5j t«te-L« ^.1 jj^j tJ^-Jl <^ dlii^j 



V Y ^ c l5^b jl^ uj ^- j, | f }L^| ^ ^jbi /^ull J-AiJl 

f LJl c*t : Ju "fiu, b li* u" : Jm t ^ ^ ^ r Ui ^ ii~ f oJ U : Jli 
Jj-j b dL dlii J*^ ot ^ ^ o«y c^jU^j ^L-^ OjJb^. ^Jbr-y 
OyS! <Stl ja*I j*^ Of i W 1>T c^ jJ ^ cdili tjUb %) : £ isl J^ jLii c ^i 
d* tf*P a*" Vj J* « f j-Jt sPJ 1 ** sJ * •»** '^ ^JUlj cl^jjJ ^u-j Of afjjl 
& <Vj Jli : JU ^ j, j^ jpj .«<ui* ,»J c^5 ^ ^j ir-ii tiu /, d^jj 
4> ^^' 4 f^- ^ >\jj .«jj«" t* 1 * ^£ jlj ^E=Ai 4»rU- ^rjj uo jj^ u,^ : % 

•j--*- C-jJj»- :Jiij t^Xo^Jij 

dUi j d^uVij .wcnflj ^ a&UJl l^unl : L,Jp iJu&p oti «^ Of c/li *a\J 
ijbs <Jy \j } Ul ^(^ ^ ^ ^i : ^a ^ Jbj JUj t £ ^Ji ^ ;^ 

.«0»jp ^ajp 

*lj- ^ VI <J>* j* £>* of U ^ Lj~.% jJj! -uio" L^ jj -LP Sl^Jli 

.USfl' JUL L^f jj> jt U*f jf U^f Uytt 

4&1 a j J- Jaip-j Up s-^ Uj oL5 ^ ^.T oLSl. J 1+, Ji* of > Jl iljf lijj 

U U^Vl ^ 'W* Oj:> U^jj ^ Of yUi :dUi (j» <upU* ^p U^f LaL^j L^i 

lAyit UJ L^f ^a of a ^j c C j> I jj» Jii ^Ptk. jp LaL.L^ of Ui ^ <oUtk 

cJlX^lj ij^lj iiiJl ^ .JUjj f J^ tLjjajajj ^ c^-^Ua. jf -u. ^^b^Vl ja -0 

.Its* ^ Oi* Otf I3J 45^0, ^ ^t ja IJl>.Ij ^ Of U J*v ^i cLjJiiJ ^LL- U, 

*^1 M» : |g ^l J^-j JU : Ju Ob^ ^ f-u- yjt ^1 ^^.^j ^Vi jiJi ^ 
:^.T ^a^ ^ >(( i^i ^j»j ^ f ,^j ^ u ^ ^ ^^ ^^ cJL 

'A SpU. -us Lw UJ>-f jf Uljjt LA^f lil Utj .«0UJUl jJb OlPjiJtj OUbOl,, 
^Jj cdUi ^ U^-ia; Of Lj-U :«up Jj-jj 4i)l Ulf jt ^jj ill ^.f U. jiJi ^_, 

ISLhjJ ^ oiS iii uuli .^t > ^ ^Vi oiS 

(AUi ^ -UjiaJ Of U j& ,J :4^ ^|| ^ U, L»y.t jt t^il ^.f Up ^\ L»lf lilj 

V u. ^/^ ^f ^j dUuJi j«. .«jiun a^^w ^ ti^uj apifc ^ ^ : ju jgg ^ji olj 



c l£Jb jl*a. UJ W ^1 f ^L-^l J5-5. lSjIi* /(i^l J^ 1 Y r ' 

.aJj-jJ ill U« y> a£ ^JtJlj iaJ^-jJ ill APli* y» A& jJ~\ d\J 'ii-0*A ij 

^SLjt Ha j* J&ii :aJ JJ livs i jiJUi* j^Wj ^U*a5i c£ ut Jb 'S^ 1 Jl Vf 
<?dJUi aJ J^i c^CJl ylj c^tyl ^ f&\ J 3 iLsrjj uf :JyU .*j-J' 
Ji U^y* 'tfj «LA ^^ W-^-i ^ -J .j-J to^l^l c^j ii xJ-l :o\rti 
^ J, cj_^i]l J*t -UP Uj ^yy V j cL^JLtJ ^Ui j^ yj Lh c£~i J< CfLi ^^ 
JLp 2bjip ruojip vJUi jt ^j dili J*i j^j ^jj^ l^ J^ 1 J" 5 ^- ^ ^ 

tj _^ill ^Ut J} U^ly-}j AXs-jj AiU^ *)y ,> i^iPj 'cH U S— »V °JJ^ 
.,Jpt ill j .1lJU3Ji.jP <Jli.!j AMy A.y»P itUi ^ v 31 *** 

: JUJ ill <u*-j J\3j 

ilJUi oJ U5 uil^l j uiLJl j^^r -Up f yt ll<J ",y\M ^ *L-J» dU"l" ^J 

,yj :<lJ4^J\j y^l JjiJl Utj idJUU ^jkJb. ^ JJ+ -iJt y»j cAiJlj cjl^Jl y> 

!y U Ait ^p ^1 ^p Ji £JUj cdJUi ^So ^ ^j .dilt. ^p Ail jj aJ^>v ^ ^ 

^ *uJi OLJl ^ cJjJ UJ* :^^ ^1 aJ Jis .[rrr:;^] <^ ^y ,^jLJ> :aAp 

Lfjt :o3ly OL^j m\y> f+it ,J _jt t-r *p ji\ J* ^ Jai^ Jji ^ ^1 Cr^ 
t ^Ui*Jl lJUJL dJUi ^ cJjJ A.VJ OLi tJJJl ^ ^.-Ul a^ jy *LJl OUJ ^ cJjJ 
jJ^Jl frl*. LA^i ^ L^JLJ ^ - e t^l J^Jl ^1 IM : Jji'j cdili jp ^fi >^ ^^J 

.Aj^\ si* ill Jjiti . Jy-t 

c^t ja L<JL3 J» St^Jl Uu. jt J^yJ ill cK a^y 1 J-iJl >»J c^Jjll ^j^ "^y 1 -^" 

^U Jaip (^^i L^ UAj .^t JLp JL*)I v^ : J^i j^=- ^ ill -^ oi ^ ^^J 

Ul .JU^ ^! ^J^ :S^LP J^ cllaiLl ^IjU -O^iUai Iyl5 ^J^JID^ <-.j~* j>} J* 

</* i^j- lt^ > :liL, s^ 1 ^ : J u ^ -^r ^-^ : u-^ ^ ( J^j ■ v*b y^ 1 : J 13 



Yn ■ c l£jL ji*a UJ v_J jjI f*>L^I ^i ^bj /^ul| J^i 

co£ jOJi gjf jJp! 4ilj .2^1 ^ ^ Jaip. ^JU| y ^ ^i : J^L ^ ^Ul ^j 

u^i u y ^l ^ Ju. j£ ^ y_ IJL* J*i jt : Ju -gT ^p ^i ^ Jjl ^ 
<_ALJl ^W Jy y_> cfcJlj ^L^JL ^ b^o J st^Ji jJsj rol^U 

^ i fP*s~ i H 4)1 01)) : Jli 4i\ % yj| ^ c-i* Oij t ^>Jl aj^yil y J, i^jdjU, 

J.T ^> lyU ^ &y ^jL«j) : Jbj Jli jj, . ((jAj bif ^ frl^Jl lyb •* jj-i 
^Jl cJtf, c^lj ^yJl Jst y o^L) jU c J^Ji ^ y y ro^Llj 4^ 
J*-^ c Lfj :i."yi olft ill Jj^ti t J^f J^Ji ^u- b^o ^ 4,-fy.l J^Ji ^f ijj : Jy; 
Ijjp ^jlisj ^Jl ^ L^j ^ 3 t ^bL cyi J| ^ ^ cl^ £^ ^ A7f r l y»L of 
• plpf -ilj .4, ^_ ^ } ^u)l J^Jl ^ Jy, u£ tL^jL, Jy ^Jj L^„ ,J jU t lL^ 
4^U Jftj ?\a^ ^ ^j j 0»j ^ ^ t_^v U* :JUJ 4)11 Avj Jjl-j • 

:<bUS ^ Jli ill oLJ cp-a^pj oyvUlj ^bwJl ^ ^.-..LJl surf :l.Ip dOJi J^j 

ja L,Ii ^ ^1 J^Ji ^t |jj royy, 1^15 iy^\ d\ :^>^i\ J oJ Jij 
:^l ola in J^tj c ^ ^j, jOJi ^ a j JLJl Jt^J cj^-f J^Jl ^ u^^ 
^ Lj J* ^1 ^'j 't^ 1 <^^ : ^^'j 4r^ j«T ^»j»- fyts ^ &y ^jlj) 
d^ -r^ oil o* ^ Af^ J} -^ t*y y^j •■{?&s- ijjt») c^jJi (i "ii c >Ji 

J» O o^j Ljjj cll_^ *L^Jl ( _ ? *^ JUo illi .UUi- ^j tLj^j ^j cLft^j ^j cL,Ii 
y ^oJl ^ ^| of : j:f jj, j ^ ^ t ^ ( ^ j^_ lJj o^L|_j t oj>l jyi 
^LJI lyb 1J jj.| ^ (/! « H , II i,| 01^ : JL5 4f jj| ^J| ^ oJ oij ^y^J) ^^Ui 

of ^ c^U-l oLo| fj>. «GL>c^ 4jJlj tj iiJ| ^y ysj c^oJl y IJ^-lj 

.aJiUJl ;L«L>*J| 4J Oj^J c^ JJl ^jJL ou^i clpi-y J» 5->jLp a^bJl 
Ajlx^-fj J^>fj ^LiJl ^.Ix^fj Ai^ ^t v-a~L*J cJsl^Ul ^^^ ^ IJ^J : £oA j 
l/ 2 ^ ^5^ ^ c-4»i>w»tj dlit. ^jsi^i ^ yljij! ys, |JUj t(V+ ^ ^IjJ ^ j»|_^ ^Ui of 



c l£JL jl*sj UJ JU* ijj» f^V 1 c^ ^-^ /^ tH 1 ■ Yrr 

.l^-i j*i?j 3jI_j^)I eJlA ^t ^ |*-(-> j .dJJi <->!Ai>v cSj^f *Jjj <-{-r* c^ 1 
<_jJ^j ill -Up jj ^Lo Ol£ Jjj c j*p jjI ^ <dii -tit ^U ^ Ji U dJJi J^tj 
J <Lip ^-LJl (J.O* Jaip lili .45y y> j^ -kLp jt iJalp ^iU 0_^j jt U^i tdJJi <j» &^ 
i^jjdb ^jAJl fc-Ll (^ l^kLp JLi'lk Of US 4^Jlj e^L&l lJ^U ^. l~> ll» ^ 

4LiaJ a^ jSLat U), .«»ly- /La J£» : jLii cpXiSlI ^ £}y\ cf J*-> <^J -((f^ 
H Uf t (Jlp 0l» tLA^jJ ajjIp £Uj JLp LiU. Ot «_jb-j U^i ^ 4^1 U»j jaj 

Oja Ulu*-j Ji JUi Otif^t J cj£ j*» :Jli jg| ^Jl jp «jo» ^ a* **o^ 

OlS 01 j£J t^-iJl g? L*10*-l j-^ii Vj ctliJa j^ tij^SH -^ ^ ^' J^ O^U 
Of tj*,kr, ,1 jJj} : JUj ill Jjjl Vj c 4-i Up ^j>- V \X^ \j&\ LaU^j Lj£\ l^^v 

Jjbu 0L$ -b^ t ^ ^b frloal c&yt i^Jt V "S_^-iUlj ciiiJl" ^ JaJI titj 

01* tdUS «di L*AlJi^-i jijaj ot i\J Oli :^jj ^-^^ ^ *i jy^ tJ-^' '^*J 

Jl5 US i jU- di3Jb a^lj ^j j.^5 *A. »JUp ^jS; Of JLp Lji*^ ^ i/Jtj j* ^IWi 



YtT ^liulli jio UJ ;L*-r jji ^OL^I r^-i cSjLJ /j»li)l J-^ill 

U^-j If^JLoj of U^JIp ^lar *rti C?tjPl jt IjjJJ i^Lu j* citf- afyl ojj/ :JIjJ 
(j» 4j^I el* cJ^f :cJli a-sJU ^p ^>x^aJl jj .[\xa:*i~Ji] 4^-* Cr^'j l * c ^ 
cJfj (j5s^w«lj c,,;5l)?~ V : OjJizi cLjJ*)Us Jb^J cLjj^x^s J_^laxJ t-U-^t >AiP ^J^ oiy*JI 
L^jj C-Aji toij^ jij2j jf iljf jSH ,_5«Jl 0l£ Jij i4j^I oJLft cJjii C^ji ^ J*- <j 

.4J C-Jjif 

^aJ 1 (^ tf^SM ^ UAlJb-l Jjaiij cOUfyt «d J^j jp :iil <u*-j Jjl-»j • 

^<l!p <^*y U3 clA^jjJS <UI ( ^- ct3jii-l y^J 
oU Cj^will J» L»|jb-J J-iij of <tJ ^-Jj t^tjJl jjj Jjixj of -dip <_^j :o\jr\i 
aaAj b>\Ji\ pjj >Ur t^y-Sl j* ji^f U»lJ^» Jl JUi £i\3\jA\ 4J CJl£ j*» : Jl3 %> ^1 
.pipf ajiIj .oL«j-L r^-j of Wj ^jy-^ dJL~»( of L»La :U^-~j Jjl«j J o\j .«JjU 
rUbjlaj "Jf (Xn-SJlj j^-iJi *srjj ^ ^w? lit JsrJ\ jp :<o>i <u*»j J^j • 

?dUJb ^ j jJl tJUai Jaj W ? f fl Up J^i 
imJlp IjJLs- oSjf ^ jAj tiJjytJL. <tf*-jj Ujj of J^-jJl (_jip s-^v ^^r^ 

.L^b^i ^ jjipf 
L(J>-L>. jJ_L :JJj t Sy> ^^f Mjojf J£ (j» <_-*-lj 4JJ :JJ r^^-ljJl *i»jJlj 

vjl ijjjj ^Jb ^i c i)wbi| xz£> s.lji 1,jw ^aj Sfj^l j& :<&\ <u?-j J^^j • 

^ ft J^ ^> dUi j^J c jJ-l ^j\# ^ 

?*J| ft J-JkJl U» 
Jl_p- L«fj cL,J_p- J» fljJdl dJJi OlS ojj A>^>^ai L^^Avj L(-«j-^> L«f r^-J^li 



JiJ <u« J^j»£» Of &-£*■ l^jj ,^p J>aj Of \ 1 ju«j Of yrU«^Ji3 J^i ^^rjj^j 

^ dUi O^Ui. ^ j^Jlj ^jli Of o/i jf cdlli je ^f of c-**» jlSI„ : Jli *\ % ^J\ 
0l£ liij fUP 4i ^j J^jVl ^ *1» dUi OjLJu ^f j|| ^f Jii .((^'i'ijf jjaj 

lit 4J J^ c^W?^l 5^4 j* IjstVp' 0l£ til oty ^p : Juj it <u*-j Ji-ij • 

?VAj-fc £&j^~j Of Sjiffj ^! ^W»j^l jp fSfl CjumI 
.-Up jJLi ^ L« <dp i^jfv V <o'V t*ju :<-J^r\i 

J^L JaiJij t ^jj <u,)yj 4j^ «gp j^jj t \.ajjj ^J ^ ^,y krjjh : JuJlj 
J* 5 (^ jj« >J W ^ j^ («r>rf i3j»- ^ J^J c^UkJ I ^ o^i j^Jlj ig^iyJl 

:aJi. Jlp Ju=> lij JaiJlj .^jjJi jib VI IaoJj j-p £-*/ of ^jji) ^ :ol5r\i 

JlftJb VJ Sj^ 3 £" (^-«i J 0U» iJlou Ol£-»j ^jj jf «dj t JxJJLj jij Jj-tfJl ^P 4j«ii 4JLJ 

'J^ 1 fA jV^ 1 fj-^ '^Jj ^ J^j 0^ :4 ^ <up "J f'^-')! , ^ J^ # 
^ ^ jlfJi fL^j JJJl o%p fXb 3 4 df ^ti oiy J\ Jsr^li UoU-i Ui^j 

Ji l+JJa lil Wa; jf LjJIp ^^v Jj to>U— Jl <iLL"L dJUi U» J>v V :«-»^ 
iuj^ ^j_i" juSo ^^iiy jLjJl cWvj J-Ul ^Li L.fj cLjJLp t_^-!j ,y»y dJJij tJ^i^Jt 

«uj ^ Oib llj t «uib 111 ^*^ Vrjjj fj^J Of af^Ji >v %> : JlS % ^Jl of cS^.^ 
AAU. l^-jjj Sfyl |ij^flj ^„ l^^Jij t\**ji*J **\* ^b ^J b _*f 8, JjJ -(^il *^! 

. (( «Uib *!?J OUxsj j*P -4 ^o \i^j 



VI lAAU Lprjj jlS lii Lpjja" (.j^J Of Sf^Jl JLp f ^ JJ ^ ^1 OlS ISLi 

^j !?c~*^>li LfJLfa> IS} Lib- Oj>j Uuxj :L(_JIp <d i^-j>v L« <_/2jv f_^*aJLi >cuj» c^jib 

^ J&5U1 L^*J c/l* Aiily J of^Jl J^l Uo til)) : ^ yJl jp cz>^*i\ 

if 

.[ri:*UJi] 4<&l J"s- Ut c-Jcl! OlJadU- Obil3 OLi-UaJliJ^ :JL*" ill Jli o3_. 
<U)U-J ^p cjoI ^^ui .Lf-sfjj 4pLL» lS Lp 2U_jlJL« (^f 4ili jj^J ^Jl ^a "J-UaJl Sf^jLi 
Jjil>u ^lj^ :JL*7 Jli U^ Lp^ <d ^ dJJi oL£_j tojJ^U "uv»Lp cJLS JilyiJl J\ 

<up_j .«^~Lfr <ub- jJsiaJ l^jjJ Jj^«J efjjl dy>H J&-H *b^~j of J&-H 1y>T Cu£ jJ» 
.dJJi J*^ V <^j t OjLoLj c jy-Wiij cUj-^ibxj JU-^Jl oj :<i jJL» fL-Jl of ^ 
dUi 0t£ L(-Uj S^L*-. c-u..^I lij "fjjl oi :^l . (( dUi Jjo JzJoA Jj*3 j— *-)) : jLii 

. AsA dill j . JUr^jL) (_/li»y L* ,U-*J jf jjP ^ tLi 4j»\^\j aft) fL^J L^-j-* 

Cu£ 01 ^kf&H : Jl3j cA^rjj ^ d&r J^rj jp : JUj i»l <U*-j Ji->j • 

W^aJi cu$y lit i,Jp »-« ( i^j ^ ^ 

^r>«-*j .cJlJ Vij OoLT jLi vl.ru.u~ LjJLi a*>UaJl ^ c^cx«l lij .il JL»i-l :obr^ 
^ c~*^»l lil U "di; Vj c<i_^jj ill Le>v (i^ 1 ^1 jL^f ^ o*>UaJl *J^" ^jlp J^-^Jl 

.Up! illj ."*>UaJl iJy «^. VI <uJUi 
?5%HflJb UbyU Of «ulp 4-^ij Ja t^eUaJ ^ Ssrjj 4J j^p :i»l <u?-j Jjl-j • 

W ^ (^ij^ Of «ulp l-j?«j Ja : Jjujj ^ lilj 
dJJij ^L of ^Jlp i^j>v Jj cdJJi ^JLp i~-j>v) co*>UaJlj La^L of mJlp (vjij :«_j\ir\i 
e^toJb dLUf yfj^ : JL*; Jl* jJj cd-UJL> 0>rt p ^ ^ lil «o 6j A JLp j^i ^ J^ 
Uij3j IjU (liLLafj jtiLjiif Ij3 \y*\ j^jJUI Ljjf b3 : JL«J jL5j c^.^l . 4^5^ j^*h 
.«pAji}\j (^>>UP)) :c*>LJlj S^LvaJl ^ jLSj ."u'yi .[i:,c^Ji] ^Sjl^J-lj ^LJI 
tL(_Ji r_L>v 1-4 ^Lp L(_si>v U^ t"uP^)L> dili ,JLp L^i^v of ^Vl dUi ^ (_s*^J 
o*>UaJl ^JjLTj c^>wvaJl ^ S-^'j dilij cL^iiJaj of 4Jj«i o*>UaJl iJy ^^Lp o^f oU 



•?l!b"^ lyt£ Jil y>j cja J-flu ^ lii Jj cQyJL^Jl <j>U"L. ^^Udu j^- AjjiJJ J*«i~* 
jftjfans ^jj-^i Oyu* ,^Ulj) : JU? aIjS ^p : J\*J Al **»-j Ja-j • 

^ O^i .[H:SJi^l] ^^ O^Utf U* A»j) :J\*J 4Jj3 Jl .[H:«l4V*l] (ijjJJl* 

Wlli j* jj-iJl lift LA-A 

£»jk»j jAjyj L)y\>w^ : JbJ <dy ^ "j>^*Jl" .oyJ^ 1 ^j & JuJ~\ rolrti 
.«upLU ^ Lj_ip i^-jjv L^p f Ln! <u» U* kiili j>oj cAii) ^Jy aJji* ^ r^ _jf c^lyiiJ 

£»y ^ .[Yo<\:5>Jl] (lA}JLd «J-£ fUsuJl Jl >Jlj) :J»* <Jy* ^J cJiiill £i>Jt 
Usft& .kiuJ J^J il^-ji) <ou& jAU jJbj c&rjj aJ J^-j ^ :jS»1 *u»-j Ji-ij • 

t^Jj^jj <& 4;v?Lp ,Ji Jj cAj LjJli? lij di!i ^ A-i ot Li J^v ^j cjj-iJl ^Jlp Ojvt 

.<ip 
^IfJi? lij l,^^ ^a iLauo \il £j ji\ ^ u^^ Up :4>* *U»-j Ji-»j • 

*u« c-oiii»! lij Jj c4^« Lj_^a £i»j *^j cup Jj-i>Jl Li (U«j ^ .At) JuJ-l It-Jl^-U 



YW ^liUl, jlo UJ 2L.-J ^1 (OL^I £^i t5jL» /jiliJl J^aiJl 

.U~J "i/j 3ii J>«i~j ^j '£_y-» ^ Ij^» W*^ Of <d» dJii ( JLp o^ofj 

Oj |r c>iU ^j ciaAiii ^ j*^ y.j t y J>ij 3fyb ^jj? j*p : Jju.j • 

?U,Jp c_j*y liUi t£j jjl Oil ^ j* jiL-j laJlsM laailj 

^"J^ 1 jj^'j '<^ J* jj*i *\j £JjJl Oil jJu l# yL- til .<& JUi-l :»-Jb-li 

'flf-Ip t-j^y U3 :0jJilSj c«Uw 3j-ij«5l j,\J OUjJl IJA ^j c«Uw Sj-ijJl CJ«*-tj 

tkj i>* S : HI ^ J^ -^ <.\-< r ~*> ^ ^j nip j^j of U J?v ^ :<-»lsrli 
liL> .((j^fli ^ L^Jp lk*U s-U-Jl J t^JLJl Jl£ % aJ* ^\si «Oly Jl A3\y\ jt^Ja 
i_r^* W^ J^^ s-=?v ^ fj^" ^ »tr*^ cJL^ lilj tU^iy Of 4i jj-iJl ^Ip o^I 
cUSjliJ LjJlJ^a Jj^j c< u^ U^ c^Jlii" ^1 ^ Jj cJI-UsJl LfJajuj LjJljaj Of ^ip 
0l£ lijj -MjUJ L^ilJU* ^ Of ^j, ^ j, chU Sf r ^ |§ ^1 r f US 

. (JT-^-L*. Jl f 1 L*>Lj AlJlJi* )>U J (j|j_*2jlj I y^JIJt 

V.ij^j AMi <lJp jj^xi^j J^i :oj_^f <uJ[p cJL£> »Wj <.oj~*£j ilaj <u* 

tsj^S^j U 5jLsJ *Ai Aiii^ »j|j ^ ^-^-^r' 1 jf L<— ^\>* 4jl$L<Ci J lij :<-Jl?-li 
Ij^iLi cJlS iJu^i tsj-^S ^j U 3^ij *>lj Jj«ij JLi 4jc yLJ of Lj_^ i_JJs> lit dJJ^Sj 
.ij^S *y_j 4JLL' li i-_^>v J :<upLL? ja LjJLp 4J i_-j»v L*s* <1 ^vsLp 
Of Oiljf Ul^ <-»jlM Uj 4 Jjt^. 45rj jao 8fyl ^p : Jl*? <u)l <u?-j Jiwj • 
Lr*J 'V^^J ^-J* *^J 'j^b f^ 3j-^P (»JS*LP JUaJj tj5»^i oJU^-f *AjjjJ 

if* Jr» :0b ^ ^J^ 1 (^rij ^ ^ ^! Vy Ji V* 0t ^ f^ (» J * JUP °*^ 

^-lp aJj l»ji>o of pJ> 

4JI Lai^t Of o^V J*v."ilj c^iiL, ^1 L^ ^ ^^ Of 4^j>J J^v V :^V3 

j-* tiUi ^ jf tiJbU U'^J jf cLL.i.^ U'^J dJJi OlS s-1_ ? — '^jj ^ L(— j=»vj 



r-liLJb jl*i UJ l^" ^1 f*>L»^! ^JS. cSjLi /j"liJl J.sa.«ll VTA 

?*i-Jlj <-jIs£Ji «u ^Lr ^' 2^"' >* ^ :J^ ^ ***-j c?-^ 1 J^J • 
45!y Jby £■ j^L) 3j*jl£ StjJl 0_^j" Of AiJlj c->L£Jl <u *U- <^JJl ^bU :<-Jls»AJ 
(Jj^ L>^_> J£ 0l£ iij Ltfj c^fyl tS-kJu, bJ> cLj^^iJ «.Ui <Ua*j jf Jl-Uall «ujajci 

:4ji <u*-j J\3j 
^ <JJL>-t L» <u)J i^ c <u* L t ->...a,i t£JH/jJ L(iU 45!yiJ isjl££ aJ 4-a»u> cJl£ lil 

01 :aJ cJ\5j ca-o ^y^Ji\ cJli> VrjjJ Ajti»,« ofyl j* :&\ a**-j Jjs->j • 

?^\sli «5li Jjjs *i ^j c\A>C 1,3,13 Ail : Jtij cj/iH 
y? l^ai. o^. of Ji. :j»v ^>J» Jb> °/f JjVi ^jjJl o£ 01 :o^i 

J"lill r-liLJlj C*><~><^> 45y»j! C-Jl£ J*i jf i}jJ ja <jp- j^>. li> Ij-A* jf llpL*-lj 

^^ L^^ioJ j^j£ jjkj (j-J-i jf v-V^ »j^ 0l£ Ojj . J'liJi 4*-jj ^*j cl^»w? 

j«jL Of ^ y> Aijii) <ca i—JJaj 4jU LjJj j*«^ j-ftj <u*aijf lij Jj c45jiJl *-£ J L(-5jL> 

.^Ji}\ gpi L. t ^j J lij <u!p ^r^b SfjJt O/i Vlj Jjti OU CiiiJij 

U Iajlp jj J <UJ d-jxi c3-l?-UL Aar j j ^1 J^r j j* i^UJ ill a^-j Ji-»j • 
c^-yJi J lAA?u j»Ji IfJp cr ~^o jp c^-^P Jl ^JL-jf Ait ^ii Vi ^j-iJi o^ 

*Ak-o j*Ui dj& J^i :Aiii ^Jw ccr^- ^ t/'^'j 'S- 5 ^ J^i y? &»-»* dlJi 
^j-iJl ^ ijlSol <-jrji-o aO* AJ^of ^JUl j^lj ^V,^- 
*ij &j£ frUJl Ijiy Of ,^3 Jj^j *i i_pT jjJJi l^jj b} : Jl« ^i Ju :«-»brli 
J^-JJ J>o *>l» . [^ <\ : ? l-Ji] ^ii-A ii^-Ldj ^ab of *ij ^jAijT U jS*j Ij-aJLJ ^jLs*? 
J^-V ^i>j^i Of *blj c<3l-^UaJl (j^ 2 *! 'yajJ ^jls- ^-^ (Ji-^ij ^-«-^>!^ 0u :«fj^JI J-^i Of 
L»J IJLa cl^-^^ Of aJj c«U4 g^Oiiil LjJuiuu Of <d 0L^ 4^« A^s-LL c-if lij (^J cdJJi 



xr^ c i£Jb jLo uj w ^i (OUVi ^ c5j^* /ti^i J-a^i 

•^ ( Omj J*- J I Oy. 
^1 ,^a L^jf j^jk j\j; ol* c<l1p 4jj^*J jjsi ja £* j^U OjjLt^J "sf^l Jaf" l»f j 
4iJ : Jl5 lilj .<^> (J^sJdi t4jJL*i« 5JUi ^j c<Lily yi CJ^ 1 <^tj ^ ( ajJb- oJL»J 

f J 5 J ^** ^ j^ <^ 9 -^> ji* Ji JU^ o-yJl Ji s~*^" (Jj uO* Ji l+i-j^ 
lift ol£ t^-Ai; (J ^yJi JJj UJ ot ,v] :ljJl5 jf ifjUl dlsJjf L^Jjl^j ^-up ^ V 

L>Jj tjb- J5y LjJ} tiji jf 4Jl«i Lj-jf C-o ja Aj Of.U- csJJl "jL<-=M" L*fj 
Oli cdJJi J* ^^s- Vj L(JLw^ jf Lpr-jjJ jU- SfjJl c-jU j^j c^^ «JUaJli l_pJJ2.y-»l 
iJLUaJl ^ Aj'^JL* 4J1 l^yrj J* LSia ^ ISJj c<d ^Ji V j^ ^JJJl ja ^Jhll 
Of j^sfls*- Ojj)^ : JU; ill J 15 U£ c-tJ^j a^ 3 ill «_jIi£j jfU- ^Ji-I oli c^r jjJt LfjtUJj 
v( Jpf ill j .[m:SyL!i] 4«4 O.LJI UJ U(-Ip ^Lsr *Ai ill ijA*- U-i *i 
\^r 3 j» c^U-l *jfl I^JLp j& pi jJb c-J jP :iil <u^j (OL»)f» j** Ji-.j • 
jwtf J^J :^U-l Oil jJu jlJUaJl j* 4jf jj j ^jjjt l^b^ f s-LJjSft f.u! ^tf-l 

>r ^U-l oil OjJu LaJI^Ij 1<-*U jU- £^AJ }Ut cJlS bl :obrli 
(Jj c4jfjjli tjJlt CJV3 ^^f 01 :^Jrjj li J\3 ofyl jt> :iil <u?-j Jjl-j • 
.tfj$\ dUJb J2A^s! ifgA-. l,jt C^il Lfli (T c^f *i j cot li ^ j cy^l C^£) j& 

I( Jpf ill j .Lj^^LJ ii^axJl ,ji cJlS olj tdJJI> frl^^l JJ^i ,») >>^-l 
dUi 0* jT ilfil.Up ^»?r j* S-srjj ^jjf ofyl jfi. r^UJ ill <u?-j Ji-ij • 
c-«aij S^i^Jl cJl^j c3*.i^Ji (Jip Sjj^JuJi 4^-jj jii? <uf <uji5 ^ ^j^lt J^-it 

W ^ l^-j ^ ^j liij 9 j^lali g^ j^j c dUi J* 

f i^jAi LjJliaj Of ^^ Aj^Jj JlJUaJl V 1 ^" t>t ^ \£>\y JL5 UlS o} : 01^13 
^"tjit ol :jt .dliltt Utj ^J y \ :LA Jli jJ dUi^j cli'b 15*>U* ^Ui olS cL,Jil» 
of ^jIp s-I^Vl JL- 4»f L(-^ *-t-«j (c^l ^L»«Jlj 3^li-| oIjLp ja dJJi _p«ij t^iiSilsi 
•i/^J t3!>UaJL» dUi A* L,Jil» ^ .J^UaJl. ji*i" V 5^1 ^ ^f cJl£ Ol Uj .L,J^Jaj 
^ jJUai V flji^l iJu^ Ji. OjSU ^^ olS lil frlj.^1 yi ^ss-y of IA Ja j& 3 



WUi _pO jl U> ^ jji jf LjJJJai Of j^ lij^ jt LfJL^ o^ "ill S^UJl 
y*j lilk* f Iji^lj Lewi; c~)U» Jtf cJl£ lij l«f j cJU>f ^p Obiljj La O^ji 4-i 

.Up! 4illj ti_jj ^j 4J ^>-y V L<i ^j* ^J ^ S-f^ ^ ^ ^-^ ^.^ ^ 
c\L J j>Jb ^ djrjj #1 IJU* :4jfy^ J\5 J*j ^ : J\*J ill 4*-j Ji-j • 
^li .,»* : J\3 fL^lkr dijfyl dbt^t 01 :£j>D JV3 4-<S «V&AI Uli c^j ^1 4jl3 
«jJvfe CJ\3 < Jp dtf ^1 fcsJ-l ^j cdbuS <y ^jf^t 0) :^jjll U> JUSi t y 
Jl J>j ikti jJvl? ^ :JVS* cAiij-sr c-rf Jl £jjl» £&j .^Uii«j ^ :cJ\5 
Vd>*te!i J^i Up £& J^ «u* jJLp U Jl* \fctt : J\S ^c^alk ^ *JLA ij^l 

Oi*Jl ^Lp f JliiJl ±>jJlS\j cJ*)U9 lift Juu Lj £«i (J j c<U« cJlj Ij-iUaj of i*^ 
o*U- 01 :aJ \-r+>r tf (^JUl IJL* Jj5j i^JiLil}\£ (//Jl -kyJlj cOjLaJ! JsyJlS 
tdUi Juu Lj <ul£j ult^t lij LjiUaj Ait <dp JsI^lS.1 idjij ^Luljaj" di'f^fj dl>-jj 
ji Ju^tj :L(JiJaj ^f lij 4if y>j cdJLJi ^ J^i» .j^jo :cJli ,e~>^f <M ^f : ^A? 

±>jsiJ\ q* f JlL" U ii_iyJl j JjJj <-jb»yl IJl* Oli c^V! £-*i (J £^ ( J 4^ '^^ 

j-iw Uii c*-«rj *aUs A«rjj (jit J^r j j* :iil «u^-j ^*)La)tl jj-i Ji-»j • 

:4J tjl\5 Jj»i Uli :dSh 4J Jlij c^ji Js> U^AJLb :J3 r,*^-^ 4J Jl3 ij^l u^p 

oj^p ^ Ua?- Jai....t Ja :^Jl ^3j Iil3 .\aU?^ *ij dUj gsrjJ *Ai U-jii ciOl« 03 

^J c^T li*)Us j^ ^ JjVl J^UJl dilJb _^L 4if lliaw i»JJi JUi c^jj Jlp USik 
^U)l J^Jl i»JJi Jli Ait Up ^ai lijj lifli V cL^-j O^.j t JjVl (J*>UaJl s* *>. £fi 
JlkJl Of ,JUi j*^ ^-Jj cJjSfl ci'^UaJL, \'jj\ di U?l : Jl3j tOtf ^T JlkJ fLUl 
lil 4iL 4jjU- ojUJI jli t^JUaJ JU-I Aiiyj U-w*^ t^^Aj *-• 4Jj5 JjiJli tLj-^-i ,y»jj«JLi 

Jaj ^d)*^! ja oj-^ i3^t ys Ja gii-l ^ : JUS i»» «U?-j Ji-tj • 

^(UJj <3^UaJ» Jail jJu <U_^ Jp^s-iu 



Y i ^ ^iSulL jJLo UJ 2L»-j jjI f^L-Vj ^i c£jli» /j»LlJl J./? all 

. <_iijLij (JlLJI ju jj-(-»tw« f- IjJ L^J 3JL~Jl sJla:,J\jtf 4)11 <U*"j <—>\5r\i 

£$o" jf JJ Jjjjf. OjLu Lp^jji ot <d jl£ oly ^^p L^jJb^ jJi .o^lill J^UaJl j^ 
flj^-Ai 3j)jIj9j tej^-Aij MjUt-^a! /-* <UjIj? ejb^l « . ^*5biJl ,J*5 JL?-I jJ&j cs _jp b*- «J 
jjIj c^jtaj Cjjj (_sjlj c4jjj*Ij jj (iLx^oL^ :ojJJ~! * LfJi jj-f-** - J>* '^-*J tfljjbixj Jj 

.i^jS^S-j C^jUs :4jb»w>1j { J^' JJ,' J^ C«jb J-*J CA^jj^ Jjlj Cj-Ujl 

j-fej tiJtLJl ja jj£ Jy y&j co">\i!l ja u_j~ji jjL <3*>Us> aJT :J>\!&\ Jjij'j 
t^^Vl ^ilj^Jl >*_) cJbwbLl j| : Jlij t^'yi rfJy (j ^yJLtJlj cdJUb>_) 4jL^ ^f i_~al» 
j^ a^j -*-*>! i_juw» j>J <.2yu~~> jjIj c<JLpj toUiPj t,j*s- jP liJJi J-kj .-U>! jP 
(Jj uVjj* jp JUl :^jJ^^ (jAf-Jlj c*-*ij^ j>lj cji-Jl j>l£ cojjJ-L jJ*Ji a^j! 

<-»y«j V I jLai e^j ^yJbiJl L«Tj c<i*)Uau <j~Jj :j^~i 4jJ c^bp jjI Jy VI Ij^>^l> 
c^jb^vill jp Ji b> l_p«^>w Li t5ii ^^ »f 2L5j y& La c jl*ip jp IJL» <^jj j^ Jb- 

jP Jlj b> ^ J-iJL; jJLiJl J*f j^ lk-f C~<Jp b> j 42>t*s jj^-bu V p-j-it Ijiypl Jj 
jP JjL b> *-AJLP |Jl* <J» b> C-Jt Jj totAiJl j^ U_j~ji jfl <j*)Us> 4jf ja 4jL>wi!l 

S-^Ji Jj^-^Jl Jl>u (J!>UaJl M tJ*)Uau jyJj c^Job Siy eJbP 4jf i_^-jj iJLftj .eJtP dLip 

(■OjJ^ brjj ?tXj" jl L5 ijA A^j u^iLW -b»j bprjj ^1p alyl (i^L-P ^jjI Jj Jl5j 
jj :<d Jl5_j aJL^Jt «JU!> ^yP j^Jl jJLp ^jJi sVj bJ ^lij tj} jj >U^ jj <t-*tjjl <)b><j 
^LJl j^Jj t(3*5Uau ( _ r J jlJuiil jt ^bp jjI djbrti uUaII j> j^Jl Jjat J*^ ^>Ip 
jf tijjJUJ ,i5U-aL9 OUy <j}UaJlj^ : Jl5 JbJ ill jt ^bp jjI Joi^Ij c-u^l ^ Ijjaip 

jj>j lAj^a«5 yj ill ij^*- dlb <b OJLJ1 U-9 Uj-iP ^Lar "AJ 4)1 ij^*- U-i *if ( »^is i - 019 
4«y^ l^-jj ^ J^ •>*>. cr° <J J*** "^ ^A^ «^^ OjJlkJl ^ dliljtJ ill Jj.O- A«a 
jljf :Jl5 f (.C&jA J^UaJl Jbu MjJuiil JbJ 4J0I yti JLii I^-bp jjI JL5 .[yy^:5>Ji] 



(J^UaJl Ol£j li^Us 4j-JLaJl cJl£ _^ii tli j^p Lfc^j LUj-,o^- AjJLiJl (^ J^--^ l-i-»j 

:o^y ^jip ^^ij^ ljr*«j jt ?tjy i^ Sup L^ip Ja 4*Jb*Jl <j» ^ja <u>h*-\j 
tL^^^Pj jJLuJl /jjlj t(3L?r->*iJ i^JfcX«j it-ilwJl /-« -^'j ^^ uj* j-*J 'Vi'jj j^"' (J* 

i^^r-jj <U* 0l£ jJ lljJlij tO*>lill (i^UaJl ^ ^^J ^i :Jli (j-* Aj g2-\ l~- Li-ftj 
Lf_L*?r Aj\ jL»iP ^jP Uj ja i_a*v» (Jp 4j !_^>*£>-tj t jT^iJl ( yiu £J>* "-^"^J O^J *i* 
4ilL» cJl£ jJj C4-4L^J tSj^S L^Jjcsr- Ait (e«^^*Jl jL-^L. <up oJ JL3 4jL* tiuL. 4iii? 

J IJ-^J .i^j-tj t^j^wj" 4ilia* L^Jl>c>- jUip Jj : JJ jjj -^jy ^^ t/^j* W^ ^r*~J^ 
t^-Lp ^j! L^JLp «uil_*; jd\ <up 4i>li!l AjIj^! (^ Ol»iP p LJli tt Ul*J! ja -b-f 4j JjL 

JJLJl iJLft jJ* Ajbt^aJl ^P LiJl ja AJ\j 4Jtli? l^i*^- ^ JLP L« ■Sj^rtj .4JjL< iiii? l^JLx^ 

a^JtI ,j^-»J ^ cUiiSbj L» ^^waJt iL^^L <up c—-j Jii 'U*^ a-» jJ»j c jLJiP t jP 

.^L^t-^lj ^1 <_«*>U ja dJJi J" U tU^JLj) 
L*J ll^i V J^jt ^.p j^p J-aJlj cl^br (jLJts^i ijjt—> j\j t(ip ^jP JiJl L»tj 
(JjJl J-*^ (iUJlj c~.Li!l JiJl ^vt j^i t(3*>lL ^^-Jj <Sy *;f ^-Lp jj! ^ JiJl L»!j 

• OjiP-} X&-\£ '.tx^J 4iL OjL'Uil Aj Jl^p L»^ (JLftj cjlS^l; 
Vj-i i±Hj" tyb s-lfiiJl ^ iu'Li iails 4i! j, ib^^aJi ^ JiJ L» IjjuTl jji-^'j 
X>>| JLP L» L^jLot^j L^^t^a ,ju j^cOlj jlj'yi ■Xij ja ♦JkJLiP Oo J J ti^ijStV' 

^ «dli«tj ^-Lp jjI \yii\j>- jjJiJ) o! jjjj jiVj* jUai tdJJJ-i 3Jj*Jl J-*t ^ <dli«fj 
^ aJL^Ji oJl» ^ -da^i^l L. ol^j .((JjjLJ* -uApj jjjJI ^ 4^53 i^iit,, : Jli ^ ^Jl 
j ~<sJuia Aiilj JLp! yij -j^- j>\ : Jl5 ^Lji ^! ijl^waJl ^1 :x»f (»L»*>U J^i .^p 

<.2j*s~*» j_\j t,^lpj t jl»i*£ tAjb^^aJl ^J^^ ^-* aI^-JU (-jliajJ-l ^j j^P (jL^j tAjb^^aJt 



jLi ci»^£pj t -i_f3^ s J^ 4 ^j^j j^^JLp! j c<bbwf U-f <up ^JL^Jl oJ(J> jjiSUJlj 
\y\£ Sis cL*_p*Jj jLjj -jj jj"*&j cjUaP <_3*)U»«j c4-^>lii-i «^ <lAp j*>l^-JLi UlS /^Jl& 

c<Uii3Lj U ^ c<tlji jiljj L« Nl 4jUw^J| jP o-ia J 4jf 0_^Jj<j ^j c*-&^i£f jf 4jUw^J| 

oT^Jl j J*>U9 J^j '^y^jl <J*>Ua)! y liStf ill 4^ ^JJi J*>Ua)lj :^ja Ju 
I^Jy Jb-f J» JU>f J IS d^JDj tiiJLil! ULkJ! _^p ^^-Jl J*)UaJ! y> 1+j Jj^aJI <y 
j^» <_jj*~*M J*>U2Jl jv-wi j^i Ij^JA J IS i L ^>rJ\ j+* V (J*>^> J£ lili oT^aJl ^^^j" 
(3*)UaJl j* ^fJj &_ya V U L£ Jj c^Jlj <_jli£Jl <_aJL^ wLai jSlij '■tf^j <Jl <±j^ill 
:ljJU c«Li ^JLT ^ £^0 j*j> IJLjJ o*>^! j* J*>y Jj li'lj lS*>Us> ^ lib co^ilt 
U (JL. Oij t^'U-l J*>U9 j.^ ill OU <.JaJ~\ j jL=r- U 13*>U9 2^-1 0l5 jJj 
aSllj :tjjli Cj^sJ-l (j 9 ^JJ ^p|j i=rU-l oSfj Cj^aJ-l J» j_pv 4jf f-*^ J^ OjPjbJl 
^ J^.Vl OU ci=rU- ^ jJUaj ">y ^rji 4i.y& 4iJLi)! UlkJl JLw Sf^Jl j.^ tJi JUJ 
S^>J>i CU>^f liJ>j tOly O^li xiJLj" i=rU-lj c<brU-i j05 <U< «^f UjIj c^iaJ-l J*>Ui)! 

J^j^Ij tL)'"^ 4^wJ jUai ^bo 55Uj ^Lj-J) c^j Ij%' r j^I ^^j^ ji*l alJb-Ntj tC , ">\J 

j^i s\y jf J'iUaJl JaiL aJL? 1 i y*i .AXJj J*)UaJl -iaiJ ^ j£j of Jo^l 4jf :l»Jb-f 

J^ij wli ^ cJLo-fj ^yJLiJl t_jbw>f j^ ^^tij! ^f Jy Ulftj c<i>"^5Jl (j*>U2Jl j^» 

^j ^L^tj c^l^-Jlj c JI>Jl h«K JiUJSfl yL- OjJ ebbUlj £~iJ!j c^l JiiL OlS 
iOi ^i 4— j ,J ^Lp ^1 of ^ cL^ ^i 4jf^l J^Jl JjLL ^ ^Jl JiUJ^I ja J-Ui 



^b<Jb ji«a U^j ^*J ^1 (OL^I 6^ ^-^ Z^ 1 J*^ 1 r * * 

l^JlyJl Jai) jji <tJ liy^ ^oi]l Jail dj£j <Ju£i "lk-~i" 4^*^wJ 4JuJlj t-jb^Jl 
£bbo-f b^wi <u^wj Jij . J^Ua. c~~J "43y" <u»~u l^> j£\ J^is- ^ Ju^-f dlU£j 

c^-i^ " j^uiJl'j "SbLUl'j "^Ji-l" JailS J!>UaJl JaiJ >, jl£ lil <ot :^lsJ»j 

. J^-t_5 j^xiLiJi ^l^w't ^« Oj-Ij ^ s^i 4j--jJ* |JU_) .y± J jt <j*>Ua)l <o *Sy t-\y* 

ja £Jj Jai) ^t J^UaJl ^j^vj jp <_£y. lij £_J y J^j :JjJl IJLA J&j 

u>P^b£ coh^j . JLp ?SbLiJlj ^iJlj ^Jbb! JkiL ,yLSt y> _jf SobL&lj -kU)S/l 

-U-j_5 t_jb J» \^jj^> jl£ bj JaiiJl jbi t«ibi c^JJl ^ bJ.^1 <uit JjiJl iJLftj 
ifULJ! <*lp Jup £_L (J J^UaJl jbjjall JaiL (Jy y !JJ>_j co^jP ^ Vc<, j£j ^ aJ iSbv. 

<uS/ ^ ,J <j*>Ua)l fl^-l JaiL c^jj y :Ju^f jup ,iJL!i£j t^iJlj v 1 ^- 11 J^ *J-» J^-j 
'^j* 3 J°^ £* ^-^J £-~JJl_5 ^JLbL-1 Js>U)t_} . JU>t J^>t JLp L-j^V tjbjjill J» ^o.^ 
SbLiJlj ^U-l Jai) j^j tJb»o <J*>Ua)l Lfj £JL>J c<i*>Ua)l J» \\£ dy$S *>U i^liU j 
dbi tU^_J 4jL£ _jt t(i*>UaJl J ^j^j t^bi-| (^ 4*0^^5 dj& jt b.) ^y^S) «^jjJlj 
Jai) J^. jt f ^J :^li)b JJ j)j tsl^j Jij ci!>Ua]l b^ £jL ^ i^s^l y*j JjVb JJ 
^xp <j*>UaJl JiiL £jL U^ tJ^Ual! b^ ^Li c J*>bUl ^^ ^ SbliJlj ^-iJlj ^$4 
'^T* Jt>¥^ £? (_j* : J^ OU .^Jl^aJl ^ Jb-t bftJLju ^j cO^t 4ii ^ IJLaj c^^jJl 
b^j^v ^^aj "i o^ff- £J,j-fiL> ^-J b. jU tj^JLiJl J^-t JLp JJsb IJU :JJ . J!>UaJl J» 
^Jo Ji*i ^ ^bxJi jj : J^s-t t^b.w't ^ <U*I_5 ^j ^biJl Jli llAj t^yJl Jy-Jb 

Nl o^- V ~^h 'Ml Jl J*& ^.b^Jlj 4.1^ tiUi ^j^, U jV c^.jjillj ^bC^l! JiiJ 
toJt bjioiaptj cjJt b^j^i. : Jli bLi tS^bj^iJl ^ v X^ ^bUlj cb^ip ib^^ 
tU^I ^Lk, Jb»^^ cbtb^J 4;_^ (j» by ^yJl Jy^i J*>y ,J bji^j jt liJJi yoj 

X-» <A^ £• L»^ (Jl^ Ji £~^l Jiiij c^Vl ^ SlibaJl J^o SlibUl Jai) ^JUJ^ 
OjOj (J*>UaJ! (j» ^^^ 4jt I^biJl <__;l>w*t ^ Jb-t Ji ^j ': l j>y& OjJl, l}*^ 

.Uu*^> CaA j^j : JjS/i ,y s^yt 4j_^ £• JjiJi iJu_j c4ib^ oysj ot ^bi Jj t^yJi 

life vL>w*t_, co*>Lt!! <j*>UaJl ^ ^j t^Jj Jii) ^t ^_i 4jt :dJu5l JyBl 
lT 1 ^ u^ 1 C^ JjH^-oJi >» t-b«J t(j*>UaJl 4J fOP Vj clLc UaiJ Ijis^lio ^ JjJl 
N tJaiij Jai) Jv ^jJbi-1 (j» -0b>w»t *b.Ji_j J^s- ^ JUp-t jp JjiJl y>j c-t.b.w'tj 



Y 1 e ^lioilj jLci UJ 4-^J jjI <v>L-^I £~i <_£ jlii / J"Li)l J-aaJI 

Jail j* £j-v=»f tOli> JaiJ c^L r^-i 4jf J» 4>V/*=> a-fJsLiJt Jj UjJ- ^ j (J*>UaJl Jail 
-^ U¥. i5j *A <JiJLJl j» Jb-t jP JJL JL» ^jtiLiJl l»fj .j^JL^-l oliiw J 9 J*>UaJl 
Li£ : J 13 4jf 4j>j>s- jP ^i 4jbw>fj o^j (j - ^ <j^ ^J^ -^ ^ J* C0 ^J (J^*^ 
j£j. ,J lil dAJi Jji UJi 13*>U? <U>v p! ^ ^^fj : JL5 cJ^Uaj ^-Ji JUJ ojU-f 

.(J*>UaJl Jail* 
^li-l J* Ipljj jj^Jju "i/ j^jl :L»Aj>«jj (^jLxJaJij c^aJ jj .L^t ^Si La j*j 
Cj^-fJiUJf jP 4j J~buj ciJiLJl (^JfctJu <b Jij ^ jiaJl Ua Ji« jl f ji*^j cii^UaJl iaiJb 

^T^M ^ 4jf J> Ju 4*y&* -L?-f Lfj cJslil^l £2*=!" L* Ajj^lll J» ^LJl j^i^tj :*^«JlPj 

-L?-f Ol£j c<_£>LiM 4>j dj-^ '•*■* J* r/'W p Ji^ <V^ >*J tJiiJj hal Ju (Jyy ^ J cUaiJ 
c^Lp jjI y* *]L~Jl oJia J> 4*L|j .*»L»1 U-i di) ^^J 4JL-« (j» JL^j" of ilbj : Jjij 

C^^jJl otj^Jl JJL *_AJLP jLtf^l jt Jv«lj cOb^ofj ( _/'W p (V.' J^ °^i^J -^-* > ^ *lSjj 

^ cUiLiJ J 13 j|| j^Jl jl I^Lp jj! jp ca^x-jw J» (^jU^Jl <Jjj •*■*■» ^Uajfj 
cfl ^Jl Ji *V o,U- U H ^1 ^ ^ ^JU j. Jjt j*j c^Ut jj ^ 
L,J| o^Ai c^N! ^ ^.u yi£Jl o^t jiOj til. J ^j liL* lip ^f ^j :^J cJl3j 
Liltj 4iiAi-l JJl)) : Jl3 c*_*j :cJlii . (( 5ij^-l aJp jJijjf)) : 3§§ ^1 U> Jlii c«wuV 

.((Aiiki 

^^ ^ i^* J* Cajt cSjjj t ^ ^1 jP Jaiill IJLA <^ jjj (^JJl ^Lp jj!j 

4Jj^^j c^JJl j«Jl JaI J*>Us jL jjfj t"dJLiP Sup V" : J>3j cft^^i^l 4^2->v U^l 
j*Ji JjsI J*>U? aAs. :^J Ji3 jljw- jj (^IjjJ of ^r* t ^ J, ^ , o*>UaJ! j* ^-J %UbjJt" 

o^^-ti .4*-l J» I^LLp ^Ul j^Jj cjly y* L*jJj t(J!>Uaj ftJjiJl ^-J :<d Jtii CjttJLAJl 
jf «d!_p-f (jjjfj t(3*>UaJl iaiL 0^ dAJi of (j» y^lii iJLftj Cfrl^iJl y> *-ti*>U? of JjLJI 
tc3*>UaJl JaiL flJbjJl jilwJ (Jj Cj»-^p-j <_jIjJ^-» jlis>f ^Lp jjIj t«^j (3*>UaJl Jii) (►*> 
<_3yJ ^ 4-»l*Jl L to^^Jo 4i« ^f (j*>UaJl Ja.al.; dDi f jij oL <u1p a-« cUaiJ ^ Cx^ ^J 
jj£ Jj cJkjiJj )fia\ Ju Oj3yLi ^ j t/Jjv« dDi Lf-*i-M J 01 dJJj J^J (*^~'j j^jiJl -ia-iJ 
ij^j Jyilt Ojiyo *>l> cLfj^i^- Jj : Jl3j c^jp *^j L(Jil* .liL'fj^t ^Jl^- :<J JJ lij *-^j» 
i\y& JjjL" j>jJ! J| j*Jl jAfj cjUaiUl Jb-t ^ Jeyti ^k ^1>, ^ Oj -kiJj Jiii 



^L^JIj jLcj UJ a^J j)\ j»*>LuVt £~i iSjte I j\d\ Jsfl-ftlt T i "\ 

L<-*-jj (^ otyl ^jj tJ^Ua; ^-Jj (Jtyj <>.*i IJlft jL ^Lp ^.! ^LJf 05j ij^J^U? 

y=>_^2Jj tf- j£J\ Qyfi\ [ -^aSJL» j^J Aij^a]j JUp-I ^jPyjli ^ . h'i * 4jf Lo !-LAj 

Q>kiiJL) 3 j .sAa. J l ol£ liU tLjiliJL V tL^L^j LaJL^LSaj 3ji«Jl j jL^/l oU ifjLiJi 
f. Li l)|j 15*)U? 4W JL«J! f. Li Ol Jb-ljJi ( jmJi\ jl£ jJj cL-f-oi^- <_i*>b>M j>o (J &^ ( _) 

Uj tL^iJ jlja; of U jU LprjJ L*^s- li} 42>i iibtJl jf :IJU* ^^Lp Ij^jjf aJj 
dJL.jj^jjJl £• £■ j^l dili^j <jtj*H\ Ox "oj^- ^ '^3^ 'Lj-^ J*"^ ^LSoll £—^" of 
aJL LoJi L(_s^iJ C-jJJJa li| oJUfc jU ti_iu*si' (t-LiJl IJU*j .i3*)U? f- li| iiU-»JJ c?t^«J 9 Li| 
H- Al s.^ li^j <■(£**■ J c3*^l? f lil tjvj t^jL 45y f- lij 0>i a^^si jjSvi* cll«rj cJ^Uall 
tLxsr-j 15*)U? ^jP ">\j LjJ1J2j jf jjjj t^oL 45y 4>jLl« LjjdixJ of Ox (T Jj'' ^H 1 *-*^ 
tli*)U? Ljjwr f Li olj cli^wi LJ-wr f Li J} 5jj'L. ~Aij dJl»j of Jj-^'AJ (jJbtJl Lwlj 

Olj tl5*)U? Jb-ljJl Ji*)! J**- f Li J} JL*Jl jji^j Of ^sAtft. (^JUl j^J\ j> IJLjJ : J*)^? 

.A?-lj Qyw'j-Jl L^ 3j^aLJ| jl ^ tc3*)U? j^ Mlnar *Li 

t^jLiJl JU fliUVl L.tj cl+alpj jLoSfl JLa» j> -L*Jl J} ^y. ^JLIli iC^j 
\i\j tjJjuiJL. 3 j .sAa. J l (_>*>b? : -V cJjuiJl iJUfc *^-j tj*^! 1-*-* *^>- C&. &jh ? jLiJli 
45yi!l 3jsaL« of f_J-<^j 1 4-iij (t-^J-t OLJ} (^ \'j£- j£j J l-b-lj L(j ,U-.Jt 3j.sAa« jl5 

.(_ijbi»cj j JL>-lj 

2^~' r^^ (i^ ***'j , -<J°y u - 'L^ijLi jf 4i!L*< bl l^J c-jL' ^lo^Vl ,y*-«J :CA)fj 

.^jiLu ^)l t_jL^ J* jj^Jull xJjLl j^J ^^iJtJl \JL» Jbs-j C^>*i c^jJLiJl ^^k^—oJ 
J*)U? JLJ ill ^Jb (JLi cjT^I (/ (J'jUaJl (»jljJ ^ 4*^-^1 J*^- ill jU iCaJj 
(^i*^ Jjjj IIaj 4j»^-^J! <uj c~i li*)^? f iJLii^l jl5 jii c^-^l aJ c-^fj VI L<-; Jj^-aJl 
^jJl aJ d\L* jikJl ^1 ol :Jl5 ja ,JUj LU c^U>Vl <->*>U- j> il c^lo^Vl 
^jLJj cLf-n^-ljj ,Jpy&\ 2j *Li jLi tj»jV jrt P j> I^ij'Usi J 15 j^i .4*x-J\ aJ j>tiwjj 
tdUL» ^p OLiljj La :o>ij5 ^J^ ^t^-sai Ja tj^j^l t^ ^jt^-^Jl is^ li} U_J ^LJjJ! 
*VjA j> |C cJup-f t-jb^s^f (_5^ti» Jj5 j>j c^yiiLiJlj 4jLb>- ^f ! »Jl« «-«Jrl o!)U2jj 

J OLprj Laj C^jJl JJajj ~A**-J\ C-i ^ jv-^J t4*^^l 3y.j ^jJl c_^-jJ ^ 



V IV £l£Jb jLc> UJ i*J j>.\ (OUo^l £~i c5j^ /y?Li!l J-saiJl 

li-jj <u>^ .u»-f <*_**!• ^Lij c^ dUi yj» JUa4 ^p cr^j tj^LiJlj Ju».f <^j&1» 
J^Vl OSlj tdUi jl_p- Js> ^ 4ib cU^f dJ-U> of Jj> ^L. cJl jJ US ci^iJl 
J^LiJl Js^iJl ^j '^j-i J^ b»:>UJ JLp f ji jl ^j UjiJl <j> -U^l jU=r s-Up 
t<uiU- (j^Uj c^jLiJl iyfiju> i_iJLs- L. Jj cci^^l Jup JJUJl ^flz** i_aJLj>v L» o-Up 

V :i_aLJ! ^ .b-f ^p tJ^u ^ o^ Jy ^JiU J» JiiJj JiiJ ^ jyiJii :Cititj 

jl s-^^v <bf :^i J, ju».f ^p aLL. ,J 4§& ^L^Jlj f-^b ^ j j^Dl V_> ^b^Ji 
(/ '**-* j^ i_s*^-~^-J .iJlLJI ^ Jb-f JjiJ *A£ ^^J 1JL» jl (*ji«^j . jyyL 4jb>wi)l 
ja <uk> U JjiJi lift j^v jJi't^uL ^j J^i? ^JiU jf 4J £*-jj I jT^iJ! ^liU-f 
Uii o")te!! j» ^^J JaiL j co^l j^ Lib b^Q? Ja.a.1; 4ijl«>v ^f yssj c4jbw>f (J^SIj" 

U* °^ -^-f ^J <J* ^ <V-5JJ jj ( Jai\zb\ lift ( _ r SUj (.As^srJ j& J.\P <LtfSLj~ j^. -uls» 

^^2*. 4JIS LjJj t<bbwf s.L.15j J^ j, JL^-tS .4*JI ^ ^j <b ojJilaJl uJiUl ^ Jb-f 
(J^lkJl Jiil ^ 4J (Jyiil IjjSi JJ ^^p Ij-Wj U! tJU*-f <_jbw>f ^ ^y-LtJl 
<db U4j tLpljJ dili <j» Oj-Jju ^ ^'f i^jb^JaJlj ^^ ^ >Uj>^ (t-e^v ^^J t8 ^J 
Wb AiJ ^JiLl Jjwr L.J ciJsli (jJLJl ^p J^iJlj .Ju>-t ^b^jf ^ jj^-UJl ^^0*. 
^j tJiiJj JiiJ Qy. 3 J 4if j^t-^ Jb-f ^yS j c-jfj L.j tbSUs aLo- UJj t<i*>Uaj ^-Jj 
c J*>Uaj (j^-li jLjl ojU-l UiS \~Aj>£s- Jji US JjJji JlS Jj tJ^lkJl 4J ^JlP <tJ ^^IpI 
OX (Jiy^^J '^"-* ^^ V tJ-4*Jl SyjZJUi Ij^^pl p-fjf ij^J U« cC->IjLjJ| j^ dJJi _p«jj 

:b"^i? ^r*^" 1 J*^ l/ 1 J-^-i <iyii! Ila J^U^j c^j-^aJlj Jj-^=>5U ijJbi JiiJj JiiJ 
g*J-\ (Jipf ^ jlS 4j JJ li} (JyiJl llftj t 4^Jlj <_jI^J| 4ip <J:> ^jUl JjiJt JJa^i 
^^ U! c JjiJl lift ^>-y ^p 4^fe> (-JiibiJl Jj^p IJlAj cb^J A!**- ^ Jji ^UJ ^^Lp 

. jyyL 4iftf jl <d 

J^)) : W> ^ A J^ ' jb^l 4^ij |JL.f (_s-J^JJl jj^ jl jj^-Jl (jii :liaj|j 
(^Jl Oja\ Xai . l j^>- Oj-b- _^ftj .UijUi l?t^ U-(-A^<f ^J o>-UjO : Jli .«C«iA U^af 
ci^lkJl j» C~wJj cWL 45 ji JUa-fj ^UJl J^P 45yiJl olftj fU*lJb-i jJJaj jl ^|§ 
J^ Jjuj co*>li)l ja ^ f^3 jA L. JjLJ JJ (J^UaJl JiiJ jl Js> dJJi Jjj co^ill 
IjL^-lj U. 45y dJJi jlS olft c-SJjW JJ : Jb bj gj ja j£\ a^L> j JL.f ^jUl jl 
UiJJs 'LalJo-^ Jb lil 4if : JU^Ij ^LiJl (_jbw>! ^ 4Jji ^ ^Jji U t_>*>U- ic5^-^J 



c l£jL jLo UJ JL*-; ^1 (OL-^l j^A e£j^ /,/ill J-^ * * A 

^JU (jJUt JjiJt lift ol5 .4^ "fl j^j ^ J^JaJl oV :ljJl> .IA IjL&M dUi o£ 
I^LL) ll^ ili IjlSt j^j (J4S0 tL^ <^\j l\^J X*\j St^JLl jikJl JLi t Jji*)lj 
cd^Wl J^UaH ja j> UJ ^i J-Jii-j. ^ J^UaJl Jauii 0? p-^ lift Ji* y> p-^jf Uilj 

.*UliJl ^klj 4*Ulj ^^iJJ UJl^ JL-li $> ll*j 
Jail (^tj J^UaJl £»_> bl Jj ell*- Uai! aJ £jUJl J*>* ,J J^OaJl Oli :Ciytj 
4*^)1 ^^=-1^ Jom H\ dJJi (i £jbj ,J j. LJl*Jl 4*U>j (JiLJlj 4jL>wiJ| -Up *ij 4Lj>v 
jf idk^s* jt tdBjli :JU lib kJUI jp ci*>U dJJi (i <~»j*i ^i i^UaHj 

(j^^jJi *-• oLjL&i oJlj. jrf lib oLL^Ji yu- dJJ.i£j i*ij J^UaJi ^ cs^j .di~~< 

_/L- dJJ-i^j tijJtj ^-L^ £-~ »l jf nJJtj lt*^ 1 V "-^ J°^ ^.^ ^ ^J '^* 
*Jj J}UaJl U^ c^^j ^^p jJu o£ \z\ £~uiJlj *JiU JaiJ of £. cob.L&l -klilt 
JaiJ qu ob.L&l J^UJf (> <jj gjU 1 J^JaJl ^ 4;b£Jl J»LiJf ^ U+5 illw-j <3^UaJl 

!?JaiJj 

:.Ua-! jp J^Jjj l** '-Cz)y ij^ ^J"^ j^"- £^ ^-v* ij *Li*Ji (_jlL>-i aij 

.4;L>^>f y£f jLj^I ^j t^LiJlj U~>- ^t Jji^ :U*^-f 
5yL) jL&M ,j!>j tdJJt» i_-j»l« J» jy^Ju^\\£ c^-sflj :V^*j 

O^j ^ ^ 6^ 4> £fij tJ^UaJl jJi-l JaiL (^^ jf aj"^ Jjiil lift ^j 
^jP *>l. \s*^J Oj^>, jt jU-f _^J <tiLi tail 4^?-j -Ua-f dJJi ij* ,j*aJ 'Urt'jjl (3^ ^— ** 
djL ^ llftj to*>\iJl ^ 4-1p dJJi s— >v ^J fl-^t ^l5LJl ^i dlUi Jsc^Jl Oil! 
J»j AlftU-l J» lyl^ U^ tiJLP ^ J^UaJl J«r C>^-i ll* JLli ^1^ j 1 ^- ^ *J\* '^ 
il^^iH ^ V-^V ^ J £*. a ^ y C— & JaiJ Ol^ ^Li OOP J^UaJJ ^ ^ ^^1 Jjt 
. JJ»L) llftj iJlP *>l| J^UaJl (y*^ oLjcj iJ^UaJl JaiJ Jju J-**^-i dJJi OL$U 
J*)UaJl ^1 dJJu^ ^ 4i\ JJ jl <bLi ilftU* JLftt lift : JJ c^'L J^t j> : JJ Olj 
aJ jjas- jli JL ij-^h fAltX dXUi <Gi :JJ jjj tllft JJa. til. 13^1» diUi ^j i^fjl 
V j ts. Li UiS StjJl jijau jf y^j tjjl^l C^J 0*>\ill ^ O^j "^ j £~uiJl JaiL 4*5 jj Of 
0^. ^ JlJ-. ^j ^^P ^j *Ji-l JaiJ j! jUJL*Jl ^_jb; ^ llAj cO^I ^ 41p ^-wj-v 
^dUi dJJUj Jft r^^p ^1 Wb 4aL1s LjJiJaj of SfjJl c.lW lil UJ ^I^Jl Uijj cli^J 

•o>Jy ,> 



li^ jit £jjJl f LA 01 : J^Si-jfUl <3*>UaJl j J I jit sb k %* Jlp IjpjL; f UL«Jl oLs 
*Li Jlj iU~j1 s\J> Olj caJ j>. aj*5s-jJ1 Of Jlp ^Lj iC**-j ^^ jit «.Li Olj il£l> 
dJi*! ^ :JJj CtUJL. ^P 4j!jj <ut!j .JU>-t ^P *jJjjJ ^^ <j) s-*^* ^J tLALjiJ 
2u!jjj cdJUL. ^p tJ jy life j td-Ui dJl* ilj^t <U« cJlt lii Jj cpI-Ajo\ ^Ul J*>UaJl 
pj jt dJJi cJit *!>- Jh '<>_?■* % W-^i i^ ^ :J-*j '(//*-' Lftj^l J-»-t jp 
^LiJl v__ftl« y&j cc~>-bU f L,_4i j6\ t_-ftl« \JLfcj (j^j* ^1 Ua^i diU ^j tAiJaJ 

jjIj jJLlJI jjIj tjjj' ^j Jbw} Jji jJ&J cAjbh^f j_^f-»=r ^ji^J l4**l» _^lt (j» «U>-lj 

Jju JjiJl lift Jlpj i4jL>^iJ| ^f jfi iiUl! JjiJl ^iSf <u1pj ^jt^J ^J^J 'Wr* 

.o>*>Ul ja c~~lj SUiL Oj^J <Sy J£ Jj 'o^.?^ ^ ^ < -J e> y u - ^1 '^' 
^ ^^J 4if f ji*^j ii»ity JL£lj ^yJl Jat-oAJt ^Ju ^w»i (3*>UaJl_j £^1 <^ : CUajtj 

(Jl i_iUaj (3*>UaJl Jaiii tSijiJl Sf^Jt S-it j V J? 3^ Jj^ 5 0^ ^^~^ t/ 2 ^ ^ W^ 

.l)i_j C-Jltj cLJjJl c~ilt :«J>ji£ c«tj-Jl _^P 
^ jilt :cJt Jjij" US c?- jjJl jS- ja (i*>UaJl 4j iljj J-4* otjJl J! (Ju-^t tiij 
Olj tvij "^ ^ ^ (^ ^^ (J*^ 1 -JajJ J-^j jJj Olj^-Vtj (»>J>I o» jiLk j' tJ^J 

.^ (*iU-l ^ 4JjJ ^j tjji Jail; Alsflj pJj sljJ 

jjiii) :cJU jt .cJLJ :cJlii tvjJt jilt cJf :^ji (i*>UaJ! JiiJ J^j li^i 
v^ J 9 jUaJi J^UaJl j> j5^ ,Jj -0^^ &*** 13^J» lift 01^ .didlt : Jlii .UJI. 
4j'%' 4J cJ'U cdSc -iWj tf jy 4j t% )C ^J aJ Jj^rj cli«s-j <U- dJJi Oy» ciil 
4iJL PJ y £% i\jJ\ v ^^jtf ^j c^W-^lj ^/sjJI ^1 l; ^ji erJ 1-iAj .fl^-t 
jup " J^UaJl" ^^^^ ^ J^Ju V lift o*J dUij ni.^ill ^ >?v V Ot v^rv *iJUl» 

^L>JJ\ jJLi" jUL. ujii-l ^r*- * US JuS ^ o!>UaJl JaiL 4^P j** Uijj cj^^? 
j* ^ cOUjV' jy iSJU-1 (j» j*j tjUl JaiJ 4jxa) OV di-£» ijli (jr <^--* i_— iuJlj 
.Uft^j Ju>-tj ^jJLiJlj t4_ii— Jl Jjl-^J c3jV>«-aJ1 •k*- jj-*J' 
cJL^iJl ^ ^L. ^--j &\Z Olj t^uJt Jjbs V J^» JU^ "ptJl" JaiJ iUJ£j 

.[v-i:i5jUJi] (v-JljaMj UUll cW J* £>* J*»* tU j* JU-) : JUT 4jjiS 
c^j]ai» jj^ jLi OlS Olj tP- jiaiJl J^^l JLiP JjLa *i! "c^-< Jxil itUi^j 



£l£Jl, jLo u-i lj*j jj| <OL^I ^i ^jli /^u)! J^iJi Y o . 

^glp <_ii-l ^-J ^ fyil <UP ^ UJ ^ j cO>^i J^ jt^Jl JiiJ J» ^jJaUl J^Jb *>G 

.J^U^I JUp 

. JuJLjI *^> 
JO* O^iJl £. L-tj cd^-jj JJL jU/yi J,La. Uil cJ^I Jup " OU^l" dUASj 

^OjPllaJlj cJrg £>>->. oh£l ^ il^j ijjjf ^.jji J\ j (Jf> : ju: ^ j u 

.J^iS dUi Jli.tj ."pJt ^(Jbv ^^i" :Jl~ J 13 
<d o-fc» ^^ ^Jo ^j^Jl 40^ c^JJl c3«>UaJl J jUi ill vjL^ J» jlUJl J^UaJli 
*U* y> Liij t jlkJl J^UaJl ja cr J 3 iaJ a] 3U*-j ^i ^^ jlS Ltj c^Ji <*J 
^-J » Ui)l lij^j <S*jJ\ j* l fM Ji S^Vl (SJcJu US Lps-jj ^ l^ St^Jl * gjJUi; 

.J»L»JVl ^ dJJi ^p jf AiL,*^t j? J*>UaJl 
US cI+aI&v Of y~*-SJ jj^J I^fis-Vl ^ jx-JtIj a~jVl JUrtfl JUP jbr iJLtj 
yJuAj lIAj t4i^J U%y> Ju*J| Vl ^ficVl J.Xj Of j_pv US cS^ty (^JUii jl j_py 
US cdUi J» U^jUiJ c^rj^ll Jj ^ U-^ii^ eJUai jlS lij Uj iL^. dUi t>_^ Of 

JbvJi ^f «/i (jj]\ \x»j Cj^^i ^ ^^j y ^Jis^ij ajuj j^; JuLua^ AiSi :\ji\j 

V^U^ OlS uij cau»xJl fUii ^ c ^ys ^ dUJb Cr ^ US Cj^^l ^ jlS oij 

^_^lLJ| OU C4J15NIS ^ cJu*Jl C3^ J-UlSj tjs «,Vl *l-UilS OjLvr ^V IJLAj . ^P_, 

OjJu <^S/| JLi'b. j J> ^ ll^Ji ic J\ J 4Jl5^ b . V tjs «,Vl di»j cJL*Jl JupL «u«i _„J 



Y o ^ ^SJl jl*a UJ V-J jjI f*>L^I £-* tjjls* /i/-^ J*"Jl 

c JlJUaJl ^^ ^Jo Cw.t jj^j cOli-UaJl y, j£l OiJ&HS ojyr j c^^^Jl JLUaJl 

^ ^1 jLJ c l5^l! j ^*-~Jl y> ^jjil dUL. ja ^rjj^ j JU2JI ^/Jl jS/ l-V 

jLijj ^JLJt ^-j; iSj <-^jji_) s-^j^j J 1 ^ 1 £>- ^ ^-^ ^-> ^"-"-^ ^ J ^ 

.^Ut^tj ^L, Jlj^Vl y> SjSU- SjU-^lj Sjl>Jlj cOjjJj 

.Ju»4 ^ Oliljj L»* *L*1*U j^ji -uii 4?A>y J^p ^^p 
.^LdJlj dJJL^ ;*Ul*Jl j6\ Jy y>j 0_pv : *» I**-*! 

tJ'^Uj c^SJu JLp c-iL* ayJL, 2^i ^j cS^jJl uyJl aJJ ^L- lii a}\ ^y*^ c^>-U~Jl 
.<^*>U> JJ jJ&\ t_iL' aJj^h lla OLJ cS^jJl OyJl cl^L" IM L« 

c^Uaty jjjy. UaLM Jat jl£ U>lj c^Us-^lj ^L, d^y ^ j vV ^ l^ 1 L 1 * 2 ^ 
caJUNLe ^JjJ-1 4-A lilj SiljjJ! ^p ^ ll|JLi caJj^ U ^Jl Jli^J ^uio c-skj _Pj .dJJi . 

^^^Jl y> : b\£> JiiJ c^t "of^Jl ai cxi £r* ^ ^ <y ^^ ^ ^^ '"^-J 
4J j£ col/ 5^ ^/JL, of^Jl Jjli bLJ IJla ^j . Jj^Vlj ^y^ ^ 4* ^ 

.0 -p jt cJ^UaJl JajjL jl^ ^lj-^ {X^^yi j) 

^ ^i^. lift j\J 1 jlj^S/lj cj^AI ^ jt .t5Uj ^y. jJQs cJt :Jli lii L^ cO,uJl ^i^ 
a> ^J coJlJ :oJUi .uJt jlOs cJt :Jli iMj c 15 ^ 1 & c3 ^ 1 ^ ^ ttiA,i 
^ Jj5Li jt ti^ iii» ifcJl 0^1 ^ Jj5L| jt J^>v ^ c^-l J 1 ^.^' j* 3 -o ^- 
l^-jj ^ ^^ Up f /i jt ^L ^jJ L^ caLj^o ^ U -kiUL &y Mi o"^l 

ti^J y dii^J cjtli O^l ^ Jj5o jt 4SJ ^UJ^ C J^L, f£j-\ II* 4iJ CSjjP 



c i£Jb jLm uj ij*j ^i r %^i ^s, ^ju /^uj| j^, Y r 

jLjiJi d j.bo |ylS UaU,1 Jaf jf ^ C S^> J!)UaJI *^L ^ jf iJ^UJl jUjaJb 
jf ui jy^i iL*i jl V^t" ^ ,^-j tdJUi llj-jj ill JJa^ti Ili^^^lj tli*^ 

JJ yiS : JU US ,u lij 4iL "jUJiJi" ^ ^ c ^it ^f ^y ^ ^L^b Cj ^ 

tjUjiJl 5i^ jy. ijj cy ui^s, t Vj! mJp l>lS U -ui v c Cj ^ Jy t l&l» 
J^Oj jji c^j-j Jp ill Jjjf L. ^jJ^ ^Jp lift j^j t J^JaJl AiJ^j c f %.^i UJ^j 

^•^ j* jf* t>lj 'ti^iaJl 4i^ ^ f. \Jd^\ UJx- ^j t^JJUiVl UJ>- </ J*>UaJl UJ^ 

jl :^\ jt cSa^Ull ^ikJb ^y iij US _^ ^i ^ U*j^L ^y jl Cj9t «yi JiiL 
d.^1 ^ ojSj of ^J iUif, t J^U ^i |JU ;lj ■•> £-jj ^ j^. -lIp f ^ 
r&U lift c*y <>*•» fcJlsll 5iikJl a^ "i/l t4js p bt jj ^ ^ l^^v ,J in jLi t JtL 

Of WUl ASyJb ^y ^ jJJiS c Jj-jj ill ^ yaSU L. O^ai JLii J^UaJl lJU ,Ju 
li}j ciUi ^] ^j c^jj ill ^ ^U L. JUaJ JLii o*>\i)l ^ ya* ^ 4iyJ| 
uJl^v t. ijiJl yi^j x^5 _^J US o£ -J^-jj ill ^5Uv -d^ iJla jl iJla x*j 01S 
. Ijij : ^UaiLl jj ^** JU US c5^l J| aj J t ;u~Jb ^UU- J^iLi c-d^jj ill ^ 
'v~)\i J^b- y^ :i^ iStf jij, ^ ^juj ^ iiftU JU USj tiiJl J} oVUJrl 

.5i^J! JJ^ 
^j to >^ So^l^Ji 5iikJl ^ 4J oil "^JLJ UaLUj" :^u^JJ jg ^Ji Jyj 

(C tSJ^Ij UU» jlja. Of "liJ| J^JaJl" jf Jp lUlj ^b^J| iJ'i/i jy_ jtJ US 
-^ J ? 3j ^J J^* ^* jf CO^' ^-2^ J^ 4itj elf OP ^J ^ Upju _,f cU«rly. 
^f_J ciUb. v^X. ^A US cjililj UJUl j^^. 0^ r yt C4P0J J^is _^J iJljJbc 
V>l ci^JJl ^i Jaj c4,Lwf j£\ jL^lj c-Jy ^T ^ -U>fj cU^U-^f j ,U^ 
ji\ j* ^^oi\ tjc^\j> ytij t^y ^ Ja_, oj uS .^iii-lj (JlLJi qx ^ijj mJ 
c^ yjl jUjj ciO^lj )gg ill J^oj o^ Jlp dj^Jl J^UJl jlS :Jl5 -uf ^Lp 
>t J \jl>uc^\ jS ^Ui j] : ^p Ju j^i ju, ^ui e u Uii ty *p a*^U ^ i^j 



Y or c l£jJL jLci UJ JU-J j;! (OL^VJ ^-J- c£j^ /ii^ J-^ ( 

^j vLjJJ-1 lla ^jIlp UJl5j JiSj Cj«-jJLp oiiiti Cj«-jJLp oliiii ^I» toUT 4J pJ> cJl£ 

^ Ju_£ vLjJb- ^ o^j JU^t fUVj oljj c^iJl <^ji i£^ j^ 1 C-J-^t ^^J 

l*V .j^tj ^ ci J, : Jl3 . ((tr Jl# f t ^ </» : H ^ JV3 ^ ^Jl ^t 
•J^i-^- J* iSij cf ~^ij <y c-"^ ^ *^J 'J-^ c^ -^ ^.-^ ^ ^'t -^j -^ 
V} oijt U :JlS "«jb*»j VI cojt U" :<uU^I $j| ^Jl jtj c^Jl l+ilk 4if &\Sj 
dsL>Jfi !JJ»j >, t^^-j ^Op <_>y«i V oWJl J^l£ U-a oljj 0L» .<dp Uay .o-b-lj 
jl» dJ*)Ul .J^iJb^ lJ*^ 1,^,4(0^ C^.J-1 kjt ^ p-A^J fj^ (jjlj -A-fC- jjtj -^t 
*Ljp oljj ^.JJlj c^y^t J» c^AJl 4i.U- jil^ ^Lp ^1 Ai\jj j* y») iX* <^M 
Jij cSJ^tj o*)lill jt : JL>^1 ^Ij A»£s>$ ^jU? J^f l»5 1^ Iji-** -^) fLf-** 

tu -LfP ^1 ^ ^^p ^ U* oy^-l ^ ijb c^-b- £±1 ^ <^V Jii U,l» c^Jl iljj 

.k-o Oij .pJkjiSt Jj c^L+iiJl ja jj£ 4ij*i V ^jU? C^.O^ jt Ui c^ULJl jS$t ^L" 
^ L*>j ^Lp ^.Ij j»± j* Ji U ^ f ^Jl o^J ^^ (i ^ l> f^ 1 

.^ ^jjip 

^ 4jV 2bU-tfJl ^ xJUi ^ *U» J* "<i>^ fljl^" J^. ^j-lJl (^ /ij 
Lt^._^ J^J .^^ ys : JJ liij ^Ij-jSSj _^Jl jj^> ~*.ys> <i*» jt "? $j| ^ Cr* fJ^ 
ilij'il Ip> o^. of jjw ^ »-i* ot ohj ^<J^S!I vJ!^li ^i^v jt ^V- ^ r b 
c \s-jZ 5-^jLp 4j^4p jt i£>*-y cf^" ^W^ 1 ^^ 4i - 1 * J^ '^"J^ : * J . J ^ J::,: - , ^J^ ^J 

uU <UJLP Uj C(Cj»Jli ^i* ,J ^ L.U .flj^U ULP ^> f^ jJ J j& Ulj 4;>Jtj 

c^ j*JL liu.t ^"^Li!! ^ijj jt a) J>c ^» f -*^* ^ %•**" J^ u^J^ <J^ fy ^ 

V .Jb-lj VI •> jUk "il U^ c^t V SJb-lj VI i^jJl* jiM V Jt ^ ^ yt Ui 



c l£jL jLcj UJ VJ ^1 r ^V! ^ t5j.l3» /^lill J^iJl y « i 

J» jlkJ! J^JJl y> ^ t U ijjj t <ui jA :jul. j^t ^^JL ci^UaJ! j& cj£f 
^ o">Ul jj :Jjj ^^ ap^^ if^tf l^ (i Li ty ^l y> iJLft jU t ^| ^l£ 
^ ^^ V l.oi 2JyiJl 4 Jj* oJLS co^l ^ ^_>i ^ sbui ^^JLj cSju-Ij ^^p 
^^JL <j|^)| JOJS <Op ,__^ Vj clla*. liip Lprjja of JjUJl |JU o£j c^^ii)! 
«-^i-; j&j t4^L» io^l^Jlj t^yi jbdlj cli^jt a;j& (J'iUaJl ojL ^i co*>li)! ^ 
j^>v J< cL*^ 4)! <W iSJS\ ci^UaJl ^ cuwjj tSLj-ii IfV c^!>Ul ^ ^^JL iJ^\ji\ 

U^bLl 4J^| ^LiJ :(/ Aj "^^J| a^Jl" :0LPjj ^, jf »^, ^^ 
"t^yuj! Aij^Jfj .o^ l^_jj ^ ^ ;f^J| ^ ^ ^jj, ^^), j^y, ^ 

* J^i ^li .uo^j ;aJi ^ 0,0* jiio Lp^j* of *)_, Sf^Ji u, ^ j}\ :</Aj 

d^l ^jf |jj J^^ o^L U^bLl ^^Jl ^JyJlj .^^J| j_^ tt5jivl ]| ju^Ji 
Uili* jf c V L^^ ^j^j So^Jj Ul]» UilJ* of y*j c^jyuJl C U! *^Jl Jp 

1-H^U Of 4Jj t^O* Uio l+ss-jjS, f cS^I ^pl2 jo* UpJUj L<_U Qui' Jtfj SJb-lj 

.^j^Jl 4^1 Jp ijiiJi LeSUaj of 4ii l^jl _,f l^jj; lij_, t ;juJl ^ 
•JX-^ 1 -^ (V 1 X-i -Up jf 4^j Jj oUK jf SJb-l_, iJ5y lSj* l^ilk lili 
JJ jL^f J. ^^J| i^ilk lil dAJ-^j J, c«up JJH ^J! ^ ai^ j}j dAJL. ^Jl. ^_, 
J+i : liyt ipiij ^^Ji ^jjt ^ C<UP J>t ^Ji ^ jup-Tj dJUL. ^j^Jl. J» toip _,T ^^j 
.4*^^ ^ ^ ai US cUJ^Ij UlLJJ o^jy^ u^y J* «Jb-lj jf ?J«>iy! ^. 
of j^v ,J U5U-i ,J lilj cSo^lj iJ5L ^^J| ^^gi SLi pJ ^i. V 4Jl : JJ lib 
4J cJi, a^>| o^l j^UJi Jp ^^Ji ^J ^ji (i Li c4 5^ V UJ ^^Jl 4J JJu- 
^^JL c Ui_, CC U| VI ^ ^ ^J <u3jf liLi t 45^U( Vj 4l*i -Op. rj »v U-i ^^Jl 
^t e> l^^ 1 ^ ^j ^ 1+^ ^J J^ iiSj^S dj> c^>^J! JU>JL ^ \J\ 
^^^^i^^ a^j, jj :L jy Jp 4i)li)( iiikll ^ ^ J-^UaJl ^p jf J^JJl JiiL 

^ ^ u^^ 11 c-J-ii -^ :«> l^jj j^-i' j^- «uLp fjS « of li^ij^iL. b\£ } a*Ja 

'*~r)\ Akl^il OU 4^^J| J,^ ^1 j ^^), ^Ji ,ij L. ^^ ^ ^^J, ^^J, 



v o o __ c i£Ju jUa. uj v^" ^ r^V 1 6^ ^-^ Z^ 1 J-^ 1 

*,>» iiJlill UliaJl ill* J^» oIa J» y^j t 4J U f yM (3*^1 L^ljSAl 4-1* £^U J» 

.,Jpt 451*^- ill j t ^> J:*W ^ J^ iAU o\£ u£ cU 

:4>l «U?-j $%S}\ £~$> J^j 

^ cUU^t alv ^j Lwif jj^i. ^ <U)L Sy»i_j i fl yJ»i^J j 4~*iwJ 4!) xJ-l 

^ iiL.y. V oJb-j ill VI 4 V i)t jl^Ij C Ai ^3U *>b JLiu ^j c*J J-a* %i i)l ^ 

^J r f <?o*>li)! ^ cj^ y. y : jJJi ^ ^ jtc ^r Ji* "» J» ^ tfyJi"j 

v ij^t y* J> :^Lt J» Uiy <J^ lAAj iiUL*j 1^- ^ s-ax. ^ £-_}! vW^ &* 

dj& jt ^ JUs-tj ^UiJl ^l>w>f <y 'c3y ^ ciy a& ^^ Jy ^ y.j 
a, iSy 3 y-T JiiL jl^ j|j tu< a^ J^ j^J :4siL o\£ d\> ^j^. $ 0*^1 -^ 

.0^1 ^Lp ^. I!* JU c^y^. Ji JyiJl J»l^ £^ L^ 1 J^i J| ^^> 
JiJ Ot j-ii liU Vij i3jO*JJ J*>UaJ» ,y«*J ^^J» ^ ^5^ Ji^ V^' 

J^l a, ^ ,vJ :^i aii c$yj cy-T ^^^ J^j i3ja*Jl J^UJl J-^v c3*>^» 
^ cmjj u* coyjy- aJy ^ <-^ J» ^ J^- J*j ^> c^j ^ W 0*^1 * 



c l£jL jUa UJ ^7 ^1 ^y £~i cSjbi /^l»)| J^iJl Yon 

Ss&> 05 Lb I : Jli 4il «up ill ^j J* ^ ^ u^ a^S j± J J^JJJ eiUaj 

^LiJl ^p j^UJl yulJl JiUj .^JLi J Wj ^ cbSc 
. jJUs <pbj ^ i)jy i_j»si 

cijb ^f :5hUi ^i y\ i c ^f r u^, ^ ^ . ijaA j, j^y, ^ ^ Vj t ^, 

W*J Jit" : Jli ?uL^f ^j cJL.t ^i c^l J^ l :cJ5 : Jii <J #■ ij }j J ^i 
: Jli c<-.t je , y ^ j, ^*j LToa. c^ ^ cii ^ tfjb* : Ju ^b J Jii] Oa "cjsa 

^^ (^ 'tA 1 ^ oi ( ^ cjb^Jl jt ^^j ^JL* ijjb. j, 3j b ^.f ^j 

4^U ^ij tfx.jdlj a-l ^jj oij .Caet 4^U ^l oijjj "l*jf t>ri , j*\ u : Jiii jg 
Or" ^» : HI ^l J JUi tSj^j ^ o^j j^Lp jJL-t : Jii ^ ^i j! :<d JiiDij 
o^pj ^^ ^ Li £^#}\j t J^ j> Ha : J^ d^. ^^ :tf 1.^1 J u .«&,{ 
:^f r u^i JiiJ ^_, iflj £ii ... j^u of Jij- j, ju* jp cJo- :Jli <^> ^ 
^V gj} : Jtii ;^p jiJi ^IJ ^ ^ <!u ^j cofrL-J jiL ^ r ^p o^p ^ ji^ ULi 

;4iii^ ^ 4j ^Oa. AJLi c^aJI f ap U ^ 4-i Jalp U* |JLa of : tj J>j J^ ^\ 
-j±&- j** j, j^^S ^p Cijij^J] o\jJ <Jii^ j* &j^ lij JaJUo ^..^ j^ 
,> ojjy 6j J>j J|jJ| 0-^4^^ |_^, ^jJi ^U^f fTj tJali)! ^ co ^pj 

*SiU, ^l ^ ^ Uh4» jlfc" :4l Jli £ ^i of : jj^-^Jb. ^ 

Jt>UJl ^ ^ lily 4^ ^I^Ji J, tL4 >j JU>fj ^LiJl Jy J^ ^j^l J-^UJl 
JaiJ jJu ^Jup L^ijLL J, tiJ o*Jl J!)UaJl uA i l^iik. of <ip v^ V 4iU tiJ JUJl 



Y ° v c^ 1 - 1^ ^ w ^i r^V 1 6^ ^j 15 * /t^ 1 (H 1 

<i*>UaJl ^ ._-~>£ iSy LjJjIJj of Up ^j .((J^yU Jjlij t £jjf liL^ :o*>Lp 

.wU>-t_j ^LtJ! t_jL>w5t ^ ^.l^iiJl £jb; Jij .;>_jJj«J| 

j^ jl2*l li} 4it J* Joi "Uijt j^w Jbs-" :^1 cL-i-JLJ-l j Jli <uf :\AJb-I 
a_,.uJl J^JJl ^ ^ly ol£ ^ii ^I^Jl J J^ ^J J! £b>v ^ ci Ui ^ il^ 
LA d^^J of xV 4iLi .^1 ^o^i ^V ^!j :Jl5 jJ ^ c4^ ^UJl J] ^L^ 
U. (la : Jli of "ill j^JJl .^^U li^i. oJb-j Ha j5^ ,J oJLa oJUf : Jli jli di*>Us 

,J £^Jl- 4^ cJLS L.j c^yJL Up ^ fiJ SH JU. alj L. : Jli of :^lill 

*-La ja \JciA ^j tJMJaJl ^Ua^ *\£ j £z S» ill :o) J Li of :dJ\iJ» 
^y Ji .[YYA:iyJ»] 4*jy ^^ crr"^^ J-* 3 ^. pliikjlj) Jl*7 JlJi itfyiJl. 
alj L.j S30*Jl (i Lp**-^ j^f L^jj luLkJl Jj^rJ .(^ J J** J. J^f ^y-j) 
."ily *ulpf "il (la j rla^ jijajj olijUJl j^ jh^j of <u$U ^ £.j^ ls 1 ^ 
: SyJl] 4<^L-^-^ ^j^j jf (Jjyuj iJU*^ OU^ (i'jUaJl^ : Jli i)| of :^l^l 
L« J* aJ ( _ r J llftj cOL^>-b ^j-J jt <_3_)yc*i ttL-*j of jjxaJLkJl Jbu a] J-*>«i . [Y ^ < 
. JxJ! J^^ i**r)\ 4} : jLi of V! j^ijli lil CJ Vl J^ alj 
OlyiJl l-Laj .[mj^^j^OjJ jA^illai t L»Jl ,»aait lij) : Jli ^l! of I^^UJ-I 

•y*^ J^^ l^»J ^jVl Js- alj L. JjLi of (JL-t lil Up Jj t3JL«Jl JLp ,^ii V 

4*~- 3-^Li ^L Of •ill ^y^ Mj ^jj ^ ^j^r^ «sl) : Jli 4t i^iLJi 

t > 1 ^b3 f i>^^ t > ft j J -S a * J ^t« i ^ f jAli frl~Jl ,3t lilj) :Jii^f :^.LJ» 

.dUi^ c^.J sJLftj .[vrr^yLii] ^^jj*^^ *r~» <j-»y lit 
,J Jbij clip ^yUL ^^.ij fiJ Vi Jp ^j l.j j^Vt c^^>-l city of :j*\ill 

.OL^b gj^l L.)j eJjycjL iJL^.^! L.J ,_^.jf Jj ciaS lip <J^U=l)1 (-^Ji 



£_L£Jl) jLcj U-5 L»j; ^jI f^L^I «^A <_SjL^ /j'liJt J.^aH Y oA 

c4Jj^.jj l^ ill yit U« aiyill La j jJlL *>y J*-^ 4>jJLp :5i)U)l 5IlUl Jbo i^-jj)! 

o^>J>l L»ti .o^l J» Lj-u ?- jLiJl (J a^-j J-^l ^ «j>^ c~>L£ (j>*JL~Jl oy*J* jf 
o^>«-ft cJL£ LjJli iL) t^y^p- ljjiL>- jjj^Jl 4j*>lilJ «t)Lx^ofj 3e§ <e^ ^j 5 ^-^ 'W-i J^^ 
dJJ-^j tWL>JJ o*)li)i <u* ^jf ojj>-« y& L« ,y»J>- (V* jj>J *)Vi c^j-^jj aSj! L(-f>v 

^yr^jj <dll <Lft^ L» ^y^iss- j^ ^^j J 4Jj~»j j 4j <dll yf Ia» jl£ UL* l^*^j ji-$>\ ^*jjt 

^J C-jIj' 1<&I <Jj~"J Li IcJlii j§| ^Jl C-jf U ~J ji C-jC ofy«t jt <j»\-£- J>} <jP &J&S- 

: 3g <0l! J^ Jli» tf %^l ^ yi^l o/f ^j ^ V j jU ^ Up V^pt L. ^-J 

. (( AiJiaj 

tjLp ^ jj^P (jp iOLjLi J& tjUaiJl AjO«^o ^j (rf>v LijJb- :J-^=- (jj -*-»?■! Jl5 co*)li)t 
^tc-jtj :-U>f^j aJ!IXp Jlij . J^Usj u-^j tjjyiJ^isl-i iJU^Lp^I^p c^-jLW ^p 

jt J* <-&j*- <y if 1 &jJ ] ^ ^3J3 -^ Ox c^h ^^ <J3 ViM J» <3!AkJl 
Jj^ 1 1/ 1 ^^ : £Lr*" u^ 1 J^J -L*^ ^ 7i=*VJ cli^Js ^iJjjJl ^y. V J\ jlS : JL5 c^-jLW 
ij»y\e- \j-fj 1.3'^j (^JLJ JtJl ojU-f L« : Jji ^Lp jjjI x«< <:4j»y^& ***> 4jf IjLp ^1 
5jjjjJi ^^^ ^ Ha jf dJJij io*)li)! J^AkJl ja c~wJL» JUj c~>Jj 45y J^ ji : Jji 
^j! jf £» c^Lp jjjI <ij U^ dj*)li)l J^AkJl ^ o-^J M 4jJiJ!"j ill t_jL^ J» ojj^JuJl 



V « <\ ^l5Jb jLc, UJ W jjI (OL-^I fyS, iSj\si jj&\ J^iJl 

o>U^« Lftljj Ji Jj^Ul olft jc . jL-j] l^-J ^^J 4JjJs jjL^j t^Sjs jOm J» lift : jLii 
•^J •J^^ 1 ^ A ^-* J| y^- ^ J 14 y^ '^ <_M o^i ^ <^i l+i-jt j» Jj> y> j* 

jf Lf-i Js^ ^1 <UliU-f <J» i£j?ZJb\ Ast j*- J l.j^J>J> jP -tLujf Jljjl -x-p of _^P 311^1 
O^*) ^ij* ^jlp L^^ws Ol£j tjL^-V) oljj -jS^ J* f l»] AjL'j j* C-J.Jb- V] c^jjj ^ 

. jUaJi 4lill -Iw'tj JibbM c^oi-l Jftf 
o^ Lp-Xp :^L$ L^Jli t(ipj j-»p <Jy ^uJls- Ji ^Lp jjIj d'uje Jyj :<JLS 
j^ij '4iUaJt <Up 4*Jb^Jl aAp : Jli <up xJU jp dl)l» c£jj -Xii y>s- j>\ l»fj . 1 jsl&- 

. <UP TtySI 

L» ij i_-^-l_pii ^b^^aJl j^j e- |^J| o_^J jjJlIoj (jXPj j-*^ - ^ d^-^ L*f : jLii 
3|t ,^Jl of dUi Cry. ^>j "^a^- l-^-I^I of c~* JiS fc*Jlj t Jj— Jlj ill (Jl V IjPjLJ 
LjJilb Ji ol£ jJi . l^lftL (J^Ij'j coA^-Ij i42-3- (j^ij^'j Jfi-p-^ of ^^-5 jj c-jL* of^«l y\ 
-Oli^JiJ-l (_J*>\i^) c^yJL^Jl JUj'Ij oTjiJl ^^j 4iij2^ oJIp L^^J CJ*>\i!l oUijaJl cS-Xs-1 

.^jO^xj f.\j^\ 4J L*jlj taUP <d -J 4jf UliiLlj i_aL<J| J- 4 -X^-Ij ^P -S- C-jj Ji 

.(_jjyi^ ilL^Jl aJlft J> f- I^Jlj 
c^JjjJl ij: >rj jj JU^i Lo'Jj?- r^JL-Jl (Jlii ^^Jl Aftf «l_jy J-L^Jl (JujJU-1 uf 
.^«^ ^f jjj ijirxj j& ji (ip Lo'Aa- c^f Lo'-Xs- cOlXP j^-f OUip ji oliLi jjjJb- 
^p ^'L-Jl aljjj .^"^f ^lyip jj ijj^. c~o ^jjl of .j^-Jl -X-p j, JU^ (j'j^-f 
i^f JJ.1' «!_)jj .(3U«— 1 jjI ^p Cyjf Lu'-A^ t ( _ s *p ^0>- tOjw jj fj*\j>\ j> ^y&*i 
«brU jj| eljjj cijjw c-i ^ijl ^p cOl^ jj V>a*; ^j -U>- jjI J^si ^ c^Lp 

cH' if" C (j) ^-^ '-Xju*p jj f-ik^jii (jJ '-r'j^i Lo'As- (^jjjLwJI i*L* jj ^ip ^ 

jj. <j~s3 jj c-jb' of (^pjj Ua^j cc-«Lssi3l jj s^Lp jp iJlJ_jJ1 jj s^Lp LjJLs- Jb^^J 
jj aSiI O-P c~o ^L^> (e-fcj- jvva3l Jbu j^' j^Jl C-lti tLftJb ^*-5Lj 4jf^.l s- 1 ^ a"^ 

J>j tdUp Li ^JLH JL>„ :<d Jui C4 J1 J^jU |g ^Jl J\ <&&> Uj^f jti -J{ 
\s^\ .Lj-LftL (J^Ijj tsA^-ij ~k^u>- q&.js of ^g 4jil i]y*j ^y^ -(^ '^ •((^-W -l 
s-'lsS J» *-s^>Lp ^f jj jSv jjfj <*-«L^- J» (^Jl^^JIj c<uiwj J». ^jb jjf.«ljjj c3w2^ Jbu 
U^f oUaill t5! *v JJ J* Lo'jL^ c^ilOjJl j^Jl O^p jj JUsi jP ^ :<d " J*>UaJl 



t- l£Jl> jio UJ a^J ^1 ?"%*^\ j^J* cSjbi /^l^' J-aaJ1 Y "\ • 

l\y>\ b\ I^-Lp jjjI ^p 4*^p ^ c^L— ^ j^p ^ Cj^jl* ^p cui-jj j> fLiJk 

jjp tJlj^Jl -i-jp ol_jj c-j-U-1 |JU lijb _^t Jl5j c4>*-s*a«> J» ^bM «tjj_j • { ~rij& 

if '^j** ^ cf-J** if &J is-^jA\ (Sjjj W> ^ u* <■"**£* if 'r^-* if ij** 

."A^PL^i JISju jt Oy>t jt <|£| ^1 Lfty>U j|§ AUl <J_^j Jl^P ,JLp C~*li>M LjJT IflyJP 

i-? 1 jjj'j ^L^Jl iSjjj iA,/7,->rj Jl^u o\ o/i L(Ji yt^yfljl a^jJI ti-jJL>- :(_gx»jJl (Jlij 
OU-iP c-Jfc«- jr lj^jJ ^y c~*l2>M :cJli ^ lyjp jj ijjt-« cj £h^1 ^p 4*-L« ^lj ^Lp 
(j>5^>ji dJj JL^p c-jJb- 0_^j of VI tiiJUiP oJLp V : jLai 'JoJbJl j> jJLp liL* cJL~i 
c,JL-jjt L»l « ca*zu>- ,}i.-*i) ,i>- coJLp (jjix^i t4ss-L« /jl JiiJ « . 3 ./?_.■»- ^i&js^i <A>- 

Ca1\jJ>\ L5» ^ ^1 J_^j *Ua3 dUi ii 2f" Mj '^Jl> : s- 1 -^ V^»i "^ :|*-vIp ^ u*'j 

.<U* C-KiL'^li (j*^* /rf C-jLj iJU>«J dJLS 
jH j^Jl jt llfjJbi ^Jl ^-Ui. ^ ^^J ^ C-jIj' ~o\ja\ C-J-bL Jjs o%' oljJ 
C-j-U-1 ^ <3!>UaJi <_jL£ ' J» (»_^Ip (jjt ^ j5Li y\ sljjj .sJb>-lj ^iij^j Jiu jf Lftyf 
C~jA>- ^Si I^UuJ jl t(3 Js 4^*^>i>- ti-jJL>«JL) OjS^i .(jjb xj j I ^^ <Ul! J««ij /jp JLLc^aJI 

^^y tf u^-J 1 -^ ^ -^^ if s$ J} if <j^ if "JU-L- ^>t ^ 0L4*- ^ i^jj 

if. •^ijlj j* 3 ^^ jjJ (ji^V if ISj** j' jJi U»Jb>- tijuA -jI Ljjb>- tui-Jji /rf *Ul -J-fP Uj-Jj- 

2r J* if '<J^JJ ^ ilr^J' -^ if -^-^J Cr*'"^' "^ u^ **^' ls 1 ^ c^ 4-^!*-* ^ ^' "^ 
Oo 4J1 ^(j.*-* ^j C-jC ofyi ^P 0-L>cj }g| 4)1 J.^J *^ J, *» ^-H^ ^fljAP jji i_y*» CL-^ 
t«*i5o 3H aJ)1 J^>j CJ"ti toJb>- AJ *&X-j d\£j Ktje^Jl j_/2jo l+z-jj <Jy.J Lj-lrf 
->^u ot jj|| -sill J_j—j Lft^U" <u« OJLali ^JLill L(J> JJ 4Jj f cOj*j (Jl J*-j^* 

4^2f>- (jP tO^^P j^P t^jtu* ^ji j-^V >* JiJ~' *^ if ^iy* L>>-^ > - 'ic**!** <*ri •^^ U»-A»- 
L(-^-jj» ,j--* jjj oX L^jaaij ^ Alii J^-j *-(-=!- j j* Of il5 ofyi :cJli tj-i— * d-b 



y 1 ^ . c 1 ^^ <^*^ ^ **** <y^ r^V c?^ ^j 1 ^ /j 1 ^ J-vaiJi 

C-^ ' 3H **' Jj-^J ^ (J^ cT^^ '■^v^ • l ff J r^ '* JL,i ^-^ J^* 1 </ ^J 
(JL* : Jli CJU.L' Vj Uf V ill J^-j b lit :**„». cJlii "?aJu» j*" : Jlii jjj| iii J^j 
Jj^)j «d Jlii cLjJj^ .j»j«j : Jli "?\^Sjj^" : 2|| «Ul Jj~»j «i) jLii cc-jIj *W- of j^j 

ci^i^U.JUi .AjUapf^JS^jup j|:i)i J^-jb :cJii* ."l,--* j>" : 3|§ <&i 

Jjs- JJi uO^lj Lius- y>j : Jli cli^Us j^JLj ^j Ipulp yjf ^1 Jli .LjJi- <j» c^-Jk-j 
.SJLLdlj j^iSwJl U> OL^J 4iUa/» eJl£ ^Jj cIj-Xj jj» l^Up <j» dUiSj iSilla^ O— J Lfjf 
^f Jy j> U£ i\j>%9 b\£ \'i\ Am>tj "AJ^e> ^JjA-l Jj«>v ^r* Jy c^ '*** :< ""*^ 
4j^J| Of <t-A.L» Cvilli ^jlp (^iiljJ rt-^Lp ^f jjIj .ijbj tvl^oi-l Jj»f j>f-«!- jjP -Ujt 
■A^u JU jj**J trt-^lp (jj' (jjl Jli C^f^J C~^ JUis>li i^*jJb- j^Ip <- i J&~* Vj tLA 5i«j V 

U^J U^P a*' !(3*5Uaj (j-Jj '^~i "Jli 0**-J Jj"** U*'-J 'OliP ^j oL»^p :4^a s ><j 

Ajb»twaii jP- <S)J. *•<• J^ i-A*** Aj\ . J-i» jj Ju>f ^ jJLJl ^1 jSi Jij :Ci5 . 

.^Lp ^jI J^i) U3li£ 
(^ JiJjJt -LP ^ jjf Lfe^i ^Jl 4jljjJl b-JL* "«Ux<" (j> JU5t ^jf TtjAil £'$ JLij 

j£\j : Jlii ci_-i>Jl ^ villi jjp ^ Sjjj!-j> ^j tJujt _^jf LjJLi 4i» cJU»-f ^p "(j»UlJ!" 
^ ^iflt lyi«j ti_-*^Jl jj jlju»i rt-jjj» :4iliiJl lsp 4A&*d\ eJip :0^Jjij *l*Jl L»T 

^-Lp ^jIj tj*p jj\j cUliP ^j jUiP ^ C^JjJ 'Jli tjJiiLiJlj diiL* ,«-^ *Li*)l 
a^»>-f ^ ^Ii3l ^1 cSjjj .4-itp- 4xk?tJl *JLP Ot CjJLuil jjIj (jb»t^ij OUiP ^j oLf j 
A-iajj*- ljUp ^ ^Jl Jjt>J t4i» c-»ii^! { _ r J jj OjIj' sf^l jf ^Lp jjI (^jj L»5 
aJj5 Uj : Jli c4^-L» ^jIj ^L^Jl aljj ciiJUi Ji« ijjo i^Uj Asi^l fjf-j .^L^Jl aljj 

cJl5o SU-I (j» Jj^oJl a* 4?y i^Sf j .4*Jj* ^^ i>r* "^^ Cr^f* oUlkJlj^ r^UJ 

J# |Jl»j t<«iL« 5*Ly«Jl of q^i ^ L(j ^ls>i>-^l jj^o *>\i 5j^I L»f : JliJ 
eA>-lj jjp U« je^-<l -Ai ^j'yij c^UJl (JLp j^sflij ^l^-li LA ^jai JjJ^ jJLJ _jJj c^ljJl 
3iiJaJl J»-iJ Uijj iJa>Z> J jJlj t3>^lj ij^l^-'j ''-H Jj^J-Jl ^^ :<L>liikJl j> 

^j 4jjSJUi Uw»^Ji jyi J*«»Vi ij» *1*J! of ,JLj ^ : JLU . j^JUi ^ult ufj 

Ol [glp 41>«Jl C-Ji A* » tLjj-j J 43 jbLjlj ^}s*AiA jJS j<" i jiUI il^ Ai*^ (J* *-5v?-l *JL«J 



4*L>- iso5j tAjf^l ^1) (JIjO ^ n-xJ-l jLi cA^taJl "-^j-J £f j^H ^ t»AA_j cl^wl J» JjlLp 

rt^oJl i^S Fj*' 3§5 *^ dj-^J ^'J i(j*l«i» ^ jj^i ^ CjIj" c-^J CJlS LjJi :5jjLsi2J i/l 
Li! :cJli . (( ?aJL» j<0)) : jit ill <Jj— j Jlii c^JjJl J> ajL. jup J^ c-i i~->- Jj>-y 
- ^^J ^ c-jIj *^j Li! ^ :cJii . (( ?diiLsi u» :<Jii c<*ftl Jj—j L> J^-^ c~j 4~->- 

diil s.L-1 U cj^£i ai Jsr -1 ^-^ *«**" 8 **-*» : ^t ^' dj-"j J 1 -* ^-i^ ^ l -*^ ~^ r 3s i 
:c-.LiJ j|t ill Jj^-j Jlii i^Jup (J>0apf L. J£ u&l J j— j b iS-jjo- cJlii . (0 £Ju Of 

£-Li-l Oi : J j-5j ^» a^s- ij AjpL^i ^Uip^I (^jJL>-j Jl*jjJ~\ !aa ^j?- jjI ^i Jjj 

VfSltj AiA^I JJi» : ^ ^1 Jy ^ c Jl5J L. >ij .(^jbU! Ji> ^ ^-JJ o 5 ^ 
J_^>v ^ o^bjJlj c^jl! c-jJij- J» L« ( _ ? Lp Jj!j j^J cJ^UaJl oJlp <^)l ^i Jlii <3*>Ui> 

: Jlii t|JL*« jj }y>£- (jp diJ_^ L«lj c^JL*^! <u**o~ Jj c^jJbL-tj c^J^i* &j£si c3ii!l 
c^i^^lj tijb ^l_j "^L*]| jLxil <_jL^" (^ (^jbiJlj <t?v?v^ J» JL*« <J c5jj JJ 

.iJo^ ^>JL« (JUjJLs- 4J (j-Jj -L^-i-P /yj JU>1 jjI jlSj c4j ^l; 

j^J i^jLuJl ^jj ^>L5 ^s- 4dL*^-j cu>w2j cJ^xpI (^JJ! c^^l <Ju>jJ-I L«lj 

.LjJJMj (3>«Jjj ceJ^>-lj ^2;^^) JjjJ iln ^^ ^Jl Lft^l t -^ > - tiJu—Jl ij ^ysj 



ceUa-lj Mij^L" Lj-aijaj jl e^f 4jf yssj ta-ibj 4J cS^Vl JijlaJl <l)f lO^So l» l»f j 
cJl£ c^wiJl La AdliaJb al^Jl ^ ,»! OJ Jj cobj lift ^^Jli le-bJl LUp <_^ aiikJlj 
caJ^-I^Jl "a^slJ~\ £* LJj&L <jp*lj" UJL t yi L^i 4jIjJ( ,iiL" oLi cdllb! 4->jLv« 4jJjJI aJlA 
aUa-lj ^l^j La^! 4jf J» iL !Jla OL^J ceJb-lj a^i^j JLaJ jt lA^f :4Jy ^1 t ^o J _^Jj 
<_JuxJ ceJj>-lj 5-^uxj lA^f :^Jj3 ^^Ip ^aii jt jU- Lj o*>li lA^f _^J il cL^ j£L ^ 

^LfJL»tj j*J7j :Jl5 M 3 
ji oUip J^p LaO^op -Aij cjiljj jt 1JLA JL^bu JjJaJl j* obljjt yL-i :C*ajfj 
dJJi J» ^Jl Ajfj i4ia>- (J^ (J ^>u ^jl5J Jij cdJJij jjJLil^Jl flili-l Jb-f ysij t jlip 

ja Oj^i t^L* l« £a ^ ^1 ^^ j^ ikjjbi |Jla jl£ d)l (( 4JLUai Ljilfc)) :^Jyj 

0^ ^jLtJl O^p <iy ^ 4jfj t^ijl-|-j^ "SiJliaJ \^ili?" :4Jji eal^o : Jli d)t UJj 
til! ^U^ J» jJjaJi J^JaJl y> ^j c^.JJ IJla jLj i^j* jl^ lil ci^lj ^-1 J1a! 
J^v^bl^UJ^J^J -JjVl^yjtJl Ji^j*. ,JlA J coJlJI j^ 4JL5 ja dJJi Jl5U^ 
^ 0l5 L. oL ^^-^ oT^aJI jU co^iJl J!)UaJl ^ ^-J **it Up sJip dJJi cj» ^jLtJl 

4ill? ^U-l Jl : Jl5j IJla J» ^jU lib-t U*J ^ c-ui*i U-i p U>1 iJLjJ :Cajtj 

j^rj j«J_2j Jij Crtwi ^jL( ll)t Jbjj Uv« IJlAj C4;j aJLP ^ di!i «jij CC-i^li)! j^ 4jj^£ 

jj! Jj-* ^U ^p c-X*-» ^j ti-JJl LjJj>- ^jXj qi (jj^v c^jjj •''^^J OLo^p- jjp Jji^Jl 
/^ CUwii^l LJl '. y>S- /j 4i)l J-P j^J*«J ic^J tftjJlP ,jJ ijJt^ O-J f-£j>\ A*** **J > • J r* p 
L^-jj ^ c-JtL^-l -Lo^» 4^1 jj : Jlii cDL^iP Jl L^*p> fL>ci t jLJp JLj-p- Jp L^-jJ 
j^»- ^S^ ^ LJ! VI cLUp eOp Vj L-j-Lo oJ^ Vj cjiid :0UiP Jlii ?Jin»t c^jJl 



cLuipfj cLi^^- Ol»iPj : j-°- p t>! ^ -^ J*-** ' J** - *-H 0_^ ot V-"* 1, '^i*" {J SL ^ i 

.Up £~ui)! J> (Sj. V j^+K 
^p cAJL- jf iU> tijj US cci'jUs Ait Ij^p jjIj dUiP ^ JiJ Oli :JJ OL* 
cJu^t jj 4)1 JLp c->i cJl£ i^LoVt «^y ft ot :dlf-«*- ^ c<ut j* coj^p ji fLi»A 
Ot ^1 toJi^-lj ^Jk : J^J tviLli Jbr-U oUp jj ol*iP (Ji L*iJjL» il»JU» t«u» c-j«Jb^-li 
oJLp :<JlS ^f j>\ ^ ca3L» ^ ciiJL)L» i£}j -*ij cc.j>.< l» ^^Ip j^-» cli-i C-^w 0_pJ 
tOLaP LjJls- ci*Ji ^t jj oL»iP L^Jis- :<Jli 3jta ^jt <^jj Jij ciSlkJi oAp 4*Jby*Jl 
Lfc^ti ::>_^t li-P Ol£ S^j^j rjj ot ^LjP jj! jjP 4aj£& J* cibla ^ cfU* LjOs- 
liJb"- c-Ul^- ^ 4jJJ& liJb". :^Ip ^t ^1 oljj IJ&a_j .jo*; ot Ij^tj ^ ill J_^j 
:(jU*5^jL o^ (j» j|| ill i}y*j ( _ rs a5 : JU ^-Lp ,y\ j£> Ia£* je ceiLS ^p cfL* 
coili ^ cfU» LjJlp- Jj^p LbJiP- ij'lji^-l LjJlp- : Jlij .Jn*7 ot L*j-*tj cjLi« ot lft^»t 
IJLfi ."^ii-l SAP t£As*u" : V JL* <u~a-t : JU ^ ^1 ^i ^-Lp ^jI ^p iAa^s- ^p 

j^ 4*JLtotJl C-jJU- J» US cAv2->v i!»UpVl <j *J*-Up A*jCU«j "il-UP^l" Jai) ^^J 
U *ij *.Ujl ja OLwa^lj) :4Jy ^ ^Aj'Ip cJUj "^i-^v Jo; Ot U^t" 4wj ^jp 
:Ln il^Jlj c^AP cu^aiil tM J*>^ ^iU j^J :c£t .[YiuUJl] (^Utt ciX> 
WW- (^ ^ JL3 L^ ciUa-^ fl^-iv^l ^1 L,^- ij t-^V ^ 2L-— Jl 0^ %!^Vf 
JjiU ^ Jlij . (( 4ja««j t^-i-J j»- Ja*" Oli j-P Hj c^Ja3 ^ J-»b- ltj3 *}» : < _ / -Us»jT 
(_jjyj| vt^aJ-l (j» I-Kaj .[yiuuJi] ^,»iiU)t cilJU U H\ itL-Jl ^ oUa^ij^ :ii! 

JL*- ^tj .(J^^a-J ^ J4»- Ob j-P *ij c^-iaJ ^ J-»l?- itj? N» : jgg ^Jl JL* IOa 

.lJLft_5 Ijl* ^jj 
eUp Aijo : Jli <u^c?-tj ;*_^Ip /^j jj-*^ Jlij cS-iuj^i Jlijo -aJ_jJ1 ft IjjijjJ-! ^^Pj 

(j» ^j _^t <Jli ^UiJl <_jb^ ^ ^j y\ Uft^i :0UiI_5j i>JL5s!«Jl «Jlp <j» X>?-t ^j 

jj *_jAl^lj cf j^V' ^P ojLwjLj (^jjj .(jr^ *tj^!j ^UP%Jlj 4*Jli5tJt o>Xp «_jL< ^LiJl 



:<d JJ .a,Vl ^1 i,** : Jli < ? L/ a^ «i^ uUa» J£ Sop :4ii j^p ^V JJ -lit rojbU 
i_Jii» ^f ^j -J 1 ^- cJ% \j-x& ^5y J£ .*-«j : (Jl* Sjlj^Ji styij 4^p*)LJ|j i^nL^-Ji 

*— UJl jj Ju>f ^P (^jjj .<ys->- O^C ISlJaJl Jii OaJ Ikvhs^Jl J» Jli AUt JLP-.bt Ot 

i^iLnJlj t^jj^l 3j(jj (JLp J^-*J(j : jjjjJ^ a^p Jli .2-i*-?- kcLs^Jl Sjip :aSii jlp _^jT Jli 

ttju*-^ a^^bj JU*7 jl £j jA 4*Lyt-Jl ojJl>- « tyi^ cLj^j IjXJlp J\y~\ <y *^_/* ,P 0) 
.OUp ^j OUiP Jy y*j ti_~»iT cJ3 Ujj i 3H *J>1 Jj—j j* J->"y ^ 

Jj»y (JL> OTyll jiJo aj\j (.*■ L# 4jJ :<dji ^y «j»-j 4jt _yoj t^yt dj^! *-«*■ jt <up (£jj 
:<dyii tLjJl £-*-y" 4*k?tJ! (^ »a^p c-~j Ju>t Oy\j **i IJl^Aj '*-**-j ^1 (i^UaJl v 
i_jUw> sj t«up AfTji J sJUp c~jj lilj td^aJ-t »Jl^ c--j lij VI Oy\j V .'**&&- \j-Xs- 
Uii i<yii>- d»%' IfJlp 01 :Vjt Jyj OlS j*£- ji\ dJiA^j tOLpr-j ^-*iJl frJsj J» Ju>t 

.^»P /j! <uj A^!-j A-i;j>eJ l y ^.»J LjJl Olip jj Ol*^P JjJ 4jJj 

c5jj 4JL* t *i}U i/»w» j* o-% ,»Jj t^*p jj! jp. o>)j^l j^-b ^Lp jj( Jy y»j 
ji JLs^^lj t^y\Pj t oUiP jj dbf Jy y^j tUu»v» iU-wlj iJ^j y^ if ^^ 

,d«J-V>-l jLjJb /w« &ji&J L^iJ^^J 

^ Cxpy* (JLp Oyj-i«Jl olS : Jli ^Up jjI ^ 4>b->«-^ ^» ^jbtJ! cijj -*ij 

^! J^p J^f (j£>j&j>) t4JyjLij *^ijlij s-'y J-*f Cj!r>j£> Jt 'y^ •do-*J^'j 3^ <«^ 

(t-f-> -A-P ylA Ojj t<ulj CJij «ioJ jt JJ l-pfjj y^-* *J^ tr-lioJl U J>- cj^^ liLJ 
ys-U 01 j tJUkbt d-iJL>- Jit "a^*Jt Jjit" ^ j£* f ijijSrl^Ji :Uij .Oly- U-fi ^.t jf 

.*^.Uit Oijj \jijj, ^ O^jJl Jjkt J^^^JLI i*f jt a-p 
t^l5Dt U. J» :o_^ |C c-^>b- lij <~jJ~S j\i j* iy\- t ^\ Ot dj.oJ-l lla ^ 

j5U i^jj frisj ^y SJUic* ^j tfrjy %%ii ^ iJuitj>ti ji.lj^-^1 VI LfJLf' t_-^ O^i (^* 

tyli^Jl Sty I f}L-£ jiJJl ^"jb^L, JlUffU-! «yJl Ot |JL» ^ .L^^l,; \+& t^li^ Jlj 

^y />_^«jU (yai iJLa (^j i\yjda Q.... . . 1 t»- j^«ji!l ^y re— J (-»_} .S-iljjS^j ^(y^w! u^jj LJJ 

Sa^jw L(j>J t5-jL^w« Sy- »JLaj tfrjy ^j^ s-^y Jy^-jJl Jby »LJ-I J* ^Sy JS : Jyj 

,y\£ (.^j ^y 



uiJX-^* u^y ^ ^1^-1 ft ?oOp l^ip Ja J\£}\ 1\ja\ j f. U*)l ^jLo" jl5_j 

js-L-Jl jj^ ^j ^Ji j^j :^_a^L«Jl jup oUJ :>j ja iioJbL-1 lift J» Uj 
OL*jj! ^br lij) :^-i ill Jl5 ^1 ol^u_Jl ja, cAJaA! J*t ^ ol^L^I 
_^j ^So" of JJ L^-jj ^La bj o\S 4if ^j .4^1 .[^ :=b^Ji] (j*pis*ti Oiyrl^ 
4iyiJl JsjucT Ja 4,1^1 cuJL-f bj yL&l of y*j caJLJ! J» JlySf! Jb-t iJ^i .1^, j>.\ 
^i ^L-f lib t£jj£ ^ L. <_> y^* ^»Vl jf ^j^j Lfj Jj^-JUJl o~ i3jk jf "iUilk* 
c-i t_^j i1j0>- L^j tc~aJ-l (la Lfi.j ijjjjjl lift J^ Jju" Uil c~pb-Vlj ?47f^.l 
oljj U5 c l ; fii- ^_ ^ J^^t c l5oJL Lftjj *jt £jjO-| <y c^Uil olic^ il J j^j 
: JU ^-Lp jjI js> a^c^o j ^U-lj co^Jij i jb jjf Iji^Jl J*f oljjj caJLL^. J» JU>f 
a **" '^3 J JJ -M o^o ^J JjVl C l5LJL ^UJl yjf ^ip «_j,j ^ i)| J^j aj 
y^ ^iJi <-i_A "^ cr^ : <J^J yjl-^Jl eljjj cJUwJ ^1 o:>M J»j "oji^ c— 
jig aUI Jj*-j J-j-p jjU ef^l o-J—f :JlJ ^-Lp ^1 ^ 4^ ) ?w' <j» j^LA-1j ijb 
o^Ipj cc-*L-t cu£ ^S alii J^j I : JUJ iJ9| yJl Jl Lp^jj *bjJ co^jjii 
oaM ^j . JjVl L^jj Jl U^j t ^l L^jj j* % k\ Ay* j L^^ili 1^%-i- 

J> jf ?L^. UL-f Ja r^L^ii^j jjj t4»*>L-L c-JLpj ^L-f 4jf ^i LJ Ijsoj J^i 
U J^ ^ jij^ f LP ^l^l jf Js- Jjo. JUii^Vl JJyj ^SJbJl ^io" of JJ c-JL-t 
(J ^-jV t> ,J-t lilj .J _„j f{/ A ^1p (JL-.T ^ 4JV llftj . Jl>Jl jj^ djlsi 
r^v ^ (»^>v ^Li ^^ui- pi j^ip ^ip ^JJj^j cj.*>L-^I piU ^1p o— -J p—i" 
Jl>Vj cup 45^ aJIjL rJi J, c^p ^5^ Jj, pi ^jJl yL&l jjj pJL.t jJj tf %-^l 
bj di!i5o cflO^^-Vlj La^j ceUJj ff :4fb.L 4pLu^,|j {<dp aJu Ojj <jvj 4^, 
jJ.US ^ ej J> j^ L^ ji*i of JJ (J-f oL» cLps-jj o^j L<-^ J->- Sf^Jl o-oJLuf 
4i>Jl J,,^^ J^l oV j i*UaVl ^ ^yf r ljUJlj trr j^t _„J 4iJj ^L, of JJ pJL-t 
li^.f 5oJl f Uzil ^1p uJyjL J^iJlj c i|| 4iil J j^j 4J^ ^ yl^L fj L^I ^>->U 

5j^ t" ^Jb ^L^ 1 o^ e -^ l> ^ dr*^ ^^ ^Ji r 1 M ^ ty '^-^ 
4^JI J* jJJi ^Lij .Uo^f f *>L-L L<JU>^I oj,j ia^Jl jj, v-U. V 4^Vj cdJJi 



Y1V ^bCJb jio UJ ij^J ^1 ^^Lj^I y^Ji. cSjbi /j'Ldt J-s^iil 

sSj~*j>\ >_jWvi d-j-U-l (j» ( _ r ii tL(_a^ J> !Jl» jy^i V ^>Vlj ((j^i V ,Jl ljJ»^\ 
JS Jlyf ^jIp <b UjL'baJl t-jj.W^I iJLij i^-LaJI jP JL*j dili v'Wvij (j^^ V ^ Jp 

^ ^V ebb* ^J> J fSj^iK, y\ ^\ % ^\ j* Jb-f Jjb jJLi :Cajtj 
^ J teiUJl J» ^jj ^ jji oo^p Jp ^ ^ ,pUl ^ L.^1 b.tj t£l jjf ji ol^j-. 
cS^^Jl Jlp v^v ^ L*-^ L*Uu. ,J yJl i^l of Lr sAii IJl»j .^J^ 1 j fbx^~u*>U 
Jjt g^-ill ^ii \^j.jy^\ j v^v (^ ,iL » '^\5> ! M bajl^l v^v ^ ^ cbajl^l 
Lj-ip (_^v V j^J tttjj" L^V dilij iaJl^JI ^jIp jl^^-l V : j^s- j>\ Jli aij tcSj^fj 
cJJl Jli dili^j tu>J! dii»j otk j lil j. 1^1 L,_ip ^^v ^ c^-jj bl ^l^l V j oJIp 
li^i .Ja>D V j*} <. { yi i >u y i \j>i\j^\ i— ^vjj Ljii* J-*>v V j>** cJlf> jj : Jli J_*~» ^1 
a^j J» cJl£ lil dilL« Jlij t«ulp s.\j£+A . .lajlj^l lij 4jL^ jjf Jlij . j^.J.1 <jjilj-« 

V- : Jli c^JJl dUi^j baf^l lii *l^i.,! J| 2^ ,J tty £ b<jf (Jlpj ba^j fcy^lS 
ja\ 4iU *>L.L^ o_^j" of j^>\ d~?- f}j£^> s.\j~i~>y\ of (j^sJl «u!p Jju c$JJlj 

L^jli ja Jj> V ioUikJi ^Lp VI ^y JiJ^i SJbJt ^WvS aJ ^ "oT^Jlj" 
Ob AiwJl o-^i* lib) .Ljj j>jj| ls Jlp ^j ti^^io c-sl»j ^ (Jlp Vj c J!)U? ^Ju bp-jj 
tdUJj (Jjf bjj (J'J^lj V^ s^j^j^JbJ ^l^jiw.1 j^ <_gJJl 5^>v ilwUp^/l bjJLp bJl i*ii?tJl 
,_^jaJI 0j^ cij-^ij a^_jlsj^Jlj .bjj (J'JaJI (^j t4jtLytJl J» ■ JU>f /^p u^lj^l *b?-f j^ b»S 

.(JX^-jJl -b»f jA b»£ <.A*£U>*j S\J6&^\ VibjJlP ^5o J cJbl-f bs-jjbi .4jJU&tJl 0j-3j tbjj 

lUulij ij'ijsil, IjCa bij ^«fj bjJLp b^j^J 4iiiaJl 0b» c JjiJl |JL» Jbjj jLsP*^lj 

c^ bf-Pb>Jjl jy ^^UjJ t^j^Jl jJ- sjy 4J%" jjtfUj^' of Oyf lib* coJjJl ^J ^ { J^>} 

(»»*& lil/ iJbJ Jb» US cja- aJjJl Jjis J» <d ol£j tblw-Li* lJb» ob^ :SjlJi diL" 
4Jb>^wi QyJ ,^L^j^j«j Sap ^ja { y^£- *^ Ui t y»j~~it of J-S ^» ^j^sillp ^p obwjJt 
Ob^j cU o J^-V o-b-Jl bjJLp «d ob^ L^w. liU cc^-j lil 4JJJ2-JI Jlp J^-^U SJjJl of 



^ISoKj jUa UJ v»-u ^ f%"^l £*■£ t£jL» /iJ»LlJl J-^l t "^A 

jsP Uf ct3*)UaJl J*-V ^li* li US tysSLJlj Uidl i!JJj *!jL Uj clf-lp 4**-> <J 
5 S I^ j, aSUii :L^~^ J=Ll £jjU Vj c£_la. ^ j j&* V j lib U cfi ,J IM UJJaJl 
ft jt JJ-Ij cd jjl ^ lj>- Lf-^Sj tCjlSjJU-Jl <j* J-o^v L*S coJi»-lj <^a->«j J-tf>^ f^V^ 
i-Aj cOj*pj j-** tji' <J^ j* L»S csLf-ii)l jiSt JUP i-JaL^t) Lpr-jJ »L»j ^ -^~ JJyl 
^j tiiaj U> ^pJj iS^o jjju ui^jji ifJ'j cL^i* ^jf* c— »««-j ^ « -■ " ■ ! 3^ jJffj-Jli *»j>- 

Vj (y^" ^_J Li Hi ^ ^\* oLaJJaJ cLj'sC ^T SiUaJb (_/ai£j IJLA :J-i Jl» 

?4^jtj>o Juju (JLft *^j ciast-j 

j^. jj&j LQA\jJ\ (jJ-^1 ij Xo-tj c,-**LiJl JUP 4*lJl li SilkJl oJlfc :JJ 

<^Jl>-| y>_j tjL>J-l f. Uii ^y. ^jiSj t^LJij dDl* jup 3iiJl lij <«J*jS£t jt <_aLJI 
coj^pj SjL^- yjtS (JlyJt fL(-ai ^ ^i£ JUP villi *-• jOX^Jl lij t«U»-I ^P Ccilj^Jl 
^ <u» jl£ viUi s !jL oOjJl o-se-j iil» .*Ul*Jl 1»Lp JUP ,y5L. jt i^ln ja. li Oj*^ 
3§ yJl j* cJ 05j ^ ^ j ii* ^ j Li g_la. V y J* V*d J o^ U ^ Ul 
J» JU>u jt \Ay\j cJU>J jt oULLktf ^Lj*)\j j>A L(-t-)J ^.SlU Lj ^r 1 -* C^> 4*jp\j j»\ 4ji 

^ OlS Ojj c4J*5Ua JLp 2-«ji?o ^ i»Vl_j t^i j+i tLpUri (Jla jlS jL> i*Ul*Jl ^ <Jy 
4^_j <J IJLfi : ( _ / A J ^ vi*^ jIjup^I V sSjjjys L+JLp iJj uSl? iALkJl d\ '. Jl* ^ fULJl 

cJbtsr Lj-J^ ^ t_-^Jl jJ» iJlftj ii*^- Jl (jli^siujl 4i<LL» <j oAjJl J_jJ» Jj>J Ou (£ji 

if\j .-ujjli^ ^ <_i Jv *Jl JjiJl jiljj L. VI ay>Us> ^» ^ viUiSj i«tiJLS> V i JjiJl lJU 
cJjVt y> frUJUIl JUP (_J_jy«Jl_} . jTyjJl j»\^ai \JJ\ja (is- <jl£ 2c*J\ c^ai O^J^' 
JL^-tj j£-) SjLsx-^JI ^iSt ^ tiJUi o-ij c^Si Uj Lj-i c— '&* 4i-Jl <jL» a*is>*Jl 0»!)l>v 
i-iijLiv ^ 4iiljj, L. VI ijTyiJl (^ ^-Jj tjvUl 3—jff ^ Oa-lj ^ v_JkJL« ys_j $<J>JLJl ^ 
^lj ULJp (jj frl^a-Vlj tjy ^'^ jIjup^I Jjj aiyjj! ^UJlj .IJL^. IJla ^-LL ^j 

. 4i_jy«Jt SykLkll A-p^^iJl ajj^l -uLp oJj L« ^_L»1 Ui£-j 
^t ^Jlj- Jl SjLi^l f JiJ Ji j^-Ip t3^J* tJU-j jtyJl oL^^Jl jt l-U jw>jj U*_j 



Y "\ ^ r-licJL; jJL«a UJ 4^ j>\ f%*^\ r^J. (Sj\zi /(J'LiJl J-^iJ! 

. (( ija-9- JPL&it J*-)) (Si j) .(Jj-a-J J^- J*»" ^ 
Jly^lj cJL« i^-fj t*tL5 c-j-Ij! ^jL* 1 OLi clj^p- lyl£ ol£ Oij ^^at ^jj ct_~~Jl 

4jL« ijfj 1<U^ C~>C oJlij !_— J jt i_i*)U- V j^i ifUlxJ! Qy Jjvailj £jjJ ,_jLp .<0*fy^ 

^ ^1 jj oi J, t^vJLJl JUL t. I^V! JJ 4a*- jj Uu of Jb-V J>v V f>^ f. L. 

cJ?lL~J <_jL ( Jp jOt ofy>i ,_jLp (jlt 4if :*-L~« (j» y^^iJl ij^jjj-i ^» l»£ dili J*» J^ 

tO^J 4*o J>*tf k*5 <L«H Ot C~m* JiT : JlJ .j^jtj :!jJli IfJ Jb U*>i-~» JjJ : Jlii 

r^l5o ^^J 4if JUi .kiili Jljf Se^ l^-jj oLi^l jf tJj*-i»-Jl ^j 4^L. Jljf IfJp 
s-bJl jj» Alf^lj y* UJ| *£[>Z J[£S\ Of jJj . f jj» 4?*^) s-UJl t-j^rji AJb {sfyil jP Jlj 
U eJL» ofj cLilL. f jy #>C l^ip ialkJl of JL«i U jy 4j'*>U) LaL»_^ £\ja\ jJUb ^ 
CJJ ^jL^* ^* «J-«w l^ oj : (JLSj }li .^ jy ^*>C L^Jlp ^j J <3!>^ t^h Ly^-LxJ J*J 
.?• L^-^tj ^^aJlj sip ,y>y^> li-» Jj •* jy ^^ L^-JLc- SLJ-! ^ 

oJlp of ly-Ojt^i OUit^- 4jL>waJl ^L^f jb'Tj 4i*Jij Oljill ^ip J^ (^JJl li-»j 

/^ <■ Jj^l S-U^ J-*^J L^'f : ( J LP J j-»J«^ 4jU*-,aJ| ^P jjjUI OLJ il^jUaf jaJ L^JLP J» sf^Jl 

dilU^ :^LyiiJi jj^-*^- Jb^f 4jj .(J'LiU «"Vpj cJj^I «Jlp ^»Uj IfJi** (J'Lill fi?j ^« Aiw 

^j .^*iLiJ! Jb^f 4jj .t_j(JaiL! ^ ^J?b»^ y^ IjJLp JlSj .dill* -J^-f *ij .l^bf L^^Ui 
L^J L>-Ojj c^Lill /w» «Jb>-lj oJlp *yj L^Jlp i_^>v ^ oJU«i aJu>- y\ t«fj .oLiljj -U»-f 



£l£Jl> jLo UJ v-; ^1 f*)L-Vj ^ cSjLa /ii^ J-^ 1 Y V • 

Oj VI xjai J ij^ /C t (j^ j! 4JLJ <oljLi$Jlj S.Sj.U-L$ :<_/**> ij Lf_sO*> J^- 1 -* 
^^J^- ^ C~^>-j J>jJbUi .Jb-lj Jb- VJ aJs- ^j^j J t_J^i (C i'-r'j^ J> dttJSj co-b-lj 
j^\j JJ-aJI <~>j^> s^j ij^lj ^^1 jLJt 4i^o «^»i l-Uj .ojJJ J V i^-Jlii 
J j-LaJl J» «^J 4^ OX («-^-l (Jj^i J ^ .ojOJ V S^jAJl <_,-_>- 4) i_^jJl JV 
13} jUa^j ^ pUi-l «jLif> dJli^j Cj-LaJl ^^^ ^ £«Jrl jL» ioJtPj o-b-lj ^ <3yij 
jLi i<_jUI lift ^» iiLjaJl oJlp : Jli OvI- 4 -*^ J^ 1 - 1 ^ <J^ J** -J^- ^ <_M ^*-J f ^J 
Hjj£j j.Js>j!l AJi a^> i— >u ^Aj *?JUaj«J( Lj-**«*i (Jl oLijJl o-Lp- Ji* O j) i{.Js>jJl 1^**^ 

.(JtUjI jt l3b-!j jJ^ljil jj£j jt Qu Jy Vj <fi»j!l ^^i*- Li i_JrjJl jLi 

j}j SJb-lj f. \j~">\ V} If-lp ^j J 4pU> Lfttisj J» iJ^iil Ji 4>t cS^iAl jJ e^j 
s\j^>\ fjS^jytJW ja j£j f^iwJ Jj ij^ ojj.sO.ll o-i-ft ij Ij^JjJ -*-»j .4pL*>- jJ^ljil JL£ 
*!^u-l V) (Sji£*J\ Js- ^s^ V Lu*j :1^JJ LaLpL. 131 1.^ .U^JL. J» cJlS IS) lJb-lj 

LjJLp ,il!3 J^J ^>Ji jt f-\j£ jt (_;f-^! 4£jl«-Jl i*Vl Ji oLulp -b-t JjL Jj l-b-lj 

J LjJ^iwo jt Li L^pLj 4jjU- U-j tSj^\ j! dJJl^j . joilsljJl jJbo os^jCa ot^^l 
.Jyj* \-fj^~j jt aIs- : Jjii Vj :»l-(-S.aJl JU . Jb-lj f l jr ^l ^} ^Li)l (^ji^Jl ^jIp ^^j 

IS} jl^^^L^Vl jj^=rjJ ^ li^j iiJjCJ Jj dJUl .5-Lkj' 4^~» flj-i^Vl jt; ft-i^xJ jl^'j 
jLJ oJL>Jl t_i*>l>v iL(Jx»j J IS} 4jj^=rjjj tLftli?j Ji xjUl ^j^j J IS) Lprjjjj L^ispf 

jLi lift JL5 Jb-t jlS j}j iiJjej JL5 l!b-t LzUp 1>j iJJjCJ V «Gt :La ".Sj.sa.aJlj" 

J9- J-ob- tkjJ , 5l" : JU o^ ^l^-i-Vl ^j>^ M yti J j8g ^1 JLi i<*-^>i 4^Jl 

jlS li}j nijL Jj f l^-i- VI ^j>«^ JJ-I jUi "^jr-^ J^-. J*s- *^^ j* ^3 ig& 

^ Aj rci>v L. IJL* .dJUiS oJlJli :^lj!l Z-^J&i *-^*Z Vj toJlJl [g^^- ^ s-lj-I^Vl 

.4ill «U>j 4i-i»- 

OlwjJl (!j»x5o lij^ : JL«; -Jji IjJo^Ij .^iV l^J SjlJi :IjJu* jj^-Jri L»tj 

jj& oJIp La ^Jj i^jJl liA <j oJlp f LwJl ^jIp JL^-jU Oj^j jt 4jbl LiJ Jii IjJli 
^ j j^j J ^UJ^ j^j. J jj ij cc-ss-j c~^ JU-JU. j*. L^ SJbJl jt (JLo t JU-jJl 
J 4J1S L^st li^ oAJl cJlS jii toJLP <U! jj5L> jt ^yiii L» oJlp j+J-P jLst-jU jj5y jt 
oJlJl cJlS j!j co^p Vj £-*i>j»Jl liA ^ V *i> oJlp V i) "o^Lp ^ j^JLp ^v^J UJ :Jij 



e-bJl ( ^ii Li jrljjVl a~U> ^ ^ j£j ^ ^Ijj'AJ J*- 4J LpjJj i<0) lijj j^PjJ 
cJl£ lib iii^J '^jj^ J=~ L*-^" ^-f^J £*-*- s-^ 1 Of J^ 0~\yA\ Jjii c^j^-VI 

J£ ^]a*p jf <lLp jLJ ^t__^2P jf c4JUt o*Up Ui» jl£ jf tJla-lj Jlp jLo 0>^"^ <Jl^ jJ 

Lb- JjjJl L^ip C~«3r j V^ (J-^-*Jl £-}> -^ :< Jj-^ ^ ^^ (^ (J^ 'j 5 *"*"^ 

V j^j illo Lpt-jj jl£ iij L^t-jj V liij :i)l j>v Jl>-!j; V V-^ 1 JV ir jjJJ Uo^ 
(jr ^3 Uj i jT^I 4JV-U jil_^ t j^^ jj^V! <d Jli (^JJl IJlaj iSJuJl uj^j jjJiiju 
lij ji^i-\J\ f. libLl OLJ c-J Oij i4i^U p-»^p ^p c^i ^j U_^ V j jJiAl^Jl *UbL| 4j 
*Utf-» ii-ij c^^l-j (^Up^ : J15 % ^Ji jV *£*-!> y> ^y j£ ^> ^L^ 

. (( 3J^ly9 if-Jj J£ Old ijy>H\ 

CJjJ yij ef^Jl jJlp j>- L^J 4J j_^j jf J^JJ LL>- eJuJl jj£ *La ^ ^5U 

*Ai l^ij^> <w^-j^ <3*>^ ^J-I^j 4 9 ^ *«rjj c^" J*" •**>. o* ^ J^ ^ V 5 ^ ^^ 

!:..4Asr JL 7"Lj i_Ju>^-* 'Lj_J« \^>jt L*Ui> j 0*5vj -Li«j 4J ^piJ 
c^ip OjJj iUjJl ^ Ljjjor^j j»-f l^-jj jli eJuJl J» L <-=^J^ r^" ^ "^j*^ ^ 
V^U OJl£ ^ Jj iL^ Ja-t £jjJl j_^ Vj Aiu 4J £\J j!\j. ij'Hh jT^I J» ^j 

.L,j j>-f jL^ 4J 
!i} L» (_3*^><j i^xsr^Jl Ljj J>c^o OLJ .J^-JJ LL>- aJL»Jl dj£ jj^j IJia (J^j 

UaUj^j ^Lj UJ! ^L^Jl M 4J J^ V L* 4JLJ tJLiu V t-Lj* ^1 ^'Ul (J^UaJl y* C-jsrjf 

jf 4Jj <-!j**-jj c^'L I^J j^-i^j a-Up (i*>UaJ! 0l£ LJ i-dvaf 4jLjs- jjf ijh iJukj iLw> 
il ^i . Mj V jf 4)j cLjJai^j jf 4J :r- jjiJ Co^- Li>- a^»-^Jl J**- .l&U'j ">L ^'LJ! «3jj 

.4J LL>- jj>j ">lJ SLjJ^LL*! 4J ^-.J 4JLi e-UJl <J>y^ 
eOp 4J J^-JJ (J-.J 4if ^Jij .Ajj^iU <w^-j-« 4jLJ t J!)Uaj ^^-J aJ^-I jf Jbjj iJUj 
caUI j>- 4-4u>o f! jrf i^<Vl JL> i4^>v fl^,^! I.(-Jp L icJ^UaJt J* J_^i L*^ af^Jl ^Js- 



£l£jL, ji*i UJ W ^ <0^l £~i lSjUJ /j"liJl J^aiJl YYY 

yd S^liJl ^tl^l f L. J^V c^jJl. S^jJl Jj> *UJl Jy ^f J^ ^>v dJUifj 
4jL» t jjjl ft— Li li-liJ h-j^J\ ^jUi :<Ul«>v Jap VI 4*btJl ^^jLp t_~>y J bjj 

.U> AAA, Vj :LjJLp 4jc>-j V 

if-^ ij c^Sj "c\jfi\ Ujf :<Jls t_jUai-i ^ ^^p of 4>«Jl1? i±-jJl>- (jii :J-3 OLJ 

O-XipI £ c Jj^AJ L^JLp iji c-^jf Ljj J^o o)j tLprjj «JU> c~<af J'lill Ljj J^--^ J 6Li 
t5LiUw« oJjo (J'LiU J>fj ^r cJj^U \j.\s> 4JL> jsfj L^f ^^j^aS 4jf : ( JLp ^p dJJi^j . J'ltlJ 

"?rt>jji J OfLi 6|j cc-?*>J o^Li 6Li L^jlp c-^ail li^i 
*\j~Si\ Jj> 3 aM fj^Jl J^ Jii UlUi ^ J» Sjl*3i JiiJ j5U .^ : JJ 

JSfu LjJl L»jj>«jj 4*iitJl J» L>J>ji jli j| ,JLpj J*** Jju^-j (OjfUaJ /»X«j Lo i^LajJuj 
l.i* jjis^ tj j^5 4j*>Ijj J^>o Ljjf L>J>j3 6L£ ojj c*U<2->v JjjJ L^jT bljt 6Lij5Li 4^l^»«j 
-Li Jj : JJ ol_j cisa^ JU*7 4*Jb?^Jl of <up c-o JL* 6L*ip 6Li c^b^viJJ oV^3 4-i 

>( joL-»-JI jjv i3jA>\ oLj (Jj i^LtoTj 
^ JUj till LpJo V :^*p JU» 1 J^iU ^' Ja J^j _,** ijJb^t JLii : JJ OU 
(J'liJ! j J?_j ol^ jJj trtXjJ J CJ^Li oij c~»t£i cj^LA 61* t^l^l ^ ^jju Lf-iP C--ia.fl.il lij 
4^l5^j Jjj ^ ^ij 4j1^I c^j ji Jjj-Jl 61* tL(-^jJ^ 6f Jj^t ^ |J V-iJl ^i?j^ 

jf tisiL^y f.\j^\ o-bdl CJL^ f Ij*. i lo-bd! jJij 4J jJL»J ^ Jlj^Jl iJLft : *i?^jt J-5 

aii 4i)liJt 4ii]aJt L^iiL. 6L^ 61 ^j ja o-X^pl ^JJi jiiaJl £jjJl 6f s-ij ^J 

45y L^jL* 61 L»fj C4i* LjZAP J» LfJWrtji 6f -uSL^ *>L> to^jP ^rjj 7^-j' Jl>- ^ip C*J»j>- 
lij U(J :4^>e f^rjic-J of J-5 7»^J 6f Ji« :4^» U.5UipI oJu> J» C->«^Jj caJjI-L^ U\j 

.JOJl^- -Li»o Lprj}i UiLi LUVp <_^ Lprjjii of ^Ijf 

a J t^LSoJ! ^tJil xJL<i ^jj| -jA oJjJl 6L» cJOJbr JlS*; O^P <V* *-^V 7T J ft 01 4J jJ) 
Ol_) C(j?j N_) J; cX^-li ^L5^J Vj C^A ^i?j ^ ^ COO* ^J^J 6f Jb-V (jM-i* 4*\j* £**> 



YW ^l5L)L. jLco U_i 4-*;J ^1 (OL>.^! ^-i tijLy /j"lill J-aaJI 

.Lfttjaj ^ L^'j-ic-j <j^>- Lj^u>y L c4?-L£j JJa-j J ^j j! 4^-uio c^jeWj lij 47^1 cJl£ 

^Ur^l ^ clf-lp ^ ^^jj jf SJUX4 j£J ^ ^UrJ ^j ^ ^ :£i\$ :JJj 
oOp L,Jlp c-^-j lij L.U c^Ul ^ L,Jlp oOp ^ i] c^btJl Ji. J» S& JLp -La*JI 
^ 4JL>-I jLi i<U^ LjlJLff- y.1 ./?ail Jl*j x_Uj L*5 iOji& ry> ~o-\Z*j> U-»^ *JLjl Ll^J !o -^ ry 
ja 4*JL« c~~J o.uJli .di)i 4J j^j J _^JJl ja oJdo jlf> lijj cLp^io j! 4J L^Op 

V^-j Jj^ 1 c3*5UaJi Jlf> jj L.fj cJaLp iJLftj coJ-aP 43-1^ C-^>-j 4jl» oJbJl j! jlJaJt 
^ <.iy*-J\ c3*>U2Jl ja L^-Ip J» ^-f-^H OJtl^j jJ 4pL>^jIS 4i» L^Op 4JL J> LftLJ 4pL>ijli 

. I.o, („'._.; (3-9 

y*lls> jjij .4^4 LjiOp ^ ( _^- L(j>c5o V ^Liil Of iJLp 4j ^^^5 ^Jdl dD-ii>j 

4j CLvjU Ls-liO ~o\ja\ «^J ^. J£ dDi^J C4JL» L^-lP <j* Oj^j-Jl r- jj± jf 4^-^ij ^9^ 

4j(jJ| oAa ( _ s 1p_« .l*Ol5> (j» jj-^/ t_^_J) jV c^ytiLiJl v_-»Ju^ jj>o : L5»ViJlj 
US Cj^JLiJl Jj5 jJ» US c4i» LjZOp J> Lp>»5o j! ^LiD J_»jr- ^« ~U?-! t-jU^v^f l yJ 

.5jIj^J| oij* ^1p JLvjU £-lx> -^ oJo>t* LxJ iiUi jj?v 
^lsl_»Jl lij^j c JjVt ^IjJl j* o-^ \-ti» j^-M d\£ :Ua JL5j <.a+a> ^jf ^ n-(-^j 
V^J "^ lf*J ' JjVl oUp aJOpj 4^jLL« jy (U^ Jj cli <c5jLL« t_^ip 4i« OiJ J JiLiil 

J»j c^Lii! j>- L,Jlp JjVl o^ 1 fljj J* -rf-i cJjVt o^ 1 J^ 4-»JLiu ^Lii! «0p cJl5D 

^lil! ja LjZOp 5j^ J» j>- Jj^U jlS liLi t^iLill JU^ ^jS. J>\d\j J j^i ^ ^^S ^SUfj 



^U» y*j tjjii-l j^ f^j 4jf ^j C( jJli? Cjt :Vi J^S - J^Tji* ^ fr\-^> 

£s**- ja dbtjjf utj ^^ilt :«ur j j ^ cJ\3 J^j ^p :,JUJ ill «u?-j Ji-<j • 
t(»Aji (j-J— fji J£ i(tAji AJle dLU Vi dJ^o li^sAa^j C-Jl J>Tj idLlp ^_^- 
Jffyb 4j\iaJ Of UL J^i :4Jtf£Jlj frly.^l ,*£*j dUi ^Ip V^oUoi dJUJb JjUaJt A^j 

tiiai 4J1J2J' Vj t«dli£j Jdjji JL^tlj tLjijip- ^ AjjJ of (Jlp L^jJL^ bj :<_-JVr»-Vi 
-Up <0U iUfc^pj <j*Jl« ^ jjjj^icj! J» Jt»3-fj tdi)L*^ :^L*L«Jl ^U>- -Up dJJi tw) 
^aj jj^_»jlr! JLip 4iLJ iLa^pj <uftJL. ^ jj^aJI J» JU>-fj tdJJL*^ :^L*L«Jl ^L*- 
9 U^jj Lj-L»- 4iij Ufj cLa^«-^J L(j>f .U^O l*£ a-^y-j J^i <S^ fj-i-tJl; ,*J^-I 
dJj'f^f Ufj jy-aii' :<! cJli lij dJJJi^j t«jl_^-_) o-^y^J 1— -~» ^-i«ul Aii .Asia} j tLA-Jj 
( _ s Jlp J^j U« di)i _p«J_j c4^iij ^ dJj'f^f Ufj c«dLi^j jdjJl O^-T Ufj ^j-S^ ^ 

. jj^ajLJl 
j>V (J ^Ul ^U-lS't^Ji-l lift Ji* 42w tijd ^ vtUi Jlp to-j-Lo ^U li}j 
jU iaJjl! Alii, |Jl» Oju 4JLp 4J (j^ysj jf 4J J_^>V Vj tl-Lwli olj Oij c4.sb-a.-j of OjjA 
V ^Lw (lap Jip jj, jj, p£\J~\j c^UJUJl Jy ^>\ j ^>- dJJJ^ JjSfl ^U-l Jj«i 

(Jj t^-ls^ ^yj Ajfjjf jif jJp IjA^lj <.igy?*- Cj€» ^ Of 4jp ijA^t :^rj^' >|f 



TV© ; £l£jL jLo U-i 4\~J Cr! 1 f^V 1 6^ ^-^ /y^ 1 J*^ 1 

C^t :dJ J\3j cij^^Jl jj-£*u 4>j^Jl jit s.l^-j 4PU dXo 4jl c n r j\&\ J U ^roy 
£jjJl Cilf i\?tt jJlk IJU Cui Ot ^ Ijj^l :s jjJ| JtfJ ?£jj b C~13 ^ 

^lill *Jy L.tj cc3">UaJl ^ ,J e^ ,J oL> tfi^i JL*. jU, JjV! <dy :«jlsrtj 

i4aa Ij-kxi U Ait \Ajit ciA^ti cisr j j dJ J5r j ^p :,JU2 .oil <w?-j Jjs-oj • 
,y lip- *jfl o^j j»J L^ff c*Pil jp *4iU> Ifillsj tAjt^li .<b^it :\Ajit Li Jlij t^j^j 

W ft "ftiilWl 4>j^l ^lp £& Jr* : W 
<J*>U2Jl £* (J j t^jj^ 1 ^r^- (^ J 3 - ^ i*j£a rfjA cJL£ o! 4ii jui-l :s-jl^-li 
jJU- dJJi oL> U W^* dJUi of ^Vl iS^j Mj <-»Sl ^^ o»i oJLS Oij c<b jl*Jl 

.-U>f <^j*X» J» Jjij dJJL* fc_ aJL* J 1 Uf> t^LjjJ! Jji -b-f (j» 

01 :£j^> Li Jli i4>jy yrJ-l C^O 4*-ii Cui jp :,JU3 ill <Up-j Ji-ij • 
Cjktj f cAsJhjt £ji5lj s-Jj-451 oJLi ^*i :bStf (jJlk CJli dlilJL^ ^ Jjljfl 

^ ^ "?d^Li *tfj .gsry Of lA Jjs :C-»*ui 

.ci^l^pJj sa-AI^-^ i^^lc^^cJl^jtcJl-Aijjlpl+A^tlilifcjbrti 

.(Jpt ill j 
^■j ^Uo» Ji« :iu>i« 3j-^ \Al~£ tfy\ dJ J^-j jp :,JUi ill <u?-j Jjl-»j 

jJ^ JU djpj tijJbxJl <U« CJL^J c4^Jl Oj«^ jp l^-jls!- diii 4-it Utj cJb'^Jj 

(4j^jli t^i?- j^P ^ jf c^i?- ^ 4j c5*i«J \^ 3-1^- s-i^j t<ulp UL j«u^ 

?l t Jp *irf «d j^i (Jj «^>b ^*i!lj t \AJLp o^i t^JUl JL^L-j caUj IfH j^Uij 

t^i^wiJ iAjL^Jt cJl5 jj Q& idJUJb L(JUaj of *Ual >» L+iil? lij *d ^Jj c4i$U-4 
^ ^Ulj tL(Ji 45L* (^JJl JlJuaJl j^j dJUi j^ LaLkpf L. 4«iJ c4^« ^Ob^-Vl Oiljfj 
cu^s- t^Lw ^ I j^i ^ c-jLi «f^»l (J» 3e!S ^' Jj^j ^-^ •— — ^* ^*^ 'Lj-x^bJ t4x»i 

.LaLkpf l« ^ La^of 
N idJJi y-xJj ia^'^s- L^Jb^j t4ila Lj-^jj U5 c4j Lj^^J LaLkpf Ji jli> j}j 
^ jf L^iiL? t\y» if. Li ^l. 4J £=!-jj of aJL* t45^L» ^^Lp J Li j^J :tj}j<i! dJJuJl 4s?- j l5 1p 



£\U\j jl*a \^J L« ^1 (OUV! £~i c^jbi /j>li)t J-aiJt YY*l 

*1L» ^ ,Jj ftb-l/^l 4^j J^ jt fcJLLdt 4^j J^ Uljapf Ja LpJUJ oJj cLJlJaj 
J jt UuA IftUapf La IpjLJ ojj . jJJi Lf-^JLj J 4if «Uj*j «^ dji Jjlili i4» ^^-ai i- ijf- 
Uy JjJiili :d-Ui ^ Vj ijlyl Vj iJb-lj -LaLJ. V clfj aJ LS ^aL i^>- j£j jJj ct-fJa*! 

.1 ( )?hj J Aii Lj-^kj £/• 

J^r^l J^iS tl^aljS j* (j-U *lsrj t^Ua^l ^ ^j tdJp OLA U^-y J-^-j «LSiU3 

Cjaptj Csia^i ( 4JjJ l^ 4~J 0£j \fcu \2Svfe CjS Jsr^l iJLi dLtiS c$~^ 

^ (if ? JSUi t«d Jr* :J*r^ ^^ 

^j (Syi «.UaP «dapU ^l^l A*-j ^jIp <_jb£Jl j-UapJ oZyak* ot£ til :c-jl^li 
VI aJ ^> V il t^JJi ^ ^UaP^t ifSyti* Ol£ : Jli lijj cJ*>Uait 4j £JU ,J 14* Af^J 
.jUpf Aillj .aJ ,j>j£ *>l* APtJul £>£j A) sUo^l ^y> £Uj (Jt-UaJt f- A^ J <-tSjty {j 

dLui ^jA Ot :&rjjit JiijJ ^jjit J^is .^laJt fU3 j-£*J 4*rjj oJij oruj 

jiuu ^U3 isrjjJ* oJijj £jjit j-4«3 .i*Jjt_^f uf :UuJij J\is .<jh&Jt ^rA*■ CjiSjt 

W ft <3>UaJi £«i J** : ^i J5**J ^J>^" js*l ^^'J a lr^ ^S-^ 1 

AilUs- ^f t^JUi C^UuJl (ju f- Ijj aJ aJL-J! «JLa Jw^t .Ail a^J-l ik-Jl^-b 

JL. ^ j^S- ^jlp ^Jli>v jf ^J%i jj-J Ait l!^.^ iJjyJl ^j^a^Jl J» A^>-fj ^LiJlj 

diUi V L*S ca5U*j *)\i LiU^ ^^J d-Ui O^ i^jSsJ J jt L^JlP Ijyts 1 cJlS tSy* cAio! 

rj*t> -*ij cA>JLs<a*JLI JiJl ^-« OjJu Lp»-jjj Of a) Jyv L*^ tUi]a-« aijI ^p ^^*v • <l:p ' 
jl^j^L; LjjJiiti of a^sait y$LJl (y- J» j>?V ^f A*AX» J» ^"J ,e**l>i»il (_->l><-^f jiaju 
LJl 4J^ ij^^saju otia>-j Oji' J-* r-^Jt flAip aO-j (^AJt oj :Li* til ^jt* '~^ u ^ Cr* 
jJUi jljSiJ flJu'li yjJ J>Uail 0* L^ i^U^J siJUL. tit <;V id^UaJl JU( fljj^l stiU 
v>* ^lT^ C-J-^' *-«-*^*v of |^i^ j^a-Up- Jyv tJij tjjjf ^jyit j* l-j-*i>v j-*j L(^*iui 



TVV £-lSu!l jl*a UJ 3UJ jjl f^L.^1 £«i tjjla /^lill J^aiJ! 

j-j ,Jj L^Jj^v of <d jU- bli i^jjll dJUi j*-^ lil LiU* 4jJlii Of Li dU-iSj t<dU 
•"J 5 '" J ilr* -^""l uj-^f ^^Lp r^j dJJU i_~*Ji*j .LjJlJUo ijwai i?ULol VI j^ tjJL* 1 
4jl <__»■> <u£ <:OA)jJ\ <S^\ J JiWl Ol a1y»l ^Ji^j jljaj Of 4J <_J^I Of 1^ 
: Jji JucAj <.~<^>j{*a ^Li-I <j» OV c<3*)UaJl Oji ^Li-I Jyrv dJUUj i<jJLJl ja (Ju'ljJs 
dJJ-i^j cLa jj*i>j e\jd\ <jyb~ ja A^aJ^ <d 4>Ju^« dJJi Oy*J JLJ> 4jV c«uLp jJJaJl <d 

. JUJI j*&j JUJl Jjj 4J»jj1>- i?Li^J tj tjjS V 

lt 4 *yr^ "I/*!' 2^ ^ <_3L5^tJt J> j^SUJJ op.IjJi cS-^1 <y j_^v <tjli :Cajfj 

<_j^J j_^>v dUaSj ta^rtPj dUL« i_~ft JL»£ t«GiJ OjJb £jj\ ^Js- jijaj j ct^Si j-b LiL« 
4Jj c^-liol! XtP a-U <_jV( Of Ojatjjl cS-^~i j «-^J cJiJl ^ OjJb l\yS\ r^jjj of 
coJ^JL; j^flj ^L. aaJj <JU ^ <u~iJ dJLU^j Of <_j^U Of *UfcJu«j .<3I-La)| (JwaJ JzjL-j Of 
J <_i^sdl j* <d OUs lijj .dUi 4J _}U- : JlJUaJi ^yaao 4*«uiJ is^lj Iprjj jJ Ji>- 
jyvj ijuJLvj! ^y=r\> A^Li dUij tL^iy^ 4JJ9 VI Jrf (J <-3^sdt lift d-LUJlj jUl 

.4>Jla»1) 4JLP L )j-»i\ 5-5j ,yi*J J£*J Of t_->SU aJUP 

tUsilj i^jbc ^JLS, Of 4J <^Vl ^^ c^> cJLS 61 St^Jl Of ^Ji^l : JUL JLSi 
^ UjlJ^JI diU L»^j coUi-jUj! ^ «^p diU L»^ .i_jS/1 <*5U-<»_^ ^j^)! ja \^^Jc\ 
<j L^^L^ia Oj£j V Ai : Jli jJj cLi 4?JUx4 0l5 li| V| dlli Jjujj Of 4J ( _ r Jj c^Vl 
^ ^^Jl «d Jij liLi l4jcj> Js- jJSi V _^j ItJiki Of diU ^j^l ^j c J^Uall 
O^Xj Aii ^- LxJL, 4i>t^«; ^JJl (-(-as^j La^^ i?U^| UL* 1 JiJl ^ 4*^« Lj-^LiJ J La^p 

.(JUjVIj <t]a3- i_/>«^ L|_L>- i?Li^| 

cdUL«j c5jL^ ^f Jot (Jl-UaJl Ji. ^j^LI v*^ 1 ^ *JL$j t^_lj)' "Aj <J*)UaJl aSj <uu-> 
Oi 41*^ jJ 01 l«fj t JiJl ^^ «uLp UJl :jl.jU-1 (j» eJuPj ./cJ-SJt J* (s*^LiJlj c^U^-fj 
(J^jUflJl ^Jj «Gf 0^>t ^ ^ysj-.ajJU .jJLW ^j ^"f^f Of :4J <JUi .^Ijj^L. J^UaJl ji^ 
Ort'jjl cS-^-1 >*J cey> «GV tJlJUaJl jAJu ^^\ ^Js- £*-j.j Jj? Ait r j^Jl JLi^i lit 

S-*-^ (/ <Jy y*j <( -»iLiJl Jy y»j ^.^-A «jSj V cSy^VI t/j c2jL^ yjf i^Jl« £ 

.yHS ^ j \j* ^ 4JV 5JU>-f 
01 Uj .*!^l IJLh IuU, ^Vl J*^ of ^fj ^l^ 4 ^! O^j ll^iLi O^jVtj 



.s^p 4iV iJlJu&Jl r j^L) (j^v2j -U»-t -LiP j£S i*JL 4il» fl^Vl (J^ 4-iiJlM J ti*>Us L^ilW 
\i jj*j J^ : J*i-I ^yb £j^5l cJ& j^J-l OU Ul3 cJ^J-b \ r Jp JJ 4-rj^l 

iiii dili ij J^-Jo J ia.4.» V^Jj^ <-2>* > " 0* ^ji^J J-*^ C~Jlp jij -J-*^ '***> 

,^5-1 V Ait ^ ^L .j *l^'l Dysi Of VI j^l .£U»^I o^-tS t-JjliVl iiii ^^sr j* LjJT 
^ V c~^j sfjLJl La^j^i^j d-UAS ^SM 0\S bU till £_l£j! a* aJIL. U^-lj 

.J-»J-I 4iai j>i f^V *** cH"-^ '"V* :4: *\^ aJIL» o^^U 



^^> 






C 




d. 



^ ^J 1 ^ 1 <-£j^J 'iSj^ J> Jj^I ^Utj CfUl J> L.UaJl j^j c*L-Jl J> JlJrlj 
c ( " ) jji r ^Jl *i^=-j cjjJlJI J~*fj c ( ^jJL,J| v*^J 'tji^ 1 f j^J '^Oi-^t iS-^J 



.[jy] 5jU iJa^l (j-jAZJl I^JaJI .1+. ft- V i^LiJl ^j^l :5jUjl Leoyi* cJjUJl (T 

^j^liil i^i i|,>«-^Ji js>*!i _ji iJi£Ji cj^L- :L*jyU :~£id\j .JJj aj ( j*J-i o^ai) :Aiii-i (o 

.(t5-Ua) i-sL. (JaJ^I (j-^-LiJl jJaJI .Jl~cM (JuWJl J*-^Jl :<^UaJl (T 
.(■X^j) ojL. i-b-sM ^j^liil \}i>S .^Xi\ :»Jj«Jl lAJyl. i j!Oj»Jl (A 



Jey*^ £l£j| Jb'ly ej» ^LijJl /cjLill J^iJl __ TAT 

UjU^j tb-LJ \z\j*-j t U-b^vJ '^j^J cU-L^a^ lpL*j U-L>t>- iJL^i C-juj 
Cj^xUJl ji\ ^J-wJjJl X^-i tOliyiJl i^^p-L^sj '/r**"^ '— ^ ' L«LL>i U^a^-j t UUia^v' 






.(jU^i) 3iU tJa-^l ^j^UJl IjJaJI .jUaJl ^J^Jl X-Jl :fli^iJl 

.(^•JJ) SiL. <JaJ=l ,j»_^Ull :.jt;i .Jsji\ ,y £~J1 L. :Aj-jJl Uiyi* t^-iLjl ( 
.(C_U^) OL. tJaJ^I ^v^Aill :^l .^vUl ^jiJl JjUiMaJl :<z.."*\\ ( 

.(c^j) mU c-k^i o-^Uli :>» . JJU-l jy^l Jsi-jJl :o^jJt ( 

.(0>^-) «L. iJaJM ^v^Ull ^1 .(^jJil JL<J-iJl s-JUaJl :c~W*-Jl ( 

.(yL) 5iLt iJaJ^I ^j^Ul! IjJaJI .^iJ) ip-Uf :j_^5Jt (X •) 



^) 
o 
t) 
°) 
■») 

V) 
A) 
^) 


^) 
^) 

r> 
*) 

O) 

■») 



.^i*j 
:<-j\j£ liiiL^Jl sJlA Jb'ljiJ 4***-fj Ctliii (j» tjjf i_jL£> j*~*-ti l^Juirl ^Ipj 

.1J4J2J -lis?- J» sJLAljJij caJjJL« 4lsj^^« "-'.r^ ^ >*J (C^*^ * 
(^\>Jl *-j'j^ Jf ^L^ut *-«iL»j ^^J' *-«iL») L^l**« C$j^ a3^*~> C-Oj** V 

.jL^Sflj £>~Jl j* :^»jil 
.i_JaJl ^ i^iLJl 



.«f 



Ul ji :^LJ( 



»>«j (^ ../^t-j^JI IJla L^_l» c..»;.,i^ cLyjdL«j cli Js /-« p-p'.*; cl^jdjax^li cL*ljS (j^was- 
Llu^- MjJUi co-iL' ji -bj ^^Ip yii L>o : Jli cJuj jj ^--jl^- jj oL*Ju- ^ 

C....."Jsi C(J1 J^-jt (yjJl 4-ip J_p lij Olio c 3§§ ojU- O-i^ Cj^j*>Jb-t IJL* : Jli* 

.<UP ( ^5^-Ls-f iJLft JSj cLj«^ a^fo ^l*JaJl lij^i lilj 'L 1 ^ <j*J*'* 'j- 1 ^ 



J*X~tt £l£-Jl Ju'l ji j ^Li^Jl /cJlil J-^l T A I 

: 0) ev ~~i; J ^b- ^f ^t Jis 

.«u5L~«j (.AijJ^AJ C«UJ«j2^J c4>i>_lJ otJU* :<Jli .[o.IAla] 

.[o . :4t] ^AA f 4*1^ t ^ J£ Japf) : JbJ 4Jy ^ ^-Lp jj! jP : JlS; 
.Jv^l y? lf_^i tft^j c^Lp j*1 jp c5^f Jjk aJ :c^.JbLlj .^Ui-I : J IS 

: g- ^ .Jij J* jAiJl /jjl JlSj 

Of (J*" :gj\ j* p+? (Ji ^'L^Jl -dp c~*^- : J IS J^L. jj\ j* :f\*~ ,j\ j>\ JlSj 

.OjJ) t_>li»£) clf-£l*J (^Ju^j t^Vl j^JJl J?t>j cLj-j ill 

.£UJr» :JlS 
.jJoJl jj! **-^f cjJ^Ji :JlS :"<-*>-jj" 

f%»}\ «uip ^iT 01)) :&jiy> c^f jjP : iju*^ JLu-o c4?vjIj ^ ^fsL-p ^1 ^j^i 
8«.lsr cLalsf UJi cLj-Jb <JL£ <uipj c<dftt ^b <L)t fl^li <Jjj~r *^ J* - c4*f/»l t°l?V (J 

. (( <i-U» :Jli ?dbty>1 OJbrj ti-£ :Jlas ijj^r 
: JlS ,^isJl ^1^1 ji> ^ : tavJS j j£L~e lJ ,\ 3 cJ»l£Jl j ^±* ,y\ **^j 
<J cJlS t^y L*li c J*ii cf Ui-l> e^fj il£L» <dl Oju t4*-jj 4) ji^-j f^T 4jt!l ji^ UJ 

.«ti» to J t—Jg iJlft «T L Ijij*- 

Jito-j cj~dl 5^ £l£Jl oily ^ :0jJji fl^iiJi :fL=-^l (/ J(>Jl JlS 

c-^b ^ tSJJ l^ejiy ^ yfJl 5JUJ! «JL* (^ Ojj cj^wai) l^JlS L* 01 c^j-ojJj : JlS 
v_-i>j _^JLJ cj^ V i_»yu" V e-JJ (j» s-^^' ^i tOUi-1 ,j 4P^jJ( olJdJl ^^Ip 4^^ ^i 

»> 
J^ UpL dlJi o^>J taJ^I <j» L^tji ^ i-P^I iLJjJt J SiJJi eJL* JO'ly t^- 1 ^-^ 



T A o J*j*~JJ ^LUl Jbly j ^li^l /cJLii! J^iJl 

oL>- :(juL>- oJl>-Ij tu^i c^j>i> cJL«c>- oui i<u*>-j < t«*ftl <*5v^»- J] ^Jiili : Jli 

.aJsL SLjs-) toy^Lb 
.aL-J fLL) fj^Jl oL>- Is^ftljaJl oL>-li 
dL^ i^lj-^^l AP^ 3-^a5UJl oJULit oJuo 0L» tij^-Vl olJ-1 ^ I^iUJl olJ-lj 

^p :4*vjU y? ^£L~p ^!j i<uj?jt* J» ^JlpL^Ij cii^jVl (^ ij^j^^ ^V^J 
Sji^j capI^jJIj c«.yt-Jb :£jjb ^Ul ,^Ip C-Uai,) : j§§ ill Jj~"j Jli : Jli ^f 

^ 4JL~i ^Ip jj^. |g ^Jl 0t£» : Jli ^t ^ :^^^ j ^bUl c ^fj 

.((O^lP iSJe-l qAj cj^lj JJJ1 j* Sa*-1jJt iPLJt 
.Ofu^J iji Japt 4it 6J^i t£ : Jli S^il* jl£ jf I^V cJ5 
«c-8^3l cJapf» : |ji ^Jl JlS :JU c^-it jp :<ju*aJl J» Jlj^li jlp £>*tj 

5j5 3H <&l Jj-jj J 3 ^^) :^li u-j^j -^^ u* :olLk)l J* • Xj ^ <y^ C^J 
' t*4 °J* 2H i$r^ s^^ 'J 1 * 'V^ if- -V-" a* '-&j)\ -^ TL-r^i 

•j* gM IS ir 11 °J» : Jli cr-j^ ^ .cj**Ji ^ ^Li> -^ c^t? 

c^ j* i-jj,. Jjj-ar ^of» : ^ ^i JG : Jli i^Lp ^l ^ : ^^p j.1 ^ ^tj 
cJ^tiyAj Ji^sr^) : ^ iii J^-j Jl5 :Jl3 t^L. jj oiy-^^ :o*«. ^ Jl5j 



Jzj^JS c lSUl M\ji ^ c li,j]\ /jjidi J^iJi y Al 

5-^va^ aJ^j ill ^1 o5 : jia^Jl ^1^ J» ^yj| ^ ^o ^f ^UJl Jli 

cUl*Jl A*iJS CflJjJl y> ^Ul ^iST t)l& C^Uirl JLP SjJliJlj cJ^Vl 3d* ,J»J 'lj^ 

.«. J^jJl { Js- ^Ul (_$yt jlf>j toji-l 4*u*ZJj 
cU> oryu- fcS* jg Al J^j Jap^ : Jli oL^ j, jAi. ^ :< rU ^t ^1 ^^tj 
.«|>i:*UJl] ^<djai j* .oil ^a&T U Jp ^Ul OjJU^j ft) 4)1 Jjj(j cio^Jl <tfJL«*i 

tj^j l»L. f L. 8&§1 JLX ^ J» jl£ : J 13 ^Lp ^| ^ :ji ^ ^\ ^j+\ } 

.tij*» 4j'U*^>j tst^l 4j[Jj'% «d jl£j 

ajla ji JUL- Jtfa :Jii ^ isl J^ ^ i^y* J ^ :obs^Jl c ^t_, 
.« l > fS lp <JUa5 of^l VU Jp,) : JiiJ J»j t(( 8f^l oryt-J Jp iUJl jj>S :p*-Jl U^Ip 
cSI^I tfltf*; OUJU o£ -of ^ : Jli ^6 jfi :AjA^J\ J ^U-i ^ } 



.Aijajj 4jI.».».>xij 



J^-j Jl> : Jli ^f ^ ryJ^Jij a>^^> 3 j^lA-Ij y/LJij uajJi J» ju-1 £_^j 
.«5}UJl ^^ij Ci*srj n-JaJlj c*L«J1 :d^ ^Ui ^ ^II ^^- ulj- 



ill 



.«*LJU ypl ^1 iJii^cJJ-l 
i55Ull J^iJ cJ^ : H ^J» Jli ; Ju ^t ^ :o jbljj J» fl oJ_, c ^f_, 

-up^ ill J^t :Ju ^Lp ^i ^ r^Ul J/Uai ^ (aS ^Ji ^LiJl j.t c ^fj 
.fL-Jl ^_^j Cfv-U-lj t,J*Jl_j c^U^iJlj cA^U^Jlj cA^UaiJlj c^L^Jl :LL^, v_JLLJl 

.goJl ^^ Ji. f LJi ^^ ^J : J_^_ ^pIjjVi ol^ c^ ^ ju* j* :^[^J\ Ju 

. f> .Ui gaJ! ^ ^ ^ :^pljjVl M^j : Ju 

.I+Jp aULp^ ci^Vl ^ v- j^jj cUJll! ^ j^j JL» f( ^iJj jj ; Jli jl 

• OAj Vj S^Lp j^y J» Vj tci^ f L-Ji J» ^ 4Ji :^p ^ : Ju j 

:LLJl J» ^Lp ^UJl JL5j 
c Ju£!l JJ^ 4JU cS^Lpj IP^i 8j y^, ^ij 44 ;^ C ^J| Jlp j^ ^i^i 

! u^* -^*jj" «-A^J 40^^ -^ Jl ^-s- o5 :iii -up ^ J^>- Jli 



YAV 



Jsj^Ji! £_l£jJl Jb'ly ^ ^LAjJl /cJliJi J^iJi 



J» LS^>-J C£_l£Jl (i^rt^ c <£jLr"*^J olj *-J.^' ^^i^ cAiLs**-^ JlAj dlf> -X5j 

.«*lJ-1j ciJij-Jlj tc _lScJ»j cj!a«H :cal-*/J' 

jjJlj <ij_/dl lj» Jp\J& <^ j-Uait ^i*t IS} jjJi Ot tiUij '(t-rj-* J-^ ^L^-Jl J» lj-bj 

S^j Qj.Ua.aj ^*)LJlj 8*>LsiiJ! j^f-ip OijfJl 01 :<_~~~Jl y. -^i*^ ,j& (£jjj 

.SJULIl ^ aJ U itUij c^-Ul Jlp £_LjM 
.cujapl L. |j| is! Jj-j JU. ^LJrl ^ JL»-t Japf L. :^p ji\ jL5j 
j^jjl Jaofj <£lCJl J b*r) cptj Ojd C-lapt)) : Jl5 4jt ^ isl Jj~-j ^ (^jjj 
.^Ji*^)! **>l£ ^iii cJaii <Ln.Mla.lt oj-^ *J yl^Jlj c^Ujl (j^jJlj cSj^Jl; j^i .«3j-S»£ «y 
is ^1 jl£ j* J£ di :IjJL5 I^- ^1 J^oill yjf _ / va*ll JaiU- c^jbvJl £^ g^j 

.Sj^-£ JUtt dl£ 

L. :Jl5 ju^ Ltij, j\ ji t}%, JL. :Jli^j>Jt Jbj j} j& :4JL.t ( j»i_i«j' Jlij 

.jjJji^^:Jii 
Jl, L. :4JlL. jj 4J^I JJ : J 15 ijijPr j£> roJJtji y> g\J\ t^A £ (J'b^Jl ^^tj 

^iuip t( -i ^tj c<u^ t^i j£\ t\jjti\ 
. jjiji V *f-SU cHJ*)! L«fj i.OyyAi jvftAi iiU-fJl L«t : JL5 
(v-Jj ,JL. o. J (v—5 c^Sf J>1 : J 15 t^p ^l ^p :J^l^Ji t/ t^-^ o^ 1 C^-5 

.^Url ^ ^ ^Jl VI C-^V 
.Sjl^Jii <Ui5 j^Jl* 't/^ °ji (^ ^* f-l— ^1 ^^ a" 

.4ja5jj ot c-^Xv»li ^Li cc~*LIi cSj-iUll ^L5f <r tiL) <j» aJ jIj^- 
.Uj-Jl Jb- ^Ul ^^u ^Jf :*^» o» J'j^ 1 J^J 



j>x~& £_i&j» jj\jj j ^Li^ii /jjuii l y^\ 



YAA 



^*^« o^^o" b« : jj-L)I (^_ji ^j^v 4J Jlii 

.1^ jji^t : Jii 
.jjKt L»f> cJi^V cjjPji>v L*i> ojc*- ui lisjt cJtj : Jii 

. I jjS o*?o\jj :Jli 

,Oj>i5o bo C-J^xJ jjjajbxj bo' tiiWjij liL-P cjfljb- jJ Ljajl CJlj r Jii 
.CJjUl J} ^L^t bo' ^Ljrl Ji ^l^t : Jji JLJrl jl^j 

s>*J^ H ill J j-xj y-t ^iiiJU j c^laJlijL^y ^^ :j i i>Ji\ JLp^jjJli:Jli 

j£- ^Ij^^il dJJi <*i-b dJJi oV ctlat ^L^j jf bjJj <L-Jj cJU af^l ^Js- Oj^u, *3j 

dJJi j^- J-w^ti ^ ct_Jy«Jl J^aj jt JJ ^U- Ujjj cJ^Vl JJ t^UJrl jJLp fj^ajl 

.<u/> jUa^i o-u- r i>>-!j :^t "W*J iwJUJl AijiJ 

.JU ( v^o -L(-^ <&! ^j- <*Js>Li 3lij Jbu 4§g> ^Jlis ^t ^ jip «& JLsj cJuit 
.elj^l ti*^ (J^ *^J T^J jj* 3 " ib>-bXi» <Uj! 4§!> s V«»^t Ol^j 

. 01 y\ 4jLsji^a> sy jiS\ Jj ;oJU 

•lsv^ 1 ' 3il <&• J .j-j jJ^ * -^ 4^l£j 0^ jj : JJ jGj :<Jlj*Jl J 15 

^ ^ 1*1 ^J\ Ok : H ^l <Vj Jii : Jii ^t ^ :g;-Lp ^l c ^f 

^Jl fUi ^i„.t o~£ : Jii ijjJ jj ~AsJb js- ^bx^ail ^\£ j ^\ j>\ Jlij 

.«SsJl Ui 4iil yjp„ : JU ^ll^at 4*t ^.U- ^ J-tfi L. : J^j 4iL-i c % 
J* if"* »j£^ (/"l ^b :J^ t^UaiLl ^ ^r^ j* lAi^ J> (^ji^J) £>^tj 

,?i*wj <L«^-J ^0« 4J1JI r- J>o (jl ^ lj>- j tf- LoJrl 

4) 01J ti**sr f ji J^ J «dftt ^bu Ot ^0»-t jJtcwj)) : 3H ill Jj^j Jii : Jii 3 y .yfc ^f 

.((4Ay\ J-«p j^-Tj t <U-«p j^T :j^\ jij^-f 
^ LupSfl v_-*i ill Jj~-j b :c-Ii :Jli tj i Js j* : jUf^l c_-»ci jj» ^y^Jl £^J 
U^ t o_^Jj«jsj ^j i^Jj :cJ$ . (( ?OjJjkbuj i&jtj^asj idjLps ^-Jt» : ^ Jii .^-Vb 

. <J-Wa£ 01 j t jjij^aij tjjJL*b»vj. <.OyyA±} jjl ./?^ 'J*-^ 
^j t aiLu» (rtarb- -UP j-*J ^St jP dbbj Jjai Ojj tdj-S^ 33JU? dLi 01)) : Jii 



YA^ ^j^ c li^l Jbly ^ ^Li-^Jl /cJU)l J-^-iJl 

c4JLu> iA~»3 JLaJaJl ^ &3£ J^&i Jj (4i.U> tjjijiajl 4jOf jJj^aJl ^ &J-P4. J-Jai 

.pj6 :cJL5 .«?jjj tiLU> Ot£ <d*- j-p ^ «uU*r _^J £~AJ» : JV3 

£U* ^ dU» : $j| ill Jj-j Jli : Jli ji J js> :0W^ v^ <^ c/^ ( £jK> 
i^aii tjJj dlJ ui£ _jJ cjj^f)) : Jli ^j^-i ^ ^r\ J dj^s. OJ? :oli . (0 ^-t ^j3 

.<uU ill Jj :cJ5 .(£.ie&>- Cjfe)) : Jli .*jJ :oii . (( ?<L««»£> C-£f tOLa jf o^ CJyrjJ 

dUJ^o,) : Jli .45^ ill :cJi .((^jy CJt»» : Jli -ot-JL* ill Jj :cJi .«?*aOA cjii,, : Jli 
. ((J ^-f dllj c*aiaf ill *bi ulj toL#-t ill *bi oL* t^ly 4-wrj caW*- ^ «*x^i 
01^)) : Jli ^t ^ : jL^I <^~*j* J» ^-Jlj t-ui-. J» jj-^2^. ^ -Lj*^.^_^j 

.«1^»JUU L^ J~Jl ^P Ul^.j <5*bJb. Uyb jg ill Jj—j 

& * 

t_jL>«_^»f ^ VU-j of bJ j^i : Jli teili* j& 'j.jx- Cfh < - i ^ A *~ Cf- ^ TL-^~ J 

ji-Ul l^f b) :iil Jjjfj t( ^Ulj *uJl iSj fj J tr J» : % il J_^j 'Jli* 

. (( ob3l ip& ill J»-t u ob> \y^ii *i l>wT 

.jit JiuoJ ^ 4jf Ij^IpIj eJLP <J IjOpU 

.JUiJlj c^>Jl :Jli .[tavs^Ji] <4j (J aili. ^ 
bJ 55li» ^ U LUjni II j bjj) : Jl* <Jy ^ -Lfebi jp : J^l5Jl ^ ^Op ^1 ^^tj 

.a_JLiJl :Jli .[tai:5>Ji] 4*4 

*i La LLd^ti *ij LujJ :JUJ <]y J» t Jy*5^ ^ :oj~~£.ij f^- ^f ^1 jrj^b 

.JiUi^lj caJjJIj t^t : Jli .[y A-\:ijLS\] ^aj (J 43Lk> 

U : Jli 4jt Jlx>p- ^ JiLi ^ ^'L^Jlj cu^o-j t^XijJlj' ijb jjfj >U>-f ^j^-lj 

r*.tyj i -Kf^j ii o A ^ *-**! ^i i^ 1 -J 5 )) ^^ >4 f *s^ ti.j* ^js-Jp.tJn J>-j 

. 0j jJ 4J JaL-JI jy& Jii ^ ill J^j 4i4 JL*i~e Ui r^L^^I g? Jl>Jl Jli_j 
4ip ^jtj tdj%*j ccasJi ^ jl>v ^ ^^ c c li^)l ^ oJ-UaJt o^~ Oli_j : Jli 



yV^JJ £-l£_Jl Jb'ly ^ ^-Li^Jl /oJuJl J^xi)l Y <\ • 

tjiij jt t^U- ^IjJ 4&! t£Jb ^ ^JU- 4jt *^j> JL>-t i_3yt> La : JliJ . 4Jj.sa.ll ^yaxj 
: Jlii ,j& tiJJi ^4 I ; ;L , st3 j : JUi ?«j^i ^ial^- <JL» jip Ja3*j c4i*U^ jj* <.\Jiy 4jJb ,j^ 

f^te-Vl U.Jj c-kS ^J (vi^l L* : Jli ^L* ^1 ^ :g;.A* ^lj J-I^JaJl £^fj 

Sf^Jl L^h* ^j ^u yoJi,, : Jii |g in J^ ^ ^, ^i ^ :r i_ c ^t_j 

^*^~^j '^^ ^JaU (J tf^T J-f_p ^ '^jj-^ £l£-Ji :^_-jj-dl ^ ^.uLIt Jli 

^f jrf li^ : m 4i>! J^j Jli : Jli c a^ ^f ^ : ^lj ^ ^yA 5 

.«2yl\ ^ Ja-Sjf Aj^j W>j~l> (^jm Of iljfj «daf 
af^l ^fj), : jg il J_^ of ^Ur jp :g^>lj fJL^j 4~£ ^f ^l c ^fj 
J y.Xij Lbtia,* ijy* J JJj ef^Jl 01 : Jl5 (T cl^io «tarb- <g iaii c«--uj jrli cAv^ptd 
.«*-**» ^ U V- dUi Ol» c4iftf oUi (4a^cPf9 t5f^.l ^A*-f tsfj lil» cOlkJi 5jjw» 

Jj-.j Uy» : Jli ^ ill J^j J^ <^ ^f ^ :<JbLi ^ ^ y \ } ju>t ^^fj 
ill Jj^j L :iiij . ((fr u jki «u.fjj Ul ^yj c*L»f J\ ? Loi c 5f^.1 4j o^o il ^b- ^ <il 
Joju ^J\ cu^ii fl^Jl Sj^i ^Ji J i^jSji t 4j*>y ^ cjy pjt : Jli . f( ^i jl^ oi 4jtS 
. j!)U-l oUl ^Upf J^L-f ^ 4Jli lji*»li dUJ^j clf-i ^j^-i ojw>y ^f 
^^-^ Cf. &> -^ u* ^OUi^l i_-*i (^ (^jif-Jtj c<Juv»Jl (/ 4~A ^f ^1 ^^fj 

^Ai oj-j UUiPj ciU- ? f Jl grj *^pis cof^.1 ,/li ^ ill Jj-.j ^m : Jli 
c-tw^PlJ c5fy»t ,^i« csfj j* : JUd c^yj cAs^-b- <s *aii .ui^itd c vrj ^ tfj* <.&&* 

.ulyw ^JUl Jju lyu ols t^ljJi c«daf oUi 



Y ^ \ Jbjt^li £\U\ JJSji j £lS.ji\ /cJUll JwaiJl 

ciJ-. ft ^tt 3f^1 ^ jg ^t of,, :u*^l ^f ^ ,JL- jp :^i ^f ^1 ^fj 

•((Crf* 8 <^ ( J 1 * Jt** ^ "^ °U* "V** 5 Lr*' (^*^f t5^ tij :J^j t V«3iy 
SjLii .«Olk-* Sjj^. ^^05j JJj afjjl J!,) :<dy JuS^I <j» ^Lp ^liJl <Jl5 

.#.LJi /-« iJ y>«j L» 451 jL ^..ajI ^x^Jj c4*51j^J1j 

lUi4 t( ^i 4~JJ J» ^j 4jt iSf^Jl ^tj £rp- ^jj ^ ^Jl 4*51 _^ ^ Vj : JU 

. Jj-aJlj e^«f Ijlt^ij J*iJl J> 4i«f 4j (^Jiiij kiJUi J*i «u£j_> tJ-Jl jP eji* j§§ y> J> 

( _ r *2i5 <^_a>ii iaJ_;p j^ e^SJj j*. J-l y*Qi { jO**-Z> ASi jj A^p ^ 0^£j -^j : (Jl3 

.L^_l* 4&t-l>- 

ja\ j : Jli .[vauu-Ji] ^UUj? OUJ^I jl>-j^ :JL*; 4Jy <j» ^jQ* ^p :^^u; 

^1 C-jcw t^P ^ ji^ jjP :<Ui«. (j» y^Af-t^J y^—^J C<U~o-j y^.L.^1 ^V^fj 
l^i»ci t«UP LjjJj^i «jj-v^J tatjJl (JJ J^^Jl 4srb- aJUi t ^ JUi IfUinJ! JUj 

.((l^-jjj 4*i«3 *«J ijm j^p J& ^j cl,^jii liL Dj 4srjj ^ ^jjJl j?- £>$,) : Jli ^WjjJl 
:cJlii t A5t styil of i Ig ^Jl jp c^p jjI jp :oUj^l ^^ (j» l=s i V: J! ^^fj 

<^j|^Jl y» ^Vj AiP iljjl J^>i cJl5 JjIj^I of «L» I^JLx^ll *-^ci-1 J 15 j 

(^ c^f <.\-Ji ^Js- cJlS olj i^Ju AjCm ^ : JU5 ta^^Jl q* <^^> J?>- ti_-iSJl ^^ 

j^ ^1 vloo :cJU t^f^ tc^jUaiVl oii^-jjP jt** cf '-^A ^} u^z.^i 



^j-JJ £_l£Jl JJ\ji j ^LijJi /dJUll J*diJ] V <\ Y 

^ ljJ.ur Of Ij*Jx~j Jj} : Jbo 4Jy j iy^-* ^l jp : jA-Ji jji £>^fj 

.£_lJrl g? :Jli .[\XV,L-Jl] (»l-Jl 

.^LJrJ (^ :<Jl3 .[\xa^l-Ji] 

.J^iJl Jipf j^- cU^-mj Jjipf o^ Alii iOUfy«! 

.L^Ui V : Jii .[ri:*uJt] (**■ UaJl ^ ^jj^aIj ^jk** ^3^ 

."sfjjt r/i" :4~£ ^f ^jI JaiJj 

tf 0l£ : Jii ^Lp ^1 ^ :^j^j <-i^H^h <.4s*j*^j (*^-lj \5 b j^ c^'j 

IJLa olio il\jj\ jj^J L. ^t dilij c<_*^ J^ Vi fl-Jl uyt V v ,l ^J ( J»f ^ 
f L~Jl O^j-io Jtoy j^ ^J-l IJLa OlSj Cj^i** <^p dili Iji^-f .A* jUaiVl ^ ^t 
?r jy ti^xJl jj^-L^Ji *Ji LJL» coL£L*~»j ol^x»j o*)LJL« ^f^* Oji-Uij cl*-^ 
dJJi £-Li cLa^f lS^-*-' i4-1p ^^iti tiJJi L^i £-waj i_-aJL» jL^aiVl ,j^ etyl *-^« ^x-j 

.[xxr:;yMi] (^ ^ ,►&>■ tjfc ^ ^^ ^j^-j) : Ji*' 4il J>U |g ill J-^j 

(^1 d»j?- j^jl-JJ : JL~" *Jy (i (j-LP ^il jjP le^;— . i" (^ ^> j> ^P ^^fj 

.[xxr:;^]^^^^^^ 
.ULif ^ co^X»j t4Li*j cftJiplij c4*j'L» :Jli 

AiL 4i\ t"OJL>- jip ^ 4^1 X,p Of I J}U ^f ^. Jut-. (Jj^W ^ Tji^r*- j^jl ^.^b 



Y ^r ; J*j*~U c^ 51 Afly £ c^jb /dJUll J^iJl 

:^VI Jjij c<*Jli ^j UJV (^J i^^t Jjij c^u^Ja^. ^aj £\y\ ifj Ji : Jji 
fcj* JL& u-rt; uii lUj tjJlfJl Juuf V) ^f L. r^^j^Jl jL2i .a£jb ^j u-rv Ji 

X»ji t_jl>wf L ;tjJUa* clSuo* Uji Uil£ ^j-fJt of i^yJU /jp : Ju«3- ^ JLp r^-fj 
j^t «i*y n^jUl) : JUT ill J^U till p^J&J tJbi-lj 4*-j ^ V) Ijft dt pXJ U afcij <G| 
i-dy.1 ^ J*-^! ^Lii t(H JLJ oxj JU-Jt uy. J^> .[rrriSyoJi] 4^ J>f f&y Utt» 
, Jj>-Ij iiiJL*Jl of _^P cU^o JJ ^ j.Ui ojj cUli JJ <y p-Ui o) U-& 

Lfj^U- tij ; Jji; }jftJ\*z^\£ ;<Jli i^U- ^ :^Ju»^5ij JL~4j t^jb^Ji Kj^i 

,»^*Pj t ( JL f -Jlj t<U*~^.j ^i^lllj c L^ .Lb ^ i <j> (c'j'-^'j i-u>f f^V Ev^J 

W*-- <>* ^ • <Jjh» j ^jW 1 <^j ^L-Jt Oy^i V Ijj"^ jUaiVl of :k*L* ft ^ 

ijAy^tJ cjUsuVl s-L-J (^ 1_p»5m SjjJlJI Oj^Uj-Jl aJj Uii t Jj^-f jJ^Jl ol£ 4j"f^»l 
^ cJLsiai t j|§ ill J^j J?T ^ ,lUi JjuC ^J :cJtf> tl^a-jjj < ^«J of efyl C-jti 
:UjJlp *&a cSjjUaiVi Lp-*i 3|| ill J_?-j <Ul"> ff c-j'Jbo c<±Ui U o^Ji tiJu ff 

.[TYr:i>yj] 4r^» J t&y ^ ^ «^y- ^jt-j) 
lutt^s-j l? Ip Oj>j" :3ju>Ji i^Up is*^*^' J^* 
.^^jJl 3jl* ^Js- a^xj> 3-»jli ^j L^^j ^ L^jJU a-^j* of :U»Jb»f 

.aSjb u^^j J^ <>Jo- of :j*^j 
J\ CJJ\ ^L-aJ| iU ^ J^f) : Ju; «Jy <j» aj„b£ ^ :J u^ ^ jup ^^fj 

.^UJrl :JU .[\AV:S y LJt] i^LJ 

*U ,»XJ J*-ff : Jl~"«Jy ^ J4-. 4if ill jl^p ^ jju ^ : Ju^ ^ jlp ^^fj 

.^LU-I y : Jli i[\ av :J>U»J 4^"^ J! «^jM f M 1 
.^LJri rcjjjl : Jli :2u i y( ^ ^*p ^l ^ : ju»?- ^ jlp ^^-fj 

.s-L-Jl oLJii- ItJui^l rljJli i<Aj&£-j t^^J-lj ceib* ^ :JUo- jj JLp r-j^-fj 

:cjli t^-Lp ^l ^ :jJj*S[ ^[j lj^>- j, xs-j c<ju*aJt J Jlj^l xp ^^-fj 
^o- &\ of jjP .^Ui-t : ^*Jh c^-LJilj ts^Ljiji oUii^lj t^^f^icltj cJy-jJl 

.s.Li Up f U- U< m-^ '(Cj^ 

<Cij !A* gM ^ ^y 4> »i> :«dji 4 ^ ^ 3j ^ ^iVji-^ £/*t j 

.*UJt oti. ^ 4]ji Uj t^Ui-t :<^-i^l :<Jli .[\«lY:» y iJ(] 



.J^iJl Jy ^ ^j-3 Uj c^LJr! : J 13 c^l j fUaP j* :-l^ j> J-p £y^J 

.f-L»Jri : ( _ r:i ^wJ!j t^uJJlj tJj^-jJl :Jji jl^j 

.f- L>Jr) 4U) *_jL£ (j o^Ljt : Jl3 tJU»>L4 ^ :JL*» ^ Jup £y^j 
JL*p Jl3j .jJL; I^-^JJl IfUaPj Uf cJui .(j-L^I \jj£\Jui a-Jj»i\ <y y*jj tjj** j>\ 
.fL5. Uj f Li L. ^j ill ^^Jj ijji U3 c£- LJrl Ji li^-iLJlj ^^JJl oi : J 13 ^ 

.^pU>- ^ : Ji3 .[\ \ ijcy^i] 4<»-U*j Oj^y j* ^j} : J 1 *" ^y J* cA* 

.^l :Ji3 .[r\:o-ji] 

• JjjJl :Jl3.[uv:s>Ji](^3 

t4jt^( ^»Wv J^J 1 i)\S : JL5 ^jvJs.jjJu.9 jyi U (j-^p (jjIj : Jl3 .[<>:i>»] \(*-»jJ«W> 

.fL>^J! JJ jj^2jL3 tOjl>«-j (^t : j « : j>tiwj .^Lif jlS : Ji3 Jajj ,J»j 

.jt^J cJ^iJ jU^Jl ^j jj.sa i . 3 c jj^«U>v : J13 

°>^ r*-i ^^ : ^ o- 1 ^ o*» ;/■ o^Jl ^ ! J jij^ u^'j **!-* ^ ? u^ 1 Cj^^J 



T *\ » J»js*- U c^ 1 -^V ^ c^ 1 Z^^ 1 J^ 1 

I»Am ^pU Oj«i»«i«j jy *}tp :<Jy J» <_~*£ ^ Ji«jt j^ : 0L>- j>\ ^j^i\ r/ij 

lil), :a] Jii 2|§ ill Jj-j of ciil a-p ^ ^U- jf- : jy ^j> j, jl*~. ^^tj 

. ((tr -£Jl ^r-^Jii dLUf ^Ip c-oJi 

cUiS Ldi CSj^P y> ^ 4il! J_^j £» C~£ : JjIj ^br- VfP r^jbtJl ^j^-tj 

.«?&pf c^-jjj (^J), : Jii .^^ j^p ^o*. ^i :c>|l?dLL*xr u,, : Jiii .cJs*» 
.« u ~&\ ^-#1* dLUi c-U-i lij,j : Jlij . (( dU^j qS^ *;!*■ ^i,, : Jii t L» fc Jii 
J^pI jt ^^t ^ 4J1I Jj~"j Oj Isfj^ll oJii cL(*w»t jjj*- Ld^-Ji ^^j^- j>) s\j 

.c^sx^at j^- L^ c-J cdJjj^i c4pL1sj l***> :cJli .\!~£ *>L-p 
1*^* 2rj i * i -W c4»^w J» OLo- ^1 ^ jss- '.i£j{^J\ rjt> J> y>^- ^jI JaiU-l Jii 
^UJs-I'^jIp *l>V ! : <_r^ J) o^ ( ^ ^j* 11 OT J^ c£UM i^j^JJi ot ^.oJ-l 

.«lJLp c-J-Ij 

jlSJ c^U- C-J-b» ^} sjUl JlP <_jL J» ( j^ J _J lejUl <j (jryi.wa.Jl (_/2*j Jlij 

^sJl ^j '^-L^^l JIjw»i*. 4j j** U ( _ r: v<Jl S^L* ^ JaiJl Jl i_>-i^ :bib k j 

.^'L^Jl <_jI^v»j c«_J*>l^Jl JUaPj p L*Jl j^ij jvaJI (j-^rj '^rt^' • 5 ^** / 0^ 
.aJLp ilJ-lj c<«J -Lxdlj cUUj c*uJjuj ctiJJi bli^ o^j^ :liljj 
^^--^Ji ^1 ^L>v V_j cli^j LL£j |SL>oI V^'j-^J '(^^1 V <V*^i :p L^-t J-^^* 

_yt Jit *>b cSoJr! AAj^-j ^'ti" ^^oliulbj cA^LJl e-b'ljiJ (c^«J' -Uj^>o ^| c3jai!lj 
cJL*V c^L^ij ijai Jss-t j* L^Jj ^Ui^lj 4-*aU Jut j\J c^UJ ^j cU *L^iSfl 4-S 

. l _ ? ^il t«ujaij 4jL^ij 4^> j\*r >-• ^^-^yj 
,Jl> cJ^^Jl £.W lij :Jl5 JU^Lsi ^ :«J_^.^! j^l^J ^ (_$JL.yH ^XLl £^tj 

ALbt ^a^f £*!*- tij,, : ^ in J^ Jii : Jii ttr jt ^ : J^ y \ ^\ 3 



Jsj^J) £l&Jl Jj\y J ^U^l /cJlill Js^ill Til 

^£ *1j| J^-j 61 ^uf ^ jit ^j ^^ ^ :Ulj^ m+~j J»LxJl ij* c£-^ ^1 ^j^'j 

.((Asrb- j^if Of *_-*u u£ clfjarl*- j-Jai ^a* 4^1*?* ^i <tl»f *£ji*-f £«Ur til)) : Jli 
J& lil : L^JiP 3H iii J ^ ^ ^JUl c iSLJi ^.bi ^ : f L>^l <j> JiyJl Jli 

61 j tliL- ^jjJ! 6lS U^> tyLdl i-^ji 'J^V 1 ^J J <-»}b>^lj :JlS 

.ot^JJ Jilt tjij;^! cJj j jii^Jij : Jli 

JvaiJl jjf JaiU-l Jli . (( ^£j|j iLJJI : (Jl3 ?jA Uj : JJ cJJ U,~J j£j c4». ( Jl ^d3 U£ 

4>1.u j* <_j?jJ &\ 61,, : Jli |!| ill Jj^j 6f ij>.j» J\ ±f '.t£±c- ji\ £^j 

.((Wjj <u Ui J*?yj tj^-Ml dUJb Ui i^-ixJ ' 4ss fjj J^p' 

y \ Jli .«£iiU Ol£ lil t( ^»i,) : Jli Ul^.1 Jst-jJl jS\j\ ill Jj^j L. : Jli !>U-j 6t c«Jbr- 
Ol£ la) p* :cJ5 fccrfyl J^i JtUsjf» : Ju W cJL» L.j Jli L. $g il J_^j L :^ 

.'»\jaS!i (JipVi 3j.saj.Jl 4jV tf- UJ?ll '.Mr^OM »j*~i . {( CjJja 

.4Jj^i .iJ^ji* j^- cl^-pl.ijj 's^Jj toj^-^Ji (Jljws 6lS lij 4jf :d-jJbl-l ^J**} 
.«i^U ja- 4LJ ^ja* JJ lil ijiSj, : $jg ait J^,j jt a^'Lp ^ :^op ^i ^^fj 
^3 Nj c^U Cwaa^ lil„ :i(U f V H ii J^j Jli : Ju ^t jp £ ^fj 

y^» : ^ ^1 Jj-j 6f ijUaiVl ^lap ^t ^ :6UiNl ^jtA ^ i,^^ 1 C.^^ 

.«JjJI J\ ^j Sf^JJ j^-t dJUi 6L» t^j -^ c-a»H liL» j&£> Ci\ iijLr 
^^ja^l jUsSl *UJ li,) : ^ ^Jl Jli : Jli ^ j,s ^ :^J\ } ^s* ^l ^\ 3 

:LA Jli c^L-Jl jal&L l\jA ^jlJl, cJl^ : Jli ^-J jj ilu^saJl ^ :^U-l ^j^tj 
.«2jjJl J* Ja^-fj t 4arjU yaif 4il> i^jj Mj ^^fafct,) : % ^1 J^-j U jLii ^Up f t 
oljO, ^j ^JU ijjj^, : Jii ^ ^Ji ^ ^ ^ : ^^ ^l ^\ 3 



frUoli jtfj :j»J\ Jw^l jjj : Ju A>jjk ji\ ^ :pU\ J^ai ^^ili £^fj 

.(JL»V 4*ii» <u5 4^5 cc5y j^JDl : Jji _^p-u jJ^juJi 

• HI ^ ^ ^^ ^A^ '^^ ^ 4rt/ ,t ^^-^ '^ a* 
4^j5fj ^Uf ^ Vt i?yl\) f UkJlj (dUJl lj^«- f I j3f <J\j U)> ; ^ ill Jj*-j Jlii 
l_p»T ^jJUi L^jf $ :cJj*i t^eU cr Ji ^ea-y tf- ^j j*i tfrUJi £&fj '?yl? 'j^J 

. a [AV:s.uuii] {,*£) i»i y\ u OLi? 1^^ 11 
Sfyt ^i -&» J^j ^ :cJU Sty l Of ^ ^1 &■ :JftlaJl ^ t/ i t Jl £^f_> 

UJJ ?j^-lJi J» S-Jb-tj IjA L» :*"!/• I cJUi .Lf^ ^\j (Jw L* tv*JU^t c^oJlj : jL2i 
, (( <^-Ufi Jl U*J^-f S-P"J '-'^r** ^^ (*-r^')) : J^ $J5 t/^' ^ 
W^jj ^ oo*^i otyi Of :Olj^i j< J^ ^p :>LS^i «^ <^^p ^ c^^ 

.oi^-t lij : JL5 .J ill J^f U 
.^j^as- c-jj fL»-t VI of^l j-t-^> c-s-j L»i tAijU-( 

.ii'ii tSijU? c45jb- If Jjtj '. J ? i -')}\ <*ij^>- ***j 

:Jyi 0j <^ Jj-j i ^^* v.y ^ j^ : j^i ^^ <^ (af ^Ji £^?_5 



J*j~J) c l£Jl JJIy j c Li_^)l /cJliil J^l , TU 

Sf^Jl cJUas,, : 3|| il Jj^j Jl5 : Jli c^p ^1 ^p :.k- jVi ^ J^l c ^t_, 

ja jj>\j£i of J^-jJJ (_5*rJ : J 13 <-~*^ij>. j>. ill -a-p j^ -^j^" J* j^ 1 — **• oi' C^l? 

f^i V Of I4J i^jj .4J1P jJJj C»jj 4J) r-b»-l 4JL3 C^^-Jl f- Jj V Of :4j ,j*Joj .l^J 'U-ii 

.LajL. c_-Ai £-p ^ lij jJ\ oU cf LjU f_Jb V of :<d ,>~ij .J*-^* s#.Ln*f ol» cJ^Vl 
J^ ^ tP^ 1 : J 15 'uijs- 1 ^ u^ :«^i*~i ^JaJl ^jsr- J» J>li_^!l ^P jjf J^fj 

.[rv:WijJi] {tij*} : Ju; *)y J» ^Lp ^1 ^ :jj»jJ| J» ^^Jl j, ^La, c ^f_, 

.i^jJi ^ :Ji3 

.i^jJl ^A t^jyJl : J 13 3>_/KP <jP Ifip- ^»f jjI ^^"fj 

. J*Jl ~v~J~\ :^yJi : J 13 ^u>- j, pi* j* \jijs~ j,\ f^j*\) 
.iUiJl ^ : J 13 J-»L£ jp :jJLJl ^1 r^j 

Jjl* <of t,^lijJl OjbU j, ill J^p ^j JL>^i jp :4»y>" J" ^L-p ^1 £^-fj 

:JLijfj .Lf-^jjJ SJJLlJI oyii-l : Jlii ^L~Jl ^» k-JjyJl jp 

"*\yl\ iL^)) : f| ill J^ JL3 : Ju t( ^lp j* :ai^\ ^^ J. (=f i fr Jl ^\ 3 

j-ilj^ |v>Ji ill Jj^-j 1j :cJl3 Ljjf 5jjUijVi A;jj c~j frU-f jP ^is^J 1 FS^i 

•^ 2r 'j 'J'^"' ^X-^J c t^^* ^W^J tCjLpL»Jrlj C^oJrL) cLdp jt-JLytX* JU-^Jl 

.in ^ j ^i^Jri iilJi ja J-a*tj t^-i 

VPUIj 4431^^. Ijjfcj cL^-jjJ j^i^j Jv ^.-^ o!„ : ^ ill Jj^j Ju* 

. (( <d^ diii JJjo c«ui3l_^ 
l^-J j^» : ^ ^» Jj-j Jl3 : Jl3 niJUL. j, ^f je. :^jlp ^l c ^fj 

. (( 4*UJl iijuJI 
iiUl Sf^JI ^o ill 01)) :li>y^ ^ ^p ^jiyiJl ju— J» ^JujJi c ^fj 

. <( iiJJl SpjJl 
•2^1 :y» tJjJij-tJaJi ^iwi-i :5iJJi i^-j^LiJi J»j 



Y 1 1 , J'j^ c 1 ^ 1 ^V ^ C 1 -^ Z^^ 1 J^ 1 

.^LwJl ^ iS^Ub ^ J>j 4)1! J^j L : JU 4if jjL. ^ :Jf^jJl y> (^yi^Jl ^^j 

.4>^jJi :£j)J>\ :J^l J> ^-jU ^i Jli 

. JU-Jl Jp 4laiL~iJl ca^UaJl Cisjt ^j 'W-^J^ J*^' ai^J-1 ^ r^j^UJl J» Jlij 
4j_jL>o» ijlj :Jli c^-*ji qj <U)I -l*P /^P laJUo-o 4jxjjIj J» ^SL~P ^1 Kj^'J 

: Jli 4ijs ^ ^JUii <Uft Jb>-t ^Jjjty rU>j ^ -U^ JUfJ <j j^L~P ^1 rp^J 

.oLjjlJI ;$.L-»Jt /^-^' ^J v»i >— <-^i c~«a>« 'Jj-^i <-^ j-^**-"" '— '-*■*"* 
L-a/Ual Jp J.».iJL> («Jy Vl J^'LLi) : ^o.^. UlJL" f- jJl 1JL» tj» ^j : Jsj;~Jl Jli 

, .i- r >h£j! \JLft ^ jU^-Vlj jilj-Jl 9 y <j J^. Lf-^J -^.A? 

.«£JaiJ *)! S^j t(>5 fl>o M ^j<j ij^j •)[ ^ cj^},) : Jli ?(*+*-! jjf lJs-1 J*t cr ^ ! 
Ji«i 4jt ^ 4))l J_^j jjp «ji^r* u|^ ^ :^-> ^v iy ^AiJl fLsi!! ^j^tj 
. (( V^o Sjt^ ^~«rj t^ f^ tils tC»-i C»-i oXj je-^iij t£«Ulj j**J» : J 1 ^ ^^-* j tUit 

5Jrl ^ j*jji Jaw,, : |§ 4)11 J_^j JL5 : Jli ^ js> :^J\j (fX»j&\ ^y^i 

. (( ^UJrl ^ ajU ey 



J*ji*J} £\£J\ JJ\ji y> ^LAjJi /iJUl! J-^iJl r • • 

SlJUOb f^aLi Jjr^Jl 01 <o.U.U* tr i}( ! 5AJtj» :Jli .?UjJ| J» j^Jl^^y^J U£i^!,j» 

. L^JJ -bf*,! (C»Lp (j}**«*> o<JU»*3e- 

^^ l> 0^ ^ g> 01 : JlS c^ljloJl ouJL, ^T jp :/L~p ^l Cj ^t_, 

j+-1p A&^Ul c~ij-> il^iU J*l£j" lit* *. LUl ,ylJb-l ji^ ill •jJLj jji-l ^^J ^L>J- 



a*ut ^ 

•is^-i c-s** &* ^ r^ 1 ^ iM ^ : ^ 1 *** ^ i^^ 1 -^ ~^-> 

tji Vij .j$ J*iJlj cjli^lj .<^b. :jVlj -LAjji cUjf :Jli ifljl JbJU^ :jSfl 
t^l^Sflj cIUj^Ij *Uai^lj cJLJ^Jj .^>\js^\j cUjJjj tlA^Sj <b*jjT : jLi cjjSflj 

.tUai^lj.iJ^Vlj cfLi^lj ii3Up^!j c f UNlj liili^lj 

.l^i$ IpLct *-«b>- ^(ji*^ <J^ ls 5 ^" v 

.*b-Jl ^ 4jJj : fr La*l ^fj 

.eJLij ^iSUl :^bp«-^lj 

CjUa^-Vtj .Ol^i*Vlj .^LiVlj :^y^ij i£j>»Vlj .*JliJb t(J >L^*V!j 

.Lpl^ j^ ojl^i :(waJL« cejj'Sflj tSjb'^lj 
liS j u-i I*. La^pj ^LrK? V^ 1 ^ -jIaJi J» <>j%Jl :JUa^Vlj 

. c L5Ulj J^Sf! Ij^ljfj c oLLaSHj t Ob.ApSflj tOL>Sfl MjJlJj 

.Lj_*b :JbL ceUlj .esUlj .fUl 
tj»_s<aJb. *-siaJtj tftliJb i*-*aJtj ci«j>«jtjb c^£«Jlj i4L»^-Jb i^*~Jlj •^J-J'j 



J^j^JS c l5oJl JJ\ji <j» ^LijJl /cJli)! J^aiJ! ' r • Y 

.*Utj . JbJlj tijUrl *Los#l rjLJlj 

.oj-ilji J» j^^ jjt a^i tfb-ydtj c«-ii^)l_j t«-tiJlj #( jijdl_5 . JpLjlj .<Jj^ 

. ( «_LwJl_5 .Jl?*Jlj CiiLS^Jlj .-UjJij .^yllj .^Ldlj 

.^aJJUllj t^aJ-t J* 4jb*L$rl * ./'^•■■■'-'"j 

. t-i-WJl « 
.43U)I ^*Jl Jl>£ : u.J)j 

.aL^lS tO^Llj .f^UJrlj .fUaJt fb^L tJiJ-lj .oU-lj .^l^ 1 '-£^ S 3 

>U_, tf l> .ybLlj .Ja^Sj . ft Lj-1j .^^U-lj cJai-lj c^lj .>lj .J^Ll 

• uwJl Jl**lj tjijJL, c^-jJ-lj -oy-Jlj Jl^Jl <Jl*4» .jj-Ai-lj .Jj^'j •^ , > )L ! 

.^JjJi aOjj^i :o*L>t^ of^»lj ^i5LJl ^^ :<jt>*^- (U-jj tUL>t^ :Jli r^jJ-i 
ci>>lj c^-yUj .gbLij tgj^-lj .g^1_, .fcjJ-lj .gsM, .*>!_, .o>lj 

.igk^t jjI 8j ^3 c JyLlj Cft"5U-!j cS^i-lj tyyi-\j cJ=>*>U--!j cJaiJ-lj 
jLLj tlf_yv9 Ajalb^JJ ^*«ii c^jUrt 2-^LT of y* riUUl «ui J» yJUiJl JlSj 



: JuJl «Jy- 
.^L^Jl o^S y> :JJj tj=^jJtj t^-Olj .^aJIj t^AJlj .i__paJ|j 

.^jAJlj .^AJlj .^AJlj .^AJlj 

ty-jJlj .ilijoJlj .^Jdlj .j^-jJIj .J^-aJIj .dJLpjJlj . *JjjJl .c— jJIj t^opAJl 

IS.U-L) S_js-jj|j tj.Ui-1 f L^pLi t*jijJlj .j.U-1 JL*aL l^b-jjlj t-^j-jJlj tA^XjcMj l|*-JrL) 

tL^LUo45LJl Jx-aJl f'-^J t£*^ *Jrjt tL^J ^yds jt iLfjuU- :Lf_»_p:> i^jAiill ^j 

.L^Jlp ty tSyjJ-1 0U2J-I ^:>_j 
: JUUl <Jy- 

A^f J*-jj ciJAJlj .^*>ot« jjyu .£• JJlj .*-saJL) tJaiJUlj tJaSJUij -£-^J •^ p -^ 1 

.9^ fr ^ <U-f-> ^ t^-L^Jl jJ& '.J^'^} 
.L*j»-Jbj iLab-Ju LftLs-i tjs-JJlj .I^Ji cL»jJJbj tLftTJbj Lalli J Li tjliJlj 

._jJuJ dAWy ^-yiJl di-^ I^Ustj 
^r^ t^L^Jlj t^LJrl i^Uw^'t^UsJlj .(_r*Jl_j -y^A? -AA? -p^A? 

.£Uil J> al^l :^UJlj .iijlj .o>i J^ £& r^j :j»yliJ» J»j 
.4-WjiJ! ^1 »/i is-*A> -£jA> -j*A> '-^Wj 'cA> -^A> -AP' 

.(jyJl ("L^pL tj,jLwJlj .SLaLJtj tjLJlj .Ja^Jlj t<_jh£5 i^L/LJIj JjLJ|_j j^Jl 
.45j^iaJl Ls-wiiJt jlp :<u^i)l t9_jL^Ji_j .j>j)?...llj tjh--'lj 

.JLWjiJl jjl 9j & ijLiJlj ytAJlj jUJlj i^IjJL, ij^-iJtj I^A lJ^>\ } ^tJlj 



Jsj-^JJ ^liUt Jb'ly g> ^LS^I /dJlill J^xiJt , r • i 

.^LlLsJlj tJ^iJlj cJjLt>.llj .(_/a^- 4jyu ^-J :*-£sM J»j 
^^liA 'JLaij ti^oUJ-l jjj 4jj c4Jijb~~« ef^Jt f"L«^-j '^-^ tU^t '.r^J\j 

.^lyL^aJlj .^^oL^Jlj PJ+ ^2j|j .s.LaJL; yL^Jlj .JjiJ) fL><^; .e^^waJlj . Ja« lS a.llj .c-jl^^oJl 

.gjljJl tj^JaJlj .fljL .^Jailj .jJJlj .^IjJL t^Jailj .j-UJlj .C-oJaJlj .*UaJl 

<laM> -^ 'cr^'j -U^ 1 J 1 **^ 'tr^'j tr^W'j .tfijJli >Wtj c^IjJIj >JaJlj 

.jjJaJlj .J^laJlj .0l5jJaJlj i<_»ljJaJlj 

•cT^'j .oi".o.«tfj '<_/v^j .t_jj>J!j .Ju«jJ|j .jj*)lj .iJu^jJlj . aJjjJIj .(_jJl 

.fUilij .jUiitj .J^yiJlj .^AiJlj .JaiJlj .L>ciJ! 
.JjVt J^iJl s->^ :Jb^iJlj -J^iJ) :4>jiJ! ^1 Jlij 

.i£~iJl ^ <utS U*>U :L,_iu8j jl^l ^L^l (j^Lij 

<_r^lj .ija±i}\j .ij»ii\j .'aJaxJii\j -i^j -tji^j .<-*^lj .<_»!y^l 

.£-l£j! ^ :^la-«Jj 'f^ 3 J^JJ --t^iJlj . k a Sit j JLa^L. ijtfuaJlj .fUcpVL. 
t J_^iJ!j t f j*iJlj ^LiJlj <.£_ji}\j (.j~S3\j £_\jii\j i£Zii\j i£^i)lj j^aJL. i£_Ji)lj 
ti^ai^iJlj .^iSJl ^ :La*A£ iJUiiJlj t^^iJlj .iSUl J^iJl ^>\j^> '.JliJl J»j 



r.o 



J^^JJ ^liUl jtfly ^ ^Li^Jl /oJUJl JvaiJl 



.o^O^ SLiJL c^^lj tOjJb cr i£Jlj .jS}\j .£i&\j .f.LiSSS 

:p^Ji e3y- 

.pi\j .jJU, >c Ulj-.olJalJlj .^JaUlj il^b^l CfAlJlj c^U-1 JU^j c^lj .fldJl 

\^\ iJy 

.tc^JIj .Tt^Jlj .rc^Jlj t*-5!- (4 s 4fL=M j»L>uPb trt>s_Jlj 
.fsUlj .?c^«Jlj t£cja*Jlj tj^^SJb C<<b>-L~ Jlj 

Ob Ub^i U_i tfljbj cjliU fb^pb tj _p*J|j tytJlj c >Jlj ..uJlj .JUaJtj 

.(j-Jlj .^-pjjlj . (Lr *Jlj .JaJlj tU^J c^l^Jlj f U-l JLaU cjbMj tyMj 
.fliLJlj .(jAjlj .8j.Lw^Jlj .4*~«_ddlj . Ja i .« J lj .iaJtJlj .^^o^Jij .i^L^Jlj #(J ^^Jlj 

.^Uij .s^Uij .^lO, .^ij .>jij ,^j\j wJm j\j ,^\j , Cr j,\ i 

.^*^UiJ)j ,4^*>Ulj .43^LiJl_5 .a^LiJlj . 4jaJb^J(j -ejj^'j .4*.Ulj .UpLJIj 

:i*;jj|j .^l&Jl^y ^^ 'Zj^b .O^lj .**3L«Jlj .4jJIjJ|j .4JjL~J|j .^cliUlj 

..-O^l £^ :ilJfl.uJij .^LJr! y> jL^^i :dJLJl_j .JUjl^lj cu. ^v^ 

:i)yjt l -^^" 

yjui ^ ■*%>-_) 'V^ <iji>- Oijdl y>_j t^jjjj AJuio- fi»jJl J» 4jf : i }Ji>*d\j 

.4ijy«Jt 8jL*Jl y> 4-py^j t^lpjJl <j> kyj <%i» 5%sJlS y>j tci^iLl J*)Usi 



^j^Ji £l£ill M\ji j c Li-^Jl /cJliJl JvaiJl V « "\ 

:,U-Jl ij-^j -tA^'j .iiliJij .4^-j^Jlj .4*-jJ\j .j>^i -g^'j :c-j»«-J|j 

.Ob^Jtj .*tjij|j .j^Jlj .J~Jlj .«Jw*J»J .^UJrl flat 

.£_l£Jl Sjla :iL^^lj cdlAlj .jAlj .£jAlj tL t*Hi cL»L^ :Jli t^ 1 

.^UJrl ;>& 

.iJ»Aj .^lj -^Ij • VA? --^A -o^jJ'j -^A 1 -) -u^A? -i*Aj 

-i_r^Aj 

.isLJl J^t-iJt s-'lj-^' (V* '-S j* 9 iSjljdl 
^JUl frU-.f ^ J^a3 

caJu^JI JljJb icfbSllj i^iSllj i^Sllj cJLSllj-i^USllj "->jSllj ijiSli 
tjt^Jlj ci^-S/lj .OL-J^I-jU j CjI; o/i itJIiVlj c^U^Jl JlJJL, cjli^tj 
C^-^>rlj crs^Jrtj .^piJt A*p\ jA j) CjwajLi tioj-Wj '£" Jr'j '^Jj ljy-^~>*J 'j^_Aj 
JUa£>V :JJj iJi-U-lj cj)t.U-!j cJ^jjL-lj t>>^-lj 'VK? '-^J 'V^'j tOb/Uj 

.OOJlj cJijjJlj i,Ja*)l; 
.^VjJj t^^Lill ^ Jl3 .<_jiLiJJlj c^jijJDlj c<_jijiJlj 
lo^r^-^Jrt ,j Jjjl jj\ J 13 t^jJlj 'c/ ^ ^ t^ 1 l rt^'-^J 'jA^ £*-^"'j c A*^'j 

.^aJb :JJj coL^^L. j^L^ :y* JJj c^Lp le^ Jl3j 
Cjlj-dJlj cJj3LJ|j cej^Jlj tjJ^^Jl t^Jlj cJjL>^Jtj cAJaJuJjJlj cjj jJlj 

.(jruiJl cJb» 

cj^*)lj .cJuL«I OJjjj cbL£ OJ_jj c^Js-UaJI jv^aj tt-isyaJlj ce^^^JaJlj t ^JlsJUajIj 



r . V J^j^JS __ull Jb'ly <j> c Li_^l /_JUJ| J^_Jl 

Jj^^*Ji •(ji^J '(*jL>«jJ|j l*3pJ0\j tiL>uJlj ci^udlj tjl_*!tj tflj^—Kj 'J-^Jlj l4jjlre_i» 

.j^-v-Jl _Jj«Jl JJj lOj^-oJrl ^ 4jl3 ti_JU_Jl 

ii__U—l i_.,.,- 7 .;.Jtj t^-iauJlj ^U 1 y> :J-Jj '^y^j :0-_j^i <_$_- J» rU-jll <Jli 

.L»^?_ij t LxLolj t(jjijJl jv-jaj i LxLolj tOjjjJlj tOj^Jlj t^^oOlj 

. (Jt/» -xJI. tJL_— J J • tJ—Oul (_£~uli L y^>- 4JI ;«j^-«Jrl (j*J 

.j^uJl tj jU-l oljJu :JJj c_/»v (J eS~UL> :JJj 

. JJ-tj ^Ul ^ r -tu_» /UL _^_- 
t-A-j-,__aJl iUJjjf , ./?; tA.LJa._All j tAJU—^iJlj t4L.jillj t LiJlj t 1 _ ; ... - >k.'.aJtj 

.^^•11)1 ^ e^i t^^oJtj cJaJjJl (V J_JL) (j^U 1 :,L*j (.jJuii^j tt__^_iJlj 

. Jjj^ -j! aJ «^j :cJi 
• _r-*Jl >*> L*4j t-ui i_i>t^> Jjj^ ^1 of I4jji\j>- ^1 ^S JLij 
tL>^_J ',p*J tj*5Jl c^.l^pL; t«j*>J!j t<Ll*S teiJUL* Jbj itj^iwi; la-J-pOlj 
.J-^-Jl £j-i J* JLp- jjI «j^i cJ^_Aj_> OJj; c ^ .-J— :. » -■» ?» t^^-L^-Jlj t(^>*^o i^^^^JiJlj 
.OjJ__I i_JLoJl. (j^L^- :,_Lij ij-~iJlj i^Ul obl_> _^ y«> iJaiU-l Jli tf- _Jlj 
tJ-LJlj ti^>i*-Jij cjlf_~Jlj t_jJ_Jlj tJ^-Jlj tiJJUlj t^^-^ij ^j^Mj 
Jli^Jlj tSJL-^Jl JljJb t<3b_^!j t_!jJlj t_^i!lj tj-sd—lj tOj^-Jlj tr-_^LJlj 

tc^^jjJlj tjL-jjJij 'j^j^Jlj if_j— Jr! <di«j tj^wiJl J-iii! ^JJl :t_^PjVl 

. .^\)\ pUl f^-l /JJl I^-L^Jlj 

£___lj tj-jUJlj t_L-^jJl 4k. j JiL»jVi JbJL_Ji ^^ili ._Ju_Jl ^JJi :jujJ!j 

.J_LJ!j tJjJrlj tJjJrlj C^L-_Jlj 

.i_Ju_Jl ^JJl «:L^f _^» tfrliJlj r-L-iJl jf '.uyi\ i—j-U^ j^ij 



^ji^jj £i£ji jj\ji j ^ls._^i /cJuii j^ji r « a 

.a^>*Ji JiJlJl. 

.OjJLiJl ^Jd! :oj*Jt j-tf^ ii i£-^.jh J 15 

..b-LiJl v_JUJl IjU^all :«_^-*i-i J»J 
• CS-Ui <^JJl j^Jil! ^^'j 

j^ioJij t4L_^> cSjjX. :k*JU»j c^SJdl «iw (k-jj cr-L^Jl ^-Ul :di^Jlj 

.i_>La)L tilJjJrlj cJ^uJl : j^yJij c^-oUJlj c^l^Jlj c^JDl :^J^\Jt>l>j <.jyS*i\j 

tyUJlj cUiii^ij cf jpV«j c^UJd li^ dJuZj iijjtij c^-^Ul >Jdl :(j»-V»j 

.<ujap ^j^J tj^JJl Ji_^ :JW J* j J -JaiiJt 

. V^J cObjJrlj cJyJl :>b- J£ ^ Jli :lil3l J*t Jl5 



f • <\ : J*ji~M c^ 51 -tfiy ^ c^ 1 /^^ J-^ ! 

.ll^l : v-*J ( t/j 

.j^sflJlj tjbjjLlj c*liJtj ti—^soill ^ysJl (/J 

.eJtl*Jl i^JKJl y>j 
.^L«MjaiSJ(j tiw«JaiJlj tiwJ?ji)!j c^jlsyiJl :jj_)^A-lj 

.tiiJl :<_jl.JJ! J»j 
:jjft» ^^ *U-f 

tiL5_^-l_5 toy^J-lj tiiiJ-lj i*£yt '«j*Jlj cij~J}\ :a] Jii tji Vl ^ji? L*f 

. < — *L«Jlj 3^>«j(j! l jyJl £tUj tjviyJlj tJj^iLxJlj t j^£*j!_j toj^otllj tt r J_y-j^Jlj tilijjJlj 
.JsUJlj t^UJl^Uj CfiyiJlj tlijt ^^j t^Jaiillj c^JsyiJlj (.(J^SS (£jlDlj 

■ tjvjliJl j^Xj tyyjJlj tUjf ^XAj C^L^jJlj ta^jiJlj LjJiJ)i\j C*J>^v^Sj!_5 

C9jj^*x!lj to^»ij|j t^k^Jlj t^^^JLaJlj i^^^iiJlj caJ^aSIj t^JbiJtj c4jja^£)lj 

t^^dlj . Lr -kUl!_ 5 ^^iaiiJl USj clwjIaJl iy£i\ I^-UaliJl :2U>UU 4ft*J j*j 
.^X&lj t^U^p^U tAiLi^Jlj tUAj^Jlj t(_^ii^)l_j tJ»USJij i<_9L2)lj c^ii^lj tLr ikjJlj 

• <JjJ-ij ti*iJa*)l o jr *iJl : f li_^-!j c^yLSOlj c^L^Dij le^f-Jfl J» JL* 

.ii^^^Jl c4]aJL*Jl AjLiJ-l :*LiivdJlj 
C~JaP lil <d£ cU^^&lj c^yL&lj t^-l^i)! iplijJ-lj c*L~JUl iJ&j Iiijtf Jli 

.4*L»*>- c^^ejiil '• L yy~i 



J?j~~U c i£Ji jj\ji j c Li^)i /cJuli J^i : r \ . 

.«Uwa5 i_3ys Ij^HV' (j* AjJ^j\j 

lily \j»j j£jA\ tSjPr^ <Ub s-U-it 

■ J^Jl l-iSj to*)Ut ^.^iL; tj^JJl <-^yj ^e'^'j 

. JjJ-1 jvJaP :<Jj*-f J*"jJ 

.j^siaJlj ^wiLlb A^UJJl ^j iOLi-1 ij fJai L* -^y^'j tiiiiJlj 
.Cajt Sjj^lj ^JJl (j» (3^ :,^a)lj ifc*Mj tiipjlj i^bVlj tiUiltj 

./on j,i*, c/iji i^ij^jij 



n \ . ij**^ £L£-Jl Jd\ji j ^Li^Ji /cJlill J*iA)l 

.«Lil*Jlj to _wJl ^jv L* ;4JLy-lj to _sir>-lj 
.«-—'Vlj t^isjJaJlj ttjjtiJlj tSjjtiJl :^w lAytAj tjJtiJl C~*l» :4j'L<J|j 

£* t4^>otJi JlJjLi tOLSj JJ-!j tOlJLiiSJtj tOLiiVij tUb..,a.Jlj t*-«-v^ : f^ ( J 

.^lill 0L5L* 

. iAiH J] jSJUl ay l. : ^-^pVfj 

.c— <V»j j^JJl oh L. lUb^tj 
.4J (J'Lill JaiJ-l '7-yJj ^yi*=^ c Jgj ■•?*)! j 

tiyLlj cijl^lj tjbLlj tjrjJij c^UaJlj t^waJlj t«->jVlj 'S-f^'j 'r 5 ^ 1 

,*j><J~\j <-iji-\j Jb.UiJl> CjJ-)j cLiiiji tjJ-lj 
^^J 'ls^'j t*LJ-lj '•j^ , J < -jJ J> 3 C <_r-^J t^j-s^ ^V r^j^LiJl <y J 15 

.o^J>j 2L^jJl ^l> i^SJ\j t^y'lj 'J^K? tcJy'yMj cJL 
'^^r^'j 'C-J-^ 1 * 1 -? 'ffj^'j to^x^Jlj t^x^Jlj cofj^Jlj t^^lj tOb^Jlj iSj^Ij 
cAjI-VjJIj cS-JaJlj cjjjJaJlj tiUallj c(»ytJlj cji^^Jij Oj~A) CftLJlj ..^^ jT ulyH ^Ju 
.tj^SL-Vl JijJaJt j-* :Ji5j 'p-f-kJlj "j^J 'J^'j c«_j^J iOU-*Jij tilJbJlj 

tjii>tiJlj 'J^lj t^jiJlj *-sa)L; Jydtj .rjis (^f c ( _ r o«ii <uV t3—^LiJlj 

t^-Uv^Jlj c<_3UJ1j tJaiijiJlj C(j>»Jlj t ^,aij*Jlj t^-jJlj tf- LuJl_j cj>j-»^JJlj 

.*U-1j t^lj^Jlj t*-JrL> tj"^_^lj '^JJ^'j c ^i^'j 'c/^J C 5 *^^ tTtSvJuJlj Cr-^^^Jlj 

:i^\i^-l itfUJ ^y»j 
c^^Jl <_>^AJl t(%->^l ji&\ cj^l t^jiJyJl c^JLJl t^^-^Jl £>ii :VjjVl 



J*j~JS c l£Jl M\y ,j c lXj!>\ /cJ^Jl J^aiJl r N V 

.kiUJ^ 'j^-'j tiili»j t^>«j^ fli»o t-Jt^^lj c^-LiUlj t ( _ r ^ < yi_) tt_-jjS/l Ali«j 
.j»_^I_5 ciiUa*Jl_j tdJ-W2jJl_) t^jUAilj tOj^yJlj n_JjJJlj tdj_^-lj 'J>^"'j 

.*>w» :Jajl]aj Ja/Uaj- ^>-_) 

tj»JjLill 4ii»_j t^lj liwJLJ r/j t(ijJ^I S~^^ "r^^'j i J u ?*^ r h ij^^^i 

.^JLLiJlj tjjLjJlj jiiillj jWlj tjJUoJlj 

^yiJl : ( J9jU2jJ|_j Ctjy"yLiJl jJ-Ol ccijl ^^i-dt c^jcSL-^l JijiaJl : <>*^"j 

^Al ; t jjiU^-*j AJjtJlj ciiL*a)l r-jjjjJl Ijjjia-sAi cJjJLl-lj .<uJ- \is- Aj i/ c^jJL^Jl IJSj 

.ojilt fLs- :c~sDlj 

Cj^c5Ulj t<_ r jc£j|j n_J^£Jlj c4J>La*JIj tiii-i»*Jt :i -r^' <«-Jajj! of^JJ Jlij 

itLLys^Jlj ct3_^^)lj c3->_^2jc1|_j c^j-aJIj tiijU-l ^y»Jl iiu^aJlj 

.j»_ps>^)lj liLdUlj tiaJuirJlj t4ij^9^Jlj 

cO_^Jb cii^Ljlj .ryill <*~'\ji\ j^SL-Vl ^Us^aJl :«LLiJl .j^u^iVl /*-*aJl :«-^j 



r \ r J*j*~u c^ 1 ^V d e^ 1 /^^ J-^ 1 

til^>cjl-tj tJj>t^_Jlj 'J-^^'j tfj-Ls^^-'j 'M*^-'_J t^Lapji-lj tr-LiJlj i^ULJlj 
.$.\j^JJlj t«.lj^J-lj c$.liyi-lj cjlaJb c*-LiJlj t«.LftjJlj cS_/*^j c^-»^)lj 'C^jj^^'j 

.4jjaillj i(j_^^Ji : £.j^ ^hW^ d^J 
c^LiJ^Jlj t4Pji^)lj tfjiVlj ci_ij^»^)lj c^UkJJ! :<uJ- JJLiil c £>^ 'vi-*""^-} 

.jiiiJl :^Ai ^i 5 ^ jLij 

.A^sJj 4>t*J :?.lii-j 'J-^' ^J^ 1 '^r^ °^J 'S-W^ *'./•'.} 

'fj^j c4Jl>e_{_4j '■tjij^'j ^-ij^3 'fj^'J cal .h»* llftLxL^ JaJLXs^-l .^1! JLSjj) 

. t ^ r kJI J» *-&y '.^-*-^j> s-J'jj 
.^liJ-tj t^U-b c jbAiLtj Ob'JLiilj ijlilkJl 

.ObijAllj tcJj^tJtj : t y>j>«LdJl (^» i!j C^yij^Jij 



J*j~Ji £l£Jl jJ\ji J ^LijJl /cJuJl J^aiJl r ^ i 

.(t-siJlj cJiiUl :!i^j t^ry»Jl <-*>>■ :yLiJlj tyLdJlj 

.<ulj*- I^r^iJl jUa^t Ijj^-P ^t jjijj ^»j 

.aj jap ^j co_^ ^^'j 'o^ 1 r^ cH- 5 : o^ Ji j 

. JlAJl, :JJj cjljjb cOlOjJlj cikJlj t JaJl :a} Jlij cAjjJl *lp_j I^^Ij 

.lf_»i jf 'i^-^lj ^JiJl ^ U y^j taJjj! .ilLw. Jlijj l^-J\ J^-b :J^I_j 

.^Li* :<JtAJlj .-^J-l yJ ^yr :jJbdJlj .^JJi ^iiLw. :J^-Jl to^ Jii_j 
•<^> :jW»j -dy- t. :<o^j . C >J! ^ :^j-Uij .^i ^ ^^ :^VVij 

.^iJlj C|*-siiJlj CfljUaJtj cUjJl; CjlaJljCjJiJl 
^ O'li-l aIaa bi <d£ tJ^jJlj c^laJlj c-JK^Ij OjJlj cili-Jl I^JJL. y \ JUj 

■^lj 'cH'j ^j% 'J^j :<^ #» *»j 
c45ijJlj t(_iyj!j ilj^AS^ cSjOjJIj iJ-*aJlj tt-j*Jlj ciLjJl ^^.Ull <j» :>ljj 
c^ii^5U(j tJaJLiJl JiJl :j_^JbJi J #J JiJ» e3> c_>>Jlj J^Dij iJ*-JJ»j ijs*llj 

C~-w> <U«j cOjtj ^tiiJl, fl^Jrlj Cp-siJl; liLiSJlj CSjAjJl :*jjU-I SjliLj Jlij 

.c— <l LA ji>y ^ tfl^ ot^lj cry»Jl j*-* :c-^Vij 

.c-jj 05 4JUJI j*£. :f.\j*Jd\j cSj^JL; SyuiJlj 

c^^lj tji&lj Sj-^lj c<_i-A)!j u^jjJl oh L. y^j :5f^Jl j;>p JLi 

.4J^|!j c^*5LJ|j c^ySjJlj C^jJlj 



.*^L»j cOLuSfj t<_ilijtj cjli^jj cjUi :Jlij 

CtjJ ' . wP j tf.L^jjj cj.!j^»Pj t«rij « '^r^jj T'^J •^j* 5 ? 5 -*" <l*jip si^oJl) JLLj 
t^LAij csjjj^jj c<JL>w«j '^y^J 'r^^J t3jLij cV^^iJ "^'JjJj cJLa*j t^l-Loj 

.jv^Ulj t-JI^Vlj t^jijJlj c*l£yUj c4)j£yi>!j t jjJbtiJlj tJ^jJl ^jJa*Jl liSLilj 

•^V 't/'b j*Jj C£«^~. Ji^j 

.IfJaJ UUi ^yuL ^ ^Ji tt U->J» :S^5Ul Sj*-)lj tili^Aj Ji&» JiU :,»-SUlj 

CjisjJaJlj tJ^iJlj t JaiJlj c£_ l£j>!j c4-«^J~lj tiJUJl If- UJrl «j^-£ aJLiJ JlL 
.ttUJtj c^pLJIj ciyUJlj cyuJl U£j ciUt Jw-Jl 1(P%. :Jpl~!lj cJUJ'j 

C^J_^»J 'rj^J 1 -* 'c^J^'j cSj4P">LJ|j t4L^Jl_j Cj^iUlj cJjj^JI ii£j cJ^iJl : (*-*^'j 

.Lyiji JLp 4ijf ;>w2j Oi >Li*Jlj 

.aLa^j JLlP <UiX4 IjvjJJl <Wi-«J t ^-*iJ t-i->ijjl :L^_*^9jjj 

^5-j .J^jJl U'JIpj '^j-*-** ^-~^ '•'<&_/& cji*j?j .y^Jl r'Jaju'fj c^JUl Ja-wj 

.JsbuVt IjjiJ.lj t^jJlj t^J^Jlj tJaJLll X«jtj tiui«X-lj cJal^tj c^JOl Ja-Aj 

.^U>JJ J^LiJl :^si-iJlj <_->^l ^.r^' J** J 
.4iiL<uJ ^if> : £ : *J £^J c4i>o JLiil Ij^JJl j^j 

.4&}} :^I)I ^ivj 



^j-JJ ^l£jl JLfly J» c Li^]| /cJUli J^aiJl r > I 

.*L~Jl /,p «.Up «JL;p ^^-J ^ :<J_^*Jlj 

.oyf :JjiJL1 o-iij 
.^LJrl (j* -U-ty *pj~< r^^aJtj 

.f- UAl Jjp '()"■■■: rLs-^-i Lp-^-ij 

cLftUaj L^jO>t» ^u OjJ :lfjJyj cL^JtJjjjj cl^Jbr-j jjru L>o tet^-Jl rtAilj 

.^Ui-I -Up <1 iJ»-iiLd! (j* cJJL ^^ «Lr^ 1 O-iisSlj 

.^■L^Jl -up <1 cJV :^j^jj 
.j-liDl J» ac$^Lt ^Ui*-l :jLrjVtj j*^Jl ra^-Jv jpj 

.f LoJrt -UP .Uf^M O^-O CJJ^jl lof^-Jl C~ip!jj 

.f-Ui-l -Up \i)\ :3is>i-lj 



r \ v ^>yi- u c^ 1 -^V ^ c^ 1 Z^^ 1 J-^ 1 

.^UJrlj jaJI JLP oljvSft :JaiUaill ^j^UJt ^ 
CKS-Sjj <.£j£j*J CJjfiJU!> liSj t'JjJl ~4±*~s- :4jL)j t<^?ij l4s^ V 1 »Vb 

.fi?^Jl C-j^1> s^JLlJ! :^«jJcJ!j 'j^^'j 'C^"** - *.) 
.Laj*-jjJ o j*~Sj Is'jJl (JW*^J 

.^UJrl -up l+Jp ,ji*t ^ :£j^lj 

.^UJri -UP J^l ^ ^jj* St^Jl I^^aJlj 
.f- UJrl JUP LA Sy>£- :Jjb- sty»l J 

.^LJrl JUP f UU £jJ ^i\ '.^^J l4^b^lj 

£-l£Jl j^ 4*JIaJ|j cLL^- J^ra clAyLi <y ^jv^ -^gr^ ^e^t^'j o^aJIj 
Jb^J ^1 j! 'Lps-y j** J ^^ , -^ gf^ 1 £ cej^Ji e-U*Jl :Sjj*aIIj coyjJlj 

.TTrill sjU-l i^Jk^i t^Jlj^iJi :^ t ihJlj 
.{> _JO» cApy* tJi£j iXiLii ;4*l2£- s'^'j 

-j CjiiP LAjjPj te_jlii-l 5*i*J( : ^J-^^'j 



^jr-l} £l£-J! Jb'l ji (j> ^LijJl /(iJliJl J^aiJl r ^ A 

:iJjUlj c^jij :^.^l (lo JJ J>j ^oJlj :J-t-dl c y>' y> JL^ _^i ^i 
t^s-lyiJlj ca^JIj c45jjJlj tSikJtj c^sJL. JjJlj caJIjJIj c^t :*LJJ Jlij 

.Jj^aJlj cJa-JajJlj trtLJlj 

.jj&}\ ^LJrl ^ii; yJl Sf^Jl :H*d-\ 

"-*'>^J 'gr^-J 'C^J '^J i^>Sjj iSjb^- IS- UJrl j^i^Jl J*vU Jlij 

.J^-jj t£~wj 1^-L.j c^jj cJaiJjj c^^Jaiij tuijjU-j 
.L(_dLJ ^ L^ .^:»l lij :lL? iLL c-JIj : Jlij 



^SS^s 



wUj^jJI^^i 



It . c \£J\j\£H 

1° Z)j^ o*U\ 

11 ;uJ^i 

1A ^J^ c5jjfc>- 

v ^ £j>>^ 

VY (5jiJ-\ »JLa Ju»l gjii 

vr . ^jUi^pJ^i 

v <\ ^-j^Jl bU?j 

A ^ &J r* ^-^ 

A 1 ........ oXJl> « <L«-3 TuU^J 

At Jj^t A>^oJl 

Ao iJlill ^j^Jl 

A* . V^J^ 1 »jU-J| (^ jWsUJl aJJ. 

AV (JUI^I 2Uy 

<\ <\ . . . £l£Jl ^ f !>L^I ^ c^jLj 
-All o^ ^1 uL^JI J» :J,^i 



^ «r 



oiLp i 



\ • r ?L±>jJiS\j 



r i»wLLji 



Jj^i j^Ji 



o <CLpy«j ^-Ij^l 

V f.j&\ d~\jii\ J z \^\ £} 

\> .... f/>S\ o~\jii\ J i\jji\ jS* 
\r .... ^i oi>ii ^ c i£Ji >i 

^ o £l_5jJl JiiJ y> c^j 

\ "\ ........ £l£Jl Ji-iS ^ d->v 

^ ..-...■ ^ 

™ £>J>^^M 

Y 1 £ljjJl 5^iU 

*v c^r 5 - 

YV . f v^-Jl^jJl 

Y ^ ..... <u~- j £»jjJ» ^p (j^l^V 1 



-J>^ 



J4- 



^ 



I ,U>M 



r. 

rx ^_ 

TY itsLl 

n . ^tjjJi ,j»^u£Ji 

^ - - ^ 

* . jlfJrl 

1 ^ £lj jJl ^iP 



YVY .... oU-jjJl o^ (»-^l s-'Ij 

Yfi jj-lJl <_jIj 

YTA £kM<-^ 

J^UaJt ^ d)^- ^Jt "tfyiJt" J> : J^ai 

Y o o . o^Jl ^ 0j& V ^i\j co^l 

Y*H J^i 

Y A ^ £_l&Jl ^'ly J» ^Li^l 

YAt ... jU^lj c^>M :JjVl ^1 

ro ....... 4iiiij» ^i^i 

rO ^LJrl sU-t j> 

r.n /jJuuJy> j^i 

rN > ^uu-t ^ j*o» 

Y^ ^ . oLp_^jJ| ^fj^i 



__ rr . 

^Y<\ ^3 

m . J^ 

\i> cH 

^ vy . " c i^J» y> M»" jW*» ^ : L H 

wv r-A^Ji j» ijjj^Ji ^i 

wv J-^* 

^Ai £-l£jl J» s-'_^*it s-'^i 

<\A» jU^Jl ^_lio ^L 

^ ^ ^ -J^» 

^r timJi^i 

^v J-^* 

Y«. if'j'"^ ^rj H-^ 

Y Y > Oj-ijJl v^i 

YYo ' • . J-** 

YYA .. . . . J*i 

rr. ,H